Brig. General Jerome Robertson (CSA)

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Brig. General Jerome Robertson (CSA)'s Geni Profile

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Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

Also Known As: "Aunt Polly"
Birthplace: Woodford, KY, United States
Death: January 07, 1890 (74)
Waco, McLennan, TX, United States
Place of Burial: Waco, McLennan, TX, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Cornelius Robertson and Clarissa Hill Robertson
Husband of Mary Elizabeth Robertson and Mattie Hook Robertson
Father of Julia Nott; Brig. General Felix Robertson (CSA) and Henry Bell Robertson

Occupation: Physician, Indian Fighter, Texas House of Representatives 1847, Texas State Senator 1849, Brig Gen Civil War (CSA)
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Brig. General Jerome Robertson (CSA)

Brigadier-General Jerome B. Robertson

Brigadier-General Jerome B. Robertson was born in Woodford county, Ky. At the age of twelve, being left an orphan without means, he was bound out for the period of his minority; but by industry and economy he purchased his liberty at eighteen years. Prior to that event he had enjoyed only three months' regular schooling.

As soon as he had made sufficient advancement, he began the study of medicine, but scarcely had completed his course when, prompted by an ardent love for liberty, he left his Kentucky home, in 1835, to aid the Texans in their struggle for freedom. The battle of San Jacinto was fought before he reached the Texas forces, but he was there in time to join in the pursuit of the remnant of the Mexican army, not halting until the enemy had crossed the Rio Grande. He was promoted to the rank of captain, which he held until the Texas army was furloughed in June, 1837.

He then settled in Washington county, Tex., and engaged in the practice of medicine. On account of the hostilities of the Indians he again went to the field, at the head of a regiment, and helped to bring the savages to terms. He was an active participant in all the stirring events that occurred from the independence of Texas until the annexation to the United States.

In 1848 he was elected to the lower house of the State legislature, and in 1850 to the State senate. He was a member of the State convention that passed the ordinance of secession, and was one of the first to raise a company for the war, entering the Confederate service, as a captain, in the Fifth Texas infantry, Hood's brigade.

In November of the same year he became lieutenant-colonel, and on June 1, 1862, he was commissioned colonel of the regiment. He led it through the Seven Days' battles around Richmond, and, though wounded at Second Manassas, was at Boonsboro gap, after which his physical exhaustion was so great that he had to be carried from the field, and was unable to take part in the battle of Sharpsburg. But he had so well proved his ability to command troops in action that, on November 1, 1862, he was commissioned brigadier-general and placed in command of Hood's famous Texas brigade.

At Gettysburg the heaviest fighting done by Robertson's command was on the afternoon of July 2nd, on the line of battle running along the lower slope of Devil's Den to the Confederate left on Round Top, separated from the latter by Plum run valley. Notwithstanding the heavy fire the Confederates, though thinned at every step, pressed on and forced back the Union lines. In this desperate battle General Robertson was again wounded.

He was, however, ready for the fray when General Longstreet went to Georgia, in September, and took part in the battle of Chickamauga. Later in the month General Robertson was sent to Texas to take command of a reserve corps. In 1865 he was commanding a brigade of Maxwell's division in Arkansas.

After the war he settled in Waco, Tex., where he still lived in 1898.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. XV, p. 253

American Civil War General Officers about Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

Name: Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

State Served: Texas

Highest Rank: Brigadier General

Birth Date: 1815

Death Date: 1891

Birth Place: Woodford County, Kentucky

Army: Confederacy

Promotions: Promoted to Full Captain (5th TX Inf)

Promoted to Full Lt Colonel ((est day))

Promoted to Full Colonel

Promoted to Full Brig-Gen

U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles about Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

Name: Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

Residence: Washington County, Texas

Occupation: Physician

Age at enlistment: 45

Enlistment Date: 7 Jan 1861

Rank at enlistment: Captain

State Served: Texas

Survived the War?: Yes

Service Record: Promoted to Full Lt Col on 01 Nov 1861.

Commissioned an officer in Company I, Texas 5th Infantry Regiment on 01 Jul 1861.

Promoted to Full Colonel on 01 Jun 1862.

Promoted to Full Brig-Gen on 01 Nov 1862.

Mustered out on 01 Nov 1862.

Commissioned an officer in the Confederate States Gen. & Staff Infantry Regiment on 01 Nov 1862.

Birth Date: 14 Mar 1815

Death Date: 7 Jan 1891

Death Place: Waco, TX

Sources: Index to Compiled Confederate Military Service Records

Field Officers, Regiments & Battalions of CS Army

Research by R. Ross Houston

Confederate Veteran Magazine

Confederate Military History


American Civil War

  • Peninsula Campaign
  • Northern Virginia Campaign
  • Maryland Campaign
  • Battle of Fredericksburg
  • Gettysburg Campaign
  • Battle of Chickamauga
view all

Brig. General Jerome Robertson (CSA)'s Timeline

March 14, 1815
Woodford, KY, United States
TX, United States
March 9, 1839
TX, United States
Washington, TX, United States
January 7, 1890
Age 74
Waco, McLennan, TX, United States
Waco, McLennan, TX, United States