Brig. General Martin E. Green (CSA)

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Brig. General Martin E. Green (CSA)'s Geni Profile

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Martin Edwin Green

Birthplace: Fauquier County, VA, United States
Death: June 27, 1863 (48)
Vicksburg, Warren, MS, United States (killed in the Siege of Vicksburg)
Immediate Family:

Son of James Stephens Green and Elizabeth Green
Husband of Margaret Jane Green
Ex-husband of Edith A Green
Father of Stephen H Green and Miranda Elizabeth McMurry
Brother of James S. Green, U.S. Senator and Elizabeth Mary Dunbar

Managed by: Private User
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About Brig. General Martin E. Green (CSA)

Martin Edwin Green (June 3, 1815 – June 27, 1863) was a Confederate brigadier general in the American Civil War, and a key organizer of the Missouri State Guard in northern Missouri.

Early life

Green was born in Fauquier County, Virginia. In 1836 he and his young bride moved to Lewis County, Missouri where he and his brothers established a sawmill. He became a prominent Democrat and Judge of the Lewis County Court. His brother was Missouri's United States Senator James S. Green.

Civil War

At the outbreak of the war in 1861, Green was a leading secessionist in Northeast Missouri. Following a July 4 riot at Canton, Missouri Judge Green summoned pro-Southern citizens to a training camp on the Fabius River under the auspices of the district's Missouri State Guard. He formed this mass into a cavalry regiment and Joseph C. Porter served as the Lieutenant Colonel.

Green went on the offensive in Northeast Missouri attempting to scatter David Moore's Union Home Guard regiment. Green's much larger force included some artillery and struck Moore at Athens. Green's raw recruits were repulsed and retreated from the field.

Green and his regiment participated in the successful attack on Lexington in September 1861 and at the defeat at Pea Ridge (or Elkhorn Tavern), March 1862. They also were present at the defeats at Iuka and Corinth.

Promotion and death

Green was commissioned a Confederate States brigardier general from July 21, 1862. He commanded a brigade of Bowen's Division in the Siege of Vicksburg. During the siege he was slightly wounded on June 25, 1863. On June 27, 1863 he was struck in the head and killed by a bullet from a Federal sharpshooter. According to the NPS Confederate Soldier listing at Vicksburg, a footnote remarks he was interred at the George Marshall Lot; reportedly he is buried in Grave # 542 Vicksburg Cedar Hill Cemetery.


Confederate general Martin Edwin Green was born in Fauquier County, Virginia, on 3 June 1815. In 1836 he moved with his wife to Lewis County, Missouri, where he and his brothers operated a steam sawmill. One brother, James, served as a US senator from Missouri between 1857 and 1861. In the summer of 1861 Martin Green recruited Confederate troops in Northeast Missouri and formed a cavalry command. After participating in minor engagements in the region, Green and his forces joined Gen. Sterling Price’s army south of the Missouri River.

Green was elected colonel of a cavalry regiment formed in part by his original command and participated in the campaign that led to the capture of a Federal garrison at Lexington, Missouri, in September 1861. He also fought at Pea Ridge (or Elkhorn Tavern) the following March. Commissioned a brigadier general from 21 July 1862, Green led a brigade in Price’s army and saw combat at Iuka, Corinth, and Hatchie Bridge. Green’s brigade was attached to John S. Bowen’s division in October 1862 and remained there through the Vicksburg Campaign, earning a reputation for combat prowess.

Green’s Arkansas and Missouri troops were thrust into battle on 1 May 1863 as part of a Confederate force sent to check the advance of Federals under Gen. John A. McClernand toward Port Gibson. Although they fought valiantly over rough terrain, Green’s men and the remainder of Bowen’s troops were forced to withdraw through the town that evening. Two weeks later, Green’s brigade was heavily engaged at Champion Hill, where they joined with Bowen’s other units to temporarily stop the Union advance. Shortly thereafter, the brigade retreated across the Big Black River in the face of Yankee pressure. Bowen’s division withdrew into the Vicksburg defenses, where commanding general John C. Pemberton used the Bowen’s men as a ready reserve force.

In early June, Green’s brigade was placed in line at a site where Federals employed mining operations to draw closer to the Confederate position. Green was slightly wounded on 25 June 1863 but returned to the front lines two days later. Although warned to fire a few shots before reconnoitering the enemy position, Green reportedly remarked that the bullet that would kill him had not yet been molded. A Union sharpshooter proved Green wrong, sending a slug into his head as he peered over the edge of a parapet. He died instantly.

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Brig. General Martin E. Green (CSA)'s Timeline

June 3, 1815
Fauquier County, VA, United States
June 27, 1863
Age 48
Vicksburg, Warren, MS, United States