Brig. General Mordecai Gist (Continental Army)

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Brig. General Mordecai Gist (Continental Army)'s Geni Profile

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Mordecai Gist

Birthdate: (50)
Birthplace: Shawan, Baltimore, Maryland
Death: August 2, 1792 (50)
Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina
Place of Burial: St. Michales, Charleston, South Carolina
Immediate Family:

Son of Captain Thomas Gist and Susannah Slade Gist
Husband of Cecil Gist; Mary Gist and Mary Cattell / Gist
Father of Cecil Carnan Gist; Independent gist; Susanna Gist and States Rights Gist
Brother of Elizabeth Gist; John Gist; Col. Thomas Gist, Sr.; Col. Joshua Gist; Rachel Vaugn and 2 others

Managed by: Private User
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About Brig. General Mordecai Gist (Continental Army)

NOTE #1 DAR#A045436

Mordecai Gist (1743–1792) was a member of a prominent Maryland family who became a general in command of the Maryland Line in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.

Gist was born in Baltimore, Maryland (one source says Reisterstown, Maryland), the fourth child of Thomas and Susannah Cockey Gist. Thomas Gist's father, Captain Richard Gist (1684-August 28, 1741), was the surveyor of Maryland's Western Shore and one of the commissioners who laid out Baltimore Town in 1729. Richard Gist's father, Christopher Richard Gist (1655 or 1659-Feb. 1690), was an English emigrant who came to the Province of Maryland before 1682 and settled in "South Canton" on the south bank of the Patapsco River. Christopher Richard Gist married Edith Cromwell (1660-1694), who is believed to have been a relative of England's Lord Protector.

Mordecai Gist's great-great-grandfather was Lawrence Washington (1602-1655) who was also the great-great-grandfather of George Washington. Thus, he and Washington were third cousins. Gist was also the nephew of Christopher Gist (1706-1759), a son of Richard Gist. Christopher Gist was a Colonial-era explorer, scout, and frontier settler who was employed by the Ohio Company and had served with 21-year-old Colonel George Washington. (Christopher Gist is credited with twice saving Washington's life when they were surveying land in the Ohio country in 1753.) Mordecai Gist was also distantly related John Eager Howard.

Mordecai Gist was educated for commercial pursuits. At the beginning of the American Revolution, the young men of Baltimore associated under the title of the "Baltimore Independent Company" and elected Gist as their captain. It was the first company raised in Maryland for the defense of popular liberty.

In 1776, Gist was appointed major of a battalion of regulars, and was with them in the battle near Brooklyn.

In January 1779, the Continental Congress appointed him as a brigadier general in the Continental Army, and he took the command of the 2nd Maryland Brigade. He fought stubbornly at the Battle of Camden in South Carolina in 1780. At one time after a bayonet charge, his force secured fifty prisoners, but the British under Lord Cornwallis rallied, and the Marylanders gave way. Gist escaped, and, a year later, was present at the surrender of Cornwallis.

He joined the southern army under Nathanael Greene, and he was given the command of the light corps again when the army was remodelled in 1782. On August 26, 1782, he rallied the broken forces of the Americans under John Laurens at the battle of the Combahee and gained a decisive victory over the British.

After the war, Gist relocated to plantation near Charleston, South Carolina. He had two children, both sons, one of whom he named "Independent" and the other "States." He died on September 12, 1792, at the age of 50, in Charleston and is buried in St. Michael's Churchyard, next to his son, States Gist, and daughter Susannah Gist.

Mordecai Gist was distantly related to States Rights Gist, a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War who died of wounds received while leading his brigade in a charge against Federal fortifications at the Battle of Franklin in November 1864. States Rights Gist was the great-grandson of William Gist (b. 1710), the third child of Richard and Susan Cockey Gist.

NOTE #2 See:

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Brig. General Mordecai Gist (Continental Army)'s Timeline

February 22, 1742
Shawan, Baltimore, Maryland
July 1, 1770
Age 28
Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland
January 8, 1779
Age 36
Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland
November 12, 1784
Age 42
Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina
April 15, 1787
Age 45
Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina
August 2, 1792
Age 50
Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina
St. Michales, Charleston, South Carolina