Brig. Gen. Theophilus Toulmin Garrard, (USA)

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Brig. Gen. Theophilus Toulmin Garrard, (USA)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Manchester, Clay County, Kentucky, USA
Death: March 15, 1902 (89)
Clay County, Kentucky, USA, Clay County, Kentucky, United States
Place of Burial: Garrard Family Cemetery, Garrard, Clay County, Kentucky, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Col Daniel Garrard and Lucinda Jane Garrard
Husband of Almira Maupin; Nancy Garrard and Lucy Burnam Garrard
Father of Lucinda Toulmin Gibson; Col Joseph Garrard; Gilbert Garrard; Isabella Garrard; Mary Garrard and 7 others
Brother of Eliza Ann Price; Maria Pacheco Padilla Brawner; William Mountjoy Garrard, II; Catherine Francis Horton; Lucinda Chesnut and 6 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Brig. Gen. Theophilus Toulmin Garrard, (USA)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theophilus_T._Garrard

Theophilus Toulmin Garrard (June 7, 1812 – March 15, 1902) was a politician, Union general in the American Civil War, farmer, and businessman.

Early life and career

Garrard was born in Clay County, Kentucky near Manchester at the Goose Creek Salt Works (later Union Salt Works) to Colonel Daniel Garrard (1780–1886) and Lucinda Jane Toulmin (1790–1849). He was a grandson of Kentucky Governor James Garrard and cousin of Israel Garrard, Jeptha Garrard, and Kenner Garrard. Garrard attended Centre College in Danville, Kentucky.

On March 26, 1832, Garrard married Nancy Brawner, who died on March 31, just five days after their wedding. He then married Lucinda "Lucy" Burnham Lees on March 9, 1849; together they had eleven children, six boys and five girls.

Garrard ran for office in the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1841 and 1842, but was defeated both times. He ran again in 1843, beating his opponent General Elijah Combs. He was reelected in 1844 with no opposition.

During the Mexican-American War he served as a captain of Company E, 16th U.S. Infantry, from March 5, 1847 until August 5, 1849, but never saw combat. Four companies, Garrard's included, were stationed at Cerralvo, Mexico on the Rio Grande, with the remaining six companies at Monterrey. Garrard stated, "I think the 8 months I stayed there were the most pleasant part of my life. The Mexicans were fond of us. We had no trouble with them. The climate was pleasant and everything went well."

Garrard left Kentucky in 1849 to seek his fortune in the California Gold Rush, but returned to Kentucky in 1850, not having found a fortune. He won a seat in the Kentucky Senate in 1857 and resigned in 1859 to run for the United States Congress, but was defeated by Green Adams. He was elected again to the Kentucky Senate on August 4, 1861, but declined to serve as he had received his commission as colonel July 27, 1861.

Although a staunch Unionist, Garrard was a slave owner. The 1840 U.S. Census shows that he owned 11 slaves. By 1860, his total worth was $20,000 (over $694,000 in 2007 dollars), and he owned nine slaves thus making him the sixth wealthiest citizen of Clay County.

Civil War

At the outbreak of the Civil War Garrard was authorized to raise a regiment of infantry. Garrard personally recruited eight companies: two from Clay County, two from Laurel County, two from Knox County, and two from Whitley County. He was appointed colonel of the 7th Kentucky Infantry on September 22, 1861.

He commanded the 7th Kentucky Infantry at the Battle of Camp Wildcat, during the Cumberland Gap Campaign, and a detachment of men at the Battle of Perryville from the 7th Kentucky, 32nd Kentucky Infantry, and 3rd Tennessee Infantry who had escaped the Battle of Richmond. Garrard remained with the 7th Kentucky until winter 1862 when he was assigned to the staff of Brigadier General Samuel P. Carter.

Garrard was promoted to brigadier general to date from November 29, 1862, and ordered to report to Major General Benjamin M. Prentiss at Helena, Arkansas. He then commanded the District of Somerset, which included four other nearby towns, August 1863-January 17, 1864; this command was broken into the Subdistrict of Somerset, which he also commanded November 6-December 1863. On January 17, 1864, he was placed in command of the District of the Clinch, a mixed brigade of infantry and cavalry, posted at Cumberland Gap.

For reasons that are still unknown, Garrard was honorably mustered out of the service on April 4, 1864. His discharge may have been due to loss of central vision in his left eye which occurred in late March 1863.

Later life

Garrard spent the remainder of his life in Clay County farming and operating the Union Salt Works, which he rebuilt after they were burned by Union soldiers during the war. He died on March 15, 1902 in the same home in which he was born. Garrard is buried in the family cemetery at Garrard, Kentucky.

Honors

The Brigadier General Theophilus T. Garrard Camp #4, Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War is named in his honor.


He served in the military Civil War. September 1861 Col. of 7th Kentucky, Wild Cat Mountain, Richmond KY, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Vicksburg campaign, commanded detachments in Kentucky, mustered out April 1864.

During the Civil War, was appointed by President Lincoln as Col. of the 7th Reg. KY Volunteers. Promoted to Brig. Gen. He served in the military Mexican War. Served in the Mexican War as Capt. in the 16th KY Infantry Volunteer. Occupation Saltmaker.

Pre-War Profession Politician, Mexican war.

Post War Career Farmer, salt works owner.

Notes Cousin of Gen. Kenner Garrard.


Civil War Union Brigadier General. Prior to the Civil War, he was a member of the Kentucky State Legislature and was a Captain of volunteers in the 16th Kentucky Infantry during the Mexican War. In 1861, he was appointed Colonel of the 7th Kentucky Infantry and participated in the battles of Wild Cat Mountain, Richmond and Perryville. He was attached to the staff of General Samuel P. Carter in 1862 and commanded a brigade in General McClernand's XIII Corps at Grand Gulf, Port Gibson and Baker's Creek. Promoted Brigadier General after the Battle of Vicksburg, in November 1862, he commanded the 1st Division XXIII Corps until he was mustered out of the Army in April 1864. Union Generals Israel and Kenner Garrard, were his cousins.* Reference: Find A Grave Memorial - SmartCopy: Oct 8 2020, 14:29:45 UTC

Civil War Union Brigadier General. Prior to the Civil War, he was a member of the Kentucky State Legislature and was a Captain of volunteers in the 16th Kentucky Infantry during the Mexican War. In 1861, he was appointed Colonel of the 7th Kentucky Infantry and participated in the battles of Wild Cat Mountain, Richmond and Perryville. He was attached to the staff of General Samuel P. Carter in 1862 and commanded a brigade in General McClernand's XIII Corps at Grand Gulf, Port Gibson and Baker's Creek. Promoted Brigadier General after the Battle of Vicksburg, in November 1862, he commanded the 1st Division XXIII Corps until he was mustered out of the Army in April 1864. Union Generals Israel and Kenner Garrard, were his cousins.* Reference: Find A Grave Memorial - SmartCopy: Jul 7 2021, 5:20:42 UTC

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Brig. Gen. Theophilus Toulmin Garrard, (USA)'s Timeline

1812
June 7, 1812
Manchester, Clay County, Kentucky, USA
1835
October 11, 1835
1851
December 20, 1851
Clay County, Kentucky, USA
1902
March 15, 1902
Age 89
Clay County, Kentucky, United States
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