Bvt. Maj. Gen. Joseph A. Mower (USA)

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Bvt. Maj. Gen. Joseph A. Mower (USA)'s Geni Profile

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Brevet Major General Joseph Anthony Mower

Birthplace: Woodstock, Vermont, United States
Death: January 06, 1870 (42)
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Place of Burial: Section 2, Grave 1041, (full military honors) , Arlington, Arlington, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Nathaniel Mower and Sophia Ann Holmes
Husband of Betsey A. Mower
Father of Josephine B. Mower; Charles Edward Mower; Catherine Ella McComas; Emma Lee; Private and 1 other

Occupation: Civil War notable (Union); Brevet Major General; commander of the Department of Louisiana; Colonel of the 39th Infantry
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Bvt. Maj. Gen. Joseph A. Mower (USA)

Nebraska Advertiser - Jan 13, 1870:

"The death of Brevet Major General Joseph A. Mower, Colonel of the 39th Infantry, is announced."

Delaware Gazette - Jan 14, 1870:

"Major General Joseph A. Mower died recently at New Orleans. He was one of Sherman's [Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman (USA)] favorite commanders of Division, and near the close of the war was appointed to command the Twentieth Army Corps. General Mower was celebrated for his impetuosity in battle and love of daring exploits. He was greatly esteemed by his command and his death will be deeply regretted by a large circle of army acquaintance."

The Ouachita Telegraph (Louisiana) - Jan 15, 1870:

"DEATH OF GEN. MOWER.--Maj. Gen. Joseph A. Mower, U. S. A., commanding the Department of Louisiana, died on the 6th inst. Gen. Sherman telegraphed that he was "terribly distressed at the sad news.” Brevet Maj. Gen. C. H. Smith has been assigned to the command of the Department."

[] shows a photograph of Mower with Sherman. Can also be found under the media tab for this profile. 


"Joseph Anthony Mower was born on August 22, 1827 at Woodstock, Vermont. The family moved to Lowell, Massachusetts when he was 6. He was educated in public schools of Lowell and at Norwich Academy [] in his native state.

"He then worked as carpenter for a brief time until he entered army during the Mexican War as a Privayte, serving until 1848. Seven years later Mower, who had always desired military career, was appt a Second Lieutenant of 1st United States Infantry.

"During the Civil War made a magnificent record as a regimental, brigade, divisional, and corps commander successively. He was elected Colonel of the 11th Missouri (Union) Volunteer Infantry in May 1862 (a state in which he had served since the beginning of the war) he was promoted to Brigadier Generalon Mar 16, 1863, and to Major General on Aug 12, 1864. By end of the war he had been bnreveted for gallantry through all grades to that of Major General in the Regular service. In meantime, fought at the battle of Iuka and at Corinth where he was wounded, captured, escaped, and recaptured. Next he directed a brigade of William T. Sherman's XV Corps in the Vicksburg Campaign. He accompanied Nathan P. Banks on the ill-fated campaign up the Red River and led the attacking column into Fort De Russy, and commanded the rear guard at Yellow Bayou during the retreat. Soon after he was given command of a Division, Sherman states that he was "the bravest young soldier we have." At this time Sherman was 44, Mower 36.

"Mower served with Sherman in Georgia and the Carolina Campaign after taking part in the latter's "invasion of Missouri" in the early part of 1864. After joining Sherman in November 1864, during "The March to the Sea," he commanded a Division; during the long march north from Savannah, which would terminate on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. , he had charge of the XX Corps, directing them with great distinction in Slocum's Army of Georgia.

"On the reorganization of the Regular Army in July 1866, Mower was given command of the newly authorized 39th Regiment of colored troops and was trans in 1869 to the 25th United States Infantry, another colored regiment.

"Mower died of pneumonia, January 6, 1870 while commanding the Department of Louisiana. He was buried with full military honors in Section 2, Grave 1041, Arlington National Cemetery.

"His wife, Betsey A. Bailey Mower (1836-1913) is buried with him."

Joseph Anthony Mower (August 22, 1827 – January 6, 1870) was a Union general during the American Civil War. He was a competent officer and well respected by his troops and fellow officers to whom he was known as "Fighting Joe". William T. Sherman said of Mower, "he's the boldest young officer we have".

Mower was born in Woodstock, Vermont. He entered the U.S. army in 1855, having previously served as a private in the Mexican War [1]. During the Civil War, he became colonel of the 11th Missouri Volunteer Regiment and fought at the siege of Corinth. He assumed command of the 2nd Brigade/2nd Division in the Army of the Mississippi and led it into action at the battle of Corinth. He was wounded in the neck and taken prisoner by Confederate forces but he was recovered by Union soldiers the same day.

He was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on November 29, 1862. He recovered from his wounds and returned to command a brigade during the Vicksburg Campaign and siege of Vicksburg where he caught the attention of William T. Sherman. During the Red River Campaign he commanded the 1st and 3rd Divisions of the XVI Corps and won brevets in the regular army for actions at the battles of Fort De Russy and Yellow Bayou. He commanded the 1st Division of the Right Wing-XVI Corps at the battle of Tupelo.

He was promoted to major general on August 12, 1864, and General Sherman ordered Mower to join the Union forces in Atlanta. He commanded the 1st Division of the XVII Corps during the March to the Sea and the Carolinas Campaign. His division played a significant role in the battles of Salkehatchie and Bentonville. Sherman made him commander of XX Corps in the Army of Georgia late in the war. After the fighting had ceased he sailed for Texas along with General Gordon Granger. He was placed in command of the District of Eastern Texas. He died in New Orleans, Louisiana on January 6, 1870.

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Bvt. Maj. Gen. Joseph A. Mower (USA)'s Timeline

August 22, 1827
Woodstock, Vermont, United States
May 7, 1853
March 4, 1859
Maverick, Texas, United States
Florida, United States
January 6, 1870
Age 42
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Arlington, Arlington, Virginia, United States