Caleb Strong, Governor, U.S. Senator

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Caleb Strong, Jr

Birthplace: Northampton, Massachusetts, United States
Death: Died in Northampton, Massachusetts, United States
Place of Burial: Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton (Hampshire) Massachusetts
Immediate Family:

Son of Caleb Strong and Phebe Strong
Husband of Sarah Hooker
Father of Lewis Strong; Theodore Strong; Sarah Strong; Philip Strong; Phebe Strong and 4 others
Brother of Phebe Bellows; Esther Strong; Mehitable Strong; Eleanor Strong; Martha Strong and 5 others

Occupation: 6th and 10th Govenor of Massachusetts
Managed by: Jason Brian Ford
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Caleb Strong, Governor, U.S. Senator

Caleb Strong


6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts

In office

May 30, 1800 – May 29, 1807

June 1812 – May 30, 1816

Lieutenant Samuel Phillips, Jr. (1801-1802)

Edward H. Robbins (1802-1806)

William Phillips, Jr. (1812-1816)

Preceded by Governor's Council (1800)

Elbridge Gerry (1812)

Succeeded by James Sullivan (1807)

John Brooks (1816)


United States Senator

from Massachusetts

In office

March 4, 1789 – June 1, 1796

Preceded by Office Created

Succeeded by Theodore Sedgwick


Born January 9, 1745(1745-01-09)

Northampton, Massachusetts

Died November 7, 1819 (aged 74)

Northampton, Massachusetts

Political party Federalist/Pro-Administration

Alma mater Harvard University


Caleb Strong (January 9, 1745 - November 7, 1819) was Massachusetts lawyer and politician who served as the sixth and tenth Governor of Massachusetts between 1800 and 1807, and again from 1812 until 1816.


Strong was born in Northampton, Massachusetts. During the American Revolution he served on the Northampton Committee of Safety. He was a delegate to the 1779 Massachusetts Constitutional Convention and helped write the 1780 state constitution. He was elected as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1780 but did not serve. He sat on the first Massachusetts Governor's Council, and was a state senator from 1780 to 1789.[1]

Strong was elected as a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention that drafted the U.S. Constitution. Illness of his wife forced him to return to Massachusetts before the work was completed, so he did not sign the document. However, he supported its adoption by the state's ratifying convention.

Governor Strong opposed the War of 1812 to the point of refusing to call out the state militia to support the war. A strong Federalist, he nonetheless adhered to the states' rights view that only the governor had the power to call out the state militia, not the U.S. President. Near the end of the war, during the Hartford Convention, Strong entered secret negotiations with the British which would have ceded them northern Maine in return for agreeing to a separate peace with Massachusetts. However the Treaty of Ghent ended the war before terms could be finalized.[2]

Strong died in Northampton, Massachusetts, and is buried at the Bridge Street Cemetery in Northampton, Massachusetts.

In World War II the United States liberty ship SS Caleb Strong was named in his honor.

The town of Strong, Maine is named after Governor Strong.[3] Windham, Ohio was also originally named in Strong's honor; the original name of this village was Strongsburg.


^ Source for this paragraph: David L. Sterling. "Strong, Caleb"; American National Biography Online, Feb. 2000.

^ Samuel Eliot Morison, Harrison Gray Otis, 1765-1848: The Urbane Federalist (1913); revised edition (1969), pp. 362-70.

^ "STRONG COMMUNITY PROFILE". Retrieved 2007-04-21.

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Caleb Strong, Governor, U.S. Senator's Timeline

January 9, 1745
Northampton, Massachusetts, United States
January 13, 1779
Age 34
Northampton (Hampshire) Massachusetts
February 19, 1781
Age 36
Northampton (Hampshire) Massachusetts
June 14, 1783
Age 38
Northampton (Hampshire) Massachusetts
Age 39
Northampton (Hampshire) Massachusetts
July 22, 1787
Age 42
Northampton (Hampshire) Massachusetts
July 2, 1790
Age 45
Northampton (Hampshire) Massachusetts