Capitán Andrés Hurtado de Salazar

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Andrés Hurtado de Salazar

Birthdate: (73)
Birthplace: Zacatecas, Nueva Reina de Galicia, Reino de Nueva España
Death: circa 1693 (69-77)
Puebla de Zaragoza, Reino de México, Reino de Nueva España
Place of Burial: Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Pedro Of Hurtado and Catalina de Salazar Díaz
Husband of Bernardina Hurtado and María Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo
Partner of Zuñi Woman
Father of María Hurtado de Salas; Manuel Hurtado de Salas; Andrés Hurtado de Salas; Catalina Maese; Diego Hurtado de Salas and 8 others
Half brother of Capitán Luis Martín Serrano; Alférez Pedro Martín Serrano y Salazar; Antonio Martín Serrano; Apolinar Martín Serrano; Domingo Martín Serrano and 1 other

Occupation: Calvary Captain/Syndic of the Franciscans, Captain of the Cavalry, Regent Procurator General, Captain
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Capitán Andrés Hurtado de Salazar

Captain Andres Hurtado born January 1, 1620 at Puebla de Zaragoza, Nueva España, died c. 1649 at Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza, Nueva España


Settlers of 17th Century New Mexico 1601-1680.

El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro brought wagon trains of good to trade as well as new settlers into New Mexico. The Spanish government kept strict control over travelers coming into and leaving New Mexico. Very few family groups arrived in New Mexico in this period. Mainly single men were the new settlers. They married the daughter and granddaughters of the earlier settlers.

Andrés is first mentioned in 1661 as a captain thirty-three years old. He was born in the city of Zacatecas and was then living in the Sandía District. He was a captain of the cavalry and Syndic of the Franciscans in 1664. He was married to Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo, also known as Bernardina de Salas y Orozco.

He held the encomiendas of Santa Ana and neighboring Pueblos. He was persecuted by Governor López Mendizábal for his friendship with the Friars. He was dead before 1693, but his widow and several of his children escaped the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 and later returned with Diego de Vargas in 1693.

• Census: Don Diego de Vargas, 1692, El Paso, The Pueblo de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe del Paso, Nuevo Méijico, Nueva España.

Fourteenth household

Andrés Hurtado, married to Antonia Domínguez. He states that he ready, as his majesty's loyal vassal, to enter immediately to settle New México, when I, the governor and captain general enter.

Royal Crown Restored, pg. 41

• Census, 1 May 1697, Santa Fé, Santa Fé, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España. 317 Dona Bernardina de Salas, widow, Her daughters, Bernarda, Bernardina; 4.5 varas of lana, 3.75 of bayeta, 9 mantas

• Dates & Events. 250

Andrés Hurtado held a grievance against Governor don Bernado López de Mendizabal for having been recalled as an official of the Moqui province and compelled under penalty of death to appear before the governor in Santa Fe within ten days of the summons, being forced to travel in the extreme cold of winter during January 1661 with his wife (Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo) and five children, ages nine and younger. In this year he held the position of a regidor (town councilman) of the Villa Santa Fe, and his house where he resided with his wife and children was sixteen leagues from Santa Fe in the area of the Pueblo of Zia. The governor contended that as an encomendero Hurtado was required to maintain a house in the Villa de Santa Fe. In addition, Hurtado in the Pueblo of Santa Ana and this was prohibited by law.

Hurtado received the governor's order on January 29, 1661 while in the Moqui Province, a distance of 100 leagues from the Villa de Santa Fe. He left the Moqui area in the company of the friar who was the visitador of the province to travel to his home. From his home he then traveled to the Pueblo of Zia with his wife and five children, the oldest being nine years of age. Despite the extreme winter weather, which he referred to as "tan rigoroso y de tantas niebas" ("very harsh and with much snow"). They traveled sixteen leagues (approximately 39 miles) on "el camino" and along the way his youngest daughter, just over four months of age, suffered frostbite of one of her feet, and the trip caused his wife ill health.

Andrés Hurtado further mentioned that he had come to New Mexico twelve years earlier, "en dose años qe estoy en esta reyno" (circa 1649), and that he always remained "querido y estimado de todos los becinos y religiosos desta reyno como es publica vos y fama" ("loved and esteemed by all the vecinos and religious of this kingdom, as is well-known publically"). He stated he did not have a house in Santa Fe because he was unable to sustain and support himself and his family in the villa. He lost livestock due to severe winter weather and had to move himself and his family into the house of Sargento Mayor Francisco de Madrid for two months. He mentioned he lost 84 head of livestock and was robbed of 80 fanegas of wheat.

Andrés Hurtado signed his declaration, which was dated October 17, 1661, Santa Fe.

Researcher: The Honorable Don José Antonio Esquibel

Source: AGN, Tierras, t. 3268, f. 60vff.

Andrés married Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo, daughter of Diego de Trujillo and Catalina Marquez Vásquez, By 1652 in Bernalillo, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España. (Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo was born about 1635 in Santa Fé, Santa Fé, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España and died on 2 Feb 1729 in Santa Fé, Santa Fé, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España.)

Note: After Bartolome de Salazar died, Diego de Trujillo took the three sisters, María de Salazar Hurtado, María Josefa de Hinojos and Isabel de Salazar Hurtado from their mother, María de Hinojos, to be raised and adopted by his granddaughter Bernardina Salas y Trujillo and her husband Andres Hurtado.

1661 Captain of the Sandia District, 1664 Captain of Cavalry, Regent Procurator General and Syndic for the Franciscans. In 1662 adopted Bartolome de Salazar's 3 Daughters Maria de Salazar Hurtado, Isabel Hurtado de Salazar and Maria Josefa de Hinojos said to be his daughters by unknown Indian woman.

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Capitán Andrés Hurtado de Salazar's Timeline

January 1, 1620
Zacatecas, Nueva Reina de Galicia, Reino de Nueva España

BIRTH: 1628, Zacatecas, Nueva España
DEATH: 1679, Santa Fe, La Castrense (military chapel), New Mexico

Age 8
Age 8
Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Mexico
Age 31
Bernalillo, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
Age 33
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
Age 35
Bernalillo, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
Age 37
Sand¡a, Nuevo M‚xico
Age 38
Bernalillo, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España

BIRTH: 1658
DEATH: BEF DEC 1692, Guadalupe del Paso, New Mexico [3394] [3395] [3396]
EVENT: passed muster: SEP 1681, La Salineta, New Mexico [3397]

Age 39
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España

BIRTH: 1655, Santa Fe, New Mexico
DEATH: 3 FEB 1729, Albuquerque, (Atrisco), New Mexico
EVENT: Proceedings re estate of Luisa Hurtado of San Antonio, a jurisdiction of Alburquerque
Fact: 25 OCT 1735, Albuquerque, New Mexico [2285] [2286]