Capt. Henry Eaton

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Henry Eaton

Birthplace: Salisbury, Essex County, Province of Massachusetts
Death: December 20, 1790 (86)
Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Place of Burial: Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Ephraim Eaton and Mary Eaton
Husband of Mary Eaton
Father of Mary Green; Jemima Eaton; True Eaton; Henry Eaton, unwed; Sarah Maxfield and 6 others
Brother of Mary Green; John Eaton; Ephraim Eaton, unwed; Jane Stevens; Samuel Eaton, unwed and 3 others

Occupation: measurer of wood and wool in army
Managed by: David Russell Romine
Last Updated:

About Capt. Henry Eaton

Captain Henry Eaton Born January 22 1703/1704 and Baptized June 11 1704: Married Mary True, daughter of Ensign Henry True on Aug 10 1727.

He was a commissioned Ensign in the local militia, at the early stage of the French and Indian war by Mar 1757,and was a Captain by Mar 1759 for the last four yrs of that conflict. He is listed again as a lieutenant or Ensign and is rapidly elevated again to Captain an the out set of the Revolutionary War. Since he was already over 70 before the latter war began, there is no reason to believe that he saw any strenuous duty. He was however, prominent as early as 1773 and 1774 in regional cooperation among townships to stand fast against British incursions on liberty and continued this kind of activity during the early yrs of the war.

Capt Henry served the town in a endless stream of offices after being chosen one of the "surveyors of highways" in 1739. By 1749 he was a town constable, responsible among other things for the collections of taxes. In 1753 the town limited itself to three Selectman for the first time, and he was one chosen, repeating in that office for nearly a decade. By 1760 he began to be chosen routinely as Moderator of the town meeting when it was held in the East Parish, and served several times as town treasurer, grand juryman,and Attorney to represent the town in various internal and external disputes. He was active in these roles until he was nearly eighty. He died in his 87th yr on Dec 20 1790 He and Mary True had 11 children

As written in Eight Generation Genealogy of the Eatons of Salisbury and Haverhill MA.

Before Henry's Marriage to Mary True, he had been beneficiary of several parcels of land that his grandfather Capt Henry True the ll had deeded to his daughter Mary(Henry's mother) as an intermediary, that the grandfather wished Henry and his brother Samuel to share (1723: Essex Deed 35:452). This was in addition to the bequest , also shared with brother Samuel, form their own father , Ephraim, to all of the latter's land holdings in Haverhill, Mass. Thus before age 20, Henry stood to possess a impressive amout of real estate. Afte rhe married a few yrs later, he set to buying quitclaims in 1728 and 1729 from his widowed mother-in-law Abigail True and his wife's siblings, such that he took over sole control of the homestead of his wife's father Ensign Henry True who had died there in 1722. They were undoubtedly already living at this homestead at the time and were clearly living there in 1766; presumably they died there as well. This place was in SAlisbury on whatwas later Lafayette Rd north of the Little River and Gerrish St., probably on the west side of that Rd.

Capt Henry was by some margin the most active dealer in real estate among Eaton's in the Salisbury/Seabrook area over the latter half of the 18th century. He appears on Hampton Falls tax lists assessed as a only locally but in some townships that were opening up as he achieved maturity, such as Kingston and Chester NH. In the earlier deeds he is discribed either as a yeoman or a cordwainer. After 1770 he was usually referred to as "A gentleman of Salisbury" The colony-wide Mass, Tax Valuation of 1771 gives some sense of his real estate situation, at least in Salisbury , at the time when he was 67 and just beginning to deed property to children or sell off some of his holdings. At tat tie he had a homestead and was credited with possession of a mill, probably on the Little River. In addition he had 18 acres of pasture, 4 acres of tillage, 12 acres in producing salt marsh, and and 6 acres producing fresh hay, for a total of 40 acres in agricultural production. He also had enough orchard to produce five barrels of cider a yr.. He had two oxen, two cows, eight goats or sheep, and a pig. The total estate was taxed for L14/16sh, a sum which was almost as great as the taxation for the five other Eaton estates in Salisbury added together. This level of taxation located Capt Henry at the bottom edge of top 10% of all estate holders listed for Salisbury in that valuation.

He was also very active in village affairs, an there are dozens of references to him in Salisbury town records over a span of 45 yrs.

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Capt. Henry Eaton's Timeline

January 22, 1704
Salisbury, Essex County, Province of Massachusetts
June 20, 1728
Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
July 31, 1730
Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
March 1, 1733
August 5, 1735
Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
December 4, 1737
Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
May 10, 1740
Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
September 5, 1742
Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
February 1, 1745
Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States