Capt. John Finley Caldwell

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John Finley Caldwell

Birthplace: Ballyogan, County Dublin, Leinster, Ireland
Death: Died in Province of Virginia
Place of Burial: Charlotte County, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Joseph Alexander Caldwell and Jane Caldwell
Husband of Mary Caldwell; Ann Caldwell and Mary Margaret Caldwell (Phillips)
Father of Elizabeht "betty" Caldwell; Robert Caldwell; John Caldwell, III; Sarah Ann Caldwell; Mary Caldwell and 11 others
Brother of Elizabeth Moore; Margaret McJunkin; Jane Ritchie; George Caldwell; Catherine Dudgeon and 4 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Capt. John Finley Caldwell

From -

Son of Joseph and Jane mcghie 9 Jan 1683 - Birth - ; Ballyogan of Record 6 Oct 1750 - Death - ; Cub Creek, Lunenburg (Charl

Biography : Much of the data on this line has been donated and/or collected from various sources.

BIOGRAPHY: Arrived in America 10 December 1727 at New Castle, Delaware, going then to Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. About 1742 moved to Lunenburg County (now Charlotte), Virginia where they were joined by relatives, forming what is known as the "Caldwell Settlement" for many years.

BIOGRAPHY: John Caldwell was the first Justice of the Peace, commissioned by King George ll, for that sector.

Founder and elder of First Presbyterian Church of Virginia at Cub Creek.

Supposed to have come to Newcastle Delaware on 10 DEC 1727. I am not so sure of the accuracy of that date.

Born in Lifford Parish of Ballycogan, County Donegal in 1683. John and Margaret were married in County Derry, Ireland on 4 Jan 1704. In 1727, John, his wife, four sons and a daughter, emigrated to America along with three married sisters and their husbands (Elizabeth and James Moor, Jane and Alexander Ritchey and Catherine and John Dudgeon). They arrived at New Castle, Delware aboard the ship EAGLE'S WING.

[JAC NOTE: Reference to "Eagle's Wing" is made to the "Covenanter's" ship, "Eaglewing". The Eaglewing set sail from Carrickfergus on September 9, 1636. The ship was three or four hundred leagues from Ireland when it was hit by turbulent seas and a hurricane that broke the ships rudder. After the rudder was repaired, the ship arrived back in Belfast Lough on November 3. The ship did not sail again under that name.]

The family went first to Lancaster Co., PA. in an area known as Chestnut Level. In approx. 1738 they moved to Lunenbeerg (now Charlotte) County, VA. It was known as the Caldwell Settlement on the Cub Creek area of Virginia. Some genealogy gives the date for the family migration to Virginia as about 1749, but it is duly recorded that the Cub Creek Church, which celebrated its 250th anniversary in 1986 was founded by James Caldwell in 1738.

Govenor Gooch of Virginia was pleased ot have the Caldwell Settlement at such a distance from Williamsburg because it would eliminate that much more of the wilderness surrounding the coastal areas. The pioneers were granted almost 30,000 acres, free muskets and exemption from taxes for ten years. Other members of the Caldwell family joined them and it was there that son James was born on 18 Apr 1754. John Caldwell founded the Cub Creek Presbyterian Church, becoming an Elder. John and his son William were among the Justices of teh Peace in Lunenburg Co., Virginia. In 1986, an article was written by a descendant, Anabel Stogner, who visited the site of the Caldwell Settlement in Virginia. The original Presbyterian Church in the settlement burned in 1940 but the stone foundation remained. The cemetery was still in use but there were no headstones with the name Caldwell on them. However, there were many fieldstones that had been used as grave markers.

Captain John Caldwell died 6 Oct 1750 at Cub Creek, Virginia. At the time of his death, he owned a vast estate on Cub Creek and Lawes Creek of about 1080 acres. He is buried with his sons William, Thomas and David and most likely his wife who must have preceded him in death, not being mentioned in his will.

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"The story of Cub Creek may be said to commence 11 April 1738 when the Donegal Presbytery (Lancaster, Penna.) approved the supplication of John Caldwell "in behalf of himself and many families of our persuasion who are about to settle in the back parts of Virginia desiring that some members of the Synod may be appointed to wait upon that government to solicit their favour in behalf of our interest in that place". (1) John Caldwell, an elder in the Chestnut Level Presbyterian Church in Lancaster County, Penna., is the recognized founder of the Cub Creek Congregation, in which movement he was ably assisted by Andrew and Thomas Cunningham, along with 14 others who purchased land, then in Brunswick County from Richard and William Kennon."

Footnotes: (1) Records of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, embracing the Minutes of the General Presbytery and General Synod, 1706-1788, pg 138-139. (2) The 17 founders were David John and William Caldwell and William son of John Caldwell; Andrew and Thomas Cunningham; Thomas Daugherty; Richard Dudgeon, James Franklin, William Fuqua, William Hardwick; David and James Logan; Alexander McConnel, Israel Pickens, John Stewar, and Thomas Vernon as noted in Elizabeth Venable Gaines: "Cub Creek and Congregation, 1738-1838, p. 93."

Page 568 "The Cunninghams of Cub Creek (981)

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John Caldwell and Margaret Phillips

The following letter can be found in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 19, pp 92-94 (a letter from John Roger to Elias B. Caldwell; subject-the Caldwell family).

"Our [John Roger and Elias B. Caldwell--cousins] grandfather emigrated from Scotland to Ireland soon after King William's conquest of that place [ie. Scotland--King William III of England; 1650-1702][JAC NOTE: Other sources indicate during the reign of James I]. Our grandfather, John Caldwell, was born in Ireland and was there married to a Margaret Phillips (our grandmother). He remained there until they had five children, at which time he got three of his brothers-in-law, who had married his sisters, to come to America with him (to wit) Moor, Ritchey, and Dudgeon. Wll: of whom I well remember and one brother-in-law who married his wife's sister whose name was Dougherty, grandfather of my wife and Thomas Dougherty formerly clerk to the lowest house of Congress. They set sail together and landed in Delaware the very day that King George II was proclaimed there [King George II of England; 1683-1760]. From thence they got up the country to a place in Pa., then, called Chestnut Level. Our grandfather naturally of an enterprising spirit, explored the country southwesterly from a place in Va. to Albemarle Co. to which he moved and was soon followed by all his kindred.

There he lived some years; there our grandfather died and his oldest son and my mother-his only daughter-were married.

They and their companions moved with him to Roanoke River and the fine lands there explored the country westerly until his followers fixed on a fine level waterly spot not 30 miles outside any inhabitants, to which place him and his sons and brothers-in-law moved about the year 1742-43.

They were soon after joined by other friends mostly from Ireland or Pa. until they formed a little settlement which was known and always called Caldwell Settlement. For thirty years after father was the first Justice of the Peace and his oldest son the oldest militia officer that was ever appointed under King George II within 25 miles of that place in that neighborhood. I was born and in it was married and had six children before I moved to Ky in the year 1781.

Our grandfathers children were William, Thomas, David, all are buried in the same graveyard with their father. David's widow and all the family moved to Ky. Uncle John went to So. Carolina and died there. Uncle William's widow and all that family went also to So. Carolina. Our friend John C. Calhoun is a son of the 2nd daughter of that family."

(signed by) Cousin John Roger

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Elder in church of Rev. John Thompson. Very active in church affairs in the "back parts" of VA. (Wilson's "Tinkling Spring" p. 41-45). Rev. John Thompson settled Buffalo Community in 1744 in Amelia Co. VA (now Prince Edward), adjacent to Lunenberg.

Will dated 26 Nov 1748 gave 500 acres each to sons Thomas, David, and Robert on the east side of Cub Creek.

Records show that Capt John and Margaret brought their five oldest children, William with wife Rebecca, Thomas with wife Mary Jane, David perhaps with wife Mary, Margaret with husband James, and son John to America with them. Their two youngest children, Robert was born in PA, and James at Cub Creek.

Also immigrating with them were his sisters Elizabeth, Jane, Catherine, and brother Andrew (Andrew abt 1718).

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LETTER: of John Rodgers, grandson of John Caldwell and Margaret Phillips, Published in the Virginia Magazine for Jan 1911, Vol 19, p 93, -recorded pp. 115-116 in THREADS OF ANCESTORS, Telford-Ritchie-Mize, Written by Leila Ritchie Mize and her daughter, Jessie J. Mize (living in Athens, GA)

-Virginia Magazine noted that the letter had been written to Elias B. Caldwell (Clerk of the U.S. Supreme Court) many years before the death of John Rodgers.

"Dear Sir:

"I acknowledge receipt of your letter of the 18th of March and I thank you for the information therein contained. You cannot conceive what feelings crossed my brain when I heard of so many of my kindred according to the flesh well in this world and to human appearance not forgetful of the next. The accounts you give me of many of my dear people are truly pleasing to me as I am now eldest of all our family and have from my youth up been very curious in collecting all information I could obtain from my oldest relations with regard to our ancestors. I will give you a short sketch of what I know on the subject. It may afford you some amusement in your leisure hours.

"Our grandfather emigrated from Scotland soon after King William's conquest of that place. Our grandfather John Caldwell was born in Ireland and was there married to Margaret Phillips (our grandmother).

He remained there till they had 5 children at which time he got 3 of his brothers-in-law (to wit) Moor, RITCHEY, and Dudgeon, all of whom I remember well, and one brother-in-law who had married his wife's sister whose name was Dougherty, grandfather of my wife and of Thomas Dougherty formerly clerk of the lower House of Congress and, of course, known to you.

These set sail together and landed in Delaware the very day King George II was proclaimed there. From thence they got up the country to a place in Pennsylvania then called Chestnut Level. Our grandfather, naturally of an enterprising spirit, explored the country southwesterly from a place in Virginia now Albemarle County to which he moved and was soon followed by all his kindred. There he lived some years; there our grandfather died and his oldest son and my mother, his only daughter, were married. They and their companions moved with him to Roanoke River and the fine lands there, explored the country westwardly till he and his followers fixed on a fine level watered spot not 30 miles outside any inhabitants to which place he and his sons and brothers-in-law moved about the year 1742 or 3.

They were soon after joined by other friends, mostly from Ireland or Pennsylvania, until they formed settlement which was known and always called Caldwell settlement for 30 years after. Our grandfather was the first Justice of the Peace and his oldest son the oldest militia officer that was ever appointed under King George II.

"Within 25 miles of that place in that neighborhood I was born and in it was married and had 6 children before I moved to Kentucky in the year 1781. Our grandfather's children were William, Thomas, David, Margaret, John, Robert and James. My father and grandfather both died in October 1750, just 14 days apart. My mother then married a man by the name of James Mitchell. She had 5 children by each husband. Two of her daughters died in Virginia. The rest all came to Kentucky and have been numerous families. Her son Robert died in Kentucky. William, Thomas, and David Caldwell are all buried in the same graveyard with their father. David's widow and all that family moved to Kentucky. Uncle John went to South Carolina and died there. Uncle William's widow and all that family went to South Carolina, also. Our friend, John C. Calhoun is a son of the 2nd daughter of that family.

"I enjoy as good health as a man in his 79th year has any good reason to expect or look for, for which I ought to be very thankful to the great Giver of all blessings. My kindred in this section of the country are all well as far as I know. I am sorry to hear of your declining state of health but hope you will be enabled by grace divine to bear it without murmuring thought. Remember me to your wife and children and to your brother Josiah and family. I greet you all as dear relations and although I shall never see any of you in this world I hope to meet you in a future day in a far happier place. How vain are all things here below, yet I feel a desire to hear from you all often whilst I live. On looking over what I have written I see a good many blots and blunders which you will readily excuse.

Farewell! Farewell!

From your affectionate cousin, John Rodgers."

cont *************


[JAC NOTE: There are obviously two families represented here. Research conducted by Plunkett Caldwell of North Ireland at PRONI show the children of John m. Mary Sweetenham as different than listed from this Belfast Times excerpt.]

The Caldwells of Ayrshire became very prominent family in 1349. William Caldwell, Prebendary of Glasgow, was Lord Chancellor of Scotland, and his descendant William Caldwell of Stratton, Ayrshire, had sons Joseph, David and John, who appeared early in the Parish of Enniskillen, (county) Fermanagh.

John Caldwell, son of William, became prominent as a merchant in Enniskillen and Londonderry; he died at Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, 1639; will proven March 1640; married 1627 Mary Sweetinham. Issue: Baptisms: Derry Cathedral

I. William Caldwell baptised May 10, 1628; buried Parish of Glendermott, Co., Donegal, Oct 20, 1698; marr'd Elizabeth Huston in Londonderry by John Hanford, Mayor of Londonderry, May 27, 1652, Issue; A. John Caldwell, bap. Aug 19, 1653 B. Robert Caldwell bap. Nov. 3, 1654. C. Thomas Caldwell, bap. June 10, 1656. D. Alexander Caldwell, bap. Sept. 23, 1659 E. Jean Caldwell, bap. Sept 2, 1661.

II. John Caldwell, bap. Sep 16, 1630; bur Parish of Ballycogan, Co., Donegal, Nov. 18, 1692. 1st Marr. June 11, 1651, Margaret Porter, who was bur May 16, 1653; no issue. 2nd marr. in Londonderry by John Elwin, Mayor, June 6, 1654, Mary Holmes, bap. June 16, 1632; bur May 14, 1695, dau. of James Holmes and his wife Jane Jennings, daughter of Francis and Jean (Scott) Jennings of County Londonderry. Issue: A Margaret Caldwell, bap. Aug 19, 1655. B. Joseph Caldwell, bap. Jan 9, 1657; buried Parish of Ballybogan, County Donegal, Sep 3, 1730; marr. April 8, 1682, Jane McGhie. C. John Caldwell, bap. June 10, 1659. D. Mary Jane Caldwell, bap. Oct. 8, 1660. E. William Caldwell, bap. April 20, 1662; bur Oct. 20, 1725; marr. Oct. 2, 1697, Elizabeth Porter. F. Andrew Caldwell, bap. Sept. 8, 1664.

III. Mary Caldwell, bap. Sep 20, 1632; marr. Jan 9, 1654, William Eiffield.

IV. James Caldwell, bap. Nov. 30, 1634; died Castle Cauldwell Co., Fermanagh, Ireland, 1716; High Sheriff, created Baronet 1683; marr. Catherine, daughter of Sir James Hume. His grandson, Hon. James Caldwell, born County Tyrone, Ireland, 1724, emigrated to America 1769; died Wheeling, W. VA ca 1800; marr. in Ireland 1752 Elizabeth Alexander.

V. Margaret Caldwell, bap. May 24, 1636; marr April 8, 1660, Hugh Delop.

VI. Joseph Caldwell, bap April 6, 1638 *** see note below.

VII. Alexander Caldwell, bap Sep 4, 1639; died Dublin (?) marr. his cousin, Ann Caldwell. Issue: A. Jane Caldwell, bap. Jan 26, 1661 B. John Caldwell, bap. Feb 3, 1662. C. Agnes Caldwell, bap. July 18, 1665. D. David Caldwell, bap July 1667. E William Caldwell, bap. Jan 11, 1669. F. Henry Caldwell, bap. Sep 2, 1671.

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    • * NOTE: This is the lineage for Cub Creek John Caldwell

of Lunenburg Co., VA. and the James Caldwell who died in W. VA 1804.

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Cousins, The will of Sir James was destroyed in 1922, Irish up rising. (Wilma Ranger to All 10/6/91) Jim

William CALDWELL, husband of Rebecca Park, was born in Ireland and was the son of John CALDWELL and his wife, Margaret PHILLIPS.

John CALDWELL " was probably born in Scotland, married Margaret Phillips while they were resident in the county of Derry, Ireland where five children were born to them. John Caldwell with his wife and five children and four brothers'-in-law, Moore (Moor), Richey (Ritchie), Dudgeon and Dougherty and other relatives and Presbyterian friends landed at New Castle, Delaware on December 10, 1727. They made their way through Chester County, Pennsylvania into the portion which became Lancaster County in 1728."

John CALDWELL was one of the assessors in 1729 when the county was "erected". from p. 118 of THREADS OF ANCESTORS, Telford-Ritchie-Mize, written by Leila Ritchie Mize and her daughter, Jessie J. MIZE, first printing 1956, second printing 1978, third printing 1990.

DEATH: (Died at Cub Creek, Va) William CALDWELL's will which mentions wife, Rebecca, dated 9 Jan 1758, ratified 17 Feb. 1761, Book I p. 329, Lunenburg Co., Virginia, -- recorded pp. 119-120 THREADS OF ANCESTORS, Telford-Ritchie-Mize

Will: of John CALDWELL Lunenburg Co, VA probated 3 April 1751 mentions these children. William named as oldest son, David as executor and guardian of his minor children. No mention of his wife, who apparently had already died, -- from THREADS OF ANCESTORS, Telford-Ritchie-Mize, written by Leila Ritchie Mize and her daughter, Jessie J. MIZE

BURIAL: [From a letter of John Rodgers (below) ] John Caldwell and 3 of his sons, -- William, Thomas and David CALDWELL are all buried in the same graveyard; at Cub Creek Presbyterian Church in what is now Charlotte Co., VA formerly Lunenburg, Co., VA --recorded pp. 115-117 THREADS OF ANCESTORS, Telford-Ritchie-Mize

Mary Taylor - Date: August 13, 1998

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1 William Caldwell b 1704 Donegal, Ireland d 1761 Lunenburg, Virginia Inherited 400 acres of land from his father. Williams Will dated Dec 22, 1758 proved Apeil 17, 1761 married Rebecca Parque (Parks) abt 1725 in Ireland

2 Thomas Caldwell b 1706 Donegal, Ireland d Lunenburg, Virginia Inherited 500 acres on West side of Cub Creek form his father married Mary Jane Parks abt 1730 in Ireland

3 David Caldwell b 1709 Donegal, Ireland d 1769 Charlotte, Virginia Will dated Oct 19, 1765 proved March 6, 1769 married Mary Dudgeon abt 1730 in Augusta, Virginia

4 Margaret Caldwell b 1712 Donegal, Ireland d 1791 Boyle, Kentucky

5 John Caldwell b 1715 Virginia d 1795 Tennessee Inherited 500 acres known as Flag Spring from his father married Jane Kennedy abt 1735

6 Robert Caldwell b 1719 Lunenburg, Virginia d 1806 Mercer, Kentucky Inherited 600 acres of East side of Cub Creek from his father

7 Rev. James Caldwell b 1724 Lunenburg, Virginia d 1781 Elizabeth Point, New Jersey Inherited 500 acres on Cub Creek from his father married Hannah Ogden 1754

8 Robert Caldwell II b 1732 Lancaster, Pennsylvania d 1808 Boyle, Kentucky married Mary Logan 1755 in Virginia

7 Margaret Caldwell married 2nd James Mitchell Sr.

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It has be written/posted over the years that in 1649, Oliver Cromwell was sent by the King of England to Ireland as Governor, Lord Lieutenant and commander of the forces. Oliver's maternal grandmother was Ann of Cauldwell. His cousins Joseph John Andrew David and Daniel Caldwell went with him. They apparently had a wide level of activity there including aid for the owner of Caldwell Castle. as well as aiding Cromwell in his areas of responsibility.

Caldwells appear in records of the Presbyterian churchs in Ireland. In 1653 Cromwell was elected President of England. "Some of the Caldwells remained in Ireland and prospered there." But when Cromwell died and Charles II was restored as King of England in 1660, "the Caldwell's power and influence nearly ended." The 'commercial' activity from Ireland to England became very slight and it was necessary for many Caldwells there to find a new place to live.

[JAC NOTE: Okay, the whole Cromwell/Caldwell relation is a stretch to say the least. See other referrence materials and exposes' for clarification]

One group of them centered on __John Caldwell b ___ Ireland; died Cubb Creek Lunenburg Co. VA (now Charlotte Co.) whose wife was Margaret Phillips b__ d before 1748__ . They and their children as well as her Phillips relatives, landed at New Castle, Delaware 10 Dec 1727. They continued to Lancaster County, PA where they settled for 10 to 12 years.

John's group were active Presbyterians and contacted the VA colony governor to arrange for the opportunity to obtain two areas in VA where they could be fully connected to their denomination and not pay taxes/tithes to the 'King's Church'. John helped organize Old Luenburg County, VA and in 1746 with his son William is a member of its first county court.

One of the areas was along the valley of the Cub (Cubb) Creek and another was a bit north west in a mountain area. There were arguments and court events related to the Caldwells not supporting the King's church. But it is said that the governor stood behind his agreement. A few years later one of the Caldwells did pay VA a fee/fine of 1000(?) pounds of tobacco. (I remember that was the quantity, but I don't have the record in hand.)

Included in the churches the Caldwells attended were some of the early pastors of Presbyterian groups who aided the denomination's westward movement.

By the beginning of the Rev War, records regarding these Caldwell have been seen regarding their homes and service in various locations including NC, SC KY and NJ.

A town, Caldwell, NJ, is named for John and Margaret's son, General James Caldwell who was a Presbyterian Minister, Chaplain and Commissary General; (RW-NJ). He was killed by a Rev War sentry who argued with him. Also on another occasion, while she was holding their baby, his wife was killed by a stray bullet, assumed fired into their home, by English forces. It has been felt that my ancestor Thomas cOldwell, who ca 1765 married Delphia Ballard in VA and after the Rev War lived in the NC/TN area, was connected to John and Margaret cAldwell but no one has been able to confirm this. Delphia along with ancestors and other relatives, appears in VA area Quaker records. I haven't seen Thomas or any other Ca(o)wells I can connect to them in those records. Delphia's brother ___ Ballard also appears in a TN Quaker record not far from where the Coldwells then lived. Thomas, Delphia and their descendants appear in early Hawkins County TN records as well as records of the New Providence Presbyterian Church in that area.

[Material above was typed by me, a fellow whose brain operation reduces any accuracy you can expect from any item. Better than memory of things I have seen in various records in VA and TN, is material from the two books I have in hand, "Caldwells and their Cousins of Virginia and S.E. Kentucky" (c) 1995 by Archie Caldwell. "The Generations of Thomas Coldwell & Delphia Ballard" (c) 2000 by Chris Coldwell

I hope something appeared which accelerates your activity and you locate things to confirm or correct it.

Jim (James Forga CALDWELL/COLDWELL) My and Chris's ggrandfather and his grandfather spelled their names COLDWELL but ggf's other son, my grandfather, shifted HIS spelling to CALDWELL,


I don't have any born that late, the John Calldwell and Margret Phillips came to this country, aboard the ship Eagle Wing, to New Castel Delaware 10 Dec 1727. They did have a Joseph in the family. Not tracked. They were in Lunenburg Co. VA. That might help you research them. I don't have any information to track them to 1800.

[JAC NOTE: EagleWing set sail from IRE in Sept. 1636. It returned to Ireland after storms and hurricanes damaged her in Nov. 1636. She never again sailed under the name "EagleWing"]

In a message dated 5/17/01 7:23:18 PM Pacific Daylight Time, writes:

Would appreciate any information on William Thomas Caldwell. My great great grandfather was also a William Thomas Caldwell born between 1800-1805 , married Ellen Hughes. Not sure if his father was your

John and Margaret Caldwell immigrated to America about 1727 from the North of Ireland, arriving in Newcastle, Delaware and settling thereafter at Chestnut Level, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

John Caldwell, an elder in the Donegal Presbytery, was involved in the concerns of the Church for civil and religious liberty of the Scots Irish settling west of the Blue Ridge in Virginia as the policy of the established Church of England was to impede the intrusion of "dissenters" into that colony, despite the Toleration Act of 1689.

At the meeting of Donegal Presbytery on April 11, 1738, John Caldwell presented a petition for favor and encouragement of the settlers in the "back parts" of Virginia and this supplication was adopted by the Synod of Philadelphia as an appeal to the Virginia Colonial Governor and Council.

On May 30, 1738, the Synod of Philadelphia wrote:

"To the honourable William Gooch, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Virginia, the humble address of the Presbyterian ministers convened in Synod, May 28, 1738, &c. May it please your honour, we take leave to address you in behalf of a considerable number of our brethren who are meditating a settlement in the remote parts of your government, and are of the same persuasion with the Church of Scotland. We thought it our duty to acquaint your honour with their design, and to ask your favour in allowing them the liberty of their consciences, and of worshipping God in a way agreeable to the principles of their education. Your honour is sensible that those of our profession in Europe have been remarkable for their inviolable attachment to the Protestant succession, in the illustrious house of Hanover, and have upon all occasions manifested an unspotted fidelity to our gracious sovereign King George, and we doubt not but these our brethren will carry the same loyal principles to the most distant settlements where their lot may be cast, which will ever influence them to the most dutiful submission to the government which is placed over them. This we trust will recommend them to your honour's countenance and protection, and merit the free enjoyment of their civil and religious liberties. We pray for the Divine blessing upon your person and government, and beg leave to subscribe ourselves your honour's most humble and obedient servants."

The Virginia House of Burgesses, on November 1, 1738 wrote into law the Act establishing Frederick and Augusta Counties out of Orange County territory west of the Blue Ridge, thereby facilitating a new religious policy for the Scots Presbyterians settling in that region.

Thus, John Caldwell was instrumental in achieving religious freedom for the rugged Scots Presbyterians migrating west of the Blue Ridge Mountains into hostile Indian Country, and soon thereafter relocated his own family to this distant frontier. He first settled on Buck Mountain and about 1742 became the leader of the Cub Creek Settlement in Lunenburg County. After John Caldwell passed away in 1750, a number of his descendants moved to South Carolina and others relocated to the Tinkling Spring Congregation in Augusta County, Virginia. Ann Caldwell, the great granddaughter of John and Margaret Caldwell married James Henderson in Augusta County and by this means entered the Caldwell's into my family tree. (David H. Jones Genealogy)

Born in 1683 in Lifford Parish, County Donegal, Ireland, this John Caldwell was a son of Joseph Caldwell, a prosperous merchant of Londonderry, Ireland. At age 15, John was sent to Edinburgh, Scotland, for his education. During his five-year stay there, among his father’s relatives at Solway Firth in Argyle, John became engrossed in the teachings of John Knox. His religious interest also was influenced by his mother’s brother William Milliken, a Presbyterian minister, with whom he spent the summer of his 18th year. On 04 January 1703, John Caldwell married Margaret Phillips, daughter of James Phillips, and, subsequently, came to America, where they were in New Castle, Delaware, before 10 December 1727. They resided at Chestnut Level in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, before moving to Cub Creek on the Staunton River in Lunenburg (now Charlotte) County, Virginia, in 1739.

"Since the mother of John Caldwell has been identified as Jane McGhee, daughter of Alexander McGhee and Jane Milliken, William Milliken probably was her uncle and not her brother.

"John Caldwell (1683-1750) of Cub Creek was a son of Joseph Caldwell (1657-1730) and Jane McGhee, who were married on 08 April 1682. Joseph Caldwell, who was baptized on 09 January 1657 and was buried on his farm at Ballybogan in Lifford Parish, County Donegal, Ireland, on 03 September 1730, was a son of John Caldwell (1630-1692) and his second wife Mary Holmes. Jane McGhee Caldwell was a daughter of Alexander McGhee and Jane Milliken. Joseph Caldwell and Jane McGhee also had a daughter Margaret Caldwell, who was born about 1686, married Robert J. McJunkin and died about 1740 at Stewartstown in County Tyrone, Ireland. After her death Robert McJunkin migrated to Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, where he died between 1747 and 1750."

Bill []

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Capt. John Finley Caldwell's Timeline

January 9, 1683
Ballyogan, County Dublin, Leinster, Ireland
February 1, 1704
Age 21
April 1, 1706
Age 23
County Donegal, Ulster, Ireland
Age 22
Donegal, County Donegal, Ulster, Ireland
Age 24
Somerset, MD, USA
Age 26
Somerset, MD, USA
Age 28
Age 31
Somerset, MD, USA