Capt. Joshua Brooks

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Joshua Brooks

Birthplace: Probably England, (Present UK)
Death: Died in Dorchester (within present Boston), Suffolk County, Province of Massachusetts, (Present USA)
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. Thomas Brooks, Jr., of Concord and Grace Brooks
Husband of Hannah Brooks
Father of Hannah Pierce; Major Noah Brooks; John Brooks; Grace Brooks; Daniel Brooks and 6 others
Brother of Mary Wheeler; Caleb Brooks and Gershom Brooks

Occupation: Deacon of the Church at Lincoln, Mass.Tanner, Captain in militia and deacon of a church
Managed by: Richard Frank Henry
Last Updated:

About Capt. Joshua Brooks

Freeman Oath 26 May 1652, Concord Massachusetts Bay Colony

Immigrated on the ship Susan & Ellen with his parents and siblings.

Joshua, son of Thomas and Grace BROOKS, was born about 1630 in England. He was a tanner by trade. He settled in the part of Concord which later became Lincoln, Massachusetts, where many of his family and decendants have lived. Three generations of his descendants in the direct male line successively held the office of deacon of the Lincoln church. He was the ancestor of nearly all of the BROOKS name in Concord and Lincoln. He inherited half of the Medford property. He was admitted a Freeman May 26, 1652. He learned his trade from Captain Hugh MASON, whose daughter, Hannah, he married October 17, 1653. He died in 1708. Children: Hannah, married Benjamin PIERCE; John, died May 18, 1697; Noah, born 1657, married Dorothy WRIGHT; Grace, born at Concord, March 10, 1660-61, married Judah POTTER; Daniel, mentioned below; Thomas, born May 5, 1666, died September 9, 1671; Esther, born July 4, 1668, married Benjamin WHITTEMORE; Joseph, born September 16, 1671, married (1) Abigail BATEMAN, (2) Rebecca BLODGETT; Elizabeth, born December 16, 1672; Job, born July 26, 1675, died May 18, 1697; Hugh, born January 1, 1677-78, married Abigail BARKER; Thomas (possibly), married Elizabeth


Bond's Info: Capt. JOSHUA, m., October 17,1653, HANNAH MASON. [Mason, 2.] He was a tanner, and lived in that part of Concord, which became a part of Lincoln, where his descendants have been very numerous. Vol. II: Dea. JOSHUA BROOKS, a tanner, m. in Wat., Oct. 17, 1653, HANNAH MASON, dr. of Capt. Hugh Mason. [Mason 2.] He settled in that south part of Concord which became a part of Lincoln, and, it is supposed, sold his paternal estate in Medford to his brother Caleb. It is conjectured that he learned his trade of Capt. Mason, and, soon after, married his daughter. He was adm. freeman May 26, 1652.

They had the following children:

7 i. Hannah

8 ii. Noah (1656-1739)

iii. John. Born Concord, Mass., in 1657. Died on 18 May 1697. Data from Mason.

Bond's Info: Vol. II: JOHN, b. 1657; m., Nov. 8, 1682, DEBORAH GARFIELD, b. about 1662, dr. of Samuel and Mary (Benfield) Garfield, of Wat. [Garfield, 2 1/2-7.] He d. May 18, 1697.

He married Deborah Garfield, daughter of Samuel Garfield & Mary Benfield, on 8 Nov 1682 in Sudbury, Mass. Born abt 1662. Data from Mason.

9 iv. Grace (1660-1753)

10 v. Daniel (1663-1733)

vi. Thomas. Born Concord, Mass., on 5 May 1666. Died Concord, Mass., on 9 Sep 1671. Data from Mason.

Bond's Info: Thomas. Vol. II: THOMAS, b. Sept. 9, 1666: d. Sept. 9, 1671.

11 vii. Esther (1668-1742)

12 viii. Elizabeth (1672-)

ix. Job. Born Concord, Mass., on 26 Jul 1675. Died Concord, Mass., on 18 May 1697. Unmarried. Data from Mason.

Bond's Info: Vol. II: JOB, b. July 26, 1675; d. May 18, 1697, aged 22, unm. Inventory £94; his brother Noah, exec'r of his Will. By a deed, dated Aug. 24, 1697, Noah Brooks, Daniel Brooks, Sen.. Joseph Brooks, Sen., Benjamin Pierce, of Wat., Benjamin Whittemore, and Judah Potter, of Concord, convey to brother Hugh Brooks, all right in the estate of our brother Job Brooks, had of our father Joshua Brooks, deceased.

13 x. Hugh (1677-1746)

14 xi. Joseph (1681-1759)

From: Captain Hugh Mason Genealogy


Dea. Joshua/2a Brooks

  • M, #1623, (circa 1630 - before 24 August 1697)
  • Father* Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks1 b. 2 Mar 1594/95, d. 21 May 1667
  • Mother* Grace/1 Cunliffe1 b. 14 Oct 1593, d. 12 May 1664
  • yDNA Overlay Chart -- Concord Line
  • Last Edited 18 Dec 2010

Dea. Joshua/2a Brooks, eldest son of Thomas Brooks and Grace Cunliffe, was born in England, probably circa 1630. (He gave his age as 31 in a 1662 court deposition, and as 50 in 1679.).2,3 Of Concord, MA by 1638, when his father became constable there, Joshua was admitted a freeman of Concord 26 May 1652.4

Joshua's father traded with the Indians in furs, and the son grew up to be a tanner of hides at Concord. His tannery probably stood by what came to be known as Tanner's Brook (today's Elm Brook), about a mile east of the town square. Bond conjectures that Joshua learned his trade from his father-in-law, a tanner originally of Suffolk, England.5,6

Joshua married, 17 Oct 1653 at Watertown, Hannah/2 Mason, daughter of Capt. Hugh/1 Mason and Hester/1 Wells.7

He was captain of the trainband and a deacon in the church.1 Concord's 1666 tax list records him at his cousin Isaac/2w Brooks's place, in the East District. That year his taxes were abated on 11 lots comprising 195 acres.8 In 1672, he was one of a committee presenting the selectmen with 17 articles of instruction. According to descendant Gertrude Knowlton's 1929 family history, these included "That care be taken of the 'Bodies of Martyrs' and other books that belong to the towne, and they be kept from abusive usage and not lent to persons for more than one month at a time. To take order that all corn fields be fenced in season, the crane and bricknell especially. To take care that undesirable persons be not entertained so as to become inhabitants."9,10

Joshua's father Thomas Brooks died at Concord, intestate, 21 May 1667. The male heirs—three sons and son-in-law Timothy Wheeler—presented an inventory of the estate for probate 16 Jun 1667, and the following day signed an agreement for division of the estate. Joshua, as eldest son, was to have a double portion, the usual custom.

Whereas Thomas Brooks, of Concord, hath left an estate, and the sonnes of the said Thomas not willing to troable the Court have Joyntly agreed that it shall be divided as followeth. First That the Inventory taken by Deacon Mirriam, Deacon Potter, and George Wheeler shall be accounted the full estate of Thomas Brooks. 2ly. wee do agree that Joshua Brooks shall have a full double portion out of the lands at Meadford, and the 3: other sonnes, Capt. Timothy Wheeler, Caleb Brookes, and Gershom Brookes to have equall portions, only Caleb and Gershom are to have the remainder of the said land after Joshua is first accomodated as a part of their portion, and Timothy Wheeler out of the moveable estate, and all to be distributed to them by those 3. partyes that tooke the Inventory; unto whose finall determination we do severally bynd ourselves in a bond of 100£ apeece, to stand unto, as wee do witness by setting of our hands to this present writeing, the 17th of June. 1667.

In the presence of us. Hugh Mason, Joseph Estabrookes. Timothy Wheeler, Joshua Brookes, Caleb Brookes, Gershom Brookes.11,12

For reasons as yet unascertained, Joshua Brooks became a member of the First Church at Dorchester, MA. 22 Oct 1695, the church set aside its regular lecture day to ordain Joseph Lord, a 1691 graduate of Harvard College, as pastor of a new church gathered that day to carry the gospel to Carolina. Among the eight missionary congregants were Joshua Brooks and his son-in-law Simon/2 Dakin.13 "On 11 Nov. 1695, with consent of his wife, he sold his Concord lands by four deeds to his sons Noah, Daniel, Joseph and Job. Each deed described several parcels, all of which were in the same area and were bound by lands of these four brothers. He and Hannah both signed by mark. Noah paid £59, Daniel £59, Joseph £50, and Job £35," says Threlfall.1

Joshua's death, which occurred before 24 Aug 1697, when an estate proceeding was recorded, is not of record. He apparently died either in South Carolina or aboard ship bound back to the Bay Colony.14

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Capt. Joshua Brooks's Timeline

Probably England, (Present UK)
September 23, 1636
Age 6
Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Age 25
Watertown, MA, USA
October 14, 1656
Age 26
Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Age 27
Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts
March 10, 1660
Age 30
Concord, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts
November 15, 1663
Age 33
Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
September 9, 1666
Age 36
Concord, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts
July 4, 1668
Age 38
Concord, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts