Capt. Sidney Breese (USA)

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Capt. Sidney Breese (USA)'s Geni Profile

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Sidney Alfred Breese

Birthplace: Mount Gilead, Morrow County, Ohio, United States
Death: September 29, 1903 (66)
Cottonwood Falls, Chase County, Kansas, United States (Self inflicted gun shot wound)
Place of Burial: Cottonwood Falls, Chase County, Kansas, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Stephen A. Breese and Rachael Lyons
Husband of Margaret Breese
Father of Caroline H. Chandler

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Capt. Sidney Breese (USA)

Civil War Veteran

Affiliation: Union

State: Missouri

Rank: Corp.& Capt.

Co.: A & G

Regiment: 6th

Branch: Cavalry


From Entry for Leland Chandler, written as recorded:

On November 1, 1916, Mr. Chandler married Caroline H. Breese, who was born at Mount Gilead, Ohio, and is a daughter of Capt. Sidney A. Breese, one of the pioneer characters of Kansas. Captain Breese was born at Mount Gilead, Ohio, October 20, 1836, a son of Alfred and Rachel (Lyon) Breese. His parents were natives of Morris County, New Jersey. Captain Breese first came to Kansas at the height of the territorial period of the border warfare, 1858. His first home was at Lawrence, but the following year he was appointed by the territorial governor as one of the census enumerators and his assignment included the present County of Chase. In the organization of Chase County in 1859 he took an active part and also in founding the Town of Cottonwood Falls, the county seat. He was a member of the first board of county commissioners, and the board held its first meetings in his cabin. Chase County was then on the extreme frontier and Indians were more numerous than the white settlers, while herds of buffalo were everywhere on the prairies. At Cottonwood Falls Captain Breese opened one of the first general stores. All merchandise was then hauled by wagon from Leavenworth. He served as register of deeds and in other county offices prior to the war. With the coming on of the war he went to Rolla, Missouri, to enlist in Company A of the Sixth Missouri Cavalry. He served as captain of that company under Col. Samuel M. Wood and was an active soldier almost four years, finally resigning on account of disablement from wounds. At the close of the war Captain Breese went back to his old home in Ohio, but in 1867 was again in Kansas at Cottonwood Falls. Here he opened a store, bought land, and thenceforward was one of the leading factors in the upbuilding of that section of country. Politically he was always a republican, and after the war he served as county clerk and clerk of the district court, and was also postmaster. He was a delegate to state conventions and usually controlled a large following in those bodies. He was a member of the Masonic order, a Presbyterian in religion, and was distinguished by a kindly and liberal brotherhood with all mankind. The death of this notable Kansas pioneer occurred at Cottonwood Falls September 29, 1903.

Captain Breese was twice married. May 19, 1864, he married Margaret Martin Irwin, who was born at Zanesville, Ohio, in 1839, daughter of William W. and Hannah (Finley) Irwin. William W. Irwin was born in Pennsylvania in 1797, his birth occurring in a block house on the frontier for protection against Indians. His wife was a native of Ohio. Captain Breese's first wife died at Mount Gilead, Ohio, in 1873. She was the mother of two children, the first being Mrs. Chandler, and the second, Margaret, who married in 1892 E. D. Replogle, a native of Pennsylvania. Mr. Replogle died in 1913, and they have one child, Sidney Breese Replogle

Source: 'A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans, written and compiled by William E. Connelley, Secretary of the Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, copyright 1918; transcribed 1997.


Sidney Breese of the 6th Missouri Cavalry survived the war, but fell prey to depressive episodes like “a cloud over his brain that would not let him think” (141), and in 1903 finally shot himself. 


Detailed Service

From Wikipedia entry for 6th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry:

Curtis' Campaign in southwest Missouri and Arkansas February–March 1862. Marshfield, Mo., February 9. Sugar Creek, Ark., February 17. Bentonville February 17. West Plains, Mo., February 19. Keytesville February 25. Battles of Pea Ridge, Ark., March 6–8. Spring River March 13. Salem Spring River March 18 (detachment). Scout through Gadfly, Newtonia, Granby, Neosho, and Valley of Indian Creek and skirmish April 8. Scout from Batesville, Ark., June 16–17 (4 companies). White Oak Bayou, Miss., June 23 (battalion). Near Fayetteville, Ark., July 15. Expedition to Coldwater, Miss., July 22–25 (battalion). White Oak Bayou, Miss., July 29 (battalion). Chariton Bridge, Mo., August 3. Montevallo August 7. Between Stockton and Humansville August 12. Stockton August 12. Neosho August 21. Hickory Grove August 23 (Company B). Expedition from Clarendon, Ark., to Lawrenceville and St. Charles September 11–13. Occupation of Newtonia, Mo., October 4 (2nd Battalion). Expedition from Helena, Ark., to Grenada, Miss.. November 27-December 5. Oakland, Miss., December 3. Cane Hill, Boston Mountains, Ark. (2nd Battalion). Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark., December 7 (2nd Battalion). Near Helena, Ark., December 14 (Company E). Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 20, 1862-January 3, 1863. Expedition from Milliken's Bend to Dallas Station and Delhi December 25–26, 1862. Expedition over Boston Mountains to Van Buren, Ark., December 27–29 (2nd Battalion). Reconnaissance toward White River and St. Charles January 13, 1863 (squadron). Carthage January 23, 1863. Expedition from Young's Point, La., to Greenville, Miss., and Cypress Bend, Ark., February 14–29. Cypress Bend, Ark., February 19 (detachment). Fish Lake, near Greenville, Miss., and Deer Creek, near Greenville, February 23 (detachment). Operations from Milliken's Bend, La., to New Carthage March 31-April 17 (1st Battalion). Near Dunbar's Plantation, Bayou Vidal, April 7 (detachment). Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25–30. Port Gibson May 1. Near Black River May 5. Raid on New Orleans & Jackson Railroad, near Crystal Springs, May 11. Jackson May 14. Champion Hill May 16. Near Bridgeport May 17. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Mason's Ford. Big Black River, June 9. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4–10. Near Baker's Creek July 7. Bolton's Station July 8 (detachment). Near Clinton July 8 (detachment). Near Jackson and near Clinton July 9 (detachment). Siege of Jackson July 10–17. Brookhaven July 18 (detachment). Near Morganza, La., September 8. Atchafalaya September 8–9. Hornersville, Mo., September 20 (2nd Battalion). Sterling's Farm, on Bayou Fordoche, near Morganza, September 27. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 30. Reconnaissance toward Opelousas October 20. Opelousas, Barre Landing, October 21. Washington October 24. Bayou Bourbeaux November 2. Carrion Crow Bayou November 18. Bayou Portage, Grand Lake, November 23. Attack on Bloomfield, Mo., and pursuit to Brown's Ferry November 29–30 (2nd Battalion). Near Vermillionville, La., November 30. Branchville, Ark, January 17, 1864 (detachment). Branchville, Ivey's Ford, Pine Bluff, January 19 (detachment). Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Advance from Franklin to Alexandria March 14–26. Bayou Rapides March 20. Henderson's Hill March 21. Monett's Ferry and Cloutiersville March 29–30. Natchitoches March 31. Crump's Hill, Piney Woods, April 2. Wilson's Farm April 7. Bayou de Paul, Carroll's Mill, April 8. Battle of Sabine Cross Roads April 8. Pleasant Hill April 9. About Cloutiersville April 22–24. Bayou Rapides Bridge and McNutt's Hill, Alexandria, April 27–28. Scout from Pilot Knob, Mo., to Gainesville, Ark., May 10–25 (2nd Battalion). Retreat to Morganza April 13–20. Wilson's Landing May 14. Avoyelle's (or Marksville Prairie) May 15. Old River L May 22. Operations in southeast Missouri and northeast Arkansas July 18-August 6 (2nd Battalion). Mazzard's Prairie, Ark., July 27. Osceola August 2 and 4. Elkchute August 4. Bayou Letsworth August 11. Operations in southwest Missouri and northwest Arkansas August 15–24 (2nd Battalion). Richland Creek, Ark., August 16 (detachment). Expedition to Clinton, La., August 23–29. Olive Branch, Corelle River and Clinton August 25. Near Richwood's, Mo., October 4 (detachment). Tyler's Mills October 7 (2nd Battalion). Expedition from Baton Rouge to Clinton, Greensburg, Osyke, and Camp Moore October 5–9. Expedition from Baton Rouge to Brookhaven, Miss., and skirmishes November 14–21. Davidson's Expedition from Baton Rouge against Mobile & Ohio Railroad November 27-December 3. Expedition from Baton Rouge to Clinton and Comite River March 30-April 2, 1865. Duty in District of Baton Rouge, La., until July and the Department of Texas until September.


The regiment lost a total of 315 men during service; 2 officers and 34 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 6 officers and 273 enlisted men died of disease.



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Capt. Sidney Breese (USA)'s Timeline

October 4, 1836
Mount Gilead, Morrow County, Ohio, United States
October 27, 1865
Mount Gilead, Morrow County, Ohio, United States
September 29, 1903
Age 66
Cottonwood Falls, Chase County, Kansas, United States
Prairie Grove Cemetery, Cottonwood Falls, Chase County, Kansas, United States