Capt. Thomas Pawlett, of "Argall's Gift"

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Capt. Thomas Pawlett, of "Argall's Gift"

Also Known As: "Paulett", "Paulet"
Birthplace: Pawlton, Hampshire , England
Death: January 12, 1643
Westover, Charles City County, Virginia Colony, Colonial America
Immediate Family:

Husband of Elizabeth Pawlett
Brother of Chidiock Pawlett and Sir John Pawlett

Managed by: Richard Arthur Neary
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Capt. Thomas Pawlett, of "Argall's Gift"

Not the son of Nicholas Poulett, of Minety and Mary Pawlett. Their only son was Amyas Pawlett. Capt. Thomas Pawlett, of "Argall's Gift" Apparently died without wife or living children. His will left his property to his brother, “Lord Paulet.”

According to Mr. Dorman, Certified Genealogist, in his book Vol. I - "the Ancestors and Descendants of Francis Epes I of Virginia":

Only the name Marie has been found in the records in England & VA. Francis had a dear friend, Capt. Pawlett and he had a daughter named Marie, both of whom visited the Epes home frequently. However, to the best of my knowledge, no REAL DOCUMENTATION has been found to PROVE or DISPROVE Marie Eppes’s last name as PAWLETT.


According to the The William and Mary Quarterly, Thomas died in 1644 without issue.[2] The daughter, Marie, is said to have died before Thomas' will was written in 1643/4.


In 1625, Thomas was living at Westover. With him there was his "servant," John Trussell, who later became prominent in Northumberland County and became a Lieutenant Colonel.[2]

On January 15, 1637, Thomas received a patent from the governor for some 2,000 acres of Westover Plantation (which he had previously represented as burgess), now in Charles City County.[2] Westover was bequeathed to Thomas' brother, Sir John Pawlett, who sold it in 1665 to Theodrick Bland. In 1688, Bland's sons, Theodrick and Richard Bland, sold Westover to William Byrd I.[5]


According to the The William and Mary Quarterly, Capt. Thomas Pawlett, of "Argall's Gift" died in 1644 without issue.[2] The daughter, Marie, is said to have died before Thomas' will was written in 1643/4.

He did, however, leave Mrs. Epps a ring and his Bible.

From the will of Cap. Thomas Pawlett, dated 12 Jan 1643/44, we know that Francis Epes' wife accompanied him to Virginia. Capt. Pawlett bequeather his lands to his brother, the second Lord Pawlett; to Captain Epes, one of the overseers of his will, he gave his drum; to Mrs. Epes, he gave his Bible and twenty shillings for a ring; and to their son Francis, who was his godson, he gave some silver plate. The virile characteristics of energetic, courageous Kentish man, were transmitted to his two older sons, who in their generation, filled places in their communities similar to the position he had hewed out for himself in the primitive colonial life of early Virginia with its sparse population, the difficulties of obtaining food and other necessaries of life, and constant danger from unfriendly Indians. The third son, Thomas, was living in 1665, as we know by his deposition, but we have no later information about him. Of Francis Epes' wife, we Francis Epes, know no more than we learn in the will of Captain Thomas Pawlett, unless we conclude that she was Marie, wife of Francis Eps, whose son Thomas’s birth was registered in 1630 in the Church of St . Olave, London. Even that gives little additional information.

The will of Cap. Thomas Pawlett, dated 12 Jan 1643/44: “In case of his brother's death before his enjoyment of this estte, "then my overseers to surrender it to Sir Wm Berklay, my much honoured kinsman, who is then to be ex'or"; to Mrs. Epps 20s. for a ring and my Bible; to Mrs. Menefie and Mrs. Aston 40s apiece; to Mrs. Reynolds Evans one cow; to Sam Salmon, 20s; "My two servants, John Claptona nd John Bennett, if they shall do faithful service to within one years space of the end of their indentures, to have them delivered up, othewise to be disposed of by the overseers of county court; my ex'ors to pay William Mundy 30s due form my Brol Chideck Pawlett; gives 40 shillings to John South". Dated 12 January, 1643. Witnesses John South, John Flud, Reynold Evans. Proved by the oath of Reynolds Evans before me: Fra: Epps.[2]


Virginia Historical Magazine (vol 23, pp 38-39),

Thomas Pawlett was born about 1578, immigrated to Virginia on the ship Neptune in 1618, and lived at West and Shirley Hundred. He was a son of Chidiock Pawlett (whose wife was Frances Neville--a descendant of King Edward III of England) [SIC - dates don’t work] and a grandson of William Pawlett, 1st Marquess of Winchester, who was a descendant of King Edward I of England. The Marquis was married to Elizabeth Capell. [Note: In this family the heirs were designated as Baron St. John, a minor title of the Marquess. This was a common practice of the nobility. The Lord John in the will of Thomas was thus, the direct heir to the title.]

In his will, dated 12 January, 1643, Thomas Pawlett named his brother, Sir John, executor, mentioned his brother, Chideck Pawlett, and referred to Sir William Berkeley as "my much honoured kinsman." Thomas Pawlett appointed Capt. Francis Epes and Mr. Walter Aston overseers of his will. He left a number of small legacies, but left the main part of his estate to his brother Lord John.

Research Notes

Nicholas Paulet and Mary Hungerford were previously his parents, but there's no citation for the evidence.

Some think Sir John Paulet, 1st Baron Paulet was his brother;which means William Berkeley was his 2nd cousin Edward Seymour's wife Dorothy Killigrew's 1st cousin once removed, that seems like a close enough connection (and 'kinsman' sounds accurate). [SIC - locations don’t work.]

The History of Parliament says that Sir John Paulet was the 1st son of Anthony Paulet and Catherine Norreys, it would make more sense that the 2nd sons would try to make their fortunes in America.

According to Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers, 1607-1635: A Biographical Dictionary, he travelled to Virginia in 1618 with Lord Delaware, and by 1622 he had returned to England where he told chancery officials he was 34 years old (1588) and was from Pawlton, Hampshire. He returned to Virginia in 1624, where he apparently remained until his death.[6]


  1. Tyler, Lyon G. “Title of Westover.” The William and Mary Quarterly, vol. 4, no. 3, 1896, pp. 151–155. JSTOR, Accessed 7 Dec. 2020.
  2. Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers, 1607-1635: A Biographical Dictionary p. 540 GoogleBooks
  3. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s Name: Thomas Pawlett Year: 1624 Age: 40 Estimated Birth Year: abt 1584 Place: Virginia Source Publication Code: 3283 Primary Immigrant: Pawlett, Thomas Annotation: Standard work. Includes lists of ships to Bermuda, Barbados, and continental North America. Indexes family names. Names of Jews are excerpted in Adler, no. 61. Care should be taken when using Hotten. There are two versions, one with accurate text and inde Source Bibliography: HOTTEN, JOHN CAMDEN, editor. The Original Lists of Persons of Quality; Emigrants; Religious Exiles; Political Rebels; Serving Men Sold for a Term of Years; Apprentices; Children Stolen; Maidens Pressed; and Others Who Went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700. With Their Ages, the Localities Where They Formerly Lived in the Mother Country, the Names of the Ships in Which They Embarked, and Other Interesting Particulars. From MSS. Preserved in the State Page: 207
  4. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s Name: Thomas Pawlett Year: 1618 Place: Virginia Source Publication Code: 1219.4 Primary Immigrant: Pawlett, Thomas Source Bibliography: COLDHAM, PETER WILSON. The Complete Book of Emigrants: A Comprehensive Listing Compiled from English Public Records of Those Who Took Ship to the Americas for Political, Religious, and Economic Reasons; of Those Who Were Deported for Vagrancy, Roguery, or Non-Conformity; and of Those Who Were Sold to Labour in the New Colonies. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. 1607-1660. 1988. 600p. Page 52
  5. Long John 1637 Capt Thomas Pawlett Charles City
  7. Based upon the makeup of the House of Burgesses in 1619, a partial list of early plantations and their representatives were: ... for Argall's Gift Plantation: Thomas Pawlett and Edward Gourgainy
  8. Monumental Brasses of Wiltshire: A Series of Examples ... Ranging from the ... By Edward Kite. Page 84. GoogleBooks. Circa A.D. 1620. NICHOLAS POULETT, AND FAMILY. MINETY. The eastern portion of the north aisle is here divided from the rest of the church by a screen of carved oak, which seems once to have enclosed a chantry altar. The Poulett brass is affixed to the north wall of the aisle within the screen. In the centre of the plate (which is about 19 inches in width and 12 in height) are the kneeling effigies of Nicholas Poulett and his wife Mary, daughter of Thomas Hungerford, of the Lea. Behind the former is an only son, “ Ames PouLETT ;” and, in the rear of their mother, are three daughters, “ ELIZABETH,” “ Mary,” and “EDIGHT." [No Thomas]
  • Thomas Paulett/Pawlett Member From: 1619 - 1640. Additional Info: 1619, 1628 [Argall's Gift], 1633 [Westover and Flowerdue Hundred], 1640 [Charles City] Other Notable Service and/or Elected Offices: Justice, counties of Charles City and Henrico: 1631-1632 Member, Council of State: 1641 - 1643
  • Genealogical Gleanings in England, Volume 1 By Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters. Page 425. GoogleBooks brothers Chidiock Pawlett, Sir John Pawlett.
  • In 1631-32 Capt. Paulet was appointed one of the commissioners or justices for the upper precincts of Charles City and Henrico, and in 1641, a member of the Virginia Council. He died in 1644, without issue. The grant made to him was for the personal adventure of his brother, Chidiock, and for transportation of 38 persons into the Colony. His will, dated January 12, 1643, mentions his other brother, ‘Sir John, Lord Pawlett‘ … his God-children Wm. Harris, John Woodson, Tho. Aston, Thomas Fludd, Henry Richley, John Bishop, Tho. Woodward, Tho. Boyse, Tho. Poythers, and William Bayle, his loving friends Mr George Menefie and Mr Walter Aston. Such terms as ‘loving friends’ at this time often represented a familial relationship, and ‘brother’ could have a wider meaning. The Menefies purchased the manor of Northcote, Devon, after the dissolution, and were neighbours there of the Drake family, as they were in Musbury, Devon, see the Will of William Menefie of Musbury, Devon, May 8, 1548.
  • William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Volume 4. By College of William and Mary. Page 153. GoogleBooks
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Capt. Thomas Pawlett, of "Argall's Gift"'s Timeline

Pawlton, Hampshire , England
January 12, 1643
Age 55
Westover, Charles City County, Virginia Colony, Colonial America