Captain John Crawford

Is your surname Crawford?

Research the Crawford family

Captain John Crawford's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Captain John Crawford

Birthdate: (85)
Birthplace: Oakham, Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States
Death: October 16, 1824 (85)
Oakham, Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Alexander Crawford and Elizabeth Crawford
Husband of Rachel Crawford; Phebe Crawford and Mary Perkins Ford
Father of Elizabeth Wilson; Alexander Crawford; John Crawford, Jr.; Sarah Ayers; Samuel Crawford and 10 others
Brother of Aaron Crawford; Captain William Crawford and Unknown Crawford

Occupation: Farmer, selectman, soldier in the Revolution
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Captain John Crawford

DAR# A027607

Soldiers of Oakham, Massachusetts, in the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and the Civil War. by Henry Parks Wright

John Crawford.

Bom January 7, 1739, in Rutland, second son of Alexander and Elizabeth Crawford. He came to Oakham with his father in 1750.

John Crawford was Captain of the Oakham company of minutemen which marched from Oakham April 19, 1775, in response to the Lexington alarm. At the organization of the 4th Worcester County Regiment at Brookfield, May 14, 1776, he was chosen Captain of the 8th (Oakham) Company, and received his commission May 31, 1776. As Captain of the Oakham company, he had general charge of the military affairs of the town, and enlisted or selected by lot the men to go on the several campaigns. He marched at the head of detachments of his company on July 23, 1777, when he was ordered to Providence on an alarm; and on August 20, 1777, when ordered to reinforce General Stark at Bennington. From September 7, 1777, till the end of November, he was in command of a com- pany of forty men raised in Hardwick, Oakham and New Braintree to reinforce the army of General Gates, and had an active part in the engagements that resulted in the capture of General Burgoyne. October 15, 1779, Capt. Crawford and Lieuts. Bothwell and French, who had been in office more than three years and had each been engaged in several campaigns, asked


the town to be relieved from further service. This request the town at first granted, but at a meeting held October 25, they were persuaded to continue in office, and they all served till the close of the war.

Capt. Crawford was a farmer, and spent all his active life on the farm owned by the late Deacon Horace W. Lincoln. He purchased this farm from his father, Alexander Crawford, in 1759, for iioo. It was the southerly part of Lot No. 21 and contained two hundred and four acres. Capt. Crawford was Warden of the district of Oakham in 1767, Selectman of the town in 1775 and 1781, and a member of the Committee of Correspond- ence, Inspection and Safety in 1777.

He was three times married :

(i) February 9, 1759, to Rachel Henderson, daughter of Lieut. James Henderson, who held a commission in the colonial militia and had served in the French and Indian wars. Rachel Henderson was born July i, 1739; died April 24, 1773.

(2) In 1773, to Phebe Green, born March 28, 1744, daughter of John and Dorothy Green of Brookfield.

(3) To Mary (Ford) Perkins, widow of Zephaniah Perkins, who was killed in battle, September 15, 1777. She died April 2, 1829, aged eighty-four years.

Children, all born in Oakham: Elizabeth, March 14, 1760; John, Jr., May 2, 1762; Alexander, 2d, February 12, 1765; Sarah, July 14, 1767; Samuel, August 9, 1768; Calvin, October 18, 1770; Rachel, April 2, 1773; Josiah, April 25, 1774; Polly and Patty, December 31, 1778; Luc)^, December 30, 1780; Han- nah, August 16, 1782, grandmother of Henry P. Wright who served in the Civil War; Eliakim, August 16, 1784; Nancy, March 10, 1786.

Capt. John Crawford died October 16, 1824, in the eighty-sixth year of his age.

Eleven of his descendants who were born or brought up in Oakham served in the Civil War : Henry W. Crawford, John G. Crawford, Charles S. Crawford, Alfred G. Crawford. John Macomber, George B. Macomber, Henry I. Macomber, William Macomber, James Macomber, Gardner M. Dean, Henry P. Wright.

Oakham T. R., i, 187, 188, 228, 229. M. S. R., iv, 95 (12). Oakham V. R., 18, 19, 20 [Samuel, July 16, 1767, should be Sarah], 116. Brookfield V. R., 108. Rutland V. R., 127. Crawford Family of Oakham, 7, 11, 12 [Aug. 9, 1768, should be 1769], 13. Wore. Co. Reg. of Deeds, xl, 554. Crawford Family (MS.) (see above). See Daniel Henderson, p. 98; Zephaniah Perkins, p. 132. John Crawford, A Record of the Childrens Ages (MS.).

view all 20

Captain John Crawford's Timeline

January 7, 1739
Oakham, Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States
March 14, 1760
Age 21
Oakham, MA, United States
May 2, 1762
Age 23
February 12, 1765
Age 26
Oakham, MA, United States
July 14, 1767
Age 28
Oakham, MA, United States
August 9, 1768
Age 29
Oakham, MA, United States
October 10, 1770
Age 31
Oakham, MA, United States
April 2, 1773
Age 34
Oakham, MA, United States