Catharina van Malabar, SM/PROG

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Catharina van Malabar, SM/PROG

Also Known As: "Katrijn", "Catharina Claasen/Catarina van de Cust Coromandel", "Catryn"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Malabar or Coromandel in India
Death: Died in Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Immediate Family:

Wife of Cornelis Kees de Boer Claasz, SV/PROG 1
Partner of Gabriel van Samboua, SV/PROG
Mother of Arriantjie Van Cathrijn, SM; Cornelia Pyl, b3 SM; Aaltie Cornelisz, SM; Maria Cornelisz, SM; Barend Cornelisz and 2 others

Occupation: Freed slave, Slave of Jan van Riebeeck, vry slaaf van Jan van Riebeeck gewees, vry slaaf van Jan van Riebeeck, afkomstig van malabar indie
Managed by: Dennis Anthony Burger
Last Updated:

About Catharina van Malabar, SM/PROG

Catharina van Malabar

Discussion about mtDNA Haplogroup

The First Fifty Years Project

Cornelis Claasz b. c 1650, d. c 1688

Children

  • Adriaantje Gabrielsz+11 b. b 13 Nov 1667
  • Claes Cornelisz van de Caep12 b. b 6 Feb 1673
  • Cornelia Cornelisse+4 b. b 18 Nov 1674
  • Aaltie Cornelisz+12 b. b 15 Mar 1676
  • Maria Cornelisz+12 b. b 27 Oct 1678
  • Barent Cornelisz12 b. b 29 Sep 1679
  • Hendrik Claasen12 b. b 26 Dec 1681
  • Catharina Cornelisz+12 b. b 5 Nov 1684, d. bt 1718 - 1719

Pieter Zaaiman born in 1686 was married to Anna Maria Koopman. Their son Bartholomeus born in 1717 married Anna Maria van Biljon who was the daughter of the Cape Creole slave Maria van der Kaap Walters. Their son Bartholomeus Lambertus Saayman born in 1752 married Gertruyda Willemse, the grand-daughter of a Cape Creole slave Maria Cornelisse van der Kaap whose mother was the slave Catharina van Malabar. In turn Gertruyda’s son, another Bartholmeus Saayman born in 1781 married Aletta van der Vyver. Their son Gerhardus ‘Bartjie’ Saayman born in 1823, was married to Johanna van Wyk and were my great great grandmother Margaretha Saayman’s parents. Johannes Jacobus Mellet and Margaretha had a large brood of children and grandchildren. My great grandfather was one of these children who had been given his grand-uncle’s name.

Back-tracking for a moment - Cornelis Claasen aka Kees de Boer was from Utrecht and arrived at the Cape before 1657. He was married at Stellenbosch in 1676 to Catharina Van Malabar. She was born 1650 and baptised in 1673. Catharina remarried in 1688 to Andries VOORMEESTER. Cornelis had earlier had a child with the slave Isabella van Angola in 1661.

Catharina van Malabar had a child, with another European father, this child was known as Adriaentje Cornelis baptised in 1667. She had 7 children with Cornelis Claasen. Her 4th child, Maria van der Kaap, born in 1678 is my forebear whose grand-daughter Gertruyda Willemse married into the Saayman family.

Source: http://cape-slavery-heritage.iblog.co.za/2010/02/28/slaves-and-indigenes-in-my-family-tree/


Indiese, slavin, b 1640, Malabar


Source: http://southafrica.mypeoplepuzzle.net/


On 30 January 1662 the Angelier and Oijevaer departed Batavia enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where they docked on 2 April 1662. Among the pasengers on board the vessels were Zacharias Wagenaer, Maria aux Brebis and Maria de Bucquoij. Accompanying Wagenaer were his slaves Louis van Bengale, Annike van Bengale and Anthonij de Later van Japan. The widow Verburg (Maria de Bucquoij) was accompanied by her personal slave Catharina van Malabar.[ Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)', January 2012, 2 April 1662: Angelier & Oijevaer bring: Cape's newly appointed 2nd Commander Zacharias Wagenaer (from Dresden) ex Batavia with wife Maria aux Brebis (from Wesel), stepdaughter Maria de Bucuoij, Widow Coen Verburg & 5 personal slaves." http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/g6/p6907.htm]

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Biography

The number of duplicates were the result of her name and surname being differently spelled at different times at baptisms and other events:

Between 29 October 1673 and 15 March 1676, the name of Catharina van Malabar was written in the record as Catharina van Malbaar. [1]

15 March 1676, the name of Catharina van Malabar was written in the record as Catharina van Malbaar. [1]

27 October 1678, the name of Catharina van Malabar was written in the record as Catrina Mallebaar. [1]

29 September 1679, the name of Catharina van Malabar was written in the record as Catharina Malbaar. [1]

26 December 1681, the name of Catharina van Malabar was written in the record as Catrina van de Kust [coast] Comandell. [1]

Catharina van Malabar was also known as Catharina NN. [1]

31 July 1688, the name of Catharina van Malabar was written in the record as Catarina van de Cust Coromandel. [1]

Between 6 Feb 1673 and 3 Aug 1704 the name of Catherina van Malabar was written in the record as Catryn van Bengale. [1]

Catharina VAN MALABAR, she was also known as VAN BENGALE. She was also known as Catrijn.[2]

Catharina /Van Malabar/ (found multiple versions of NAME. Using Catharina /Van Malabar/) [3]

Catrijn /Van Malabar/[3]

Birth

Date: (estimated) 1637 [1]

Date: 1637, Malabar, Kerala, India (GEDCOM-import only from 1641, date of birth marked as uncertain, estimated between 1641 AND 1655). [4]

Date: 1645, 1649 (found multiple copies of BIRT DATE. Using 1649) [3]

Date: She would have been born c1650. [5]

Place: India [3]

Baptism

Date: Oct 29, 1673 at the Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Cape Town: Twee bejaarde Vrouwe-Personen, waar van d'een genaamt wierd Catharina van Malbaar out 36 Jaren: d'ander Elisabeth van Bengalen out ontrent de 30 Jaren.[6][7][8]

Date: She was baptised as an adult on 29 October 1673. [5]

Events

Groot Catrijn, was also known as Catharina van Bengale was a slave woman from Paliacatte, on the Coromandel Coast, India[9]

She was born about 1631 and died about 1683. She was a slave in Batavia to the free woman Maria Magdalena.[10][1]

Catrijn was sexually assaulted on 8 October 1656 by her lover, the slave Claes van Malabar, in a stable at Fort Rijswijck. In the altercation, she hit Claes with a ladder across his stomach. Claes died four days later due to a burst bladder from the blow he received. Another source [1] cites: "On 8 October 1656 Rijswijck Fortress, Batavia, Groote Catrijn, furious at her lover, the slave Claes van Malabar, throws a cobble stone hitting him with great force in the area just above his genitals (the presumed target of the blow). His kidney burst and he died days later." Catharine then faced charges of murder and received the death sentence. She was however pardoned, being banished as a slave to the Cape. She arrived at the Cape on 21 February 1657 on the ship Prins Willem.[11] This ship was part of the return fleet which left Batavia on 4 December 1656. Catrijn was the first recorded female slave convict at the Cape. [1]

Alternative event (perhaps mistakingly attributed to the wrong Catherine): The soldier Hans Christoffel Snijman[12] had a relationship with Groot Catrijn who was a slave woman. From this relationship was born Christoffel Snijman. Christoffel Snyman was baptised on 9 March 1669. Groot Catrijn later got married to the free black (mardijker) Anthonij (Jansz) (de Later) van BENGALE on the 20th December 1671. In a letter dated 6 January 1672 it is mentioned that Groot Catrijn was freely pardoned. A tragedy must have taken place since the whole family died between December 1682 and February 1683, the only one who did not die was Christoffel Snijman. Many people wrongly consider the father of Snijman to be this free black, but he was the stepfather. Christoffel is the stamvader of the Snyman family.[13][14]

Marriages and Relationships

Catharina van Malabaar had a child with Gabriel de Samboua of which Cornelis Claassen was the stepfather. This child was known as Adriana Gabrielse[15] van de Kaap (also known as Adriaentje Claassen).[16] Arriaantje got baptised 13 November 1667 in Cape Town.

Later Katrijn married Cornelis Claasen (Kees de Boer) and thus he was the stepfather of Arrianntje.[17] This child was known as Adriaentje Cornelisz. Adriaantje Gabrielsz was born in bondage, before 13 November 1667, and was owned by Commandeur Cornelis van Quaelbergen de Caep de Goede Hoop.[18] and was baptised in 1667. Catherine is named as a parent in the record of the baptism of Adriaentje NN on 13 November 1667: een slaevinne kint van den E.H.Comman: Quaelbergen, wiert genaemt Adriaentje de moeder Catharyn tot getuyge stont in persoon van de Juffr Quaelbergen haer slaevinne at the Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Cape Town.[19][4]

1st marriage to Cornelis Claasz [20] Cornelis Claasen aka Kees de Boer was from Utrecht and arrived at the Cape before 1657. He was married at Stellenbosch in 1676 to Catharina Van Malabar. She was born 1650 and baptised in 1673. Catharina remarried in 1688 to Andries VOORMEESTER. Cornelis had earlier had a child with the slave Isabella van Angola in 1661. [4][1] On Mar 15, 1676 at the Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Cape Town.[21]

Catharina had 7 children with Cornelis Claasen (Claasz) ca. 1650 - ca. 1688 [4]:

Adriaantje Gabrielsz - 13 Nov 1667 Claes Cornelisz van de Caep - 6 Feb 1673 Cornelia Cornelisse - 18 Nov 1674 Aaltie Cornelisz - 15 Mar 1676 Maria Cornelisz - 27 Oct 1678[22] Barent Cornelisz - 29 Sep 1679 Hendrik Claasen - 26 Dec 1681 Catharina Cornelisz - 5 Nov 1684, d. bt 1718 - 1719

2nd marriage to Andries Voormeester.[23]

She remarried as Catarina van de Cust Coromandel to Andries VOORMEESTER on 31 July 1688.[24]

Unruly Family Affairs

Kees Claasz (de Boer) & his Indian ex-slave wife , the gedoopte swartinne Catrijn (Catharina van Malabar), are 2 of the more interesting personalities inhabiting the early colonial Cape settlement & 1st to inhabit the newly found colony at Stellenbosch. Notwithstanding their frequent brushes with the law, they appear to play an important community role at Moddergat which later becomes an important ‘Coloured’ farming settlement & mission station outside of Stellenbosch. Their descendants in the female line ramify dramatically in the colonial community becoming the founding mothers of various whole family clans: Bezuidenhout, Van Locherenberg, Bronkhorst, Gerrits, Pyl, Rigt, Willemse, Kemp & Franke. The family is seldom without controversy. Their surviving daughters all lead eventful lives:

• Adriaentje has an illegitimate child by one Hendrik Speldenberg.

• Cornelia drives her husband Abraham Bastiaansz: Pyl to take his own life by slitting his throat.

• Aeltje, after her husband Heinrich Jansen Heyder is convicted for assaulting a ‘Hottentot’ named Lucifer, seeks succour as concubine to the soon-to-be murdered Jacobus van den Berg which murder takes place in the house of her sister Catharina.

• Maria dumps her Frisian husband Gerrit Willemse permitting her socially misfit free-black paramour Isaac Pietersz: van de Caab to remove her undesirable spouse by dragging him by the hair out of his own home to become a vagabond ... [25]

For more information about this family click the following link: http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/g6/p6906.htm [Mansell Upham] [25]

Death

Date: ca. 1744, Cape, South Africa. Date: 1706, 1773 (found multiple copies of DEATH DATE. Using 1706 Array) [3] Place: Western Cape, South Africa [3]

Sources

On Oct 23, 2012 (van Malabar-4) by Andrew Dippenaar. On May 05, 2013 (Van Malabar-6) by Dina Vermaak. (Van Malabar-5) by Pieter Meyer. On Jun 27, 2013 (Van Malabar-9) by Amanda Calitz. On Jun 30, 2013 (Van Malabar-10) by Amanda Calitz. On Apr 13, 2012 (Van Malabar-1) by Christo Cruywagen. S4 Title: Ancestral File (R) Abbreviation: Ancestral File (R) Author: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Publication: Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998 Repository: #R1 Repository: R1 Name: Family History Library Address: Address 1: 35 N West Temple Street Address 2: Salt Lake City, Utah 84150 USA City: Salt Lake City, Utah 84150 USA On Jul 19, 2012 (Van Malabar-2) by Arrie Klopper. User ID: 3DD496149F33064B9CA09B822BE26811BD97 Prior to import, this record was last changed 8 Jan 2010. http://cape-slavery-heritage.iblog.co.za/2010/02/28/slaves-and-indigenes-in-my-family-tree/ ... /Indiese, slavin, b 1640, Malabar A.M. van Rensburg. My Genetic Enrichment : Slaves at the Cape, South Africa. Van Malabar-18 was created by Wilhelm Venter through the import of Venter_2013_2015-01-12_2015-01-1402.ged on Jan 14, 2015. Source: S5 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.; Repository: #R2 Repository: R2 Name: Ancestry.com ↑ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 Robertson, Delia. The First Fifty Years Project. http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/ Page: Catharina van Malabar Seen and entered 18 Jan 2015 by Philip van der Walt. ↑ May 5, 2013 Dina Vermaak ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Jan 14, 2015 by Wilhelm Venter. Source: #S5 Page: Ancestry Family Tree ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Jul 19, 2012 by Arrie Klopper. ↑ 5.0 5.1 May 5, 2013 Dina Vermaak ↑ Transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/ ↑ NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: ao 1673. ↑ A conflicting date of baptism: Groote Cathrijn then gets baptised as an adult with her fellow slave friend Mooij Ansela on 29 April 1668. [citation needed] ↑ India became such an imported part of the VOC trade that the fleet would sail direct from south India, without travelling to Batavia as the custom first was. There were two sailing routes from the Cape to India and between August and January the ships would sail north following the coast of Africa, through the Mozambique strait and then round Madagascar to India. The other months they would sail east three hundred miles and then head north towards India. The journey to India took about 80 days. The return trip was usually done between the months of October and February. ↑ "The widow Verburg (Maria de Bucquoij) was accompanied by her personal slave Catharina van Malabar." Entered by Pieter Meyer. ↑ This contradicts other sources stating that Catherine with other slaves (Louis van Bengale, Annike van Bengale and Anthonij de Later van Japan) departed Batavia on the 30th of January 1662 with the Angelier and Oijevaer enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where they docked on 2 April 1662. Among the pasengers on board the vessels were Zacharias Wagenaer, Maria aux Brebis and Maria de Bucquoij. Robertson, Delia. The First Fifty Years Project. http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/, citing: Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)', January 2012. ↑ "Hans Christoffel Snijder (this is the Dutch version of Schneider) also known as Snijman from Heidelberg in the Palatinate was a soldier in the VOC garrison convicted and banished to Robben Island on 30th July 1667 for not standing guard - instead he had been sleeping on a regular basis with Groote Catrijn - washerwoman at the Fort to successive commanders. Thereafter, Snijders disappears from the records at the Cape. On instructions from the Council of India, Groote Catrijn was again pardoned. Source: A.M. van Rensburg. My Genetic Enrichment : Slaves at the Cape, South Africa [1] seen 14/12/2013. ↑ A.M. van Rensburg. My Genetic Enrichment : Slaves at the Cape, South Africa [2] seen 14/12/2013. ↑ Still needs to be verified. Philip van der Walt (2/1/2014). ↑ The slave Gabriel de Samboua is believed to have been the biological father, hence her second name Gabrielsz. Philip van der Walt (2/1//2014). ↑ Adriana Gabrielse van de Kaap had an illegitimate child with Hendrik Speldenberg. Elsje Speldenberg was baptised 26 November 1679. Arriaantje got married to Pieter Boshouwer on 9 July 1683. She became the stammoeder of the Bezuidenhouts and the van Locherenbergs. Entered by Philip van der Walt (14/12/2013). ↑ Entered by Philip van der Walt, 14-12-2013 ↑ Cornelisz Claassen was her stepfather. Philip van der Walt (2/1/2014). ↑ NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): dito (13 November) 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/ ↑ Cornelis Claasz van Uytregt vrijborger en Catharina van Malbaar, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/ ↑ NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695 ↑ Her 4th child, Maria van der Kaap, born in 1678 [...] whose grand-daughter Gertruyda Willemse married into the Saayman family. ↑ "ultimo July (den 25 Julij is crossed out) Andries Voormeester van Guedelborg vrijborger aen Stellenbos jongman met Catarina van de Cust Coromandel Wed. wijle den overleden vrijborger Cornelis Claasze: May 2006, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/ ↑ May 5, 2013 Dina Vermaak ↑ 25.0 25.1 Source: First Fifty Years - Project collating Cape of Good Hope records Facebook Community Page: July 14 at 2:09am Seen and added by Philip van der Walt Jul 16, 2015. Acknowledgments

Special thanks to: E.J. van der Walt (Medeouteur van: Die familie Van der Walt in Suid-Afrika. Saamgestel deur C.M. van der Walt, E.J. van der Walt, T.S.P. van der Walt. Geredigeer deur E.P. Jooste en I. Groesbeek. EP Genealogie Publikasie Nr. 31 RGN, Pretoria, 1989.) for bringing under my (Philip van der Walt) attention through his publications this remarkable period in the early history of the Dutch Cape Colony. C.M. van der Walt for bringing the following source to our attention: A.M. van Rensburg. My Genetic Enrichment : Slaves at the Cape, South Africa.

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Catharina van Malabar, SM/PROG's Timeline

1637
1637
Malabar or Coromandel in India
1667
November 13, 1667
Age 30
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
1673
October 29, 1673
Age 36
Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
October 29, 1673
Age 36
October 29, 1673
Age 36
Cape Of Good Hope
1674
November 18, 1674
Age 37
Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
1676
1676
Age 39
Cape of Good Hope
1678
1678
Age 41
India
1679
September 29, 1679
Age 42
Kaapkolonie,Suid Afrika