Charitey Hagey, Uku of Tugaloo

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Charitey Hagey, Uku of Tugaloo

Managed by: Shirley Marie Caulk
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About Charitey Hagey, Uku of Tugaloo

The following are notes from Charitey Hagey, Uku of Tugaloo

The headman of Tugaloo, known as Charitey Hagey "the conjuror," assured the South Carolinians that his people no longer held anti-English sentiments. He balked at joining South Carolina's military campaign, however, saying that he could not fight against the Yamasee because "they wer his anchent peapll;" he would not fight against the Creek because they had recently called a truce; and he would not fight the Catawba because he felt they were not to blame for the war (Chicken 1894[1715]:330). The Conjuror agreed only to fight "ye Sauonose [Savannah] and yutsees [Yuchi] and apolaches [Apalachees]" (Chicken 1894[1715]:331).

During the A.D. 1715 expedition, Chicken recorded four major meetings involving pro-war and anti-war headmen from numerous Cherokee towns. These factions were led by two men, Caesar of Echota (pro-war) and Charitey Hagey (anti-war), whose frequent appearances in colonial records indicate that they were two of the most powerful Cherokee leaders at the time (Hatley 1995:67). The records of the townhouse meetings demonstrate that these men relied heavily upon their oratory prowess to incite support for their position. From the reactions of the audience, it is certain that these men had amassed large contingents of loyalists and exerted a tremendous amount of regional influence over Cherokee communities. Indeed, parity in the influence held by each headman caused a stalemate in reaching a consensus regarding the decision to go to war with the Creek. In the end, Chicken's expedition was not able to break the impasse between the two factions, but the "massacre at Tugaloo" certainly resulted in dire consequences for all Cherokee communities.

In A.D. 1727, another diplomatic mission headed by colonel John Herbert (1936[1727]) found no vestige of the Cherokee "monarchy" or King Crow. Instead, like Chicken before him, Herbert had to deal with a regional political structure composed of different factions each vigorously pursuing their own strategies. Indeed, the only major change since A.D. 1715 was that the leading headmen Caesar and Charitey Hagey were gone, and the Cherokee political factions had new charismatic leaders with names like "Breakerface" and the "Long Warriour of Tanasee."


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