Charles Craven, 21st Colonial Governor of South Carolina

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Charles Craven, 21st Colonial Governor of South Carolina

生日 (72)
出生地 England, United Kingdom
逝世 1754年12月27日 (72)

Sir William CravenMargaret Mary Craven之子
Elizabeth Craven的丈夫
Rev John James Craven; Charles Craven; Robert CravenElizabeth Craven之父
Sir William Craven, Third Lord / 2nd Baron; John / Thomas Craven; Margaret Craven; Mary Craven; Martha Craven另外6个的兄弟

Occupation: Governor of South Carolina 1712-1716
管理员 Private User

About Charles Craven, 21st Colonial Governor of South Carolina

He held the office of Governor of Carolina between 1711 and 1717

Charles Craven (6 May 1682 Coombe Abbey – 27 December 1754 Benham Park) was governor of colonial South Carolina from 19 March 1712 to 23 April 1716. He held the office during the end of the Tuscarora War and the beginning of the Yamasee War. He served as secretary to South Carolina's Lords Proprietors before being appointed governor by them.

Charles was the youngest son of William Craven of Coombe Abbey in Warwickshire and Benham Park in Berkshire and his wife, Margaret, the daughter of Sir Christopher Clapham of Beamsley in the West Riding of Yorkshire (now North Yorkshire). His eldest brother was William Craven, 2nd Baron Craven. He married one Elizabeth Staples and they lived on his country estate at Lechwick in Worcestershire. They were the grandparents of Jane Austen's sister-in-law.

At the start of the Yamasee War, in early 1715, Craven led a hastily assembled force of 240 militia troops against the Yamasee Indians. A pitched battled fought at Salkehatchie resulted in a decisive victory for South Carolina.

After the initial military victories of 1715, the South Carolina militia had trouble defending the colony and many members deserted. Governor Craven, having declared martial law at the start of the war, disbanded the militia and replaced it with a professional army. This was the first time the militia was disbanded as well as South Carolina's first professional army. Within a year, as the crisis of war ending, the army was dissolved.

Governor Craven founded the city of Beaufort, South Carolina.

Other References


Charles Craven, 21st Colonial Governor of South Carolina的年谱

England, United Kingdom