Charles Churchill, of Chalfont

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Charles Churchill, of Chalfont

Birthplace: Chalfont, Buckinghamshire, England
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Lt-Gen Charles Churchill, MP and Anne Oldfield
Husband of Maria Walpole, Lady Churchill
Father of Sophia Walpole and Mary Cadogan, Baroness Cadogan of Oakley
Half brother of Harriett Churchill and NN Mainwaring

Managed by: Ric Dickinson
Last Updated:

About Charles Churchill, of Chalfont

Family and Education b. ?1720, illegit. s. of Charles Churchill, M.P., by Anne Oldfield, actress. educ. Westminster, adm. 1730 but withdrawn soon after; Geneva 1736-9. m. 23 Feb. 1746, Lady Mary Walpole (granted the style and precedence of an Earl’s da.), illegit. da. of Robert, 1st Earl of Orford, 3s. 2da.

Offices Held

Lt. 6 Drag. Gds. 1736, lt. 2 Ft. Gds. 1739; ret. 1745.

Dep. ranger of St. James’s and Hyde parks 1745-c.1751; searcher in port of London.1 His wife was housekeeper of Windsor castle 1762-82.


Charles Churchill, who married Sir Robert Walpole’s illegitimate daughter, was himself illegitimate. The first Lord Egmont records that on one occasion the Queen asked his father

whether the young Duke, her son, who was standing by, was not the handsomest boy he ever saw. ‘Yes, madam’, replied he, ‘except my own son.’ This son was his bastard by Mrs. Oldfield, the player. The Queen, with great calmness (though resenting it, you may be sure), said ‘I thank you, Colonel’.3 In Parliament he voted consistently with the Administration.

Charles Churchill was closely attached to the Walpole family, married Sir Robert’s favourite daughter, and in later years was a constant visitor to Strawberry Hill. In Parliament he was a regular Administration supporter.

Without his knowledge, Horace Walpole wrote to the Duke of Devonshire, 18 Feb. 1760:2

I have some suspicions ... that Mr. Churchill and Lady Mary are far from easy in their affairs. He has been so unlucky in marrying a favourite daughter of Sir Robert Walpole, as to be involved in a lawsuit for her fortune and to be likely to lose part, if not the whole of it. He has had other losses; and the Duke of Newcastle was so unkind as to give away even the reversion of a place which she holds only for the life of another person. Your Grace knows the steadiness of his behaviour to the Government as a Member of Parliament, an opportunity of serving the King which he has always bought very dearly, without least recompense, and even without asking the least. He died ‘in his 92nd year’3 on 13 Apr. 1812.

Ref Volumes: 1754-1790 Author: A. N. Newman Notes 1. He is so noted in a list of ‘useless sinecures’ compiled for Geo. III in 1782, Fortescue, vi. 178. 2. Devonshire mss. 3. Gent. Mag. 1812, i. 398.

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Charles Churchill, of Chalfont's Timeline

Chalfont, Buckinghamshire, England
Age 36
Chalfont, Buckinghamshire, England
February 23, 1758
Age 38
April 13, 1812
Age 92