Charles Clay, of Charles City & Henrico

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Charles Clay

Birthdate: (48)
Birthplace: Charles City County, Virginia
Death: Died in Henrico County, Virginia
Immediate Family:

Son of John Clay, Jr. and Elizabeth Tate
Husband of Hannah Wilson
Father of Martha Clay; Henry Charles Clay, I; William Clay; John Clay; Thomas Clay and 4 others
Half brother of Joseph Wall; Ann Frame; John Clay and William Clay, of Weyanoke Parish

Occupation: Physician
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Charles Clay, of Charles City & Henrico

Charles Clay, born between 1638 and 1645 in Charles City, Virginia. Charles died 01 June 1686 Henrico, Virginia. He was probably the son of the 2nd John Clay (son ancient planter John Clay & Ann) and his wife Elizabeth.

Charles married Hannah Wilson born 1642 and died 1706, daughter of John Wilson, Jr. and Hannah Jones. She (probably) married 2nd to Edward Stanley.

Children of Charles and Hannah:

  1. John born 1668, Henrico, Virginia;
  2. Thomas born 1770 Henrico, Virginia;
  3. Henry Clay I born 02 August 1672, Henrico, Virginia;
  4. Charles B. born 1674 Henrico, Virginia;
  5. Mary born 1676 Henrico,Virginia;
  6. Judith Clay born about 1778 Henrico, Virginia; and
  7. Elizabeth born 1678 Henrico, Virginia. .


Charles Clay was an officer under Nathaniel Bacon in his rebellion against Sir William Berkeley, Royal Governor of Virginia in 1676. He was a man of great wealth and scholarly tastes and possessed the finest library in the colony.

Charles Clay died before 1 June 1686 in Henrico County, Virginia. Hanna died before 2 August 1706 in Henrico County, Virginia

Charles Clay was involved in Bacon's Rebellion, led by Nathaniel Bacon in the Virginia colony.

Treesearching with Doris       Boyd Co, Press Observer Jan 29, 1976

CHARLES CLAY (1638-1686) son of Capt. John Clay, married HANNAH WILSON, daughter of John Wilson, Sr., of Henrico County, where they also lived, near the site of present Petersburg. CHARLES distinguished himself by serving in Bacon’s Rebellion.

Times were hard in Virginia in the 1670s. Tobacco prices were low, taxes were high and Indians were attacking frontier settlements. Governor Berkeley did little toward protecting border settlers; colonists thought his inaction due either to fear of a war or his reluctance to disturb his profitable fur trade with the Indians. When Nathaniel Bacon assumed leadership in defense of the frontier against its attackers, Governor Berkeley proclaimed that Bacon and all fighting under him were rebels and mutineers. Men who had taken oath under Bacon soon found themselves fighting the very men they were trying to protect. Then Bacon died from swamp fever and the rebellion fell apart. A number of lesser leaders were hanged on Governor Berkeley’s orders.

The very fact that CHARLES CLAY fought under Bacon in this early uprising against English rule indicates that he was a man of courage and determination. He and HANNAH had seven children: Mary, Elizabeth, John, Thomas, Henry, Charles, and Judith.

Clay Tentative Lineage by Ruth Clay Burrell, Peggy Carswell Peacock, and Shirley Langdon Wilcox September 22, 1983

Elizabeth _____ who survived him [John Clay] to marry (2) John Wall and (3) John Tate. … In the Virginia Records is a "Deed of Gift", dated 3 October 1660, whereby John Wall conveyed 2 ewes to his "son-in-law" (step-son) CHARLES CLAY; and at Westover Court, 1663, "Elizabeth Clay Wall", widow and Joseph Wall, son of John Wall, Dec’d., were authorized by Court to choose three or four persons from Martin’s Brandon to settle the estate of John Wall, according tot he provisions of his will. (Ref: Virginia County Records, Vol. II, pp 78 and 245, Congressional Library, Washington, D. C.).

CHARLES CLAY b 1645, Charles City Co., Va.; (In a Deposition dated 2 September, 1682, Henrico Co., Va., he stated that he was "about 37 years old".); d. ca May, 1686, Henrico Co., Va.; md. ca 1667, Henrico Co., Va. to HANNAH WILSON, daughter of John Wilson, Sr. of Henrico Co, Va.

In the Henrico Co., Va. "Deeds and Wills, 1677-1697, Part 1" pp359-360 can be found the inventory of John Wilson, Sr.’s estate, and the following is recorded:

"Upon agreement with John Wilson, the Administrator, and my wife’s brother, in paying and defraying debts & charges, I acknowledge in right of my wife to have received a full share & satisfaction, and therefore forever discharging him, his executors and administrators. Witness my hand the 18th day of February 1685

Witnesses: Peter Field CHARLES CLAY

Henry Randolph

"Proved in Court by Testimony of ye witnesses & recorded as it is endorsed on ye back of ye inventory of ye sd estate of John Wilson, Senr., dec’d.

Teste: Henry Randolph, Clerk of Court

1 April 1686"

Then on page 378 is the inventory of CHARLES CLAY, dated 15 June, 1686.

And on p 463 is the "Deed of Gift" from HANNAH (WILSON) CLAY to some of her children: I give to John Clay, Thomas Clay, Henry Clay and Charles Clay, my sons, each of them one cow of four years old with calf, or calf by her side, to be paid in attainment of age, and for John, Thomas, Henry, each of them, one well fixed gunn at the same time. And to my daughter Judith, six new 3 lb. Puter dishes, at her marriage or attainment of age. Witness my hand this first day of October, 1687.


Charles Clay, the son of John Clay, was in arms under Nathaniel Bacon in his celebrated rebellion against sir William Berkeley, the royal governor of Virginia, in 1676. he was a man of great wealth and scholarly tastes, and possessed the finest library in the colony.

Charles, who was the son of John Clay the II., married Hannah Wilson.

He had several sons, whose names are mentioned in the record above, entitled but the eldest was Henry Clay. It was from this Charles, numbered 3 in this line, that senator Clement Comer Clay, of Huntsville, descended, also the famous Henry Clay of Kentucky.

"His motives were as exalted as his life was pure, and his virtues as noted as his abilities were great. His ambition was for the public welfare, and his passions were only excited against the enemies of his country." From the descendants of this couple came a line of descendants destined to wield a mighty influence in the great new nation which was shortly to arise from the next "Rebellion" and in which their descendants were so well represented. Before proceeding to our line proper, it is fitting to consider some of the related branches of the family here. Charles Clay died in 1686, when only forty eight years old, without having made a will. His wife Hannah was appointed administrator of his estate and it is from the inventory and the will of Hannah made later, that we are able to determine the names of their children. One item in the will of Hannah Clay is illustrative of the period in which she lived. She willed to sons, "John, Thomas and Henry, each of them, one well-fixed gun." The question arises here, was it. from her that the Clays inherited their courage, and tendency for pioneering?

Sources: - Ancestors of Warren Lemuel Conrad. ! - (Source #1 WFT CD) (Source: Blankenship Ancestors by Gayle K. BLANKENSHIP) Note: This source seems t/h the best documentation; so am accepting it as most correct for now. !WFT CD #6-b. 1645 Charles Co., VA, d. May 1686 Amelia Co., VA, md. 1667 Henrico Co., VA, s/o John Clay V/ Mary Ann _____. !CLAY Family #6047163- pg. 83-The Journal of Mississippi History V XXIII #- Jan. 1961-The Cabaniss Family of the Old Southwest by Allen CABANISS. (furnished by Mrs. Mantel CLAY) !Gene. Helper -July/Aug 1981 pg. 88 - Burrell, Ruth CLAY Route 3 Box 498, Amarillo, TX 79107 (Potter) - Researching John CLAY & Thomas CLAY (sons of Charles and Hannah (Wilson) CLAY, John b. ca. 1668 and Thomas b. 1670 Henrico Co., VA. John d. ca. 1723 and Thomas d. 1726, both in Prince George Co., VA, desc need to be sorted and identified; all researchers please write. !Desc. of John Thomas Clay, Jamestown Immigrant-Jeanie C. Watts-pg. 1, 6 - Charles CLAY, Youngest son of Capt. John CLAY, a common ancestor of the desc. pertaining hereto, was b. 1638 and d. 1686. He joined BACON in "THE GREAT REBELLION OF 1676" and must have beean a man of action, wealth, and attainment during his 48 yrs. of life. He md. Hanna WILSON, s/o John WILSON, who was one of the first settlers on a vast land grant in Henrico Co., VA. In his will, me mentions considerable property and that he had left Hannah's father part of the estate. Their children were: Mary, Elizabeth, John, Thomas, Henry, Charles, Judith. His occupation: Court Recorder. !PRF CD #2-Charles CLAY b. 1645 Charles City, Henrico, VA, d. May 1686 Henrico Co., VA md. 1667 Henrico Co., VA; s/o John CLAY/Elizabeth _____. (Note: I bel his parents were John Thomas CLAY/Anne NICHOLS) Death: Will dated 1 Oct 1687 Henrico Co.; Military: Soldier in the Great Rebellion in VA 1676 in arms with Nathaniel BACON. !PRF CD #4-Charles CLAY b. 1645 Charles City, Henrico, VA, d. May 1686 Henrico Co., VA md. 1667 Henrico Co., VA to Hannah WILSON s/o John CLAY/Elizabeth ______. !WFT CD (#39 ?) -A son Charles was b. of John and Ann in 1638. Charles md. Hannah WILSON and lived in Henric Co., VA until he d. abt. 1686. !WFT CD #39-Charles CLAY b. 1638, d. 1686 (Intestate). He md. Hannah WILSON, d/o John WILSON, senior of Henrico Co., VA, and stated in Court, Apr 1686, that he has received his wife's part of her father's estate (1688-1697-pg. 360). Charles CLAY was a soldier in the "Great Relellion of 1676," one of those "good housekeepers, well armed" that followed the gallant BACON in his effort to free VA. Of this service the family traditions are fully verified by the records of the Henrico Court. Depositions are there regarding the confiscation and killing of cattle by General BACON's soldiers. In this list is the name of Charles CLAY. (Bk 1677-92.) We know he was a gallant soldier, for his worthy descendants have been such wherever they have fought, whether at Ninety-Six, New Orleans, Buena Vista, Chickamauga or Santiaago; yet we wonder (Is it disloyal to wonder?) if he were one of the rebels at work on the breastworks in front of the palisades that bright September night when Madam BRAY, Madam PAGE, Madam BALLARD, the "white apron" guard, sat in the forefront? Hannah (Wilson) CLAY was granted administration of the estate of Charles CLAY by order of Court, 1 Jun 1686 (Bk. 1677-1692, pg. 168.) Charles CLAYS's estate was settled and debts paid by Hannah (Wilson) CLAY, 12 Oct 1688. (Bk. 1688-1697, pg. 8). By the following extract from the will of Hannah (Wilson) CLAY, the statement made by General Green CLAY concerning the age of her son Henry is verified: I give to John CLAY, Thomas CLAY, Henry CLAY, and Charles CLAY, my sons, each of them, one cow of four years old, with calf, of calf by her side, to be paid at at AT TAINMENT OF AGE, and to John, Thomas and Henry, each of them, one well-fixed gun, and at ye same time and to my daughter, Judith, six new three-pound pewter dishes, at her marriage or Time of age. The two daugthers, Mary and Elizabeth were probably the only children of age. Colonial Wills of Henrico Co. acquits John WILSON "Administrator My wife's brother" of all claims in the above estate, 1 Apr 1686 (pg. 368). Charles d. intestate and his wife Hannah is appointed. Adm'x 1 Jun 1686 pg. 378 Inventory of Charles CLAY appraised 15 Jun 1686, Value; 9392 lbs. tabacco, by George WORSHAM, Godfrey REGSDALE, Nich. DISON. !PRF CD #10- Charles CLAY b. abt 1645 ,, VA, d. bef. 1 Jun 1686. Family: Adventures of Purse and Person, Virginia 1607-1624/5, published by the Order of First Families of Virginia [third edition 1987], pg. 193-197. Also see Fislon Club Publications #14, The CLAY Family [1899]. Apprenticed himself to Stephen TUCKER, "Chyrurgion" of Surry County in 1657 for a term of 7 yrs. Was "about 37 years old" in Oct 1682. !PRF CD #10 - Family: Adventures of Purse and Person, VA 1607-1624/5, published by the Order of First Families of VA [third edition 1987]. p. 193-197. Also see Filson Club Publications #14, The CLAY Family [1899]. Apprenticed himselp to Stephen TICKNER "Chyrurgion"of Surry County in 1657 for a term of 7 yrs. Was "about 37 years old" in Oct 1682.

Citing This Record "Pedigree Resource File", database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 2013-06-20), entry for Charles Clay. Submission

   submission id:MM9R-WK8
   contributor:ckirn2810809 date:Friday, February 27, 2004
   contributor:ckirn904891 date:Friday, February 27, 2004 

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Charles Clay, of Charles City & Henrico's Timeline

Charles City County, Virginia
Age 22
Chesterfield, Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States
Age 30
Chesterfield County, Virginia Colony
Age 32
Chesterfield, Virginia
August 3, 1672
Age 34
Henrico County, Virginia Colony
Age 36
Dale Parrish, Chesterfield, Virginia Colony
Age 37
Dale Parish, Chesterfield County, Virginia Colony
Age 38
Chesterfield , VA
Age 38
Chesterfield, Virginia