Charles d'Anjou, duca di Calabria

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Charles d'Anjou, Prince

Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Death: Died in Naples, Italy
Place of Burial: Italy
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert I le Sage, re di Napoli and Violante de Aragón, infanta de Aragón
Husband of Katharina von Habsburg, Duchess of Calabria and Marie de Valois, Principessa di Napoli
Father of Jeanne d'Anjou; Maria d'Anjou; Eloisa di Calabria; Johanna I, queen of Naples and Jerusalem (1342 -1380); Marie d'Anjou, de Calabre and 1 other
Brother of Louis d'Anjou, Prince of Naples
Half brother of Jimeno de Luna and Fiametta Thopia

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Charles d'Anjou, duca di Calabria

Charles, Duke of Calabria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles, Duke of Calabria (1298 – November 9, 1328) was the son of King Robert of Naples and Yolanda of Aragon.


Born in Naples, he became Duke of Calabria in 1309 on his father's accession, and was created Vicar-General of the Kingdom of Sicily (Naples). His father intended him to lead the force sent to aid Florence in 1315, but was constrained by time to send Robert's brother, Philip I of Taranto, instead. The Florentine-Neapolitan coalition was badly beaten at the ensuing Battle of Montecatini.

The victory of Castruccio Castracani at Altopascio in 1325 led the Florentines to elect Charles signore (lord) of the city for ten years in 1326. At the time, he was unsuccessfully attempting to seize Sicily from his first cousin Frederick III, and sent Walter VI of Brienne as his deputy until he could arrive, where Walter made a (misleadingly) favorable impression. While Charles' arrival checked Castruccio, he exacted onerous taxes from the Florentines, until he was recalled to Naples in December 1327 due to the advance of Emperor Louis IV into Italy. There he died in 1328. He left as heir his eldest surviving daughter, Joan; a posthumous daughter, Marie, was born in 1329.

Family and ancestry

In 1316, he married Catherine of Habsburg (1295–1323), daughter of Albert I of Germany. After her death, he married Marie of Valois (1309–1332), daughter of Charles of Valois. They had five children:

Eloisa (d. December 1325)

Marie (1326–1328)

Charles Martel (Florence, April 13, 1327 – April 21, 1327, Florence)

Joan I of Naples (1328–1382)

Maria of Calabria (1329–1366), Countess of Alba. Married Charles, Duke of Durazzo.,_Duca_di_Calabria,_Duke_of_Calabria

ROBERT of Sicily, son of CHARLES II King of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] & his wife Maria of Hungary (Royal Palace of the Torre de San Erasmo, near Capua 1278-Château-Neuf, Naples 16/20 Jan 1344, bur Naples Santa Chiara). ... m firstly (Rome 23 Mar 1297) Infanta doña VIOLANTA de Aragón, daughter of don PEDRO III King of Aragon & his wife Constanza of Sicily [Hohenstaufen] (1273-Termini 19 Aug 1302, bur Marseille église des Frères mineurs).

King Robert & his first wife had two children:

  • 1. CHARLES of Sicily ([28 May] 1298-Naples 9 Nov 1328, bur Naples Santa Chiara). Duke of Calabria 1325. Appointed Vicar-General of the kingdom by his father 8 Jun 1309. He led an army against Federigo I de Aragón King of Sicily 1325. Declared Lord of Florence for 10 years 24 Dec 1325 by the Florentines, he settled there with his wife, returning to Naples when his father named him Vicar of the Kingdom 18 Jan 1328. The Annales Ludovici di Raimo record the death 9 Nov 1328 of "il Duca di Calabria figlio di Re Roberto"[801]. m firstly (23 Jun 1316/end 1316) KATHARINA von Habsburg, daughter of ALBRECHT I King of Germany, Duke of Austria & his wife Elisabeth von Görz-Tirol (Oct 1295-Naples 18 Jan 1323, bur Naples San Lorenzo Maggiore). The Annales Ludovici di Raimo record the death 7 Jan 1323 of "la Duchessa , que venne d´Alemagnia, moglie che fu di Carlo Duca di Calabria figlio del Re Roberto"[802]. The necrology of Königsfelden records the death "XV Kal Feb 1323" of "domina Kath ducissa Calabrie filia…Alberti Romanorum regis…sepulta in Pulle apud S Laurentium domus Fratrum Minorem"[803]. The Necrologium Austriacum records the death "1324 feris secunda proxima ante Mathie apostoli" of "Katharina ducissa Calabrie sor ducum Austrie" and her burial "Neapolim aput S Laurencium in domo Frum Minorum"[804]. m secondly (contract Paris 4 Oct 1323, by proxy Paris 11 Jan 1323/4 in person May 1324) MARIE de Valois, daughter of CHARLES de France Comte de Valois & his third wife Mahaut de Châtillon (-Bari 28 Oct 1331, bur Naples Santa Chiara). The Annales Ludovici di Raimo record the death "in San Nicola di Bari" in 1331 of "la duchessa di Calabria suore del Re di Francia" and her burial 21 Aug in "Santa Chiara di Napoli"[805]. Charles of Sicily & his second wife had five children:
    • a) ELOISA di Calabria ([Jan/Feb] 1325-27 Dec 1325).
    • b) MARIA di Calabria ([Apr] 1326-1328, bur Naples Santa Chiara).
    • c) CHARLES MARTEL di Calabria (Florence 13 Apr 1327-Florence 21 Apr 1327, bur Florence Santa Croce).
    • d) JEANNE di Calabria (Naples [1328]-strangled Castello San Fele/Muro, Basilicate 22 May 1382, bur Naples Santa Chiara). ...
    • e) MARIE di Calabria (posthumously Naples [mid-May] 1329-Naples 20 May 1366, bur Naples Santa Chiara).
  • 2. LOUIS of Sicily (Catania 1301-Naples 12 Aug 1310, bur Naples, San Lorenzo Maggiore).

Karl (Kalabrien)

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Coat of Arms of Charles of Calabria.

Karl, Herzog von Kalabrien (* 1298 in Neapel; † 9. November 1328 daselbst) war der Sohn von Robert von Anjou, König von Neapel, und Jolande von Aragón.

Biografie [Bearbeiten]

1309 wurde er bei der Thronbesteigung seines Vaters zum Herzog von Kalabrien ernannt, sowie zum Generalvikar für das Königreich Sizilien. Sein Vater beabsichtigte, ihn 1315 mit einer Armee nach Florenz zu führen, das um Hilfe gebeten hatte, doch wurde der Auftrag dann von seinem jüngeren Bruder Philipp I. von Tarent ausgeführt. Die neapolitanisch-florentinische Koalition wurde in der Schlacht bei Montecatini schwer geschlagen.

1316 heiratete er Katharina von Habsburg (1295–1323), Tochter des deutschen Königs Albrecht I.. Nach ihrem Tod heiratete er in zweiter Ehe Maria von Valois (1309–1332), Tochter von Karl von Valois. Sie hatten fünf Kinder:

   * Eloisa († December 1325)
   * Marie (1326–1328)
   * Karl Martel (* 13. April 1327 in Florenz, † 21. April 1327 daselbst)
   * Johanna I. (1328–1382), Königin von Neapel
   * Maria (1329–1366), Gräfin von Alba; ∞ Karl, Herzog von Durazzo.

Der Sieg Castruccio Castracanis in Altopascio 1325 führte dazu, dass die Florentiner Karl auf 10 Jahre zum Herrn (signore) der Stadt wählten. Zu dieser Zeit versuchte er gerade ohne Erfolg, Sizilien seinem Vetter Friedrich III. zu entreißen, und sandte daher Walter VI. von Brienne für einige Monate als seinen Vertreter in die Stadt. Karl selbst machte sich dann mit seinen Maßnahmen in der Stadt schnell unbeliebt, und wurde angesichts des Herannahens des Kaisers Ludwig IV. im Dezember 1327 wieder zurückgerufen. Er starb 1328 in Neapel.

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

   * Foundation for Medieval Genealogy
   * History of Florence, Niccolò Machiavelli

Normdaten: PND: 138773793 – weitere Informationen

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 11. Juni 2010 um 02:33 Uhr geändert.

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Charles d'Anjou, duca di Calabria's Timeline

Naples, Italy
January 1325
Age 27
Age 28
April 13, 1327
Age 29
Florence, Italy
November 9, 1328
Age 30
Naples, Italy
November 1328
Age 30
Naples, mid-May 1329, Campania, Italy
Age 30