Charlotte Garrigue Masaryk

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Charlotte Garrigue Masaryk (Garrigue)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Brooklyn, NY, USA
Death: Died in Lány, Czechoslovakia
Place of Burial: Prague, Czech Republic
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Rudolph Pierre Garrigues and Charlotte Lydia Whiting
Wife of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Mother of Alice Garrigue Masaryk; Herbert Garrigue Masaryk; Jan Garrigue Masaryk; Elinor Garrigue Masaryk and Olga Garrigue Masaryk
Sister of Emilie Cecilia Garrigue; Augusta Harriet Garrigue; Valdemar Garrigue; Eléonore Garrigue; Isabella Garrigue and 3 others

Managed by: Christopher William "Chris" Garr...
Last Updated:

About Charlotte Garrigue Masaryk

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_Garrigue

Charlotte Garrigue Masaryk (November 20, 1850 in Brooklyn, New York, USA – May 13, 1923 Lány) was the wife of the Czechoslovak philosopher, sociologist, and politician, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, the first President of Czechoslovakia. She was born to a Unitarian family with Huguenot ancestry on her father's side and having a Mayflower passengers' descent on her mother's side. She was niece of Henry Jacques Garrigues and great-granddaughter of Christian Vilhelm Duntzfelt.

In 1877, visiting a friend studying at a conservatory in Leipzig, Germany, she first met her future husband, Tomáš Masaryk, who was staying there after having earned his doctorate at the University of Vienna. They married a year later in the USA, after which they settled in Vienna. After the wedding, her husband added her surname into his name, thus becoming Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, as he is remembered in the Czech Republic and Slovakia (or often by the abbreviation TGM). In 1881, the Masaryks moved to Prague, where Tomáš obtained a professorship at the University of Prague. Of the couple's six children, four reached adulthood - Alice, Herbert, Olga, and Jan, who later became a noted Czechoslovakian diplomat and politician.

In the era before the First World War, Mrs. Masaryk became involved in many social, humanitarian, and cultural activities of Prague society. She joined the Social Democratic Party; however, she (in agreement with her husband) rejected the Marxist doctrine of the class struggle.

After the outbreak of the First World War, her husband left for exile with their daughter Olga to seek international support for the independence of the nations of the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy, notably the Czechs and Slovaks. For the majority of the war, Mrs. Masaryk was under police supervision, while daughter Alice was even under arrest. The situation became even worse when son Herbert died of typhus in 1915. All of these hardships caused Charlotte Masaryk to suffer from depression and cardiac problems.

In December 1918, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk returned to Prague as the President of Czechoslovakia. The family began living at the Prague Castle, often spending time at the chateau of Lány.

Mrs. Masaryk died in 1923, her husband in 1937.

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Charlotte Garrigue Masaryk's Timeline

1850
November 20, 1850
Brooklyn, NY, USA
1879
May 3, 1879
Age 28
Vienna, Wien, Austria
1880
May 1, 1880
Age 29
Vienna, Wien, Austria
1886
September 14, 1886
Age 35
Prague, Hlavní město Praha, Hlavní město Praha, Czech Republic
1890
February 3, 1890
Age 39
Prague, Hlavní město Praha, Hlavní město Praha, Czech Republic
1891
May 25, 1891
Age 40
Prague, Hlavní město Praha, Hlavní město Praha, Czech Republic
1923
May 13, 1923
Age 72
Lány, Czechoslovakia
????
Prague, Czech Republic