Chief Edmund "Ok-chan-tubby" Pickens, (CSA)

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Chief Edmund "Ok-chan-tubby" Pickens, (CSA)'s Geni Profile

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Edmond Ok-chan-tubby Pickens

Also Known As: "Ok-chan-tubby"
Birthplace: Natchez, Adams County, Mississippi, United States
Death: circa 1868 (70-87)
Enville, Love County, Oklahoma, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of John William Pickens and Mary Catherine Pickens
Husband of Euth-li-ke "Liney" Pickens (NN)
Father of Johnson Pickens; Hettie Folsom; Ihunta P-ist-o-chi-cia Pickens; Millie McLish / Pratt; Malcy Keel and 1 other
Brother of Joseph Pickens; James Pickens; Vicey Pickens; Unk#1 Pickens; Unk#2 Pickens and 2 others

Managed by: Erin Ishimoticha
Last Updated:

About Chief Edmund "Ok-chan-tubby" Pickens, (CSA)

Chief of the Chickasaw Nation

In 1789, Edmund Pickens was born at Natchez in what is now Adams County, Mississippi. His father was a white man named John Pickens who settled in Natchez and began a livestock partnership with a friend. There John married a Chickasaw woman named Mary Adams. John Pickens died January 18, 1789, before the birth of the couple's son, Edmund. Following her husband's death, Mary and her infant son moved to Chickasaw territory, for Mary believed it to be a safer place to raise her son. Sometime in the 1790s, Mary married a Scotsman named Bernard McLaughlin. This couple had several children, and lived near the Presbyterian Monroe Mission located near Pontotoc, Mississippi.

Edmund Pickens grew to manhood among his mother's people in the Chickasaw Nation. Records from the mission show the admission of the McLaughlin family to the Presbyterian mission. In 1826, Edmund Pickens married a Chickasaw woman named Euth-li-ke, also known as Liney. In 1830, Edmund and Liney joined the Monroe Mission by baptism. The couple's children, Johnson, David, Rachel and Mary joined the mission shortly afterward. Edmund and his family later settled on land located near Holly Springs in what is now Marshall County, Mississippi.

In 1837, Edmund Pickens and family began their forced removal from the old Chickasaw Nation. Edmund's name is recorded on the muster roll of 1837 with other Chickasaws preparing to leave their old homes in the East. The Pickens family arrived safely in the Choctaw/Chickasaw lands in Indian Territory. They settled on the Red River near the present-day town of Enville in Love County, Oklahoma.

Edmund Pickens served the Chickasaw Nation in numerous rolls. In 1845, he was appointed the second controlling chief. His duties included acting as a treasurer for the management of Chickasaw tribal funds. In 1846, he traveled to Washington, D.C. as chairman of a delegation sent by the tribe to transact negotiations. In 1847, Chickasaw Chief Ishtehotopa died without an heir to perpetuate the chiefdom. In 1848, in the absence of a hereditary chief, Edmund Pickens became the first elected Chickasaw chief and served eight years in that capacity. In 1855, Pickens signed a treaty officially separating the Chickasaws and Choctaws. He also proved instrumental in the creation of the Chickasaw Constitution of 1856. This document, ratified at Tishomingo, separated the Chickasaw government into three branches. The constitution replaced the traditional tribal chiefdom with a Chickasaw Governor to be elected by popular vote for a two-year term. Thus, Edmund Pickens was also the last chief of the Chickasaw Nation.

With the election of Cyrus Harris as Governor, Pickens served in the Chickasaw Senate from 1857 to 1861. Pickens, along with other Chickasaw leaders, supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. In 1861, Pickens served as one of the commissioners who signed the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance among the Chickasaws, Choctaws, and the Confederate States of America. During the war, Pickens served as captain of the Pickens Company of Mounted Choctaws. Following the defeat of the Confederacy, Pickens aided numerous Confederates in obtaining amnesty from the United States by signing written requests for amnesty. In 1866, he also signed the peace treaty between the Chickasaws and Choctaws and the United States. This treaty replaced all previous treaties between the Chickasaws and the federal government.

In 1868, Pickens died of an illness he contracted while serving in the Confederate forces. His family buried his body in the Pickens family burial ground located on a high bluff overlooking the Red River. The Chickasaw Nation honored Edmund Pickens by naming the largest Chickasaw district "Pickens County."

Edmund Pickens was cheif of the Chickasaw Tribe 1848-1868.

Edmund Pickens grew to manhood in the Chickasaw Nation, now part of the state of Mississippi. He, his wife Liney, & their four oldest children, Rachel, Mary, David, & Johnson, were members of Monroe Mission established by Presbyterian missionry Father Thomas C. Stuart, near Pontotoc, MS. David Pickens, his uncle served the mission as director of the farm.

On 15 April 1836, Edmund Pickens sold two sections of land in the extreme northern part of the Chickasaw nation to David Jones, under the Treaty of 24 may 1834 between the Chickasaw Tribe and the United States. The Deed was witnessed by Cheif Ishti-ho-to-pa on 17 Sept 1836. The following year Edmund was listed on the Chickasaw Muster Rolls of Oct 1837, among those Chickasaws preparing to leave the old Chickasaw Nation east of the Mississippi River. His household consisted of 3 sons & 4 daughters, his wife, & two females over 50 years of age.

The census return for the winter of 1847 found the family long since settled in their new home on "Chickasaw Bluff" in the section that became Pickens County, Chicksasw Nation, south of what is now Lebanon, OK overlooking Red River.

In 1846, Edmund Pickens served as chairman of a committee to send a delegation to Washington to transact tribal business. Thereafter he was very active in tribal affairs and was elected a Chickasaw Captain at Boiling Springs in July 1847. In 1848 he was elect4ed Cheif of the Chicjasaw District of the Choctaw Nation, Having previously served as Second Controlling Cheif--tribal treasurer-- until the death of Cheif Ishti-ho-to-pa.

During the lean & hectic years following the tribe's removal Edmund Pickens devoted much time to the rehabilitation of tribal members, while assuming his responsiblities with tribal governmental affairs. His devotion to the welfare of his people led his contemporaries to compare him to the noted Chief, Levi Colbert (Ittawambi) of Mississippi fame.

The Chickasaw were a brave, independent, & warlike tribe. This tribal warfare continued against the Comanches after the tribe moved to OK. Edmund's son, David was killed by a poisoned arrow during the last battle between the Chickasaws and Commanches near McMillan, OK. The Choctaws and the Chickasaws had a similar way of life and language. In 1855 Edmund participated in & signed the Treaty between the Chickasaws and Choctaws. He was a member of Constitutional Convention at Tishomingo. This constitution provided for the election of a "Governor". It also provided for a bi-cameral legislature, & in the capacity of Senator, "Colonel" Edmund Pickens served from 1857 to 1861. As a member of the Chickasaw Commission, he signed the Treaty of Alliance with the Confederate States in 1861. The final treaty in which he participated was the post-Civil War Treaty of 1866 between the Chickasaws, Choctaws, & the United States.

Edmund appearently had more than one wife, as his widow is listed as as Euth-li-ke Pickens. Children by this wife were Millie, Winey, Elsie, Sally, Maulsie, Ihunta and Thompson. Edmund died at his home and was buried on the grounds of his residence according to Chickasaw custom. His estate was filed for probated in 1868. Edmund's gravesite is now an island in the middle of Lake Texoma sometime called "graveyard bluff".* Updated from RootsWeb's WorldConnect via daughter Millie\Milly Pickens by SmartCopy: Jan 20 2015, 3:02:05 UTC

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Chief Edmund "Ok-chan-tubby" Pickens, (CSA)'s Timeline

Natchez, Adams County, Mississippi, United States
Mississippi, United States
Oklahoma, United States
Age 79
Enville, Love County, Oklahoma, United States
January 1