Chief Ten Bears 'Padda-Wah-Ser-Man-Oh'

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Chief Padda-Wah-Ser-Man-Oh Ten Bears

Also Known As: "Padda-Wah-Ser-Man-Oh - Paruasemana"
Death: November 23, 1872 (79-80)
Fort Sill, Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States
Place of Burial: Fort Sill Post Cemetery, Fort Sill, Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States
Immediate Family:

Husband of Second Wife of Ten Bears; First Wife of Ten Bears; Tahsookoo Wife of Ten Bears and Unknown wife of Ten Bears
Father of Daughter Mother of Cheevers and Querherbitty; Coaschoeckivit Ten Bears Grandson; Daughter Mother of Pasewa Ten Bears; Eli “Ho-Bah-Teth-Ka” Coffey and ? Frederick

Occupation: Comanche Chief
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Chief Ten Bears 'Padda-Wah-Ser-Man-Oh'

The Comanche Nation

The Statement Of Ten Bears To William Tecumseh Sherman, October 1867

Native American Chief. He was born about 1790 and shortly thereafter was orphaned when his band was wiped out by another band of Indians, probably the Lakota tribe. His Indian name was Paruasemana (Parra-wah-ser-man-oh) and he was born into the Yamparika (Root-eaters) tribe or Northern Comanche. He first became chief of the Ketahto (Don't Wear Shoes) local band. Later he became chief of all the Yamparika division.

He did not come into the attention of the Americans until 1853 when he signed the Treaty of Fort Atkinson. In 1863, he went to Washington, DC, but was unable to gain any major concessions for his people.

In November of 1864, Colonel Kit Carson attacked a Kiowa village near Adobe Walls. A group of warriors from Ten Bears village counterattacked Carson's troops and was able to drive him away.

In 1865 Ten Bears was a signer of the Treaty of the Little Arkansas River in Kansas which gave the Comanche people the entire Texas Panhandle for a reservation. The problem with that was that the Federal government did not own and could not reserve that land.

In 1867, Ten Bears signed Medicine Lodge Treaty which gave the Yamparikas and a few other Comanche bands a smaller reservation in the Indian Territory (Oklahoma). At this treaty conference, Ten Bears gave one of the most eloquent, and famous address ever given by a Native American. He went to Washington again in 1872 in hopes of getting the government to keep their promise. Again his visit was futile and he died shortly after his return.


@R1653009893@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Operations, Inc. 1,60525::0 Chief Ten Bears 7 Jul 2008

It cannot be proven but Mary Farncis Frederick Locke (Josie Clara Locke Jones' grandmother) said she was the great granddaughter of Comanche Chief Ten Bears. Ten Bears was half Comanche and half Ute.

Ten Bears - Comanche Pawʉʉrasʉmʉnurʉ

Ten Bears (Comanche Pawʉʉrasʉmʉnurʉ (ca. 1790-November 23, 1872) was the principal chief of the Yamparika or "Root Eater" division of the Comanche from ca. 1860-72. He was the leader of the Ketahto ("The Barefeet") local group of the Yamparika, probably from the late 1840s.

The ethnonym (group name), Yamparika or "Root Eater" Comanche was known to the Spaniards of New Mexico as early as the 1750s, but until about 1790, they were generally north of the Arkansas River and so were seldom specifically mentioned in Spanish documents. After that time, with the advance of Cheyennes (Comanche: paka naboo 'striped arrows'), and Cuampes, likely Arapahos, some Yamparika local groups, including the Ketahto, relocated to the valley of the North Canadian River in New Mexico and Texas.

The Statement Of Ten Bears To William Tecumseh Sherman, October 1867 SEPTEMBER 23, 2010 BY PATRICK NON-WHITE

143 years ago, the leaders of the Comanche and Kiowa tribes met with William Tecumseh Sherman at Medicine Lodge Creek, Kansas. The Comanche had dominated the American plains for hundreds of years, and had terrorized the Texans whose Confederacy Sherman had done more to crush than any other man. But this was not a meeting of equals. Sherman told the Comanche they had to give up the plains, to live on a reservation in Oklahoma: "You can no more stop this than you can stop the sun or the moon. You must submit, and do the best you can."

The Comanche were led by Ten Bears, their last great war chief save Quanah Parker. This is what Ten Bears said to Sherman:

My heart is filled with joy when I see you here today, as the brooks fill with water when the snows melt in the spring. I feel glad as the ponies do when the fresh grass starts in the beginning of the year.

My people have never first drawn a bow or fired a gun against the whites. There has been trouble between us. My young men have danced the war dance. But it was not begun by us. It was you who sent the first soldier.

Two years ago I came upon this road, following the buffalo,that my wives and children might have their cheeks plump and their bodies warm. But the soldiers fired on us. So it was upon the Canadian River. Nor have we been made to cry once only. The blue-dressed soldiers came out from the night, and for campfires they lit our lodges. Instead of hunting game they killed our braves, and the warriors of the tribe cut short their hair for the dead.

So it was in Texas. They made sorrow in our camps, and we went out like the buffalo bulls when the cows are attacked. When we found them we killed them, and their scalps hung in our lodges. The Comanches are not weak and blind, like the pups of a dog when seven days old. They are strong and far-sighted, like grown horses. We took their road and we went on it. The white women cried and our women laughed.

But there are things that you have said to me which I do not like. They were not sweet like sugar, but bitter like gourds. You have said that you want to put us on a reservation, to build us houses and to make us medicine lodges. I do not want them. I was born under the prairie, where the wind blew free and there was nothing to break the light of the sun. I was born where there were no walls and everything drew free breath. I want to die there, not within walls. I know every stream and every wood between the Rio Grande and the Arkansas River. I have hunted and lived all over that country. I live like my fathers before me and like them I live happily.

When I was in Washington the Great Father told me that all the Comanche land was ours and that no one should hinder us from living on it. So why do you ask us to leave the rivers and the sun and the wind and live in houses? Do not tell us to give up the buffalo for the sheep. The young men hear talk of this, and it makes them sad and angry. Do not speak of it more. I love to carry out the talk I heard from the Great Father. When I get goods and presents my people feel glad, since it shows that he holds us in his eye.

If the Texans had kept out of my country there might have been peace. But that which you say we must now live in is too small. The Texans have taken away the places where the grass grew thickest and the timber was best. Had we kept that, we might have done as you ask. But it is too late. The whites took the country which we loved, and we wish only to wander the prairie til we die.

Four years later Ten Bears was dead, and the Comanche were being herded to the reservation. Today there are fewer than 15,000 Comanche left.

But what Ten Bears told Sherman was as eloquent as anything ever said by a man who simply wanted to be left alone. It's a classic of American anarchist thought, as profound as anything written by Lysander Spooner or William Lloyd Garrison. It was an elegy delivered by a man who would not submit.

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