Christine Henriette de Savoie Carignan

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About Christine Henriette de Savoie Carignan

Landgravine Christine of Hesse-Rotenburg

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Princess of Carignan

Spouse Louis Victor, Prince of Carignan



Victor Amadeo, Prince of Carignan

Leopoldina, Princess of Melfi

Marie Louise, Princess of Lamballe

Gabriella, Princess of Lobkowicz

Caterina, Princess of Paliano

Eugenio, Count of Villafranca

Full name

English: Christine of Hesse-Rotenburg

Italian: Cristina d'Assia-Rotenburg

German: Christine von Hessen-Rotenburg

Father Ernest Leopold, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg

Mother Eleonora Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort[1]

Born 21 November 1717(1717-11-21)

Rotenburg an der Fulda in Hesse, Germany

Died 1 September 1778 (aged 60)

Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Italy

Burial Basilica of Superga, Italy

Christine of Hesse-Rotenburg (Christine Henriette; 21 November 1717 – 1 September 1778) was a Landgravine of the German state of Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg. She was the Princess of Carignan by marriage and mother of the princesse de Lamballe as well as the Prince of Carignan.



   * 1 Biography
   * 2 Issue
   * 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms
         o 3.1 Titles and styles
   * 4 Ancestry
   * 5 References and notes
   * 6 See also

[edit] Biography

Christine Henriette was born in Rotenburg the youngest child of the Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg and his wife.

She was one of 10 children[1]; her older sister Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg was married in 1730 to the future Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and had issue; Polyxena Christina has present descendants that include the Claimant Duke of Parma; the Pretending King of the Two Sicilies and the reigning Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

Another sister, Landgravine Caroline was the wife of the French Prime Minister, Louis Henri de Bourbon and was the princesse de Condé till her early death in 1741.

After the marriage of her oldest sister Polyxena Christina, Christine was engaged to the Prince of Carignan. Her future husband was Prince Louis Victor of Savoy a member of the so called House of Savoy-Carignan. Louis Victor was the eldest surviving child of Victor Amadeus, Prince of Carignan and his wife Maria Vittoria Francesca of Savoy[2]. Louis Victor was a male line descendant of Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignan who founded the line with his wife Marie de Bourbon. The Carignan family were a cadet branch of the House of Savoy, Dukes of Savoy from 1416 – 1718 and then Kings of Sardinia from 1720 till 1861.

Christine was married to Louis Victor on 4 May, 1740 at the age of 22. The next year Christine would become the Princess of Carignan by right of her husband who succeeded to the Principality. The seigneury of Carignan had belonged to the Savoys since 1418, and the fact that it was part of Piedmont, only twenty km. south of Turin, meant that it could be a "princedom" for Thomas in name only, being endowed neither with independence nor revenues of substance.[3]

In Savoy, Christine was known as Cristina [Enrichetta]. In 1742, Christine gave birth to her first child who was named Charlotte Maria Louise, Princess of Savoy. Charlotte would die unmarried. Her second child, born at the Palazzo Carignano was named Victor Amadeus and was the great grand father of the future Victor Emmanuel II of Italy. Her second daughter, Leopoldina Maria, was later the Princess of Melfi as wife of Giovanni Andrea Doria-Pamphilj-Landi. Her next daughter Polyxena Teresa died unmarried aged 16 in 1762. Princess Gabrielle married the Prince of Lobkowicz in 1769. Her fifth daughter was her most famous; Princess Maria Teresa Louisa di Savoia, better known as the princesse de Lamballe and best friend of Marie Antoinette.

Maria Teresa married in 1767[1] to the prince de Lamballe, heir to one of the largest fortunes of the era and great grandson of Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan. Widowed the next year, Christines daughter was given a large fortune making her an extremely wealthy women in her own right.

In 1751 Christine had another son who died in 1753. Another son Louis Victor of Savoy, Count of Villafraca founded the Villafranca line which survive to this day. Her youngest daughter Caterina married into the Colonna family.

Christine died at the Palazzo Carignano in Turin on the night of August 31 - 1 September, 1778, and was followed less than three months later by her husband. Since 1835 her grave has been in Turin's Basilica of Superga, as is that of her husband. At her death the Gazette de France wrpte a small epitaph for her in honour of her daughter Madame de Lamballe:

   Tuesday, the 31st of last month[4] , princesse Christine Henriette de Hesse Rheinfels, wife of Louis Victor Amédée de Savoie, Prince de Carignan, died in this city [Turin], after a lingering and painful illness. She was born the 24th November, 1717[4].

Her present descendants include the pretending cousins Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples[1] and Amedeo, 5th Duke of Aosta. There is also Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este.

[edit] Issue

   * Princess Charlotte Maria Luisa of Savoy (Turin, 17 August 1742 - 20 February, 1794) died unmarried; was a nun;
   * Prince Vittorio Amadeo of Savoy (Turin, 31 October 1743 - September 1780) married Joséphine de Lorraine and had issue;
   * Princess Leopoldina Maria of Savoy (Turin, 21 December 1744 – Rome, 17 April 1807) married Prince Andrea IV Doria Pamphili Landi, 8th Prince of Melfi and had issue;
   * Princess Polyxena Teresa of Savoy (Turin, 31 October 1746 - 20 December 1762) died unmarried;
   * Princess Gabrielle of Savoy (Turin, 17 May, 1748 - Vienna, 10 April, 1828) married Ferdinand Philipp Josef, Prince of Lobkowicz and had issuel currant House of Lobkowicz descend from her;
   * Princess Maria Teresa Luisa of Savoy (Turin, 8 September 1749 – Paris, 3 September 1792) married Louis Alexandre Joseph de Bourbon, prince de Lamballe; murdered in the French Revolution;
   * Prince Tommaso of Savoy (Turin, 6 March, 1751 - 23 July, 1753)
   * Prince Eugenio of Savoy (Turin, 21 October 1753 - 30 June 1785) married Elisabeth Anne Magon Boisgarin and had issue;
   * Princess Caterina Maria Luisa Francesca of Savoy (Turin, 4 April 1762 - 4 September 1823) married Don Filippo Giuseppe Francesco Colonna, 9th Prince of Paliano, descendant of Marie Mancini[1]; had issue from which the present Princes of Paliano descend[1];

[edit] Titles, styles, honours and arms

[edit] Titles and styles

   * 21 November 1717 – 4 May 1740 Her Serene Highness Landgravine Christine of Hesse-Rotenburg
   * 4 May 1740 – 4 April 1741 Her Highness Princess Louis Victor of Savoy
   * 4 April 1741 – 1 September 1778 Her Highness] the Princess of Carignan

References and notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f van de Pas, Leo. "Landgräfin Christine von Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-03-1. 
  2. ^ She was the illegitimate daughter of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and his mistress Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes
  3. ^ "Carignano". Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. 1911. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  4. ^ a b Bertin, Georges. "Full text of Madame de Lamballe". Retrieved 2009-11-26.

This page was last modified on 22 July 2010 at 14:26.

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Christine Henriette de Savoie Carignan's Timeline

November 1717
Rotenburg (Wümme), Niedersachsen, Tyskland
October 31, 1743
Age 25
Turin, Piemonte, Italien
December 24, 1744
Age 27
Torino, Torino, Italy
March 27, 1748
Age 30
Torino, Turin, Piemonte, Italy
September 8, 1749
Age 31
October 21, 1753
Age 35
Turin, Turin, Piedmont, Italy
April 4, 1762
Age 44
Turin, Turin, Piedmont, Italy
September 1, 1778
Age 60
Turin, Piemonte, Italien