Clemens Peter Freiherr von Pirquet

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Clemens Peter von Pirquet

Birthdate: (54)
Birthplace: Badeteich Hirschstetten
Death: February 26, 1929 (54)
Vienna, Austria
Immediate Family:

Son of Peter Zeno Freiherr von Cesanatico Mardaga von Pirquet and Flora Pirquet
Husband of Maria VAN HUSEN
Father of Johann Silverius von Pirquet; <private> PIRQUET and Margaretha (von Pirquet) Papish
Brother of Theodor Peter von Pirquet; Peter August von Pirquet; Silverio Freiherr Peter von Pirquet; Agnes Desiderata Freifrau von Pirquet; Margarethe Maria Viktoria von Pirquet and 1 other

Managed by: Anne Christine Von Pirquet
Last Updated:

About Clemens Peter Freiherr von Pirquet

Wikipedia Biographical Summary:

"...Clemens Peter Freiherr von Pirquet (May 12, 1874 – February 28, 1929) was an Austrian scientist and pediatrician best known for his contributions to the fields of bacteriology and immunology..."

"...Born in Vienna, he studied theology at the University of Innsbruck and philosophy at the University of Leuven before he enrolled at the University of Graz where he became a doctor of medicine in 1900. He started practicing at the Children's Clinic in Vienna.

In 1906 he noticed that patients who had previously received injections of horse serum or smallpox vaccine had quicker, more severe reactions to a second injection. He, along with Bela Schick, coined the word allergy (from the Greek allos meaning "other" and ergon meaning "reaction") to describe this hypersensitivity reaction.

Soon after, the observation with smallpox led Pirquet to realize that tuberculin, which Robert Koch isolated from the bacteria that cause tuberculosis in 1890, might lead to a similar type of reaction. Charles Mantoux expanded upon Pirquet's ideas and the Mantoux test, in which tuberculin is injected into the skin, became a diagnostic test for tuberculosis in 1907.

In 1909 he declined proposals to take a position at the Pasteur Institute in Paris and to become a professor at the Johns Hopkins University. In 1910 he returned to Europe taking positions in Breslau (now Wrocław) and then Vienna.

On February 28, 1929 Clemens von Pirquet and his wife committed suicide with potassium cyanide..."



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Clemens Peter Freiherr von Pirquet's Timeline

May 11, 1874
Badeteich Hirschstetten
Age 26
Age 28
February 26, 1929
Age 54
Vienna, Austria