Cockacoeske, Leader of the Pamunkey

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Queen Cockacoeske "Queen Anne" Pamunkey Powhatan, Leader of the Pamunkey

Also Known As: "Totopotomoi", "Queen of Pamunky"
Birthdate: (52)
Birthplace: Virginia, United States
Death: 1686 (48-56)
Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Wife of Wero of the Pamunkey; Col. John West of West Point, Virginia; Col. Thomas Swann and Toby "Chief Totopotomoy" Wero of the Pamunkey Tribe
Mother of Jane Harrison; Jane Anderson; <private> Dabney (Powhatan); Major John West and Susannah Langford

Occupation: Queen of the Pamunkey
Managed by: Pam Wilson
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Cockacoeske, Leader of the Pamunkey

Everything you wanted to know about Cockacoeske Powhatan

Cockacoeske "Queen Anne" Powhatan West:

Birth: 1634 Death: 1686

Queen of the Pamunkey tribe. Daughter of Nectowance, Werowance (Chief) of the Powhatan. Granddaughter of Opechancanough Mangopeesomon Powhatan and Cleopatra Powhatan, the sister of Pocahontas, and great-granddaughter of the Great Powhatan, father of Pocahontas, and therefore grandniece of Pocahontas. Some family trees show Nectowance as a son of Opechancanough while others say nephew.

Opechancanough and Powhatan are reportedly buried here also.

Wikipedia gives her birth as circa 1640. Worldcat.org gives her birth as circa 1630. Wikipedia also incorrectly shows her as Opechancanou's daughter rather than granddaughter.

Cockacoeske died before July 1, 1686, when her interpreter George Smith reported to the governor's Council that she was "lately dead."

Queen Cockacoeske was the first signer of the Treaty of Middle River Plantation that ended Bacon’s Rebellion in 1677.

First married to her cousin Chief Totopotomoi ("Toby West")(c.1625–1656), son of Thomas West 3rd Baron de la Warr and "Rachel" Powhatan. Rachel Powhatan afterwards had married Joseph Crowshaw and reportedly borne his daughter Unity Crowshaw who married her half-brother Toby West's first cousin, Col. John West II, son of Gov. John West.

Totopotomi (Toby West) ruled from 1649 to 1656. After his death, his widow Cockacoeske ruled from 1656 to 1686. Depicted as an intelligent and powerful seductress, Cockacoeske took her sister-in-law Unity Crowshaw's husband from her, Col. John West II, and bore him a son, Maj. John West (1657-1716).

Later renderings of her likeness often show her adorned with the black pearls that were the signature adornment of the Pamunkey tribe.

Cockacoeske is possibly buried in the burial mound on the Pamunkey Reservation. The Pamunkey Reservation was confirmed to the Pamunkey tribe as early as 1658 by the Governor, the Council, and the General Assembly of Virginia. Cockacoeske became Queen of Pamunkey in 1656 and signed the Treaty of 1677 between the King of England, acting through the Governor of Virginia, and several Native American tribes including the Pamunkey. It is called the most important existing document describing Virginia's relationship towards Indian land. The reservation is located about 12 miles north of the Mattaponi reservation which is near West Point, the site of the West family home.

According to historian William Deyo, it is doubtful that Cockacoeske is buried in the so-called Burial Mound at Pamunkey Reservation where Powhatan, Opechancanough, and other important leaders are said to have been buried, but likely closer to Richmond. The remains were supposed to have been brought here from the sacred Uttamussak temple.

Powhatan’s Mantle p.255: “Cockacoeske’s romantic liaison with the English colonel, John West, an important Virginia official, supporter of Governor Berkeley, and grandson (sic) of former Virginia governor Sir Thomas West, Lord De La Warr, may have furthered her insight into the machinations of colonial politics, and the presence of their son as a future go-between may have given her an added measure of influence.” (The correct relationship was this: Her first husband Totopotomoy/Toby West was the son of Gov. Thomas West; her second husband being Toby’s first cousin Col. John West, son of Gov. John West, the brother of Gov. Thomas and sons of Thomas West 2nd or 11th Baron de la Warr.) “The account of Cockacoeske’s appearance before the governor and council reveals that she was a person of imposing dignity and that she understood the English language. Cockacoeske’s appreciation of European goods is evidenced by her possession of ‘pieces of Lynnen, Broad cloth, and divers sorts of English goods wch the Queene had much value for’ when Nathaniel Bacon’s men raided her encampment. But there are equally strong indications that Cockacoeske remained true to her native cultural traditions.”

The AAANativeAmericanArts.com website gives her birth and death dates much later, circa 1650-circa 1725, the most important reference being to her appearance in 1715: "The widow of Totopotomoi, the Pamunkey chief, Queen Anne became the chief of the tribe following the death of her husband during the battle in which he supported the English against other Indian warriors.

"Due to her authoritative position, she was always called "Queen Anne" by the colonists. In 1675 she was called upon to furnish warriors to fight with the Whites during Bacon's Rebellion; this was her first appearance in colonial history. Her appearance at the colonial Council, in which she scornfully rejected the request to furnish warriors for the Whites on the grounds that her people had been neglected for the past 20 years, in spite of their friendship to the Whites, was a dramatic confrontation between Indian and White." (Strategically, appearing before the Council with her in capacity as interpreter was her son John West, the son of councilman Col. John West and in whom the other councilmen took great interest. See: Maj. John West.)

"It was only after strong promises of better treatment by the colonists that Queen Anne agreed to provide the needed assistance. Following the end of the Rebellion, a silver headband, or coronet, inscribed Queen of Pamunkey was presented to her by King Charles II.

"Little more is heard about her following this period, beyond an appearance in 1715, when she visited the colonial authorities to request fair treatment for her people."

The Englishman eyewitness who recorded her appearance before the Virginia Council in 1675 described her as "Majestic."

Virginia Women in History (2004) The Pamunkey Legacy by Nancy Wright Beasley The Treaty of Middle Plantation: Epilogue to Bacon's Rebellion by Martha W McCartney Badge of Cooperation

Pamunkey Nation, Route 1, P.O. Box 226 King William, VA 23086 804-843-3526

Tribal historian William Deyo said, Nov. 7, 2014, "Cockacoeske being the daughter of Necotowance is probably a theory, but I came up with the same theory a few years ago based on some good evidence. I do not believe that I published anything on it, however, and it is comforting to know that someone else has independently come up with the same theory. We know for a fact that Cockacoeske was the granddaughter of Opechancanough, who was the head of the federation because of the matrilineal royal succession through his mother. If Opechancanough's wife was Cleopatra, sister of Pocahontas (also of the royal line of succession), his son could succeed him as leader of the federation. Necotowance was the next in line who became the head of the federation. Totopotomoi was the next to succeed and was the husband of Cockacoeske, who succeeded in her own right after Totopotomoi (who was killed in 1656). I believe that Necotowance married a woman of the same line as Pocahontas and Cleopatra, which gave his daughter, Cockacoeske, the right of succession after her husband."

Among the descendants of Cockacoeske were: Patrick Henry, the orator and Governor of Virginia; Dolly Madison, wife of President James Madison; Dabney Carr (1743-1773), Virginia burgess and brother-in-law of President Thomas Jefferson; Lady Nancy Astor, first woman to sit in the British House of Commons; President Zachary Taylor and his daughter Sarah Knox Taylor, the first wife of President Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy; Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart; Gen. Edmund Pendleton Gaines; Col. George Strother Gaines; and numerous other notable Southern families.


Family links:

Parents:
 Weroance Nectowance Powhatan (1600 - 1649)

Spouses:
 Toby West (1616 - 1656)
 John West (1632 - 1691)

Children:
 Susannah Pamunkey Dabney (D'Aubigne) (1643 - 1724)*
 Jane Totopotomoi West Harrison (1650 - ____)*
 Joseph West (1650 - ____)*
 John West (1657 - 1716)*

Burial: Pamunkey Indian Reservation King William King William County Virginia, USA



Cockacoeskie (also spelled Cockacoeske) (ca. 1640 – ca. 1686) was a 17th-century leader of the Pamunkey tribe in what is now the American state of Virginia. During her thirty-year reign, she worked within the English system, trying to recapture the former power of past paramount chiefs and maintain peaceful unity among the several tribes under her leadership. She was the first of the tribal leaders to sign the Virginia-Indian Treaty of Middle Plantation.[1] ≈1656 bore a son with Col. John West. In 2004 Cockacoeske was honored as one of the Library of Virginia's "Virginia Women in History".[2]

Cockacoeske's only documented child was her son, John West, born probably around 1656-57 and "reputed the son of an English colonel."[7] On the basis of his name, and birth after her husband's death, he has often been considered an illegitimate son of John West, who established a plantation (now the town of West Point at the confluence of the Mattaponi and Pamunkey Rivers, where they form the York River), or his son John West. The Virginia-Indian Treaty of 1677/1680, which this youth signed, identified him as "Cap't John West, sonne to the Queen of Pamunkey."[12] Cockacoeske died in 1686, and, as this was a matrilineal society, was succeeded by her niece, Betty.[13]


Birth: 1630-34 Death: 1686

Queen of the Pamunkey tribe. Daughter of Nectowance, Werowance (Chief) of the Powhatan. Granddaughter of Opechancanough Mangopeesomon Powhatan and Cleopatra Powhatan, the sister of Pocahontas, and great-granddaughter of the Great Powhatan, father of Pocahontas, and therefore grandniece of Pocahontas. Some family trees show Nectowance as a son of Opechancanough while others say nephew.

Opechancanough and Powhatan are reportedly buried here also.

Wikipedia gives her birth as circa 1640. Worldcat.org gives her birth as circa 1630. Wikipedia also incorrectly shows her as Opechancanou's daughter rather than granddaughter.

Cockacoeske died before July 1, 1686, when her interpreter George Smith reported to the governor's Council that she was "lately dead."

Queen Cockacoeske was the first signer of the Treaty of Middle River Plantation that ended Bacon’s Rebellion in 1677.

First married to her cousin Chief Totopotomoi ("Toby West")(c.1625–1656), son of Thomas West 3rd Baron de la Warr and "Rachel" Powhatan. Rachel Powhatan afterwards had married Joseph Crowshaw and reportedly borne his daughter Unity Crowshaw who married her half-brother Toby West's first cousin, Col. John West II, son of Gov. John West.

Totopotomi (Toby West) ruled from 1649 to 1656. After his death, his widow Cockacoeske ruled from 1656 to 1686. Depicted as an intelligent and powerful seductress, Cockacoeske took her sister-in-law Unity Crowshaw's husband from her, Col. John West II, and bore him a son, Maj. John West (1657-1716).

Later renderings of her likeness often show her adorned with the black pearls that were the signature adornment of the Pamunkey tribe.

Cockacoeske is possibly buried in the burial mound on the Pamunkey Reservation. The Pamunkey Reservation was confirmed to the Pamunkey tribe as early as 1658 by the Governor, the Council, and the General Assembly of Virginia. Cockacoeske became Queen of Pamunkey in 1656 and signed the Treaty of 1677 between the King of England, acting through the Governor of Virginia, and several Native American tribes including the Pamunkey. It is called the most important existing document describing Virginia's relationship towards Indian land. The reservation is located about 12 miles north of the Mattaponi reservation which is near West Point, the site of the West family home.

According to historian William Deyo, it is doubtful that Cockacoeske is buried in the so-called Burial Mound at Pamunkey Reservation where Powhatan, Opechancanough, and other important leaders are said to have been buried, but likely closer to Richmond. The remains were supposed to have been brought here from the sacred Uttamussak temple.

Powhatan’s Mantle p.255: “Cockacoeske’s romantic liaison with the English colonel, John West, an important Virginia official, supporter of Governor Berkeley, and grandson (sic) of former Virginia governor Sir Thomas West, Lord De La Warr, may have furthered her insight into the machinations of colonial politics, and the presence of their son as a future go-between may have given her an added measure of influence.” (The correct relationship was this: Her first husband Totopotomoy/Toby West was the son of Gov. Thomas West; her second husband being Toby’s first cousin Col. John West, son of Gov. John West, the brother of Gov. Thomas and sons of Thomas West 2nd or 11th Baron de la Warr.) “The account of Cockacoeske’s appearance before the governor and council reveals that she was a person of imposing dignity and that she understood the English language. Cockacoeske’s appreciation of European goods is evidenced by her possession of ‘pieces of Lynnen, Broad cloth, and divers sorts of English goods wch the Queene had much value for’ when Nathaniel Bacon’s men raided her encampment. But there are equally strong indications that Cockacoeske remained true to her native cultural traditions.”

The AAANativeAmericanArts.com website gives her birth and death dates much later, circa 1650-circa 1725, the most important reference being to her appearance in 1715: "The widow of Totopotomoi, the Pamunkey chief, Queen Anne became the chief of the tribe following the death of her husband during the battle in which he supported the English against other Indian warriors.

"Due to her authoritative position, she was always called "Queen Anne" by the colonists. In 1675 she was called upon to furnish warriors to fight with the Whites during Bacon's Rebellion; this was her first appearance in colonial history. Her appearance at the colonial Council, in which she scornfully rejected the request to furnish warriors for the Whites on the grounds that her people had been neglected for the past 20 years, in spite of their friendship to the Whites, was a dramatic confrontation between Indian and White." (Strategically, appearing before the Council with her in capacity as interpreter was her son John West, the son of councilman Col. John West and in whom the other councilmen took great interest. See: Maj. John West.)

"It was only after strong promises of better treatment by the colonists that Queen Anne agreed to provide the needed assistance. Following the end of the Rebellion, a silver headband, or coronet, inscribed Queen of Pamunkey was presented to her by King Charles II.

"Little more is heard about her following this period, beyond an appearance in 1715, when she visited the colonial authorities to request fair treatment for her people."

The Englishman eyewitness who recorded her appearance before the Virginia Council in 1675 described her as "Majestic."

Virginia Women in History (2004) The Pamunkey Legacy by Nancy Wright Beasley The Treaty of Middle Plantation: Epilogue to Bacon's Rebellion by Martha W McCartney Badge of Cooperation

Pamunkey Nation, Route 1, P.O. Box 226 King William, VA 23086 804-843-3526

Tribal historian William Deyo said, Nov. 7, 2014, "Cockacoeske being the daughter of Necotowance is probably a theory, but I came up with the same theory a few years ago based on some good evidence. I do not believe that I published anything on it, however, and it is comforting to know that someone else has independently come up with the same theory. We know for a fact that Cockacoeske was the granddaughter of Opechancanough, who was the head of the federation because of the matrilineal royal succession through his mother. If Opechancanough's wife was Cleopatra, sister of Pocahontas (also of the royal line of succession), his son could succeed him as leader of the federation. Necotowance was the next in line who became the head of the federation. Totopotomoi was the next to succeed and was the husband of Cockacoeske, who succeeded in her own right after Totopotomoi (who was killed in 1656). I believe that Necotowance married a woman of the same line as Pocahontas and Cleopatra, which gave his daughter, Cockacoeske, the right of succession after her husband."

Among the descendants of Cockacoeske were: Patrick Henry, the orator and Governor of Virginia; Dolly Madison, wife of President James Madison; Dabney Carr (1743-1773), Virginia burgess and brother-in-law of President Thomas Jefferson; Lady Nancy Astor, first woman to sit in the British House of Commons; President Zachary Taylor and his daughter Sarah Knox Taylor, the first wife of President Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy; Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart; Gen. Edmund Pendleton Gaines; Col. George Strother Gaines; and numerous other notable Southern families.


Family links:

Parents:
 Weroance Nectowance Powhatan (1600 - 1649)

Spouses:
 Toby West (1616 - 1656)
 John West (1632 - 1691)

Children:
 '''Susannah Pamunkey Dabney''' (D'Aubigne) (1643 - 1724)*
 Jane Totopotomoi West Harrison (1650 - ____)*
 Joseph West (1650 - ____)*
 John West (1657 - 1716)*


  • Calculated relationship

Burial: Pamunkey Indian Reservation King William King William County Virginia, USA


https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Cockacoeske&item_type=topic

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West Point was named for the Queen of Pamunkey'son. Queen of Pumunkey has a portion of the National State Park named Weromicoco in her honor. [https://www.nps.gov/cajo/learn/management/stateofthepark.htm]

Werowance is a female leader of the Pamunky Nation. The La Louisianne Fur Trade went through the Ocaneechi Path to New Kent, a Fur Trade Town founded by Col William Claiborne/Clyburn. There are towns named for this Queen of the Pamunky. Kosiesko is a town in Mississippi which was named for the Pamunkey Queen during the La Louisianne royal era. That town is also the birth place of Oprah Winfrey. Kosciusko is a town in Indiana named for same queen. This Kosiesko would have been an "aka la pous cous" a term that the French used to denote a Powhatan Confederate who was then a forebear of some of the La Lousianne Ashnoya Tribe members in the Natchez area whose descendants became the neighbors to the 1700 era Attapassas natives whose land leases are recorded in the book called History of the Attapassas District. The media section of this Geni will have the names associated with Kosiesco's descendant Ashnoya Tribal kin, in time.


Kosciuku, Indiana and Kosiesko, Mississippi are towns named for the La Lousianne/Spanish era areas of while Cockieska's descendants were a part of from the times of Col Francis West on down through territorial govenor of William C. C. Claiborne of Louisiana Territory. Shee was considered the Queen of Pamunkey and watched her son be imprisoned, falsely, for being linked on the Bacon Rebellion massacre participants; which he was loyal to Governor Berkeley of Williamsburg. The "Northern Neck" Native Americans in the Confederacy of Powhatan were non - violent and never involved in violence against the colonists. The Queen of Pamunkey's X marked the spot as the Werowance (Female Leader) of all of the Northern Neck Tribes which included the Mataponi and all the others of New Kent, VR. The state park named Werowicomico State Park was the former land of Capt John Smith of Purton who held the lease on the land for the Northern Neck Nottoway Chief of the Tribe of the now Cherawenhaka who self indentured for the sake of Virginia law requirement of all Native Americans to be apprenticed in a trade until the age of 21. The Pamunky Reservation was near land of John Lightfoot of the Armistead family who was enrolled as Eastern Cherokee and removed with some to the Cherokee lands. The other land owner of the Pamunky area was the Howell family who formerly were of New Kent, VR.

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Cockacoeske, Leader of the Pamunkey's Timeline

1625
1625
Virginia, United States
1634
1634
Virginia, United States
1650
1650
Age 16
1650
Age 16
England, United Kingdom
1657
1657
Age 23
Virginia
1686
1686
Age 52
Virginia, United States
1686
Age 52