Col. Joseph Cilley, Cont. Army

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Joseph Cilley

Birthdate: (65)
Birthplace: Nottingham, Province of New Hampshire
Death: August 25, 1799 (65)
Nottingham, Rockingham, New Hampshire, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. Joseph Cilley and Alice Cilley
Husband of Sara Cilley
Father of Sarah Bartlett; Bradbury Cilley; Lt. Jonathan Cilley; Maj. Greenleaf Cilley; Col Daniel Cilley and 4 others
Brother of Mary Sinclair and Anna Mills

Occupation: Soldier, Farmer
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Col. Joseph Cilley, Cont. Army

  • A Patriot of the American Revolution for NEW HAMPSHIRE with the rank of COLONEL. DAR Ancestor #: A021977
  • Service Source: POTTER, MIL HIST OF THE STATE OF NH, 1623-1861, P 267, 298, 336, 354, 360
  • Service Description: 1) ALSO LCOL MAJ; 1ST NH REGT.

Joseph Cilley (1734 – August 25, 1799) was a New Hampshire state senator and general.

Cilley was born in 1734 at Nottingham, New Hampshire to Captain J. Cilley of the Isles of Shoals and his wife Alice Rawlings. In 1758 Joseph Cilley joined Rogers' Rangers and served in northern New York and Canada. On December 15, 1774 Joseph was with John Langdon and John Sullivan in the raid on Fort William and Mary at New Castle, New Hampshire.

At the start of the American Revolutionary War Joseph was appointed major of the 2nd New Hampshire Regiment. After the Siege of Boston Cilley was promoted to Lt. Col. in the 1st New Hampshire Regiment and he and the regiment were sent to reinforce the Continental Army in Canada fighting at the Battle of Trois-Rivières. With the defeat of the Continental Army in Canada the 1st New Hampshire was sent to New Jersey and Gen. George Washington's main army. Joseph took part in the Battle of Trenton and the Battle of Princeton. With the resignation of John Stark, Cilley took command of the 1st New Hampshire and led them during the Saratoga Campaign of 1777, and the Battle of Monmouth and the Battle of Stony Point in 1778. In 1779, Joseph and the 1st New Hampshire were with Gen. Sullivan in his campaign against the Iroquois and Loyalists in western New York.

On March 19, 1779, the New Hampshire Assembly voted unanimously, "that the worthy Col. Jos. Cilley be presented with a pair of pistols as a token of this State's good intention to reward merit in a brave officer." These pistols are now housed at the Museum of New Hampshire History [1] in Concord, New Hampshire. Cilley retired from the Continental Army on January 1, 1781.

After the war, he was appointed major general of the 1st Division of New Hampshire Militia, June 22, 1786. Cilley was elected to the New Hampshire Senate and Treasurer, Vice President and President of the Society of the Cincinnati in New Hampshire. Cilley died on August 25, 1799, at his home in Nottingham.

Cilley married Sarah Longfellow on November 4, 1756. They had ten children, including Greenleaf Cilley, whose sons Joseph Cilley and Jonathan Cilley would become a U. S. Senator and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, respectively.

Info added per DAR's "Lineage Book of the Charter Members" by Mary S Lockwood and published 1895 stating:

"Joseph Cilley was colonel of the First New Hampshire Regiment"

"Gen Joseph Cilley served in the Continental Army in defense of his country"

General in Revolutionary War for USA.

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Col. Joseph Cilley, Cont. Army's Timeline

Nottingham, Province of New Hampshire
October 16, 1757
Age 23
Nottingham, NH, USA
Age 26
March 8, 1762
Age 28
Nottingham, New Hampshire, USA
Age 33
Age 35
Age 41
August 25, 1799
Age 65
Nottingham, Rockingham, New Hampshire, USA