Col. R S C Lord

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Richard Sprigg Canby Lord, (USA)

Also Known As: "Col. Richard S C Lord", "Capt. R S C Lord", "Capt. Richard S C Lord"
Birthdate: (34)
Birthplace: Bellefontaine, OH, United States
Death: October 15, 1866 (34)
At father's home, Bellefontaine, OH, United States (Consumption (following Civil War battlefield injuries))
Place of Burial: OH, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Abiel Hovey Lord and Lettie Lord
Husband of Mary Angelina Wright
Father of Richard Stanton Lord and Edith Sheridan Lord
Brother of Maria Eliza More; Lucinda Wright; Minerva Hackinger and Caroline Lord

Occupation: Military Officer
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Col. R S C Lord

Bvt. Lt. Col. Richard S. C. Lord

by 'The General'

Time for another profile of a completely forgotten cavalryman.

Richard S. C. Lord was born in 1832 on his father’s farm near Bellefontaine, Ohio. He was appointed to the United States Military Academy from Ohio in 1852, and graduated 40th out of 47 in the class of 1856. The class of 1856 also included future Civil War cavalry generals Fitzhugh Lee, Lunsford L. Lomax, George D. Bayard and James Forsyth. He and some of his classmates purchased the Patagonia silver mine in Arizona, but sold his interest in 1859 when his company departed Arizona for Ft. Fillmore.

He was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant on July 1, 1856 and joined the infantry. He served garrison duty at the Newport Barracks in Kentucky 1856-1857 and then at the Carlisle Barracks. While serving at Newport, he was promoted to second lieutenant in the 3rd Artillery.

On June 22, 1857, he was transferred to the 1st Dragoons and did frontier duty at Ft. Buchanan, New Mexico. In 1859, he alternated between Ft. Buchanan and Ft. Fillmore, often doing scouting duty and fighting a skirmish with Apache Indians near Camp Calabassee, New Mexico on August 26, 1860. He was assigned to Ft. Breckinridge, Utah not longer after and served there 1860-1861. On April 23, 1861, he was promoted to first lieutenant.

Lord returned to New Mexico in June 1861 and was promoted to captain on October 26, 1861. While commanding a company of the 1st U. S. Cavalry (as the 1st Dragoons were now known), he was engaged in the February 21, 1862 Battle of Valverde and in an action at Apache Canyon March 7-8, 1862. The conduct of his company at Valverde was criticized, and Lord underwent a court of inquiry that eventually exonerated his conduct there. He was then transferred east, and assumed command of the 1st U. S. Cavalry as its senior captain.

He led the 1st U. S. during the May 1863 Stoneman Raid, at Brandy Station on June 9, 1863, and during the Gettysburg Campaign (at Upperville on June 21, at Gettysburg July 3, and in several of the battles during the retreat. He received a brevet to major for gallant and meritorious services during the Gettysburg Campaign, to date to July 7, 1863.

While skirmishing at Funkstown on July 9, 1863, Lord was seriously wounded, and had to leave the army. He was on disability leave from July 10-September 3, 1863. When he returned to duty, he served as assistant at the newly-formed Cavalry Bureau in Washington, DC. On February 25, 1865, he returned to command the 1st U. S., and led it in the war in the east’s final campaigns, including the April 1, 1865 Battle of Five Forks, for which he received a brevet to lieutenant colonel.

After the Confederate surrender at Appomattox, the 1st U. S. became Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s escort, and accompanied Sheridan to New Orleans from June-September 1865. Lord was on recruiting duty from October 1865 to March 1866, and then was assigned to the Drum Barracks in Los Angeles, California from March to June 1866. Unfortunately, Lord had contracted tuberculosis some time during his service in the Civil War, and by June 1866, the disease had reached terminal status and he was gravely ill. He went east to appear before a retirement board, but was too ill.

Lord left the Army on sick leave on June 15, 1866, and died of the tuberculosis at his father’s home in Bellefontaine in October 16, 1866 ten days shy of his 34th birthday. He was buried in the Bellefontaine City Cemetery in his home town. His only child, Richard Stanton Lord, died the following year at age 3. Nothing is known of his wife.

I have never seen an image of Richard S. C. Lord, which is why there’s not one included here. However, Lord is one of those professional soldiers who left his mark, albeit anonymously, on the Civil War by honorably doing his duty well. He’s buried just over an hour from here, and when the winter breaks, I’m planning on visiting his grave to pay my respects.

Here’s to Richard S. C. Lord, completely forgotten Civil War cavalryman.


"A genealogy of Benjamin Cleveland, a great-grandson of Moses Cleveland, of Woburn, Mass"

Dr. Abiel H. Lord, settled in Bellefontaine, Ohio, where he has practiced medicine since 1823, and where he still resides. His only son, Col. R. S. C. Lord, graduated at West Point in 1856 ; served as Brevet Major 1st U. S. Cavalry ; during the war of the Rebellion participated in many of the hard-fought battles of the Potomac, was wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., and for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battle of Five Forks, was raised to the rank of Colonel. Was m. to Miss Mary A.Wright, dau. of Dr. Thomas Wright, of Hamilton county, Ohio, in 1863, and d. in Bellefontaine, Ohio, in 1866, leaving a son and daughter, both since dead.


Commanded the 1st U.S. Calvary under Brigadier General Buford in battle of Gettysburg. ----------------------------------------------------------- Served in TX prior to the Civil War.

in 1862 was involved in some sort of incident that resulted in a Court of Inquiry

"Findings of Court of Inquiry on conduct of Captain R. S. C. Lord ------------------------------------------------------------

Battle of Louisa Courthouse May 3, 1863 (Annals of the Sixth Pennsylvania cavalry

By Samuel Levis Gracey )

General Gregg returned to Thompson's Cross roads on the 5th having accomplished more than was expected from his expedition.

While this was in progress another force under Captain RSC Lord commanding the 1st United States Cavalry was sent to Tolersville to destroy the Virginia Central Railroad at that point Tolersville is situated about six miles from Louisa Court house. They tore up the track for miles, burned the ties, destroyed switches, bridges, culverts &c rendering the road impassable for weeks. A portion of the command under Captain Eugene Baker then went six miles further to Frederick Hall and cut the railroad at that point. They also destroyed the telegraph instruments wires and a great amount of government property. At sunset, Captain John Feelner of the same regiment with thirty men proceeded on the road towards Fredericksburg some six miles where a bridge over two hundred feet long crosses the North Anna River The bridge was guarded by rebel infantry. The captain charged it driving the enemy from it and succeeded in it without the loss of a man and captured five prisoners.

The length of time the regiment was absent caused much uneasiness at headquarters and General Stoneman, fearing they were in trouble, sent out a squadron of the 6th Regulars under Captain Claflin to communicate with them which he did and returned with the command.

Captain Lord was highly complimented by both Generals Stoneman and Buford on the success of the expedition as it was considered by them one of the hazardous and important of the whole expedition. [another version of the text adds: "Captain Lord, who commanded the expedition, is one of the youngest captains in command of a regiment in the army." ]

------------------------------------ THE BATTLE OF BRANDY STATION June 1863.

As a contingency, however, Pleasonton ordered Captain Richard Lord's 1st US Cavalry to screen the other Union forces as they moved across the Rappahannock. The 1st US had been on picket duty on the north side of the River for most of the day, and it was the only fresh unit available. Although Buford had ordered Lord to join the rest of the Brigade at 0930, it took some time to gather in the regiment's far-flung elements. Interestingly, Lord deployed his entire unit as mounted skirmishers in an arch within one-half mile of the Ford. However, these precautions were unnecessary; the Federal retrograde was conducted without interference from the Confederate cavalry. By about 1830, most of the Cavalry Corps had crossed to the north side of the River. Buford's Wing, therefore had been in contact with the enemy for almost fourteen hours.


Headquarters, 1st United States Cavalry June 1 th, 1863.

Sir: In compliance with instructions I have the honor to make the following report of the part my regiment took in the battle of the 9th. Being on picket my regiment did not receive orders to join the Brigade until 9:30 AM on the 9th. My pickets were at that time scattered over a distance of 16 miles. I collected them as soon as possible and joined the Brigade; moving to the front I took the advance, formed line of battle in front of the enemy and covered the crossing of our troops to the opposite bank of the river. My regiment was under fire from 2:00 PM until after sunset, constantly exposed to the cannonading and musketing of the enemy. I cannot speak in terms of too high praise of the coolness and gallantry of my officers and men. We crossed the river in rear of our entire forces. I lost one man killed and two wounded. Five horses killed under my men, one of which was Lieutenant Fisher.

Killed: Private August T. Eckholdt, Company B Wounded: Corporal James Van Dyke, Company I (knee) ; Private John Costello, Company F (hand)

I am sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant.

R. [Richard] S. C. LORD

Captain, 1st US Cavalry, Commanding Regiment



On the 27th of March [1865] Captain Baker was relieved from command of the regiment by Captain R. S. C. Lord.

The First Cavalry was present and took part in all the battles and daily skirmishes of the Cavalry Corps until the close of the war. On March 30th it was in the engagement on White Oak Road; March 31, at Dinwiddie Court House; April 1, at Five Forks. Here the regiment made a brilliant charge on an entrenched position of the enemy, which was carried and 200 prisoners captured. April 2, in the engagement near Southside R. R.; April 6, at the battle of Sailor's Creek; and April 9, at Appomatox, the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. After the surrender the regiment returned to Petersburg where it remained in camp until April 24, when it marched with the Cavalry Corps towards North Carolina for the proposed junction with Sherman. On the surrender of Johnston's army the Corps returned to Petersburg and, the regiment, escorting General Sheridan, left for Washington May 8, arriving May 16, and taking part in the "Great Review."

In the same month the regiment was ordered to Louisiana, arriving at New Orleans May 31 and remaining in that city or its immediate vicinity until December 29 when it embarked for California via the Isthmus of Panama. It took post at the Presidio of San Francisco January 22, [1866]..."


Daily Alta California, Volume 18, Number 5924, 30 May 1866 — ARRIVAL OF THE "PACIFIC." [ARTICLE]

"Bj the arrival of the steamer /Wi>-, U«t eTenine, we have files of Los Angeles pap«n to the 35tlv The companies commanded by Maj. R. S. C. Lord and Captain U. Noble, arrived on the steamer Company C, First U. S. Cavalry, Captain bean, is en route to Arizona. Major J. Gorman, Fine California Cavalry, late of Fort Bowie, and Lieut. Enut, Seventh California Infantry, late of Fort Mason, arrived at WUaincton on the :4th 1st. Lieut. J. H. Hall, 1st U. S. Caralry. hu tueceeded Lieut. Yard. Ninth U. S. Infantry, v Adjutant at Drum Barracks, the latter officer Wine in command of Camp Cady. "

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Col. R S C Lord's Timeline

September 25, 1832
Bellefontaine, OH, United States

NOTE on name from Physicians section on Memoirs of the Miami Valley:

Dr. Joseph Canby, who came from Virginia in 1825, was a graduate of Rush Medical college, Philadelphia. He settled in DeGraff-or near where DeGraff was afterward built-but his reputation was county-wide, not only as a physician, but as business man and influential citizen. Richard S. Canby, well-known lawyer and jurist, was his son. Dr. Canby died in 1847, having previously retired from practice to devote his energies to business pursuits.

- July 1, 1856
Age 20
Military Academy at West Point
- 1861
Age 23
U S Army


LORD Richard Sprigg Canby AB West Point Mil Acad 56 United States Regular Army Officer Born at Bellefontaine Logan Co Ohio Oct 26 1832 entered the US regular army as Bvt Lieutenant of the 7th Infantry at the Barracks of Newport Ky 56 57 of the 1st Dragoons at Fort Buchanan New Mexico 57 58 Tucson Ariz 58 50 1st Lieutenant of the Heavy Artilery about Fort Fillmore NM 59 60 in fierce battle with Apache Indians near Calabaza NM and also near Breckenridge Utah 60 6i Captain of Heavy Artillery in the South 6i 65 engaging in twenty battles for gallant and meritorious service during the battle of Gettysburg was Bvt Major in 63 for same at the battle of Five Forks Va Bvt Lieutenant Colonel engaged in the recruiting service and Commander of Drum Barracks California 65 66 ill health from severe military experiences Died at Bellefontaine Ohio Oct 15 1866 Married Miss Mary A Wright of Carthage Cincinnati Ohio July 4 1864


1860 US Census:

Name: R S C Lord
Residence: , Arizona Territory, New Mexico
Ward: Fort Buchanan
Age: 23 years
Estimated Birth Year: 1837
Birthplace: Ohio
Gender: Male
Page: 28
Family Number: 263
Film Number: 803712
DGS Number: 4235196
Image Number: 00033
NARA Number: M653

- 1866
Age 30
Great Army of the Republic

United States Congressional serial set, Issue 3261

p 1124 f

On the morning of April 1 the division nothing daunted by the repulse of the two previous days again moved toward the stubbornly contested battle ground of the Five Forks Colonel Stagg with the First Brigade met the enemy as usual at Chamberlain's Swamp and an infantry line was immediately developed showing that the position was not to be taken without a hard fight. The whole of the Second Brigade was now dismounted and Colonel Fitzhugh was ordered to cross the swamp, gain a position on the opposite side, and cover the crossing of the First Brigade mounted. The movement was gallantly effected under a heavy fire and the First US Cavalry and First and Sixth Michigan Cavalry were crossed on the left of the brigade, while the Fifth Michigan was crossed upon the right to cover that flank. The Reserve Brigade was thrown out upon the right and rear in the direction of the White Oak road. A charge was now ordered to gain the wood in front of the Forks. The Second Brigade flanked by the cavalry gallantly advanced at the charging step and driving the enemy clear through the woods developed a strong line of breast works covering the Forks and filled with masses of infantry In this advance the cavalry charged up to within twenty yards of the works and the dismounted men of the Second Brigade captured and dragged off prisoners from the breast works. Captain Ham of Seventeenth Pennsylvania was mortally wounded at this point. But the work was too strongly held for our line to carry and the brigade was forced to retire to the wood. The line was thus held until 4.30 pm when a brigade of Third Cavalry Division having connected upon our left and the Fifth Corps advancing to attack the enemy's right flank the whole division was dismounted and ordered to advance and again charge the enemy's works. Captain Lord First US Cavalry was ordered to keep his regiment mounted and in readiness to charge should the enemy's line be broken. The whole line advanced under a terrible fire from the enemy's works, but the regiment on the right of Third Division giving way the Third Division was halted and reformed. On the second charge the troops on our left again fell back, but notwithstanding this defection, the division pressed forward, the enemy's works were carried after an obstinate struggle, the right was connected with the left of Fifth Corps the front of the division changed to the left and the enemy pursued for two miles. As the works were carried, Captain Lord was ordered to charge with his regiment and gallantly responded clearing the breast works at a bound and charging far in advance of the division In carrying the position we captured on our own front 1,000 prisoners, 2 battle flags, and 2 guns. Thanks to the friendly cover of the woods which extended to within less than forty yards of the enemy's works, our loss was comparatively light except in officers. In some regiments every squadron commander was killed or wounded.

p. 1127

No 202

Report of Brig Gen Alfred Gibbs U S Army commanding Reserve Brigade

Headquarters Cavalry Reserve Brigade Camp near Nottoway Station April 15 1865


In compliance with instructions from headquarters First Cavalry Division Cavalry Corps, I have the honor to make the following report of the operations of this brigade from the time of leaving Petersburg March 29 to the 9th of April inclusive. The brigade consisting of the First Fifth and Sixth United States and Second Massachusetts Cavalry in all 437 enlisted men with 20 officers left camp in front of Petersburg March 29 at 8 am Marched via Reams Station and camped near Dinwiddie Court House On the 30th moved early brigade being in advance skirmishing all day with enemy in vicinity of Dinwiddie Court House The Fifth and Sixth US Cavalry under Maj R Murray Morris Sixth US Cavalry commanding were sent up the road toward the Five Corners to feel and find the enemy The Second Massachusetts Col C Crowniushield were sent up plank road to the right while Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry Colonel Leiper were sent up toward White Oak road and midway between the two before mentioned with orders to communicate with columns on their respective flanks All the columns soon felt the enemy driving their vedettes in upon their supports aud these in turn upon their reserves Major Morris gallantly drove iu the large force opposed to him aud held his position within a short distance of Five Forks until overpowered by numbers he fell back losing 3 officers and 20 men The Second Massachusetts aud Sixth Pennsylvania also met the enemy whom they were unable to drive but firmly held their position They were relieved by First Brigade and First US Cavalry and two regiments of the Second Brigade under Colonel Fitzhugh aud again occupied position near Five Forks At sunset the whole force was withdrawn and camped near the junction of roads before mentioned.

On the morning of the 31st moved toward Dinwiddie Court House and about 1 pm took position in the woods at another fork of plank road the lett connecting with Brigadier General Gregg and right being directed to connect with the other brigades of the division this however was never effected Dense masses of enemy's infantry pressed down the road and entirely cut off these two brigades from us although few in numbers the brigade desperately held its ground for over two hours disputing every inch of ground until finally doggedly yielding when the whole line was driven back by Pickett's division of infantry losing 5 officers killed and captured and 15 men Captain Miller's battery Fourth Artillery did good service on hill in front of the town Lieutenant Thompson aide de camp on my staff was severely wounded and Major Morris Sixth US Cavalry also with me had his horse killed by my side Brigade camped that night near Crump's house.

April 1 moved forward through Dinwiddie Court House and participated in attack on enemy's works near Five Forks About 2 pm the whole line moved gallantly forward upou the enemy's breast works the whole brigade being on foot except First VS Cavalry which under Capt RSC Lord gallantly charged the flying masses of the enemy with reckless fury far beyond the advance of rest of brigade. At 5 pm the whole line was ours with large number of prisoners, arms, and other material. In this most desperate conflict I have again to record the loss of 2 officers killed and wounded and 14 men. On the 2d of April the Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry detailed for temporary duty at the headquarters cavalry brigade moved toward South Side Railroad of which it destroyed half a mile of track and moved west overtaking enemy's infantry near Exeter Mills Skirmished with enemy until dark bivouacked on the skirmish line On the 3d moved iu rear of Third Division to near Deep Creek but did not meet enemy that day April 4 overtook enemy's infantry and relieved the other brigades on picket moved out again at 10 pm and marched all night via Dennis ville and reached Jeffersonville Jetersvillef on the Danville railroad at 2 p in formed on left of division and remained inline of battle until dark when brigade was moved over to right and camped in rear of infantry.

On the 6th moved out and attacked enemy's train at Sailor's Creek after a stubborn fight slowly advancing the brigade was withdrawn and moved to left and about 10 pm drove in the pickets of rear of Mahone's division of infantry While watching enemy were attacked and sharply shelled losing four men and bivouacked in the woods half a mile in rear On 7th moved through Prince Edward Court House the advance being at Prospect Station on Virginia South Side Railroad No engagement during the day On the 8th marched through Prospect Station and Walker's Church to near Appomattox Station met Third Cavalry Division engaged with enemy and went on its right skirmished till 10 pm and picketed with whole brigade on the right front and across Appomattox Court House road.

On the memorable 9th of April attacked enemy dismounted on the Appomattox Court House road The Fifth US Cavalry were sent in mounted and down a road on the left in their front but were met by a brigade of enemy's infantry and retired with a loss of four men The brigade was then mounted and ordered to charge on the right of General Custer's command which was done in rapid style but on arriving on the extreme right 1 was informed that a nag of truce of surrender had passed within our lines and hostilities were ordered to be suspended The brigade camped for the night at a wood near Martin's house one mile in rear of Appomattox Court House.

I have the honor herewith to inclose a nominal list of the officers killed wounded and captured and a numerical list of enlisted men killed wounded and missing.

To the officers of my staff the commanders of battery and regiments and to the officers and men of the command generally my most hearty thanks are due for the unwavering gallantry fortitude courage and pertinacity with which they sustained the fatigues and hardships of this memorable campaign the exercise of which only could have enabled them to take the distinguished part that they have done It will always be a source of pride to them to feel that they too were in Sheridan's army in the campaign of 1865.

I am, major, your obedient servant,

ALFRED GIBBS Brigadier General Commanding

Maj AE Dana Assistant Adjutant General First Cavalry Division


Annals of the Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry
By Samuel Levis Gracey

[May 3rd 1863]

While this was in progress, another force, under Captain R. S. C. Lord, commanding the 1st United States 1863. Cavalry, was sent to Tolersville, to destroy the Virginia May Central Railroad at that point. Tolersville is situated about six miles from Louisa Court-house. They tore up the track for miles, burned the ties, destroyed switches, bridges, culverts, &c., rendering the road impassable for weeks. A portion of the command, under Captain Eugene Baker, then went fix miles further to Frederick Hall, and cut the railroad at that point. They also destroyed the telegraph instruments, wires, and a great amount of government property. At sunset, Captain John Feelner, of the same regiment, with thirty men, proceeded on the road towards Fredericksburg, some six miles, where a bridge, over two hundred feet long, crosses the North Anna River. The bridge was guarded by rebel infantry. The captain charged across it, driving the enemy from it, and succeeded in burning it, without the loss of a man, and captured five prisoners.

The length of time the regiment was absent caused much uneasiness at headquarters; and General Stoneman, fearing they were in trouble, sent out a squadron of the 6th Regulars, under Captain Claflin, to communicate with them, which he did, and returned with the command.

Captain Lord was highly complimented, by both Generals Stoneman and Buford, on the success of the expedition, as it was considered by them one of the most hazardous and important of the whole expedition.


One Hundred and Three Fights and Scrimmages: The Story of General Reuben F. Bernard.
By Don Russell

"And Captain R. S. C. Lord of the First Cavalry had been brevetted Major for gallant and meritorious service ...." (there is much more to this story - but no OCR available)


Lord's reports on the Louisa Court House expeditions:

Stoneman’s Raid: 1st US Cavalry Official Report

Report of Captain Richard S.C. Lord, First U.S. Cavalry.
Camp near Morrisville, Va., May 15, 1863.

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the duties performed by my regiment in the recent expedition of General Stoneman;

The regiment left camp Allen, Va., April 13, with 20 officers and 547 men.

On the 14th, the regiment was under artillery fire at Kelly’s Ford, and behaved with the greatest coolness.

On the 20th, 37 men and horses were sent back, by the orders of the corps commander, on account of being unable to perform the marches required of them. Lieutenant Benton was allowed by me to return with this party, in consequence of the statement that he was unable to accompany the expedition. The attending surgeon considered him equal to the duties required of him, and refused to give him a certificate of inability.

On the 28th, the regiment had the advance in crossing Kelly’s Ford, and during that night was fired into by the picket of the enemy.

On May 2, the regiment was detached, with orders to destroy the road and public buildings of the Virginia Central Railroad between Louisa Court-House and Frederickshall, and , if possible, the bridge over the North Anna River, 6 miles north of Frederickshall. In obedience to this order, I marched with 251 men and 14 officers, the remainder of my horses being so much broken down as to be unable to accompany the expedition. I destroyed at Tolersville the railroad track, culverts, all the switches, three water-houses and water-tanks, cars, telegraph, depot, and store-houses, containing a large amount of public property, flour, potatoes, Confederate uniforms, &c. At Frederickshall I destroyed the railroad track, water-tanks, culverts, telegraph line and instruments, rendering the line of the railroad impassable for a distance of 15 miles. I also burned the bridge on the North Anna River; this in the face of the enemy’s pickets, thereby preventing the possibility of a pursuit by the enemy’s cavalry, the said to be at Spotsylvania.

During this expedition the regiment captured 5 prisoners, and although the regiment was frequently fired at by the enemy’s pickets, it rejoined General Stoneman’s command, with the loss of 1 horse killed by the enemy, after an absence of twenty-four hours.

On the 5th, in the expedition under General Buford on Gordonsville, the regiment furnished 246 men and 16 officers. The regiment shared the hardships of the remainder of the expedition, and although exposed to the most extreme fatigue, hunger, and cold, performed its duties in the most satisfactory and cheerful manner. I can but speak in terms of the highest praise of the coolness and gallantry of all the men of my command, both officers and men.

Changes in the regiment since the commencement of the expedition: Discharged, 23; missing, 18; captured and paroled, 3.

Respectfully submitted to Brig. Gen. J. Buford, commanding Regular Reserve Cavalry Brigade.

R.S.C. Lord
Captain First U.S. Cavalry, Commanding Regiment.

Capt. T.C. Bacon,
Asst. Adjt. Gen., Reserve Cavalry Brigade.

Source: Official Records, Vol. 25, pt 1, pg 1091

- - - - - - - - -

Birth of the Reserve Brigade, Part 2

Posted by dccaughey

Tags1st US Cavalry, 4th U.S. Cavalry, Reserve Brigade, Richard S.C. Lord

As mentioned earlier, the five regiment organization of the brigade was not nearly as powerful as it looked on paper. At authorized strength in early 1863, a regiment consisted of 42 officers and roughly 1,000 troopers, giving the brigade a theoretical strength as described in the order of 5,000. This unfortunately was never the case. Its primary strength lay in its disciplined and experienced officers and men.

Almost immediately it became four regiments. The sole squadron of the 4th U.S. Cavalry serving with the Army of the Potomac was already on its way west to join the rest of the regiment when the order was issued. I have not seen any indications of plans in 1863 to bring the regiment east, so it appears that assigning them to the Reserve Brigade was simply an oversight.

The 1st U.S. Cavalry, the oldest of the regiments, was commanded by Captain Richard S.C. Lord in February 1863. Lord, only a second lieutenant when the war started, had been with the regimental main body only a few short months. He was already a veteran commander, however, leading a squadron of the 1st Cavalry during the New Mexico campaign the previous year. Only nine officers were present with the regiment in February, four captains and five lieutenants. All were veterans of the previous year’s campaigns, and two were former first sergeants in the regiment. Lord’s former squadron, Companies D and G, was still in New Mexico. With Company L still recruiting and training at Carlisle Barracks, only nine of the regiment’s twelve companies were present with the Army of the Potomac. The February muster rolls showed only 593 men present for duty.

April 9, 1864
Age 31
OH, United States
May 1865
Age 32
OH, United States

Edith Sheridan Lord

Born 8 Apr 1865 in Carthage OH

Daughter of Richard Sprigg Canby Lord and Mary Angelina (Wright) Goodwin

Sister of Richard Stanton Lord

Died 8 Sep 1865 in Cincinnati OH

SOURCE: Cleveland genealogy


4468. ii. Edith Lord,' born Ingleside, Ohio, May. 1865; died Ingleside, Ohio, September, 1865.

SOURCE: Doggett genealogy


October 15, 1866
Age 34
Bellefontaine, OH, United States

the following
obituary notice at the time of his death is here inserted, as a just tribute
to a brave and Christian soldier of the nation:

" [Communicated]

"Eds. Com. — Major Richard S. Lord, who died in Bellefontaine, Ohio, on the
15th inst., deserves more than a passing notice. He was one of those working-
soldiers, who, having no 'friend at court,' had to depend upon his own resources, and stand upon his own merits in his conflict with the world, and he did it well.

"Graduating at West Point creditably, he soon entered the cavalry arm of the
service, for which he had a decided preference. Stationed for several years in
New Mexico and Arizona, he was still in the far West when the civil war broke
out. His record as a soldier is most honorable; he participated in the following,
amongst other conflicts, and in all those enumerated he was in command of his regiment — the 1st United States Cavalry: Val Verde, New Mexico, February 21, 1862; Apache Ranche, March 8, 1862; Stoneman's raid against Richmond, April and May, 1863; Beverly Ford, Virginia, June 1), 1863; Aldie, June 18, 1863;
Middleburgh, June 19, 1863; Uppervllle, June 21, 1863; Gettysburg, July 1 to 3,
1863; Williamsport, Virginia, July 6, 1863; Boonsborough, July 7 and 8, 1863;
Funktown, July 9, 1803; Dinwiddle Court House, March 30 and 31, 1865; Five
Forks, April 1,1805; Sutherland Station, April 2, 1865; Bevil's Bridge, April 3, 1865; Deaconsville, the same day.

" In all of these engagements Major Lord shone as a brave and skillful officer.
He was painfully wounded at the battle of Funktown, and his conduct at the
battle of Five Forks was the theme of the public commendation in all the news-
papers of the land, at the period when it was fought, and called out the special
and personal approval of Major General Sheridan, and was the occasion of his
receiving brevet promotion.

" After the surrender of General Lee, the First Cavalry was detailed as the
escort of General Sheridan, Major Lord commanding. Upon this duty he continued until ordered to California with his regiment, last winter.

"Major Lord was high minded and most honorable in all his instincts.
Knowing that 'thrift follows fawning,' he refused to humiliate himself to attain
position. He was always of the opinion that the high honor which only can
give self-respect, is the brightest gem that adorns the escutcheon of a soldier.
Like all brave men he was tender-hearted and abhorred cruelty; and he never
forgot while in the line of his duty as a soldier, what was due to humanity.

" His last illness was lingering and painful in the extreme; but he bore the
bodily and mental anguish of consumption with calm courage and patient resignation. He was yet young, and had many ties that it was hard to sever. But
throughout all, his voice was the most cheerful of any in his room: and long
after he knew the moorings of life were irrecoverably lost, and he was drifting
out from sight and from sound, thus feeling and thus speaking, he entered, unappalled, the impenetrable mist.

" He died a Christian. Leaving behind him his companions in arms, with
many a longing, lingering look, he enlisted in a better and higher service, and
became, as he himself expressed it, a soldier of the Cross.

"Surely such a man deserves well of his country, and the tear of gratitude
and affection, and the poor compliment of a public notice of his deeds and
memory, but illy repay a life of toil and devotion to the interests of his country. "

Age 33
OH, United States
Col Richard S. C. Lord

Birth: Oct., 1832
Logan County
Ohio, USA
Death: Oct. 15, 1866

Union Civil War Officer. Born in Bellefontaine, Ohio, he graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1856 and became a 2nd Lieutenant. He was first assigned to the 7th U.S. Infantry for a brief period before he was transferred to the 3rd U.S. Artillery. In 1857, he was assigned to the 1st U.S. Dragoons, Federal Cavalry, Company D. Lord was sent with the regiment to the Western Frontier to fight against Apache in New Mexico and Arizona. He continued his service with the 1st U.S. Cavalry when the Civil War began. During the Chancellorsville Campaign, he became a Captain and commanded the regiment in a reserve brigade as part of the Army of the Potomac. He then commanded the regiment under Brigadier General John Buford at the Battle of Gettysburg. He eventually attained the rank of Major and was later promoted to Brevet Colonel, Regular Army when the war was over. He died from consumption in 1866 when he was 34 years old.

Spring Grove Cemetery
Hamilton County
Ohio, USA
Plot: Section 22, Lot 69


Col Richard S. C. Lord

Birth: unknown
Death: Oct. 15, 1866

Lord, Richard S. C., c.1832 born in Ohio; July 1, 1856 graduated from West Point (40/49) and appointed brevet 2ndlt., 7th U. S. Infantry Rgt. Oct. 31, 1856 2ndlt., 3rd U. S. Artillery Rgt. June 22, 1857 transferred to 1st U. S. Cavalry (dragoons) Rgt. 1857-1861 frontier duty; April 23, 1861 1stlt. Oct. 26, 1861 capt. February 1862 battle of Valverde, N. M. July 7, 1863 brevet maj., U. S. Army for Gettysburg, Pa. July 9, 1863 wounded at Boonsboro, Md. 1863-1865 assistant in Cavalry Bureau; April 2, 1865 brevet ltcol., U. S. Army for Five Forks, Va. Oct. 15, 1866 died in Ohio

Note: aged 33y 11m 20d

Bellefontaine City Cemetery
Logan County
Ohio, USA

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Logan County, Ohio Cemeteries
Lake Township - Bellefontaine Cemetery

Lord, Abiel Hovey, Dr., d 15 May 1890, ae 88y 19d (husband of Lettitia Lord; father of Col. Richard S.C. Lord and Caroline Lord)

Lord, Caroline, d 24 Dec 1843, ae 9y 9d (daughter of Dr. Abiel Hovey & Lettitia Lord)

Lord, Lettitia, d 22 Aug 1875, . . . (wife of Dr. Abiel Hovey Lord; mother of
Col. Richard S.C. Lord and Caroline Lord)

Lord, Richard S. C., Col., d 15 Oct 1866, ae 33y 11m 20d (son of Dr. Abiel Hovey & Lettitia Lord; 1st U.S. Cav.)