Col. Sir Richard Ingoldsby, Kt., MP and Regicide

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Richard Ingoldsby, Kt., MP

Birthplace: Buckinghamshire, England
Death: September 09, 1685 (68)
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Richard Ingoldsby, Kt. and Elizabeth Ingoldsby (Cromwell)
Husband of Elizabeth Ingoldsby
Father of Jane Ingoldsby and Richard Ingoldsby
Brother of Francis Ingoldsby; Elizabeth Ingoldsby; Oliver Ingoldsby; Anne Challoner; John Ingoldsby and 6 others

Managed by: Lori Lynn Wilke
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About Col. Sir Richard Ingoldsby, Kt., MP and Regicide

Colonel Sir Richard Ingoldsby (1617-1685) was an officer in the New Model Army and, as a Commissioner (Judge) at the trial of King Charles I, signed the king's death warrant.

Richard Ingoldsby was the second son of Sir Richard Ingoldsby K.B. of Lenborough in Buckinghamshire and Elizabeth (nee Cromwell). Her father was Sir Oliver Cromwell of Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdon, the godfather of Oliver Cromwell the Lord Protector. This meant that Ingoldsby was a cousin of the Lord Protector. He was educated at Lord Williams's School in Thame.

During the English Civil war, he joined John Hampden's regiment as a Captain and followed Oliver Cromwell into the New Model Army where he served as Colonel. He was detached by Fairfax in May 1645 to relieve Taunton. He took part in the western campaign and was involved in the capture of Bristol and Bridgewater. His regiment garrisoned Oxford when it surrendered in 1646. In the quarrel between the parliament and the army in 1647 Ingoldsby's regiment took the army's part with the army. The regiment was ordered to be disbanded on 14 June, and money was sent to pay it off. The money was recalled by subsequent vote, but it had already reached Oxford, and the soldiers forcibly took it and routed the escorting troops

Ingoldsby's regiment also petitioned against the treaty at Newport and in favor of punishing the King. Ingoldsby himself was appointed one of the King's judges, which ended in his signing the death-warrant, although there is no evidence that he was present at any of previous court sessions. In 1649 his regiment was one of the regiments which supported the Bishopsgate mutiny and for a time he was held prisoner by his own men.

Some Levellers, notably Col. William Eyres, were imprisoned in Oxford after the Banbury mutiny, and contrived to inspire a second mutiny in the garrison, although it was quickly suppressed by Ingoldsby and others, and two of the ring-leaders were shot in Broken Hayes. In May 1651 Ingoldsby's regiment left Oxford and joined the army which fought at the Battle of Worcester the last battle of the English Civil War.

Ingoldsby sat in the second house of Parliament commonly known as Cromwell's Other House from 1657–1659. When Oliver Cromwell died, he supported Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector. But after the Rump Parliament removed Richard he threw in his lot with General George Monck and the move towards the restoration of the English monarchy.

After the restoration he was pardoned for his regicide for two reasons. He had captured John Lambert on Sunday 22 April 1660, when Lambert had escaped from the Tower where General George Monck had imprisoned him, and had tried to raise the supporters of the Good Old Cause in a last-ditch attempt to stop the English Restoration in 1660.

Ingoldsby also pleaded that he had been forced to sign the death warrant by his cousin Oliver Cromwell, in that "he refused but Cromwell and the others held him by violence; and Cromwell, with a loud laugh, taking his hand in his, and putting the pen between his fingers, with his own hand wrote Richard Ingoldsby".[2][3] He was Member of Parliament for the constituency of Aylesbury from 1660 until 1681.

On 4 Oct. 1647 Ingoldsby was elected M.P. for Wendover, and represented Buckinghamshire in the parliaments of 1654 and 1656. He was chosen one of the council of state in November 1652, and was summoned to Cromwell's House of Lords in December 1657. In 1659, when the officers of the army began to agitate against Richard Cromwell, Ingoldsby vigorously supported the new Protector, who was his own kinsman.

On the fall of Richard Cromwell, Ingoldsby lost his command and, seeing the Restoration at hand, entered into negotiation with the agents of Charles II. As he was a regicide, the king refused to promise him indemnity, and left him to earn a pardon by signal services.

Accordingly, in the struggle between Parliament and the army he energetically backed Parliament, and on 28 December 1659 he received its thanks for seizing Windsor Castle. Monck appointed him to command Colonel Rich's regiment (February 1660), and sent him to suppress Lambert's intended rising (18 April 1660). On 22 April he met Lambert's forces near Daventry, arrested him as he endeavoured to fly, and brought him in triumph to London. Ingoldsby was thanked by the House of Commons on 26 April 1660, and was not only spared the punishment which befell the rest of the regicides, but was created a knight of the Bath at the coronation of Charles II on 20 April 1661.

In the four parliaments of Charles II, Ingoldsby represented Aylesbury.

Ingoldsby died in 1685 and was buried in Hartwell Church, Buckinghamshire, on 16 September 1685. He had married Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir George Croke of Waterstock, Oxfordshire, and widow of Thomas Lee of Hartwell.


  • page 96 of Aedes Hartwellianae: Or, Notices of the Manor and Mansion of Hartwell, Volume 1 By William Henry Smyth
  • page 165 of The Baronetage of England: Or The History of the English Baronets ..., Volume 2 By William Betham
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