Col. (USA),John Cradlebaugh, US Congress

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Col.(USA), John Cradlebaugh

Birthplace: Ohio
Death: 1872 (52-53)
Immediate Family:

Son of Andrew Cradlebaugh and Margaret Cradlebaugh
Husband of Angeline Cradlebaugh
Father of John Cradlebaugh; Alice Mary Cradlebaugh and Andrew Cradlebaugh
Brother of Andrew Jackson Cradlebaugh; Samuel Cradlebaugh; Joseph Cradlebaugh; William Cradlebaugh and Leoline Cradlebaugh

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About Col. (USA),John Cradlebaugh, US Congress

John Cradlebaugh (February 22, 1819 – February 22, 1872) was the first delegate to the United States House of Representatives from Nevada Territory.


Born in Circleville, Ohio, he attended the common schools; Kenyon College (in Gambier, Ohio) and Miami University (in Ohio). He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1840, and was appointed United States associate justice for the district of Utah on June 4, 1858.

In March 1859, Cradlebaugh convened a grand jury in Provo, Utah concerning the Mountain Meadows massacre and several other unsolved murders and crimes that occurred in the territory, but the jury declined any indictments. In doing this Cradlebaugh called out the federal troops and terrorized the local residents. His high handed actions on this occasion were condemned by both Utah Governor Alfred Cumming and United States Attorney General Jeremiah S. Black.

Cradlebaugh moved to Carson City, Nevada, and upon the formation of the Territory of Nevada was elected a Delegate to the Thirty-seventh Congress, serving from December 2, 1861, to March 3, 1863, during the first years of the American Civil War.

He was the colonel of the 114th Ohio Infantry and served from April 27, 1862, until honorably discharged on October 20, 1863, on tender of resignation after being wounded in the Battle of Vicksburg.

Cadelebaugh returned to Nevada and engaged in the mining business until his death at Eureka; interment was in Forest Cemetery, Circleville, Ohio.

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