Col. Archibald "Old Iron" Cary of Ampthill

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Col. Archibald "Old Iron" Cary of Ampthill's Geni Profile

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Archibald Cary

Birthplace: Williamsburg, James City Co, VA
Death: Died in Chesterfield Co, VA
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Cary, Il and Ann Cary
Husband of Mary Cary
Father of Anne Randolph; Jane Rogers Randolph; Sarah Bolling; Henry Cary; Elizabeth Kincaid and 2 others
Brother of Anne Cary and Judith Bell
Half brother of Doyley Cary; Henry Cary, III and Mary Cary

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Col. Archibald "Old Iron" Cary of Ampthill

A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA with the rank of COLONEL. DAR Ancestor # A020159

From Wikipedia:

Cary was a member of the House of Burgesses from 1756 to 1776.[2] In 1764, he served on the committee of Burgesses that wrote resolutions against the proposed Stamp Act, but the following year he voted against Patrick Henry's Virginia Resolves as being premature and too inflammatory.

From rootsweb:

(1) "The Randolphs of Virginia," by Jonathan Daniels (Doubleday & Co., Garden City, NY, 1972) p.xv. (2) "The Randolphs - The Story of a Virginia Family," by H.J. Eckenrode (Bobbs-Merrill Co., New York, 1946) p.41. (3) "Tyler's Quarterly Magazine," issue unknown, p.206. (4) "Colonial Families of the Southern States ," by Stella Pickett Hardy (1911) p.129. (5) "Genealogical Abstracts from 18th-Century Virginia Newspapers," by Robert K. Headley, Jr. (Genealogical Pub. Co., Baltimore, 1987) p.59,279. Cites: (a) "The Virginia Gazette and Weekly Advertiser," 1 Mar 1787. (b) "The Virginia Gazette and General Advertiser," 31 May 1797. (6) "Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia," by Bishop William Meade, Vol. II (Genealogical Pub. Co., Baltimore, 1978. Reprint 1857) p.34. (7) "The Virginia Carys," by Fairfax Harrison, p.90,91-93. Cites: (a) The Ampthill Family Bible. (b) Will of Archibald Cary, 1787. (c) Goochland Co., VA Deed Bk, iv, 95. (d) Hening, vii, 440. (e) Brock, VA Hist. Soc. "Collections," vii, 51. (f) "William and Mary Quarterly," v, 102; xxvi, 167. (g) "Virginia Mag.," xi, 416. (h) Calendar of VA State Papers, i, 471. (i) Benedict Arnold's report of 12 May 1781 to Sir Henry Clinton, in Tarleton, "Campaigns in North America (1787), 337. (j) Wirt, "Life of Patrick Henry (1836) 223. (k) Rowland, "George Mason," i, 334. (l) Greene, "Nathaniel Greene" (1871) iii, 506. (m) Ford, "Writings of Washington," ii, 428. (n) Anburny?, "Travels Through... America" (1791) ii, 312. (o) Anderson, "Making the American Thoroughbred" (1916). (p) Grigsby, "Virginia Convention of 1776," 90. (q) "Appletons' Cyclopaedia of American Biography," i, 548. (8) "Albemarle Co., VA Wills and Deeds No. 1 1748-1752" (Antient Press) Vol. 1, p.70. (9) "Some Prominent Virginia Families," by Louise P. duBellet (1907; reprint, Genealogical Pub. Co., 1976) Vol. 2, p.63. FHL #975.5D2p. (10) "Harrison Heritage," by Ruth Harrison Jones (Dec 1986), "Notes on Benjamin and Priscilla Harrison of Cumberland County, Virginia," by Malcolm N. Gardner, p.747-751. Transcribed on (27 Feb 1998). Cites: (a) Goochland Co., VA Deed Bk 4, p.95. (b) Cumberland Co., VA Deed Bk 6, p.93. (c) Bedford Co., VA Deed Bk 4, p.347,349. (11) "Cary-Estes Genealogy: The Cary Family History," by Mary Folk Webb (1939) p.50-62. Cites: (a) Chesterfield Co., VA Will Bk 1, p.36. (b) Chesterfield Co., VA Will Bk 4, p.420. (c) "The Virginia Carys," p.91-95. (d) "Archibald Cary of Ampthill, Wheelhorse of the Revolution," by Robert K. Brock (Richmond, VA: 1937) 8 Vol. (12) Chesterfield Co., VA Will Book 1, p.33. FHL film 30871.

! Birth: (1,7,11) 1721. (4,9) 1720. (4) s/o Henry CARY/Elizabeth. (7,11) s/o Henry CARY/Ann EDWARDS. (7,11) Williamsburg, VA. Probably named for his father's friend and physician, Dr. Archibald BLAIR. (9) s/o Henry CARY. Marriage to Mary RANDOLPH: (1,2,4) (7,11) 1744. Death: (1,4) 1787. (5a) On Tues. last (notice dtd 1 Mar 1787; d. 27 Feb 1787), at his seat in Chesterfield. Burial: (7,11) Tradition has it that he was buried in the cellar of Ampthill House, where his ghost was seen. No stone marks his grave.

(7,11) Educated at William and Mary College. (8a) 1742, 21 Sep: Henry CARY of Dale Parish, Henrico Co., for the natural love and affection I bear unto son Archibald CARY, deeds 4,132 acres in Goochland Co. on both sides of Willis' Creek, and 10 slaves. Wits. David BELL, David DALYELL, Clement READ. (7c,d,11) 1742: When he came of age, his father vested him with the property known as "Buckingham," 4132 acres of land on Willis Creek, then in Goochland Co., VA. (7) 1743-1749: Burgess for Goochland Co., VA. (7,11) 1747: Justice of the Peace, Goochland Co., VA. (4,11) 1748-1749: Burgess for Goochland. (11a) 1748, 27 May: Henry CARY of Parish of Dale, County of Henrico, wrote his will. Gives to my son Archibald CARY all the residue of my estate both real and personal, he paying all legacies and just debts. Names Archibald his executor. (7,11) 1749: On the organization of Cumberland Co., VA, to include his lands, he was in the first Commission of the Peace and a vestryman of St. James Southam Parish. (4) Supporter of the established church. (6) Vestryman of Southam Parish, which in 1745 was cut off from St. James Northam, Goochland Co.. That on the south side of the James River was called Southam, which was in Cumberland and later in Powhatan Co. (7g,11) An uncompromising member of the Established Church. (7,11) 1750: On his father's death, he became "of Ampthill" and removed to Chesterfield Co., VA. (2,4) Of "Ampthill," Chesterfield Co., VA. [NOTE: His wife was from "Wilton," just across the James River from "Ampthill."] (6) 1750: Removed from the vestry of Southam Parish. (8) 1750, 20 Apr: George KLEINHOFF of Chesterfield Co., VA deeds to Archibald CARY of the same place, for L25, 400 acres in Albemarle Co., VA, formerly Goochland, on the North branches of Willis's River near Willis's Mountain, being all that parcel of land granted to George KLEINHOFF by patent 10 Jul 1745, with all woods, marshes, mines and quarries and all profits belonging thereto. Wits. John HUNTER, John FLEMING Jr., David BELL, James MEREDITH. Proved by HUNTER, BELL & MEREDITH 8 May 1750, Albemarle Co., VA. (12) 1750, 31 May: Elizabeth CARY of Dale Parish, Chesterfield Co., VA, made her will. Gave to Ann CARY daughter of Archibald CARY 100 pounds current money. Appointed Mr. Archibald CARY executor. (4,7) 1750: Justice of the Peace for Chesterfield Co., VA. (7,11) As Justice of the Peace, long Presiding Magistrate and County Lieutenant, he advocated the construction of roads and bridges. (7g,11) As a magistrate he persecuted the Baptists. (7,11) He extended his father's manufacturing interests, maintained the flouring mills at "Warwick," established a ropery, developed the deposits of limonite iron ore on his lands in Buckingham, and set up a furnace and foundry at Falling Creek, where in 1622 the first such venture had been made in the colony. (7f,11) He imported pure-bred cattle which found their way into the Valley of Virginia and in time into Kentucky, carrying with them the name "Cary's Stock." (7,11) 1756: Succeeded to the seat in the Assembly for Chesterfield Co. which had been held by Richard EPPES since the creation of the county. He at once took active part in the organization of the colony against the French invasion then expected. Thenceforth until his death he represented Chestefield continuously. (4) 1758-1774: Burgess. (3) 1761, 14 Jan: Benjamin HARRISON of Cumberland Co., VA wrote his will, naming Col. Archibald CARY and Alexander TRENT his executors. States that Col. CARY promised to give him 1000 acres, which he left to his children. Proved 23 Feb 1761. (7,11) 1762: By 1762 he had taken the place in the Assembly of his great-uncle Miles CARY, being Chairman of the Committee of Public Claims, a post he held during the remainder of the colonial period. (7,11) 1764: One of the committee of nine which prepared the memorials to the King, the Lords and the Commons against GRENVILLE's determination to impose stamp taxes. (7,11) 1765: He voted with the conservatives against Patrick HENRY's resolutions. (7,11) 1769-1774: Took an active role in the Revolution by signing the Associations of 1769, 1770 and 1774. (7) 1772: Became a member of the Committee of Correspondence. (4,11) Member of the Colonial Committee of Correspondence and of all the Revolutionary Conventions. (10c) 1772, 24 Aug: Archibald CARY of Chesterfield conveyed to Cary and Benjamin HARRISON, both of Cumberland, for 5 pounds current money, 500 acres each in Bedford Co. on branches of Goose Crook and near Flat Top Mountain. (4) 1774-1776: Member of the Committee of Safety. (7f,11) Chairman of the Chesterfield County Committee of Safety. (7) 1775: Was in all the Revolutionary Conventions of 1775. (7,11) 1776: In the Convention of 1776 he was Chairman of the Committees, so that "it was from his lips that the words of the resolution of independence, of the declaration of rights, and of the first constitution of Virginia first fell upon the public ear." (4,5a) 1776-1787: Speaker of the State Senate. (7,11) On the organization of the state government he became Speaker of the Senate and died holding that office. (7,11) 1776: He had indeed developed a peremptory disposition, as witness his celebrated message to Patrick HENRY and the subsequent description of him as the "Old Bruiser." (7h,11) 1781, Jan: He called the Governor's attention to the fact that there was due him by the government 40,000 lbs. on one account and 18,000 lbs. on another for his subscriptions during the Revolution, while he was faced with the obligation to provide 16,000 lbs. "for my proportions toward raising the 3000 men." While these figures were in VA depreciated currency, not sterling, they represented large values, and put him in "straitened circumstances" at the end of his life. (11) He subscribed liberally to the Revolution in money as well as in influence. (10b) 1781, 20 Feb: Archibald CARY of Chesterfield, for 200 pounds current money, conveyed to Cary HARRISON of Buckingham 200 acres in Cumberland adjoining Cary HARRISON, thence on Benjamin HARRISON's deceased line, then on Alexander TRENT. Wits. by Dolphin DREW, David BELL, Henry BELL, Anthony Parr (X) LIPFORD. (7i,11) 1781, 30 Apr: His mills at Warwick and Falling Creek were destroyed by Benedict ARNOLD. (7,11) 1785: With his kinsmen Col. Wilson Miles CARY and Judge Richard CARY, he was a delegate to the convention which organized the incorporated Episcopal Church in Virginia. (7,11) By tradition he was called "Old Iron," but whether it was a reference to his furnace or his character is not known. George WASHINGTON, though 11 years his junior, called him Archy. (7,11) Had a reputation for courtesy and genial hospitality. (11b) 1787, 12 Feb: Archibald CARY of "Amptill", Chesterfield Co., VA wrote his will. (11b) 1787, 19 Feb: Wrote a codicil to his will. (11b) 1787, 21 Feb: Wrote a codicil to his will. (11b) 1787, 17 Apr: An inventory and appraisement of his estate was filed, Chesterfield Co., VA. (7,11) According to the land and tax books he died seized of 2180 acres in Chesterfield Co., with 36 slaves; 4992 acres in Cumberland Co., with 189 slaves; and 7000 acres in Buckingham Co., with 41 slaves. (7,11) After he died, a street was named after him in Richmond, VA. (5b) 1796, 7 Jun: High Court of Chancery, case of Thomas M. RANDOLPH and William RANDOLPH, acting executors of Thomas Mann RANDOLPH, vs. Elizabeth RANDOLPH, John MURCHIE, William MEWBURN, Thomas THOMPSON, Carter PAGE executor of Archibald CARY, James WARDOP, Thomas MASON, Richard POTTS and Ann EVANS administrators with the will annexed of Thomas ELDER, John BLAIR surviving partner of Prentis & Co., Benjamin HARRIS, and Samuel FLOURNOY executors of James HARRIS and Daniel ASTIN, defendants. (7) 1805: "Sir Archy," the race horse and sire known as "The Godolphin Arabian of America," was named for him. [NOTE: See notes under John TAYLOE.] (7,11) His correspondence and papers were destroyed. (11) The elder PEALE painted a portrait of him which survived.

A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA with the rank of COLONEL. DAR Ancestor # A020159

Info added per DAR's "Lineage Book of the Charter Members" by Mary S Lockwood and published 1895 stating he was a "member of the Committee of Correspondence in Virginia and of the Covention of 1776" and of whom Rives said, "Liberty never had a firmer friend or tyranny a more dtermined foe."

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Col. Archibald "Old Iron" Cary of Ampthill's Timeline

February 22, 1721
Williamsburg, James City Co, VA
February 7, 1745
Age 23
Ampthill, Chesterfield, Virginia, USA
February 12, 1751
Age 29
Ampthill, Albemarle, VA
March 2, 1752
Age 31
Chesterfield Co
February 23, 1753
Age 32
Williamsburg, VA, USA
Age 38
Chesterfield Co
December 4, 1766
Age 45
Lee Co, VA
Age 53
February 26, 1787
Age 66
Chesterfield Co, VA