John W. Foster (USA), U.S. Secretary of State

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Col. John Watson Foster

生日 (81)
逝世 1917年11月15日 (81)
直接亲属

Matthew Watson FosterEleanor Foster之子
Mary Parke Foster的丈夫
Edith F. DullesEleanor Lansing之父
Elizabeth Jane Copeland; George Foster; Alexander Hamilton Foster; Eleanor FosterJames Hiram Foster的兄弟
Matthew William Foster; Sarah Elizabeth FosterLillie Clifford的异母(或异父)兄弟

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About John W. Foster (USA), U.S. Secretary of State

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_W._Foster

John Watson Foster (March 2, 1836 – November 15, 1917) was an American military man, journalist and diplomat.

Born in Petersburg, Indiana, and raised in Evansville, Indiana, he was first a lawyer and then served as general for the Union in the American Civil War. Following the war he worked as a journalist, editing the Evansville Daily Journal from 1865 to 1869. Thereafter he was the U.S. Minister to Mexico (1873–1880), to Russia (1880–1881) and to Spain (1883–1885). In the Benjamin Harrison Administration he served as a State Department "trouble shooter" before replacing James G. Blaine who had succumbed to what became a fatal attack of Bright's Disease. He served as U.S. Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison in 1892 and 1893. He also helped the Qing Dynasty in drafting the Treaty of Shimonoseki of 1895 as a legal consultant and commissioner.

His grandchildren included John Foster Dulles, who also became a U.S. Secretary of State, Allen Welsh Dulles, a Director of Central Intelligence, Eleanor Lansing Dulles, economist and diplomat. He is also the great-grandfather of the noted Catholic theologian Cardinal Avery Dulles.

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Civil War Union Army Officer, US Diplomat, Presidential Cabinet Secretary.

Commissioned as Major of the 25th Indiana Volunteer Infantry in 1861. He rose to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, and participated in the capture of Fort Donelson before being promoted Colonel and commander of first the 65th Indiana Volunteer Mounted Infantry, then the 136th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Given command of a brigade, his troops were the first to entire Knoxville, Tennessee during General Ambrose Burnside's operations against the city.

After the War he became a journalist, and served as editor of the Evansville "Daily Journal" from 1865 to 1869. He was then appointed as United States Minister to Mexico, serving from 1873 to 1880 under Presidents Ulysses Grant and Rutherford Hayes. In 1880 President Hayes transferred him to the post of United States Minister to Russia, where he served from 1880 to 1881. In 1883 he was appointed as United States Minister to Spain, serving at that position from 1883 to 1885.

In 1892 he was appointed as United States Secretary of State during President Benjamin Harrison's Administration, serving from 1892 to 1893. He was the Grandfather of Eisenhower Administration Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, who served during the height of the Cold War. (bio by: Russ Dodge)

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John W. Foster (USA), U.S. Secretary of State的年谱

1836
1836年3月2日
1864
1864年4月
28岁
Indiana, United States
1866
1866年5月13日
30岁
Ohio, United States
1917
1917年11月15日
81岁