Conan I 'le Tort’ de Rennes, duc de Bretagne

Is your surname de Rennes?

Research the de Rennes family

Conan I 'le Tort’ de Rennes, duc de Bretagne's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Conan I 'le Tort’ de Rennes (Rennes), duc de Bretagne

French: Conan de Bretagne, Comte de Rennes, Duc de Bretagne
Also Known As: "Conan the Crooked (le Tort) de Bretagne", "Duke of Brittany Comte d'Rennes' 'Duque de Bretagne' 'Conon' 'Duke of Brittany' 'le Tort", "the Crooked' and 'Count De Bretagne'", "le Tort", "Le Tort", "The Crooked", "/Conan of Rennes", "Duke of Brittany/", "Duke de Bretagn..."
Birthdate:
Death: June 27, 992
Conquereuil, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France (killed in battle)
Place of Burial: Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel, Le Mont-Saint-Michel, Normandie, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Judicaël, comte de Rennes and Gerberge de Hunebourg
Husband of Ermengarde d'Anjou and Ermangarde d'Anjou, Duchess of Bretagne
Father of Geoffroy I, duc de Bretagne; Judith of Brittany; Catuallon de Bretagne; Hernod de Bretagne; Judicaël, comte de Porhoët and 1 other
Brother of Meen I, seigneur de Fougères and Enoguen de Rennes
Half brother of Martin de Bretagne de Vitre

Occupation: Duke of Brittany, Hertug, Duke of Rennes, DUKE OF BRITTANY, duc de Bretagne (988-992), comte de Rennes (970), comte de Nantes, count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death, COMTE DE RENNES, Count of Rennes; Duke of Brittany, Herttua
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Conan I 'le Tort’ de Rennes, duc de Bretagne

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020196&tree=LEO

Conan 'le Tort' de Rennes, Duc de Bretagne

Parents: Judicaël (Juhael) Comte de Rennes & his wife Gerberge Spouse: Ermengarde d'Anjou Children: 1. Geoffroy 2. Judith 3. Judicaël 4. Catuallon 5. Hurnod 6.-9: four illegitimate children, see below

LINKS http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BRITTANY.htm#ConanIdied992 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conan_I_of_Rennes

MEDIEVAL LANDS

CONAN de Rennes, son of JUDICAËL [Juhael] Comte de Rennes & his wife Gerberge --- (-killed in battle Conquereil 27 Jun 992). The Chronicle of Nantes names "Conano filio Judicael Berengarii Redonensi comite" when recording that he held a large part of Brittany from Thibaut [II] Comte de Blois and fought with Hoël Comte de Nantes[120]. His parentage is confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which records the death of his grandson "Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli Berengarii" in 1008[121]. Comte de Rennes. He succeeded in [970] as CONAN I "le Tort" Duke of Brittany. Rodulfus Glaber records that Conan "crowned himself with a royal diadem", was defeated by his brother-in-law Foulques Comte d'Anjou, and surrendered after his right hand had been cut off[122]. The Chronico Sancti Michaelis records that "Conanus Brito…filius Juhelli Berengarii" was killed in battle "V Kal Jul 992" against Foulques Comte d'Anjou[123]. The Chronicle of Nantes reports that he was killed at the battle of Conquereuil[124], dated "992 V Kal Jul" in the Chronicon britannicum[125]. The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the death "in bello Conçurruç…V Kal Jul" of "Conanus comes, filius Iudicaëlis Berengarii Comitis Redonensis"[126].

m (973) ERMENGARDE d'Anjou, daughter of GEOFFROY I "Grisegonelle" Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Adela de Meaux [Vermandois-Carolingian] (before 965-after 982). Rodulfus Glaber records that Conan married the sister of Foulques of Anjou but does not name her[127]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.

Mistresses (1) - (x): ---. The names of Duke Conan's mistresses are not known.

Duke Conan I & his wife had five children:

1. GEOFFROY de Bretagne ([980]-20 Nov 1008). His parentage is confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which records that "Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli Berengarii" died in 1008 "dum pergeret Romam causa orationis"[128]. He succeeded his father in 992 as GEOFFROY I Duke of Brittany.

- see below.

2. JUDITH de Bretagne (982-16 Jun 1017). Guillaume de Jumièges records the marriage at Mont Saint-Michel of Duke Richard and Judith sister of "Geoffroi comte des Bretons"[129]. According to Orderic Vitalis, Judith founded the abbey of Bernay, Eure in 1025[130], but this date is inconsistent with her date of death and her husband's second marriage. An agreement between the abbots of Jumièges and Bougeuil concerning an exchange of land in Poitou, by charter dated [13 Apr/4 Apr] 1012, is subscribed by "Richardus…filius Ricardi principi magni…Judith…"[131]. The Chronicle of Caen Saint-Etienne records the death in 1017 of "Judita comitissa"[132]. m (Mont Saint-Michel [1000]) as his first wife, RICHARD II "le Bon/l'Irascible" Comte de Normandie, son of RICHARD I "Sans-Peur" Comte [de Normandie] & his second wife Gunnora (-28 Aug 1027).

3. JUDICAËL (-1037). His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1026 which recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", witnessed by "Judicael et Hurwodius duo fratres ipsius"[133]. Comte de Porhoët.

4. CATUALLON (-15 Jan, 1050 or after). Tresvaux records that Catuallon, brother of Geoffroy I Duke of Brittany, was abbot of Redon, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[134].

5. HURNOD [Urvod] de Bretagne (-after 1026). His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1026 which recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", witnessed by "Judicael et Hurwodius duo fratres ipsius"[135].

Duke Conan I had four illegitimate children by Mistresses (1) - (x):

6. ALAIN . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

7. JUDICAËL dit Glanderius . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

8. son . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

9. son . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. --------------------------- WIKIPEDIA (Eng) Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes.

Family and children He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey. ----------------------------- Biography

Conan I was the son of Juhel Bérenger. After being freed from the tutelage of Wicohen, Archbishop of Dol-de-Bretagne, who had imposed his rule to his father, Conan is mentioned for the first time as "Conanus commes Britanniae" August 16 at the 979 yard Count Odo of Chartres.

Conan then takes control of Vannes in alliance with Orscand the Great, bishop of Vannes (970-992). The first and indecisive Battle of Conquereuil disputed Hoel cons of Nantes in 981 does not allow it to impose its sovereignty over the Nantes [1].

After the disappearance of Guérech Count of Nantes, he puts his hand on the county of Nantes in 990 after the death of his young heir Count Alain and was proclaimed "Duke of Brittany. On confirmation of a gift made to the abbey of Mont Saint Michel, July 28 990 in presence of all the bishops of Brittany, Conan takes the title of "Princeps Britannorum.

The new Count of Anjou (Fulk Nerra) caring for his political rise proclaimed himself the advocate of the house of Nantes and it gives him fight. Conan I was killed in the defeat at the Second Battle of Conquereuil June 27 992 [2]

Conan I of Brittany was buried in the abbey of Mont Saint Michel which he was the benefactor.

Unions and progeny

From his union with Ermengarde daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou it leaves at least two children:

    * Geoffrey Duke of Brittany
    * Judith, wife of between 996 and 1008 Duke Richard II of Normandy, died June 28, 1017.

Although no other wife not being known, the three following son never considered children of Ermengarde.

    * Judicaël, Bishop of Vannes in 992 died June 13, 1037.
    * Catualon abbot of the Abbey of Saint-Sauveur de Redon from 1019 to 1040.
    * Urvod mentioned in 1026 in a charter of Alain III of Brittany.


Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conan_I_of_Rennes Conan I of Rennes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes. [edit] Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey. [edit] See also

   * Dukes of Brittany family tree

[edit] Notes Preceded by Alan II Duke of Brittany 958–992 Succeeded by Geoffrey I


Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes. Conflicting information has been given for the family's origin, one version making Conan great-grandson of Erispoe, Duke of Brittany.[1]

This was the first Gallo family to ascend the Breton duchy, the line of which is first known from Judicael's father Berenguer, Count of Rennes, born in Bayeux, in what was left of Brittania Nova, the March of Neustria, before the cession to the Norman Rollo (911). They had been vassals of the Franks in the same capacity as Roland, Marcher Lords of Brittany, but not of Britannic origins.

[edit] Family and children

He married Ermengarde, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey.


Conan I of Rennes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes. Conflicting information has been given for the family's origin, one version making Conan great-grandson of Erispoe, Duke of Brittany.

This was the first Gallo family to ascend the Breton duchy, the line of which is first known from Judicael's father Berenguer, Count of Rennes, born in Bayeux (what was left of the Brittania Nova) before the Norman cession under Rollo. They had been vassals of the Franks in the same capacity as Roland, Marcher Lords of Brittany, but not of Britannic origins.

[edit] Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, his heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in Battle against Fulk the Black at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conan_I_of_Rennes


Also, of Rennes.
Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes. [edit]Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue: Judith (982–1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037) Geoffrey, the eventual heir Catuallon, abbot of Redon Hernod Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey.


Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes.

[edit] Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey.


Alias: The Crooked
Ermengarde of Anjou, Duchess of Brittany (932 – 992) was the daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois.

She married Conan I of Rennes, Count of Rennes and Duke of Brittany and had the following children:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Esmeralda, countess of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey I of Brittany
   * Conrad

Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982–1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Catuallon, abbot of Redon
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey.


From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_190.htm

Conan "le Tort" took Nantes in 990; descends from a Conan known as Cynan Medriadog, Prince of Albaine and Powys, who died in 421 (m.388 Dareara, sister of St. Patrick & dau. of Calphurnius) - the legends also have Cynan leaving to found a colony in Armorica, France in 384. Legend also traces Conan's line from ancient Welsh "kings." As Count of Rennes he subdued the entire province and his son and successor, Geoffrey, was first to assume the title "Duke of Brittany." The dukes were crowned at Rennes.

References: [PlantagenetA],[ES],[Theroff],[AR7],[Weis1],[RFC], [Paget1]


Count of Bretagne and Rennes was born at of Bretagne, Rennes, France.

   Conan Ier de Bretagne, dit le Tort, ( Conquereuil, 27 juin 992), le fils de Juhel Bérenger, fut comte de Rennes (970) et duc de Bretagne (990-992). Il est le père de Geoffroi Ier de Bretagne.
   Après s'être débarrassé de la tutelle de Wicohen l'archevêque de Dol-de-Bretagne qui avait imposé sa suzerainté à son père, Conan pris le contrôle du Vannetais en s'alliant avec Orscand le Grand évêque de Vannes (970-992).La première et indécise bataille de Conquereuil disputée contre Hoël de Nantes en 981 ne lui permet pas d'imposer sa suzeraineté sur le Nantais.
   Après la dispariton du comte Guérech de Nantes, il met la main sur le comté de Nantes en 990 après la mort de son jeune héritier le comte Alain et se fait proclamer duc de Bretagne. Lors de la confirmation d'une donation faite à l'abbaye du Mont Saint Michel, le 28 juillet 990 en présence de l'ensemble des évêques de Bretagne, Conan prend le titre de Prince des Bretons.
   Le nouveau comte d'Anjou (Foulques Nerra, son beau-frère) s'inquiétant de son ascension politique se proclame le défenseur des intérêts de la maison de Nantes et il lui livre combat. Conan Ier est tué dans la défaite, lors de la seconde Bataille de Conquereuil en 992.
   " A la mort de Guerch, fils d'Alain Barbe-Torte, Conan Le Tort crut le moment favorable pour imposer sa suzeraineté à Nantes : il s'empara de la ville, mais Foulques Nerra, Comte d'Anjou, entreprit une campagne énergique, reprit la ville de Nantes et imposa Judicaël aux nantais. Conan accourut au devant de son adversaire : la rencontre eut lieu sur les landes de "Coquereuil". Le sort de la bataille eût penché en faveur de Conan, si celui-ci ne s'était avancé imprudemment à la poursuite de ses ennemis : cerné par un groupe de partisans des angevins, il ne put se dégager et fut tué (27/6/992)" ["histoire de la Bretagne" par Henri Poisson et Jean-Pierre Le Mat - Ed Gop Breizh]
   Conan Ier de Bretagne fut inhumé dans l'église abbatiale du Mont Saint Michel dont il était le bienfaiteur.
   Celui-ci a pour ascendants directs Charlemagne de Herstal, empereur d'Occident, 747-814 (Sosa 64), Charles Martel (Sosa 72),Pepin le Bref (Sosa 128) et Berthe aux grands pieds (Sosa 129), Clovis roi des Francs 466-511 sosa (18528),et en remontant encore 15 générations le 9 ième empereur de Rome Vespasien (9-79)mais cette filiation n'est pas vraiment prouvée 

Conan I of Rennes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He had first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes and later became duke of Brittany following his attack on Nantes and the subsequent death of Alan, duke of Brittany.[1]

[edit] Family and childrenHe married Ermengarde of Anjou,[2] daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

Judith (982–1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037) Geoffrey, the eventual heir Catuallon, abbot of Redon Hernod Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey.[3]


Opprinnelig greve av Rennes, men kalte seg hertug av Bretagne, og er stamfar til de senere hertuger.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conan_I_of_Rennes


Conan I of Rennes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Conan I of Rennes Spouse(s) Ermengarde-Gerberga of Anjou Noble family House of Rennes Father Judicael Berengar Died 27 June 992 Conquereuil

Conan I († June 27, 992) nicknamed Le Tort was the duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He was the son of Judicael Berengar and Gerberga, and succeeded his father as Count of Rennes in 970.[1] He reigned briefly as Duke of Brittany from 990 to 992.

Contents

   1 Life
   2 Family
   3 See Also
   4 See also
   5 Notes
   6 References
   7 Bibliography

Life

He assumed the title of Duke of Brittany in the spring of 990 following his attack on Nantes and the subsequent death of Count Alan.[2] As duke his rule succeeded the Regency that governed Brittany during the life of Drogo and the fractured rule of Brittany after Drogo's death by his brothers Hoël and Guerech [3]. The fractured rule over Brittany resulted in a short vacancy in the title Duke of Brittany; Conan I had to ally himself with the Count of Blois in order to defeat Judicael Berengar before he could assume the title of Duke.[4] Mont Saint-Michel, endowed by Conan I, and his final resting place

In a charter dated 28 July 990, Conan gave the lands of Villamée, Lillele and Passille to Mont Saint-Michel, all of which later became part of the seigneury of Fougères. [5]

Conan married Ermengarde-Gerberga of Anjou,[a][6] in 973 daughter of Geoffrey I, Count of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois.[1]

Conan's alliance with the Count of Blois [3] had helped him defeat Judicael Berengar, he later needed to "rid himself of influence from Blois, [which he accomplished by signing] a pact with Richard I of Normandy; [this pact] established firm Breton-Norman links for the first time." [4] Richard I had married the daughter of Hugh I the Great, and after this marriage had re-asserted his father's claim as Overlord of the Breton duchy. [4] Conan I's pact with him strengthened that assertion but the historical documentation for that Overlordship claim remains doubtful because it largely appears only in the less than authoritative writings of Dudo of Saint-Quentin. [4] [b]

Conan died fighting against Geoffrey I and his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, Count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil on 27 June 992.[7] Conan is buried at Mont Saint-Michel Abbey. [8] Family

By his wife Ermengarde-Gerberga he had the following issue:

   Geoffrey (c.980-1008), the eventual heir.[1]
   Judith (982–1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy.[1]
   Judicael, count of Porhoët (died 1037).[1]
   Hernod.[1]

See Also Portal icon Brittany portal

   Counts of Rennes
   Dukes of Brittany

See also

   Dukes of Brittany family tree

Notes

   ^ Raoul Glaber in his Histories [Bk. II, Ch. 3, para. 4] was openly hostile to Conan and stated that after he married Ermengarde-Gerberga, Fulk Nerra's sister, he was "the most insolent of principes (Latin: leader, first among his people)." See: Bachrach, Fulk Nerra (1993),p. 42 & n. 99; Rodulfus Glaber, The Five Books of the Histories, ed. & trans. John France (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1989), pp. 58-61.
   ^ Price also refers us to de la Borderie 1898, page 246-248 for a discussion of the relationship between Conan I and Richard I.

References

   ^ a b c d e f Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, Marburg, Germany, 1984), Tafel 75
   ^ Bachrach 1993, p. 38.
   ^ a b Delumeau, p. 141.
   ^ a b c d Price, p. 370.
   ^ Keats-Rohan 1994, p. 18-19.
   ^ Bachrach 1993, p. 42.
   ^ Bernard S. Bachrach, Warfare and Military Organization in Pre-Crusade Europe (Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, UK and Burlington, Vermont, 2002), IX, p. 66
   ^ Alexander, p. 8.

Bibliography

   Alexander, Jonathan James Graham (1970). Norman illumination at Mont St Michel, 966-1100. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
   Bachrach, Bernard S. (1993). Fulk Nerra, the neo-Roman consul, 987-1040: A Political Biography of the Angevin Count. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
   Delumeau, Jean (1969). Histoire de la Bretagne. Toulouse, France: Edouard Privat editeur; Jean Delumeau, directeur, with contributing authors P-R Giot, J L'Helgouach, J Briard, J-B Colbert de Beaulieu, L Pape, P Rache, G Devailly, H Touchard, J Meyer, A Mussat, and G Le Guen (chapters do not specify individual authors).
   Keats-Rohan, K.S.B. (1994). 'Two Studies in North French Prosopography', Journal of Medieval History Vol. 20.
   Price, Neil S. (1989). The Vikings in Brittany. Saga-Book XXII 6.

GEOFFROY d'Anjou, son of FOULQUES II "le Bon" Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Gerberge --- ([938/40]-Marçon 21 Jul 987, bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin). The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "primogenitus Gofridus…Guido…episcopus Podii…tertius minor Drogo" as the three sons of "Fulco Pius"[82]. He succeeded his father in 958 as GEOFFROY I "Grisegonelle" Comte d'Anjou. "Teutbaldi comitis, Teutbaldi junioris, Gausfredi comitis, Hugonis comitis Cenomannorum…" subscribed the charter dated Sep 960 under which "Aremburgis" donated property to Saint-Florent de Saumur[83]. "Gaufridus…Andecavorum comes", with the consent of "fratre meo Widone abate", established the right of the comtes d'Anjou to appoint abbots of Saint-Aubin d'Angers, by charter dated 19 Jun 966[84]. He succeeded as Comte de Chalon from his second marriage until his death in 987. The Chronico Sancti Michaelis records the death in 987 of "Gaufredus comes Andegavensis pater Fulconis"[85]. The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Gaufridus Andecavorum comes, pater Fulconis comitis" was killed "XII Kal Aug in obsidione Marsonis super Odonem Rufinum facta"[86]. The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Aug 987" of "Gaufridus Andegavensis comes, pater Fulconis in obsidione Marsonis"[87]. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the burial of Geoffroy "in ecclesia Beati Martini Castri Novi"[88]. The Annales Sancti Albini Andegavensis record the death "XII Kal Aug…in obsidione Narsonis super Odonem Rufinum facta" of "Gaufridus comes, pater Fulchonis"[89].

m firstly ([965] or before) ADELA de Meaux, daughter of ROBERT Comte de Meaux et de Troyes & his wife Adelais [de Bourgogne] ([950]-974 after 6 Mar). Her parentage and marriage are indicated by a manuscript genealogy, dated to the early 12th century, which lists "Herbertus de Tricis, Robertus, Adela, Fulco, Gaufridus Martellus", presumably indicating a line of succession[90]. Her marriage date is estimated based on the estimated birth date of her oldest daughter. "Adela" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated 6 Mar 974 which names "seniore meo Gauzfredo comite" and is subscribed by "Gauzfredi comitis, Fulconis filii eius, Gauzfredi filii eius"[91]. The Chronicæ Sancti Albini names "Adela comitissa…et marito suo Gaufrido" as present at the ordination of "Rainaldus episcopus" in 1074[92]. "Fulco Andecavorum comes" relinquished rights to the bishop of Angers "pro anima patris mei Gauffredi et matris Adelæ" by charter dated 17 Jan 1020[93].

m secondly (Mar 979) as her second husband, ADELAIS, widow of LAMBERT Comte de Chalon, daughter of --- (-after 18 Oct 984). "Lanbertus comes [et]…Adeleydis uxor mea" made a joint donation of "capellam beati Martini in villa Vigoseto" to Cluny by charter dated 978[94]. "Gausfredus comes [et]…Adeleidis uxor mea" jointly donated land in "pago Cabilonensi" by charter dated Mar 979, her first marriage being deduced from "Hugo filius Lanberti comitis" acting jointly with them and signing "Hugonis filii eius" directly after "Adeleidis" in the subscriptions[95]. "Gauzfredi comitis, Adaleidis comitissa" subscribed a charter dated 18 Oct 984[96]. The origin of Adelais has been the subject of much speculation. Settipani has suggested that she was the daughter of Hugues Comte en Bourgogne & his wife Willa von Thurgau[97]. Chaume suggested that she was the daughter or granddaughter of Charles Constantin Comte de Vienne[98]. Bouchard sets out several different theories concerning Adelais's origin, with the aim mainly of explaining Lambert's succession to the county of Chalon by inheritance through his wife. However, none appears to be based on any primary source and the author concludes that she prefers "to leave Adelaide's origins unknown"[99]. An earlier theory was that Adelais was the sister of "Wera" Ctss de Meaux[100], which would mean that she was Adelais, daughter of Giselbert Duke of Burgundy, Comte de Chalon-sur-Saône et de Troyes & his wife Ermengarde [of Burgundy]. Duchesne suggested that Adelais Ctss de Chalon was the daughter of Robert Comte de Meaux et de Troyes[101], although this would mean that the two wives of Geoffroy I Comte d'Anjou were sisters, no mention of which has been found in contemporary sources. Yet another suggestion is that Adelais Ctss de Chalon was the same person as Wera-Adelais Ctss de Meaux. However, this is even more unlikely chronologically considering the estimated birth date of Wera-Adelais and the fact that Adelais de Chalon gave birth to at least one child by her second husband after their marriage in 979. It would also mean that Comte Geoffroy married, as his second wife, his first wife's mother which is unlikely to have been accepted by the church. Finally, in 1619, Duchesne suggested that Adelais was the sister of Guillaume I Comte d'Arles[102].

Geoffroy I & his first wife had four children:

1. ERMENGARDE d'Anjou (before 965-after 982). Rodulfus Glaber records that Conan married the sister of Foulques of Anjou but does not name her[103]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. She was presumably born before 965 if it is correct that her first child was born in 980. m (973) CONAN Comte de Rennes, son of JUDICAËL BERENGAR Comte de Rennes & his wife Gerberge --- (-killed in battle Conquereil 27 Jun 992). He succeeded in 990 as CONAN I "le Tort" Duke of Brittany. Duke Conan I & his wife had five children:

1.1 GEOFFROY de Bretagne ([980]-20 Nov 1008). His parentage is confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which records that "Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli Berengarii" died in 1008 "dum pergeret Romam causa orationis"[123]. He succeeded his father in 992 as GEOFFROY I Duke of Brittany.

- see below.

1.2. JUDITH de Bretagne ([982]-16 Jun 1017). Guillaume of Jumièges records the marriage of “dux Richardus” and “Goiffredum Britannorum comitem...sororem...Iudith” at “limina Archangeli Michaelis”[124]. Orderic Vitalis records that “Ricardus Gunnorides...et Judith uxor eius soror Gaufredi Britonum comitis” founded “cœnobium apud Bernaïcum in honore sanctæ Dei genitricis Mariæ”[125]. An agreement between the abbots of Jumièges and Bougeuil concerning an exchange of land in Poitou, by charter dated [13 Apr/4 Apr] 1012, is subscribed by "Richardus…filius Ricardi principi magni…Judith…"[126]. The Chronicle of Caen Saint-Etienne records the death in 1017 of "Judita comitissa"[127]. m (Mont Saint-Michel [1000]) as his first wife, RICHARD II "le Bon/l'Irascible" Comte de Normandie, son of RICHARD I "Sans-Peur" Comte [de Normandie] & his second wife Gunnora (-28 Aug 1027).

1.3. JUDICAËL (-1037). His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1026 which recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", witnessed by "Judicael et Hurwodius duo fratres ipsius"[128]. Comte de Porhoët.

1.4. CATUALLON (-15 Jan, 1050 or after). Tresvaux records that Catuallon, brother of Geoffroy I Duke of Brittany, was abbot of Redon, but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[129].

1.5. HURNOD [Urvod] de Bretagne (-after 1026). His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1026 which recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", witnessed by "Judicael et Hurwodius duo fratres ipsius"[130].

2. FOULQUES d'Anjou ([970]-Metz 21 Jun 1040, bur Beaulieu-lez-Loche, Abbaye de Saint-Pierre). The Historiæ Andegavensis, allegedly written by Foulques IV "Rechin" Comte d'Anjou, names "Goffridus Grisagonella pater avi mei Fulconis"[104]. He succeeded his father in 987 as FOULQUES III "Nerra/the Black" Comte d'Anjou.

- see below.

3. GEOFFROY (-after 6 Mar 974). "Adela" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated 6 Mar 974 which names "seniore meo Gauzfredo comite" and is subscribed by "Gauzfredi comitis, Fulconis filii eius, Gauzfredi filii eius"[105].

4. GERBERGE d'Anjou (974 or before-after 1 Apr 1040). The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records the marriage of "comes…Engolismæ Willelmus" and "Girberga sorore comitis Fulconis"[106]. The Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis names "Giberta sorore comitis Guillermi Andegavensis" as wife of "Guillermus Comes Engolismensis"[107]. "Gaufredus et uxor mea Petronilla" donated property "ecclesiam Sancti Pauli…in Sanctonensi territorio subter castrum…Botavilla" to Sauvigny on the advice of "Vuillelmi comitis Engolismensis et uxoris eius dominæ Girbergiæ patris…mei et matris et domini Elduini fratris mei" by charter dated before 1028[108]. m (before 1000) GUILLAUME IV Comte d'Angoulême, son of ARNAULD "Mancer" Comte d'Angoulême & his first wife Raingarde --- ([978]-murdered 6 Apr 1028, bur Angoulême Saint-Cybard). He was poisoned by his daughter-in-law Alaisia.

Comte Geoffroy I & his second wife had one child:

5. MAURICE d'Anjou ([980]-1012, bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin). The cartulary of Paray-le-Monial includes a charter (undated) of "filius eius Hugo" which is subscribed by "Hugonis comitis et episcopi, Adelaidis com, Mauricii…"[109]. "Hugo comes" donated property to Cluny "pro absolutione patris Lantberti" by charter dated to [988] which also names "mater mea Adelaydis et frater meus Mauricius"[110]. "Cabilonensium comes domnus Hugo et mater eius Adeleidis et domnus Mauricius frater eius" donated property "in villa Paion" to Paray-le-Monial by undated charter[111]. The fact that he was his mother's son by her second marriage is confirmed by "Fulco comes Mauriciusque frater eius" accusing "Rainaldus Andecavorum episcopus" of corruption, recorded in a charter dated [24 Oct 996/12 Jun 1005] which names "patri eorum Goffrido"[112]. "Domnus Hugo comes atque mater sua Adeleidis" donated property "in pago Cabilonensi" to the abbey of Paray-le-Moniale by an undated charter signed by "Hugo comes, Adeleidis matris suæ, Mauritii filii eius, Enrici ducis, Garlindis uxoris eius"[113]. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Mauricius Gosfridi Grisæ Tunicæ filius" succeeded his father as Comte d'Anjou, and that Foulques "Nerra" was the son of Maurice and succeeded his father[114]. The Historia Comitum Andegavorum repeats these statements, which are chronologically impossible, concerning the alleged succession of Maurice to the county of Anjou and his succession by his supposed son Foulques "Nerra"[115]. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the burial of "Mauricius…in ecclesia Beati Martini Castri Novi iuxta patrem suum"[116]. m --- de Saintes, daughter of AIMERY Comte de Saintes & his wife ---. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "de Alverniensi pago filiam Hamerici consulis Santonici, neptem Raimundi Pictavensis comitis" as wife of "Mauricius Gofridi Grisæ Tunicæ filius", stating (incorrectly) that "Fulconem Neram" was their son[117]. "Raimundis Pictavensis comitis" may refer to Raymond-Pons Comte de Toulouse, who was also for a time duke of Aquitaine, the Aquitainian title being closely associated with the county of Poitou. This would also be chronologically acceptable, assuming that "neptem" in the Gesta can be translated as granddaughter. Maurice & his wife had [two] children:

a) GEOFFROY (-killed Château de Langeais 1039). A charter dated 1039 records that "miles…Walterius…filius Hamelini de Lingaiis" was sentenced to relinquish property held from Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d’Anjou for having killed "cognatum predicti comitis…Mauricium", Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme, witnessed by "Radulfo vicecomite, Guillelmo vicecomite, Erfredo vicecomite, Herveo vicecomite de Bleso, Haimerico de Rancono, Goffrido de Prulliaco, Roberto Burgundione, Adelardo de Castro-Gunterii…"[118]. "Gauterius quidam miles, filius Hamelini Lingiacum" granted two mills to Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d’Anjou after killing "cognatum comitis Gosfridi…Guasfridum filium Moricii comitis" by charter dated 1039, Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme[119].

b) [ OTGER (-after 1055). "…Otgerii filii Mauricii Comitis…" witnessed the charter dated 1055 under which Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d’Anjou donated land in the forest of Gastine to Marmoutier[120]. It is not certain that Otger was the son of Maurice d’Anjou. However, no other Comte Maurice has been identified who lived during the right time period.]

view all 23

Conan I 'le Tort’ de Rennes, duc de Bretagne's Timeline

980
980
Rennes, Ille Et Vilaine, Bretagne, France
982
January 6, 982
France
992
June 27, 992
Conquereuil, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France
June 29, 992
Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel, Le Mont-Saint-Michel, Normandie, France
1000
1000
France
????
????
????
????