Constance Snow (Hopkins), "Mayflower" Passenger
Norwegian: Constance Gross, "Mayflower" Passenger
|Also Known As:||"Constancia Hopkins", "Constant Snow", "Constanta Hopkins", "Constanta", "Hughes"|
|Birthplace:||Hursley, Hampshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts|
|Place of Burial:||Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Massachusetts|
Daughter of Stephen Hopkins, "Mayflower" Passenger; Stephen Hopkins; Stephen Hopkins and Mary Hopkins
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Constance Snow, "Mayflower" Passenger
was an Original Mayflower passenger.
She was baptised on 11 May 1606, Hursley, Hampshire, England.
She died mid-October 1677, Eastham. Massachusetts.
Stephen Hopkins (1581-1644) of the Sea Venture & Mayflower & Mary his first wife.
- sometime before the 22 May 1627
Division of Cattle to Nicholas Snow (1646-1662),
He was the first Clerk of Eastham.
12 children include:
- Mark Snow, married 1st, Anna Cooke*; married, 2d, Jane Prence
- Mary Snow, married Thomas Paine.
- Sarah Snow, married William Walker
- Joseph Snow, married Mary ---
- Stephen Snow, married, 1st, Susanna (Deane) Rogers; married, 2d, Mary Bigford.
- John Snow, married Mary Smalley.
- Elizabeth Snow, married Thomas Rogers (son of Joseph Rogers)
- Jabez Snow, married Elizabeth ---.
- Ruth Snow, married John Cole.
- --- Snow, living and unmarried, in 1651.†
may have been the Constance who later married Daniel Doane
- --- Snow, living and unmarried, in 1651.†
- --- Snow, living and unmarried, in 1651.†
n.b. three children whose names have not been conclusively documented--but one may have been Constance, who later married Daniel Doane.
Note the following are *NOT* children:
Constance Hopkins was baptized on 11 May 1606 in Hursley, Hampshire, England, to parents Stephen Hopkins and his first wife Mary. It should be noted that the long-standing Constance Dudley myth was disproven in 1998: the Hopkins family of the Mayflower was not from Wortley, Gloucester as had been previously speculated and published.
Constance came with her father Stephen, step-mother Elizabeth, brother Giles, and step-sister Damaris on the Mayflower in 1620, at the age of 14. Constance's future husband, Nicholas Snow, arrived on the ship Anne in 1623. Nicholas and Constance Snow were married shortly before the 1627 Division of Cattle, and lived in Plymouth for a time. Around 1645, the family moved to Eastham.
William Bradford, writing in 1651, stated that Constance Hopkins had 12 children "all of them living". Only 9 can be documented with existing records. Constance, wife of Daniel Doane, is quite probably one of the three "missing" children, but unfortunately there is no conclusive proof.
Constance2 Hopkins (Stephen1), B., 11, May 1606 Hursley, Hampshire, England  a Mayflower Passenger with her father and stepmother, married Nicholas Snow.
Children of Nicholas and Constance Snow
- Mark Snow3, married, 1st, Anna Cooke*; married, 2d, Jane Prence.
- Mary Snow3, married Thomas Paine.
- Sarah Snow3, married William Walker.
- Elizabeth Snow3, maried Thomas3 Rogers (Joseph2, Thomas1).
- Joseph Snow3, married Mary ---.
- Stephen Snow3, married, 1st, Susanna (Deane) Rogers; married, 2d, Mary Bigford.
- John Snow3, married Mary Smalley.
- Jabez Snow3, married Elizabeth ---.
- Ruth Snow3, married John Cole.
- --- Snow3, living and unmarried, in 1651.†
- --- Snow3, living and unmarried, in 1651.†
- --- Snow3, living and unmarried, in 1651.†
- Constance Hopkins (baptized May 11, 1606 – October 1677), also sometimes listed as Constanta.
She was probably born in Hursley, Hampshire, England.
Constance was the second daughter of Stephen Hopkins, by his first wife, Mary.
Some believe she was named in honor of Constance (Marline) Hopkins. Constance,
at the age of fourteen, along with her father and his second wife Elizabeth (Fisher),
accompanied by brother Giles, half-sister Damaris
as well as two servants by the name of Edward Doty and Edward Lester
were passengers on the Mayflower on its journey to the New World in 1620.
Along the way her half-brother Oceanus was born, the only child born on the Mayflower journey.
Her headstone marker, placed in 1966 by descendants, states in part
“Wife of Nicholas Snow, Eastham’s first town clerk 1646 – 1662”.
- Constance married Nicholas, sometime before the Division of Cattle which occurred May 22, 1627. Nicholas came to Plymouth on board the ship Anne in 1623 and was made a freeman at Plymouth in 1633. The inventory of Nicholas Snow's estate made at his death lists a wide variety of cooper's and carpenter's tools; this may indicate his trade. He was town clerk at Eastham and held several other local government offices.
- According to Governor William Bradford, who wrote between March 6 and April 3, 1651:
- “Constanta is also married, and hath 12 children all of them living, and one of them married”.
- Children of Constance and Nicholas Snow
- Mark b. Plymouth, May 9, 1628, married (1) Ann Cooke daughter of Josiah Cooke, married (2) Jane Prence, daughter of Thomas Prence
- Mary b. Plymouth, 1630, married Thomas Paine
- Sarah b. Plymouth, 1632, married William Walker, who came to the colony on the ship Elizabeth, in 1635
- Joseph b. Plymouth, 1634, Joseph Snow married Mary Higgins she was the daughter of Richard and Mary (Yates) Higgins
- Stephen b. Plymouth, 1636, married (1) Susanna Rogers (Deane), daughter of Stephen Deane, married (2) Mary Bigford (Cottle, Bickford), daughter of Edward Cottle and Judith, last name unknown
- John b. Plymouth, December 11, 1638, married Mary Smalley, a twin daughter of John Smalley and Ann Walden
- Elizabeth b. Plymouth, 1640, married Thomas Rogers, son of Joseph Rogers, the son of Pilgrim, Thomas Rogers
- Jabez b. Plymouth, 1642, married Elizabeth, last name unknown, she was possibly the daughter of Ralph Smith
- Ruth b. Plymouth, 1644, married Lieutenant John Cole Sr., son of Daniel Cole and Ruth Chester
- Josiah Paine, a Town Clerk and historian of Harwich wrote “Nicholas and Constance had a dau. named for her mother who was the first wife of Daniel Doane of Eastham…”
- Constance (unproved), b. Plymouth, married Daniel Doane
- Anthony (not if he was born in 1619), b. Plymouth, married Abigail Warren, daughter of Richard Warren
- Constance Hopkins is the central character in Patricia Clapp's young adult novel Constance: A Story of Early Plymouth.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_Hopkins_Snow
- Constance Hopkins
- F, #73878, b. 11 May 1606, d. October 1677
- Father Stephen Hopkins b. 30 Apr 1581, d. bt 6 Jun 1644 - 17 Jul 1644
- Mother Mary b. c 1580
- Constance Hopkins was christened on 11 May 1606 at of Hursely, Hampshire, England.1 She married Nicholas Snow, son of Nicholas Snow and Elizabeth Rowles, on 22 May 1627 at Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. Constance Hopkins died in October 1677 at Eastham, Barnstable, MA, at age 71.
- Family Nicholas Snow b. 25 Jan 1600, d. 15 Nov 1676
- Mary Snow+ b. c 1630, d. 28 Apr 1704
- 1.[S61] Unknown author, Family Group Sheets, Family History Archives, SLC.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2459.htm#i73878
- HOPKINS, Constance
- b. 11 MAY 1606 Gloucester, England
- d. 25 NOV 1677 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
- Father: HOPKINS, Stephen
- Mother: DUDLEY, Constance
- Marriage: 22 MAY 1627 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.
- Spouse: SNOW, Nicholas
- b. 1605 Hoxton, Middlesex, England
- d. 15 NOV 1676 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
- SNOW, Deborah
- SNOW, Mark
- SNOW, Sarah
- SNOW, Joseph
- SNOW, Stephen
- SNOW, Mary
- SNOW, Jabez
- SNOW, Ruth
- From: http://www.genealogyofnewengland.com/f_7b.htm#258
- 2 Constance HOPKINS bapt: 5-11-1606 in Hursley, Hampshire, England d: 10-1677 in Eastham, Massachusetts MAYFLOWER PASSENGER
- ........m.Nicholas SNOW b: 01-25-1598/99 in Hoxton, Middlesex, England m: 05-22-1627 in Plymouth, Co, Massachusetts d: 11-15-1676 in Plymouth, Massachusetts Father: Nicholas SNOW Mother: Mary UPHAM
- ..........3 Mark SNOW b: 1630 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co, Massachusetts d: 01-09-1695/95 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts
- ..........m. Anna COOK b. 1635 d:7-24-1756 married 1-18-1653/54
- ..............4 Anne SNOW b: 7-7-1656 d: 7-4-1714
- ..............m. Eldad ATWOOD b: 7-2-1651 d: 1707 married 2-14-1682/83
- .................5Mary ATWOOD b: 11-1684 d: 1721? / 1779?
- .................5 John ATWOOD b: 8-10-1686 d: 1745
- .................5 Anna ATWOOD b: 1-1686/87 d:aft. 9-1764
- .................m. William NICKERSON b: Bef. 1675 d: 1742 m. 10-24-1717
- ..........* 2nd Wife of Mark SNOW
- ..........Jane PENCE b: 11-1-1637 d. 1703 m. 1-9-1659/60
- ..........3 Mary SNOW b: 11-09-1628 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co, Massachusetts d: 04-28-1704 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts
- ..........m. Thomas PAINE b: 1614 d: 8-16-1706 m. 1649
- ..........3 Sarah SNOW b: 1632 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co, Massachusetts d: 03-08-1696/97 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts
- ..........m.William WALKER b: 1620 in Europe m: 01-05-1653/54 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts d: 1703 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co, Massachusetts
- .............4 John WALKER b: 04-24-1655 d: 1659
- .............4 William WALKER b: 10-12-1657 d: 1659
- ............m.Susnana RING b: 1644-1671 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts m: 1674-1696 in d: Aft 1700
- ................5 William WALKER b: 08-02-1659 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Masshusetts d: ................01-1742/43 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts
- ................5 John WALKER II b: 1693 in Eastham Mass. d: 01-28-1760
- ................m.Mercy BROWN b: Bef 1702 m: Bef 1716 d: Bef 4-10-1754
- ...................6 Mercy WALKER b: 03-04-1717/18 in Eastham MA
- ...................m.Barnabas COOK b: 5/7/1695 in Cambridge MA m: 3-4-1745/46
- Descendants of Stephen Hopkins
- Second Generation
'Constance (Hopkins) Snow (1606 - 1677)
Constance Snow formerly Hopkins
Born 11 May 1606 in Hursley, Hampshire, England
Daughter of Stephen Hopkins and Mary (Kent) Hopkins Sister of Elizabeth Hopkins [half], Giles Hopkins, John Hopkins, Damaris Hopkins [half], Oceanus Hopkins [half], Caleb Hopkins [half], Deborah (Hopkins) Ring [half], Bartholomew Hopkins [half], Damaris (Hopkins) Cooke [half] and Ruth Hopkins [half] Wife of Nicholas Snow — married before 22 May 1627 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts Mother of Mark Snow, Mary (Snow) Paine, Sarah (Snow) Walker, Joseph Snow, Stephen Snow, John B. Snow Sr., Elizabeth (Snow) Rogers, Jabez Snow, Ruth (Snow) Cole, Constance Snow, Samuel Snow and Unamed Infant Snow Died 15 Oct 1677 in Eastham, Barnstable Co., Plymouth colony, New England Profile managers: Katherine Patterson [send private message], Chet Snow [send private message], Bobbie Hall [send private message], and Kathleen Squires [send private message] Hopkins-5 created 23 Dec 2008 | Last modified 14 Nov 2016 This page has been accessed 8,035 times.
Categories: Mayflower Passengers | Colonial America | English Immigrants to America | Massachusetts Bay Colonists | Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Massachusetts | Eastham, Massachusetts.
Constance (Hopkins) Snow was a passenger on the Mayflower.
That first spring in the new land, the colonists looked on as the two young men,
Edward Doty and Edward Leister, carried on a dual courtship for the hand
of pretty Constance [Hopkins].
On 18 June 1621, the colonists were awakened at dawn
by the sound of the clash of cold steel.
Rushing outside, they found Leister and Doty slashing away at each other in a duel.
"They were quickly disarmed and haled before Governor Bradford, who ordered them strung up with head and heels tied together so they could cool off their hot blood." Governor Bradford said later that "Edward Doty retrieved his character by change from youthful folly."
The fair Miss Constance never married either swain.
Instead, she later married the honorable Nicholas Snow,
one of the founders of Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
The information just below is from: the Pilgrim Hall Museum.
Nicholas and Constance Hopkins Snow
Constance Hopkins was a Mayflower passenger.
She journeyed with her father and stepmother, Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins,
her brother Giles, her half-sister Damaris
and her half-brother Oceanus who was born during the voyage. Sometime before 1627, Constance Hopkins married Nicholas Snow. Nicholas Snow had arrived in Plymouth on the Anne in 1623. The inventory of Nicholas’ estate, taken at the time of his death, includes carpenter’s tools. This may have been his trade. His inventory also included books, so he was probably literate. Nicholas held various minor positions in Plymouth, such as highway surveyor. The Snows moved from Plymouth to Nauset, on Cape Cod in 1643. The town was then renamed "Eastham" and still retains that name today, nearly 400 years later. On the Cape (called Barnstable County), Nicholas served as surveyor, constable and selectman. He was a carpenter and also ran a family farm with the help of his sons and daughters. Constance and Nicholas had 12 children. Nicholas died in November 1676, Constance about a year later in October of 1677. Before his death, Nicholas Snow wrote a will. See below. The Pilgrim Society displays one artifact that is attributed to Constance Hopkins. It is a beaver hat, made in England, c.1615-1640. Steeple crowned hats, usually with a decorative band, were popular for both men and women in the early 17th century. Beaver fur, imported into England from the colonies, was processed into felt to make hats. Baptism
Constancia Hopkins was the daughter of Stephen Hopkins and his first wife, Mary Kent, of Hursley, Hampshire, England. Her baptism is noted in the Hursley, Hampshire, parish register, available at the Hampshire County Archives, Winchester, England.
" undecimo die Maij Constancia filia Steph Hopkyns fuit baptizata [11th day of May, 1606, Constance daughter of Steph[en] Hopkins was baptized]" Date: 11 MAY 1606 Place: Hursley, Hampshire, England Constance Hopkins had a younger brother, Giles Hopkins, born in Hursley, Hampshire, England, in 1607. Their father, Stephen Hopkins, by all accounts a world-traveler and adventurer, left his family in the care of their maternal grandmother, "the widow Kent," in Hursley, while he traveled to Jamestown, Virginia colony, being shipwrecked in Bermuda for over a year. Shortly thereafter his wife, Mary Kent, died. Stephen Hopkins remarried to Elizabeth Fisher in 1617. In 1620 he embarked with his entire family, including older children Constance and Giles, on the "Mayflower," bound for "Northern Virginia," landing at Plymouth Rock in New England that November.
Nicholas Snow did not sail on the "Mayflower" but arrived at Plymouth 18 months later, in 1623, aboard HMS "Anne". It's not known whether he already knew young Constance Hopkins in England and followed her to America but it is certain that after 1623 Constance never considered anyone else to share her life with. They were married within a few years of Nicholas' arrival in Plymouth.
'The will of Nicholas Snow of Eastham, dated 14 Nov. 1676 and proved 5 March 1677, left livestock and household goods to his wife constant for life use and then to his youngest son Jabez, and devised various parcels of land to sons Mark, Joseph, Steven, John and Jabez. The description of land near the testator's house mentioned 'son Thomas Paine' <actually son-in-law> as an abutting owner. Nicholas also gave, after the death of his wife, the sum of ten shillings
to the Church of Eastham for the furniture of the Table of the Lord, with pewter or other Necessaries.' He named Deacon Samuel Freeman and John Mayo as executors. Letters of administration were granted to Constanta, Mark and John Snow on 6 March 1677. A lengthy inventory, including many cooper's and carpenter's tools, was sworn to by widow Constant Snow on 22 March 1677. 'Governor Bradford wrote between 6 March and 3 April 1651 that Constanta is also married, and hath 12 children, all of them living and one of them married.' Marriage
Husband: Nicholas Snow Wife: Constant Hopkins Marriage Date: Before 22 MAY 1627 Place: Plymouth, Plymouth Colony, New England Children: all probably born in Plymouth or in Eastham: Mark SNOW, b. 9 May 1628. Mary b. ca. 1630. Sarah b. ca. 1632. Joseph b. ca. 1634. Stephen b. ca. 1636. John B. Snow, b. May 1638. Elizabeth b. ca 1640. Jabez b. in 1642. Ruth b. ca. 1644. (child) traditionally "Constance" b. ca. 1646 (child) traditionally "Hannah" b. ca. 1648 (child) No name given b. ca. 1650 If Governor Bradford's 1651 account of 12 living children is accurate, Constance's last 3 children may have been sons who predeceased their father Nicholas Snow, without issue, and thus were not mentioned in his will; or they may have been daughters. Like many others at the time, Nicholas Snow did not specifically name his daughters in his will, only his wife and his living sons.
Josiah Paine, town clerk and historian of Harwich, wrote that Nicholas and Constance Snow had a daughter named for her mother (i.e., Constance) who was the first wife of Daniel Doane of Eastham. Daniel Doane was born most-likely in Plymouth ca. 1636; died in Eastham 20 Dec. 1712 in his 76th year. He had the following children: Joseph, Israel, Daniel, Nathaniel, Constant (twin son) & Constanta (twin daughter), Rebecca, Abigail, Ruth and Hepzibah. Daniel's first wife, by tradition Constance Snow, was undoubtedly the mother of all of these children, except Hepzibah.
Some believe that Constance Hopkins is buried at the Cove Burying Ground, in Eastham, Massachusetts. A monument is erected to her and the Snow family there. 
"Constant Snow which was the Wife of Nicholas Snow died about the Midle of october in the year 1677." This was less than a year after Nicholas' death in March 1677. Date: OCT 1677 Place: Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts Sources
↑ Source: #S2759 p. 148, citing Hursley parish records ↑ Source: #S173 p. 151, citing PCR 1:50-57 ↑ Source: #S179 ↑ Find A Grave Memorial# 8634 - Constance Hopkins Snow ↑ Source: #S89 Eastham VRs, p. 40 FindaGrave Memorial 8634 - Constance Hopkins Snow Ferris, Mary W. Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines: A Memorial Volume Containing the American Ancestry of Rufus R. Dawes, Volume 1, published online by Ancestry.com, The Generations Network, Inc., Provo, UT, 2005; original book privately printed, 1943. Freeman, Frederick. "The History of Cape Cod: The Annals of The Thirteen Towns of Barnstable County," Volumes 1 and 2, published online by Google Books, 2009 The History of Cape Cod: The Annals of The Thirteen Towns of Barnstable County, Volumes 1 and 2; original publisher: Geo. C. Band & Avery & Cornhill, Boston, Mass., 1858. Mayflower Marriages. Susan E. Roser. Genealogical Publishing Co. 1990 A Munsey-Hopkins Genealogy. Lowell, D.O.S. Boston: Privately Printed, 1920 John D. Austin, Mayflower Families Through 5 Generations, Stephen Hopkins, Vol. 6 (General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA, 2001 Genealogy - Boston and Eastern Massachusetts. William Richard Cutter, A. M. Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York, 1908 New England Connections. K. Alan & Roberta J. Streeter - Genealogy Research Assistants, New England Connections established 12 July 1996 - Our Mayflower Passangers. email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Plymouth Colony Recs 1:4, 10, 27, 31, 44, 52, 87-8, 141, 151, 155; 2:115, 123, 125, 154; 3:9, 33; 4:15; 5:35, 57-8, 92, 144, 164, 220, 278; 7:7-8, 16-17, 20, 23, 34-5. GMF (NEHGR) 2:79-80, 3:348-51. Bradford's Hist 81959) pp. 442, 445. Banks English Ancestry p. 160. Gen Journal 13:153, 176. Libr of Cape Cod no. 34. TAG 14:229. Doane Gen 1:26-30, 2:2. Torrey's Marriages p. 692. Savage 4:138. Mayo (John) Rev p. 149. Plymouth Col by Stratton pp. 307, 354. Updated research on Constance Hopkins by Caleb Johnson Eastham, Massachusetts, Vital Records The Great Migration Begins: immigrants to New England 1620-1633. Robert Charles Anderson Publication: Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995. Source: S173 George Ernest Bowman, Mayflower Descendant: Plymouth Colony Division of Cattle in 1627, Vol. I (Broderbund's Family Archive CD #203 Publication: Jul 1899) Source: S2759 Caleb H. Johnson, Here shall I die ashore : Stephen Hopkins : Bermuda castaway, Jamestown survior, and Mayflower Pilgrim (Xlibris Corporation, 2007) Source: S89 Early Vital Records of Barnstable Co., MA to about 1850 Eastham Vital Records & Cemetery Inscriptions (CD: Search & Research, Wheat Ridge, CO, 1997)
3. Constance Hopkins (Stephen ) was christened on 11 May 1606 in Hursley, Hampshire, England. She died in Oct 1677 in Eastham MA.
Constance married Nicholas Snow on 22 May 1627 in prob. Plymouth, MA. Nicholas was christened on 25 Jan 1599/1600 in Poss. St Leonard's Shoreditch, London, England. He died on 15 Nov 1676 in Eastham, MA.
They had the following children:
+ 12 M i Mark Snow + 13 F ii Mary Snow + 14 F iii Sarah Snow + 15 M iv Joseph Snow + 16 M v Stephen Snow + 17 M vi John Snow + 18 F vii Elizabeth Snow + 19 M viii Jabez Snow + 20 F ix Ruth Snow
21 F x Constance Snow. 22 xi child Snow. 23 xii child Snow.
Stephen HOPKINS Mayflower(1374). —He most likely was the Stephen Hopkins who sailed on the Seaventure to Virginia in 1609, but was shipwrecked in Bermuda, where he was almost hanged for mutiny. He spent two years in Jamestown, where he learned much of later use to the Plymouth colonists (Adventurers of Purse and Person —Virginia 1607-1625, ed. by Annie Lash Jester with Martha Woodroof Hiden, 2nd ed. (1964), p. 213-17). See also the excellent account of his family in Dawes-Gates 2:443-51, which includes the reasoning for believing that the Stephen Hopkins of Virginia was identical with the one of Plymouth.
Hopkins arrived at Plymouth on the 1620 Mayflower accompanied by his wife, Elizabeth, and his sons Giles and Oceanus, and daughters Constance and Damaris, Oceanus having been born at sea on the Mayflower, plus two servants, Edward Doty and Edward Leister. Damaris died during the early years, and Hopkins and his wife later had a second daughter Damaris. He was probably also one of the dissenters at Plymouth whose actions led to the necessity for drafting the Mayflower Compact. Bradford (Ford) 1:219, and Mourt's Relation, p. 40, tell how in 1621 the colonists sent Mr. Edward <Picture>Winslow<Picture> and Mr. Stephen Hopkins on a mission to visit Massasoit. Mourt's Relation, pp. 7-8, also shows how Hopkins warned colonists on an early expedition about an Indian trap to catch deer, and how Bradford, not hearing the warning, stepped on the trap and was immediately caught by his leg. When Samoset first came to the settlement on 16 February 1620/21, the Englishmen were suspicious of him, and they "lodged him that night at Steven Hopkins house, and watched him" (Mourt's Relation, p. 33). Hopkins was an Assistant at least as early as 1633, and he continued in 1634, 1635, and 1636. He was on the original freeman list, and he was a volunteer in the Pequot War (PCR 1:61).
Keeping in mind the delicate balance in Plymouth between "covenant" and "noncovenant" colonists, it is reasonable to assume that Hopkins must have been a leader of the non-Separatist settlers, and in his career at Plymouth can be seen some of the ambiguity that attached to the non-Separatists living in a Separatist colony. On 7 June 1636, at a time when Hopkins was an Assistant, the General Court found him guilty of battery against John Tisdale, and he was fined £5, and ordered to pay Tisdale forty shillings, the court observing that he had broken the King's peace, "wch [p.309] he ought after a speciall manner to have kept" (PCR 1:42). On 2 October 1637 he was presented twice, first for suffering men to drink in his house on the Lord's day before meeting ended, and for allowing servants and others to drink more than proper for ordinary refreshing, and second for suffering servants and others to sit drinking in his house contrary to orders of the court, and to play at shovel board and like misdemeanors (PCR 1:68). On 2 January 1637/38 Hopkins was presented for suffering excessive drinking in his house "as old Palmer, James Coale, & William Renolds" (PCR 1:75). On 5 June 1638 he was presented for selling beer for two pence a quart which was not worth a penny a quart, and for selling wine at excessive rates "to the oppressing & impovishing of the colony"; he was fined £5 for some of these offenses, including selling strong waters and nutmegs at excessive rates (PCR 1:87, 97). In the Dorothy Temple case (see text) he was "committed to ward for his contempt to the Court, and shall so remayne comitted untill hee shall either receive his servant Dorothy Temple, or els pvide for her elsewhere at his owne charge during the terme shee hath yet to serve him" (PCR 1:112). On 3 December 1639 he was presented for selling a looking glass for sixteen pence which could be bought in the Bay Colony for nine pence, and he was also fined £3 for selling strong water without license" (PCR 1:137). Jonathan Hatch, who from the records seems to have been a recurring disciplinary problem in the colony, on 5 April 1642 was ordered by the court to dwell with Mr. Stephen Hopkins, "& the said Mr Hopkins to have a speciall care of him" (PCR 2:38).
xxx He dated his will 6 June 1644, inventory 17 July 1644, and mentioned his deceased wife; sons Giles and Caleb; daughter Constance, wife of Nicholas Snow; daughters Deborah, Damaris, Ruth and Elizabeth; and grandson Stephen, son of his son Giles (MD 2:12). Ralph D. Phillips, "Hopkins Family of Wortley, Gloucestershire—Possible Ancestry of Stephen Hopkins," TAG 39:95, suggests that he might have come from the parish of Wotten-under-Edge, Gloucestershire, but the evidence is not sufficient to say positively. Some writers, such as Banks in English Ancestry, pp. 61-64, and Jacobus in Waterman Family, 1:86, have felt that his wife, Elizabeth, may have been Elizabeth Fisher, whom a Stephen Hopkins married at London 19 February 1617/18—Mourt's Relation, p. 15, states that he was of London. If so, she would have been a second wife, for the births of some of his children would predate this marriage. Dawes-Gates 2:443, citing the London marriage record, states that his wife was "undoubtedly" Elizabeth Fisher. Timothy Hopkins, "Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower and Some of His Descendants," NEHGR 102:46, 98, 197, 257, 103:24, 85, 166, 304, 104:52, 123, 213, 296, 105:32, 100, covers some of his early generations, but it is not documented. George E. Bowman wrote an article in MD 5:47 to consolidate much of the early information known about his family. A popularized biography of Stephen Hopkins was written by Margaret Hodges, Hopkins of the Mayflower—Portrait of a Dissenter (New York, 1972). Claims that a John Hopkins of Hartford, Connecticut, was his son are baseless. By his first wife he had Constance, who married Nicholas Snow, and [p.310] Giles, who married Catherine Wheldon. By Elizabeth Fisher he had the Damaris, who died young; Oceanus, who died young; Caleb, who died at Barbados as an adult without issue; Deborah, who married Andrew Ring; the second Damaris, who married Jacob Cooke, son of Francis; Ruth, who died without issue; and Elizabeth, who died without issue (Dawes-Gates, 2:449).
Children were: Damaris HOPKINS Mayflower.
1620, on the ship "Mayflower"
Constance Hopkins was a passenger on the Mayflower.
CONSTANCE HOPKINS & NICHOLAS SNOW
Constance Hopkins was a Mayflower passenger. She journeyed with her father and stepmother, Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins, her brother Giles, her half-sister Damaris and her half-brother Oceanus who was born during the voyage.
Sometime before 1627, Constance Hopkins married Nicholas Snow. Nicholas Snow had arrived in Plymouth on the Anne in 1623.
The inventory of Nicholas’ estate, taken at the time of his death, includes carpenter’s tools. This may have been his trade. His inventory also included books, so he was probably literate. Nicholas held various minor positions in Plymouth, such as highway surveyor.
The Snows moved from Plymouth to Nauset, on Cape Cod in the 1640s. On the Cape, Nicholas served as surveyor, constable and selectman.
Constance and Nicholas had 12 children. Nicholas died in November of 1676, Constance a year later in October of 1677. Before his death, Nicholas Snow wrote a will. Click HERE for that will as well as for the inventory of his estate at the time of his death.
The Pilgrim Society displays one artifact that is attributed to Constance Hopkins. It is a beaver hat, made in England, c.1615-1640. Steeple crowned hats, usually with a decorative band, were popular for both men and women in the early 17th century. Beaver fur, imported into England from the colonies, was processed into felt to make hats. Click HERE to see the Constance Hopkins beaver hat.
- How do we know about Constance Hopkins and Nicholas Snow?
- From the written records of the 17th century.
- For a look at the 17th century records that pertain to Constance Hopkins and Nicholas Snow, click HERE.
Constance arrived in the new world abourd the Mayflower traveling with her father Stephen and stepmother and siblings.
"The names of those which came over first, in the year 1620, and were by the blessing of God the first beginners and in a sort the foundation of all the Plantations and Colonies in new England; and their families…
"Mr. Stephen Hopkins and Elizabeth his wife, and two children called Giles and Constanta, a daughter, both by a former wife. And two more by this wife called Damaris and Oceanus; the last was born at sea. And two servants called Edward Doty and Edward Lester."
William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647, ed. Samuel Eliot Morison (New York : Knopf, 1991), p. 441-3.
Constance was 14 when she and her father, Stephen Hopkins, traveled to the "New World" aboard a little ship called the Mayflower. Her family was part of "The Strangers."
She was baptized on May 11, 1606.
Constance Hopkins (May 11, 1606 – October 1677), also sometimes listed as Constanta. She was probably born in Hursley, Hampshire, England. Constance was the second daughter of Stephen Hopkins, by his first wife, Mary. Some believe she was named in honor of Constance (Marline) Hopkins. Constance, at the age of fourteen, along with her father and his second wife Elizabeth (Fisher), accompanied by brother Giles, half-sister Damaris as well as two servants by the name of Edward Doty and Edward Lester were passengers on the Mayflower on its journey to the New World in 1620. Along the way her half-brother Oceanus was born, the only child born on the Mayflower journey. Her headstone marker, placed in 1966 by descendants, states in part “Wife of Nicholas Snow, Eastham’s first town clerk 1646 – 1662”.
Constance married Nicholas, sometime before the 1627 division of cattle, probably May 22, 1627. Nicholas came to Plymouth on board the ship Anne in 1623 and was made a freeman at Plymouth in 1633. The inventory of Nicholas Snow's estate made at his death lists a wide variety of cooper's and carpenter's tools; this may indicate his trade. He was town clerk at Eastham and held several other local government offices.
According to Governor William Bradford, who wrote between March 6 and April 3, 1651:
“Constanta is also married, and hath 12 children all of them living, and one of them married”.
Constance Hopkins is the central character in Patricia Clapp's young adult novel Constance: A Story of Early Plymouth.
Arrived on the Mayflower 1620.Original Mayflower passenger, wife of Nicholas Snow,
first Clerk of Eastham (1646-1662).
Buried in Family Plot- Eastham Cove Burial Ground.
Original Mayflower passenger, wife of Nicholas Snow, first Clerk of Eastham (1646-1662).
Descendants of Steven Hopkins of the Mayflower, "Mayflower Families Through Five Generations", volume six, "Hopkins", published by General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1992.
Constance Snow, "Mayflower" Passenger's Timeline
May 11, 1606
Hursley, Hampshire, England
May 11, 1606
Hursley, Hampshire, England
September 20, 1620
Plymouth, Devon, England
Planters recruited by Thomas Weston, of London merchant adventurers
Hopkins, Stephen (Upper Clatford, Hampshire)
David Lindsay, PhD. Mayflower Bastard: A Stranger amongst the Pilgrims (St. Martins Press, New York, 2002) p. 27
May 9, 1628
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts
December 14, 1630
Plymouth, Plymouth Colony, New England, United Kingdom