Corrine Applegate

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Corrine Applegate (Jolley)

Death: (Date and location unknown)
Immediate Family:

Wife of Don Jay Applegate

Managed by: Arthur Rexford Whittaker
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Corrine Applegate

The Jolley Family from Piute County Utah:

Complied by Rodney Dalton of the Dalton Family Research Group of Utah.

Corrine (Jolley) Applegate married Don Applegate and this is the history of her family.

The first of our Jolley family that we have found that came into America was a man by the name of John Jolley. He was from Dorset, England. He supposable sailed to America about 1652 and settled in Norfolk Co. Virginia. There is a debate of Jolley family Genealogists on two individuals named John Jolley. The John Jolley, born in 1642 in Dorset, England, and the John Jolliffe of Leek, Staffordshire, England. They are either the same man or of different families. Further investigation needs to been done on this issue.

There are other Jolleys going back in time in England which are still being proven as belonging to our line:

John Jolley, born about 1500, England.

John Jolley, born 1530, Leeks, Staffordshire Co. England.

Thomas Jolley, born 1550, Leeks, Staffordshire Co. England.

William Jolley, born 1588, Leeks, Staffordshire Co. England.

Thomas Jolley, born 1617, Leeks, Staffordshire Co. England who was the father of John Jolley, our immigrant to America.

The first of the Jolley family line that come into Utah was Henry Jolley who first lived in Salt Lake City before settling around the Pleasant Grove, Utah Co. area of Utah. Henry died there in 1850. His son, Reuben Manning Jolley Sr. had died in 1849 in VanBuren Co. Iowa. His grandson, Reuben Manning Jolley Jr. and the rest of Henry Jolley’s family settled in Angle, Piute Co. Utah after living in many areas of Southern Utah.

This Jolley family that finely settled in Southern Utah, joined the L.D.S. church and

found prosperity in the land of “Zion”

Sources:

LDS Ancestry file, Salt Lake City Utah.

Jolley message board; GenForum Web Site:

Various other sources mentioned in text.

Rodney Dalton of the Dalton Family Research Group.

The Library of the State of Virginia.

The Jolley Book; by Henry Bryant Manning Jolley.

Origin of the Jolley Family name:

To write the history of the Henry Jolley Family that finely settled in Utah, we need to know something about its origin and background, how the family name was adopted; some of the basic characteristics and accomplishments which have worked into a tradition, that has been handed down from generation to generation.

The Jolley family members are proud of their name and family traditions. The surname Jolley, no doubt originated on the continent, apparently in France. The first Jolley was probable a boatman, who plied his small Yawl or Jolly along the Northern shores of France. Later it was called the Jolley boat and the man who so skillfully handled it was the first Jolley. He simply took the name of his occupation as did the Smiths, the Bakers, and Carpenters, etc. The Jolleys probably came to Britain during the Normandy invasion, and thus become the ancestors of the many Jolleys in England and America today.

According to the old English records the surname Jolliffe or Jolley, the former is perhaps the older form, is derived from the old French name Jolif, meaning merry, gay or festive. These early records give various spelling as Jolly, Joly, Jollie, Jolley, Yoly, Golye, Jolif, Jolliff, lolliffe, Joliffe, Jolyffe, Jolyf, Jolyff, and Jolleiff. In the early colonial records the name appears as Jolly, Joilife, Jollif, and Jolley. Families bearing the name lived in Lancaster, Chester, Worcester, Stafford, Dorset, and York Counties. For the most part they were of the landed gentry of Great Britain.

Some bearing the name were found on tax lists and on public documents as:

William Goyle, in 1273, of Yorkshire. John Jolyf of Hunts County. Henry Jolyffe in

1300 of Hunts County. Johannes Yoly, Ricardus Joly, Henricus Joly, Ricardus Jolyman, Robertus Jolyf and Alicia Jolyff, all of York County.

The Jollie, Jolliffe, or Jolley family of the sixteenth and seventeenth century were loyal

to the Stuart Kings, and thereby suffered greatly. Many of them lost their rank and estates after the failure of the Stuart cause in 1648. Many fled before the puritan forces to the New World to save their lives. At the battle of Marston Moor, Edward and James Jolley were killed while serving with the army of Charles l.


These men were descendants of John Jolley of Standish, Lancaster, Co. James Jolley

held the office of Provost Marshall and General of the Parliamentary forces in

Lancashire and Chesire. James later served with a command in Ireland with the English Army.

Jolleys in America:

In America, the Virginia and New England branches of the Jolley family appear to have descended from a common ancestor, John Jollie or Jolliffe, of Dorset County England.

The pedigree of John Jolley, the ancestor of the Virginia Family is traced as follows:

John Jolley, about 1500, married Margaret Ranchey. Their son Thomas Jolley of Leek, Stafford Co. married Margaret Swettenham. To Thomas and Margaret was born a son William, who married Anne, daughter of Benedict Webb. William and Anne were the parents of four daughters and two sons. One son, William became a merchant in London. He married Lady Mary Hastings, a daughter of Ferdinando, Earl of Huntington.

Thomas first married Margaret, daughter of Richard or John Skinner.

Margaret was of royal descent through her mother's family who descended from.

Edward l. He was first of the Plantagenet family to occupy the English Throne.

John Jolley, a descendent of Thomas and Margaret -was the father of John Jolley who fled to America soon after the execution of Charles 1 in 1648. He had been loyal to the

King and therefore was an enemy of the Commonwealth Government if England.

Immigrant John was a plantation owner as was his son John, whose will is recorded as follows:

To wife Martha, and sons John, Richard, Peter, and daughters Mary Jolley Taylor, Elizabeth Jolley Bowers, Susanna Jolley Bowers, Rachel Jolley and youngest daughter Ann, underage, also granddaughter Linda Jolley; 1000 salves and land.

According to the Media Research Bureau findings, Peter, born about 1670, 4th son of immigrant John whose wife was Ann, had a son who moved to North Carolina. In the North Carolina deeds for land transactions we find in early 1700, four Jolleys, Peter, John, Joseph and James. Our ggg grandfather Jesse was born in North Carolina about 1732.

Jesse Jolley married wife Martha, born about 1732. Their son was John.

John Jolley married wife Louisa Bryan, born about 1763. Their sons, Fredrick, Jesse, Hancel Bryan, Henry and John.

Henry Jolley married wife Frances Manning, born 26 Aug 1789. Their sons, Reuben Manning and Henry Bryant Manning.

Below is a story of a branch of the Jolley family that settled in Pennsylvania. We do not

know if these Pennsylvania Jolleys connects to the Utah Jolleys. It is an interesting story

about life in early America.

The Jolley Family of Pennsylvania:

By Reverend Austin H. Jolly

403 West Hutchinson St. Edgewood Pa. Aug. 27, 1907

Most of our race are born in obscurity and quickly pass to oblivion. So many little things are to be done and so few great deeds that most of us are commonplace and leave no

trace of our existence the century after we pass from the stage of action. The few who stand out in the limelight of great actions live longer in the uncertain light of historic praise and historic criticism. Perhaps it is just as well to live in obscurity and do our

part well and avoid the severer light and sterner investigations of those who come after us.

The family of which I am to record a few incidents has no claim to the interest of a national historian. Nor are there names to be inscribed in the halls of fame. Oblivion wraps the past in a sable mantle and brushes the tenderst epitaph from the changing sands. From this obscurity it is impossible to wrench the facts of the past. The secrets

of oblivion are well kept. We only know that she has volumes in her treasure but we

have no key to unlock them, no power by which to compel her to divulge her secrets.

Somewhere on the northern coast of France I see a boatman struggling in the waves.

His boat is small, the sea is heavy. But he is fearless and skillful. He masters the sea and plies his little boat from ship to shore and back again to the ship. His boat is a yawl or jolle. It was afterwards called a Jolly boat and the man who so skillfully handled the

boat was the first Jolly. He simply took the name of his occupation as did the Smiths,

the Shoemakers and the Carpenters and the Painters, and the rest of them.

I cannot give the date of that beginning of the Jolly family. Perhaps beside some

Hugunot ship, hugging the Belgian shore the old ocean lifted her spray in giving this

new name to a race and the great waves beating upon the rocky shore raised an anthem

of praise worthy of that first christening. But in some such way in the dim past the

master of the yawl, or jolle boat became a Jolly. He did not always stay with his boat.

We find him later on the shore, a noble craftsman, a printer by trade serving the first Napoleon and putting in print his first book. In the days of the French revolution a

Jolly tried his hand in politics having the honor for a brief period of holding in his hand the Finances of France. But his political career like many in those troublous times was short lived and without honor to the name.

If you were to visit Paris today you would find as a guide through the wonders of that historic city a book published by our French cousin and if you wished another of our cousins, Monsieur Jolly would be your guide through the city.

When or why the Jollys came to America we have no means of knowing. I think they were Protestants, probably Hugunots seeking refuge from the persecutions of that land and finding an asylum in this. That they are found in this country among Protestants inclines me to this view. The French Catholics were numerous in Canada and in the far South, about New Orleans. But the Jollys, many families of them came to the Middle States. They settled among the English and Irish, and Germans, and with them developed the country in which we live. One branch of the family settled in tile Carolinas and have their descendents in the Southern States. There are traces of another family fir to the north among the French Canadians. But the larger number probably entered through the pprts of New York and Philadelphia and spread over the Middle and Northern States.

The branch of the Jolly family to which we belong made its first settlement in Eastern Penn. That must have been their home during the Revolutionary War. Of that period we have here today a single relic in "Old Trenton, " a gun which tradition says was handled by one of our ancestors in the battle of Trenton, Dec. 25, 1776. Those of you who remember how the word Hessian was on the lips of my Grandfather and my father can scarcely doubt that at some time, probably at Trenton, our ancestor did make the

Hessians run.

In the year 1790 the folly family settled in what is now Armstrong County on the banks of the Kiskerinetas River. This was their first stopping. place in the West. But after spending a short time there they decided to go farther to the west, and again taking up their original craft they set sail down the Kiskeminetas in-the Autumn of 1792. Winter set in early that year and before they reached the Allegheny River they were frozen in, and could not make further headway dowd the river. While they waited for the opeiiing of spring and the breaking up of the ice, three of their number left the others and following up the Allegheny River found a place of settlement to which they brought their families and where their descendants still hold possession of the land in Scrubgrass Township.

Here in the heart of the primitive forest they kindled the watch fifes of a new civilization. None but heroes were fitted for the hardship and the adventure of that forest life. To face the dangers and overcome the difficulties of that forest, to tame the soil and to create every implement and weapon, to repel the hungry wolf, to drive away the prowling bear, to become insured to the nightly cry of the panther and wild cat, to make battle with the long winter's cold, to face disease and even death and in the end to make the vast wilderness bud and blossom as the rose - that was the test and the victory of our ancestors.

And yet a deadlier enemy lingered in that forest. The Indian was still there.

Enraged at his losses and at the encroachment of the pale faces threatened every lonely cabin. Again and again "Old Trenton" was taken from the hooks on the rafters at the call for the "Minute Men" and the silent forest reverberated with the roar of her never failing flint. How many Indians fell and how many were frightened away by that faithful friend, history does not record.

There were three of these early settlers: David, Samuel and Thomas Jolly. The first two were brothers and the third a cousin. Thomas was the ancestor of the family represented here today.

He built his cabin beside a never failing spring and staked out his farm where his descendants of the fourth generation still live. His son Thomas fell heir to the Father's estate and his son Thomas succeeded to its possession and transmitted it to his son, and now I believe another generation is still in possession of the ancient landmarks.

About the time that the Jollys arrived in Butler County, the Indians had made a raid and killed a man by the name of Kelly. Sometime after this event the widow became the wife of Thomas Jolly and from them our branch of the family. They were the parents of four children, John, David, Elizabeth, and Thomas. It must have been about 1815 that John and David Jolly crossed the Allegheny River and formed a new settlement in Rockland on farms still owned by Robert and James Jolly.

John Jolly was the first to settle here but David soon followed and here these heroes of the west battled with beasts and with nature's forces, toughening their own sinews and developing a new community.

John Jolly was the father of John and Samuel and David and Andrew and Elizabeth

(Mrs. Chadwick) by his first wife and by his second wife, Robert and Harvey and Lambert and Melissa. Robert and Melissa still reside on the farm where their father first settled nearly ninety years ago.

John Jolly died nearly fifty years ago and I believe that all of his first family has also passed away. His son Andrew died nearly fifty years ago but his name is continued here in the children of James S. Jolly.

As I have said, Thomas Jolly, the youngest son fell heir to the old homestead in Butler County. It was my privilege to visit him in his home more than thirty years ago and I am indebted to him for many facts and incidents of the early times. He pointed out to me the old cabin of our ancestors, and the never failing spring which determined the immediate spot of that first settlement. He was the last of his generation to pass away, the last link with that remote past.

His sons and daughters are:


Elizabeth or Betsy married a Layton and settled on a portion of the old Jolly Farm in Scrubgrass. The children of this union were: Thomas Jolly Layton, father of three

worthy sons now in prominent places in trust in Pittsburg. Mrs. Moginnis, whose descendants reside near Emlenton. Mrs. Louis Martin who died only a few years ago in Pittsburg where four sons and two daughters still survive.


David Jolly married Elizabeth Adams and to them was born eleven children. The sons were William; Thomas, James, David, and John. The daughters were Eliza (Jones) Ann (Shannon) Isabella (Stout) Nancy Jane (Graham) Rachel (Karnes) and Emeline (Barr). Only four of these remain; William the eldest who at the advanced age of 96, died in 1913 in Vineland, N.J., Isabella Stout, who died in 1912 at Friendship, N.Y., James Jolly, died 1914, and Rachel Karnes, died 1920.

It would be impossible for us today to even mention the names of these descendants of the Jolly family, or to name those with whom they have been united in marriage to perpetuate and enlarge the family tree. We must pass by all of these and turn our attention to one small branch on this flourishing tree.

Fifty-eight years ago, 1848, Thomas Jolly and Sarah Jane Young were married and settled on the farm where we are now assembled-. The farm originally consisted of 100 acres which was equally divided between William and Thomas. My father received the western portion on which there seems to have been a log house, which at that time was not new. Here they lived and in that cabin we two children were born. The present house which has been changed a little was erected about 1853. This was the happy home of our childhood. Here we spent the long winter evenings romping or leaming the lessons from school, paring apples, cracking nuts, playing checkers or blind mans buff. Here we learned the best lessons of life and got our equipment for wider fields. Out from this door we went each morning to the field or the school and at evening returned weary and content. In those childhood days this place was the center of the world. It was not a very large world then. It has grown since. We loved our home and our parents and each other. We knew the paths of yonder forest, we knew the taste of the apples which fell from every one of yonder trees. We slaked our thirst often at the big spring in the woods. We chased the squirrel and the rabbit, and dug the groundhog from his den. We fished

in the sparkling stream and went swimming in every puddle on the farm. We made sleds and coasted on the hillsides. We built bridges on the streams, and swung on grapevines clinging to the trees. We chopped the winter wood out and husked the corn. We drove the forest back a little way and claimed the new soil. Ours was a happy lot with scarce a dream of the future of a larger world. From natures great open book we read the best lessons of life. We knew the language of the birds. We talked with the animals in the field. We tested the strength and speed of the horse and learned a kind of affection for the sheep and cows. The moon shed a kindly light upon us and the stars were our friends. We breathed the freshest air of heaven and drank from the purest streams.

To Thomas and Sarah Jane Young Jolly were born seven children:

Newton C. - Austin H. - Willis A. - Frank D. - Myra E. - Jennie J. and Ann M.

Three of these have passed to the better land, and with one exception those who remain are here at our birth place to drink again from the fountains of youth and to recall the scenes and incidents of the past. Of our children there are 14, all but one are living. And of the next generation there are ten. Four generations have dwelt within these walls, and five have looked upon the scenes that are before us today. Men change. We ourselves feel these changes coming upon us. We move on and give place to the others. But we have had our part in suffering and joy.

(End)

The Jolley family’s move to North Carolina:

From the best available information we can find our Jolley Ancestors moved from Virginia to North Carolina about 1700. They no doubt traveled the Occaneechi Path, an old Indian trail which runs south westerly from Old Fort Henry on the James River to the important Indian trading post of Occaneechi on the Roanock River. The old trail crosses the Virginia state line into North Carolina then continues south westerly through North and South- Carolina to Columbia. Here it bears almost west to Montgomery Alabama and on across Mississippi to Natchez.

Land deeds indicate that Joseph, John, Peter, and James Jolley were in North Carolina in early 1700. Our ancestor Jesse Jolley was born about 1730 and married Martha whose maiden name we do not have. Jesse purchased 210 acres of land located on Grendil

Creek from Walter Bryan.

On March 10, 1765 he received a land grant from Lord Grenville. This grant was located near Flat Swamp on Grendil Creek and is a few miles from Bethel, North Carolina.The land grant describes the location as being in Beaufort County. It should be noted that Pitt County was originally a part of Beaufort County. Grendil Creek heads in Pitt County and flows southwesterly for some distance, then it changes its course to the east and empties into Tar River near Pactolus, North Carolina.

Flat Swamp is about six miles east of Bethel, therefore we assume that Jesse Jolley lived near Bethel N. C.

A primitive Baptist church was organized at Flat Swamp about 1750 and was one of the oldest churches in the area.

It should be noted here that a pole is a measure of distance equal to one rod. This term is used in Jesse's land grant description. There were no towns in Pitt County until after the Revolutionary War.

Bethel is located on three different original tracts of land, namely; the Andrews, comprising 400 acres; the Joel Whitefield land of 300 acres, and the Lanier Ward grant of 200 acres. The Bethel Cemetery is located on land obtained from Jackie Bryan. Tradition in the Jolley Family is that the Bryans obtained this land from Jesse Jolley.

Reuben Manning deeded 640 acres of land located on the north side of Grendil Creek to Jesse Jolley in 1782. In 1786 Jesse Jolley sold 150 acres of land to Fredrick Bryan.

North Carolina Colonial Records Volume 10 Page 37 lists Jesse Jolley as a lieutenant, who returned from general muster 18 November 1773. He was a free holder of land and on 23 June 1775 he was elected to the Safety Committee at Martinborough, Pitt County N. C.

John and Peter Jolley were elected as patrollers in July 1775. Their job was to examine all slaves traveling without a pass from their masters. Slaves found guilty were given 39 lashes or less according to the judgement of the patrollers. All firearms carried by runaway slaves were confiscated and sold at public auction. Monies collected from these sales were given to the church.

Jesse and Martha were the parents of John Jolley born between 1762 and 1765. John married Louisa Bryan the daughter of Fredrick Bryan. They had the following children: Fredrick born about 1783, Jesse born about 1785, Hancel born about 1787, Henry born 26 August 1789, and John born about 1791. In 1796 John deeded all his property to his wife Martha and his five sons. We assume that he died about that time,

We have not been unable to find any further record of the family until January 1806, when Henry Jolley married Frances Manning, daughter of Reuben and Diana McCoy Manning. Children born to Henry and Frances were:

Martha Patsey, 24 Oct. 1806, Reuben Manning, I Oct. 1808, Temperance, 23 May 1811, Henry Bryant Manning Jolley 11 Oct. 1813.

In October 1814 Henry Jolley answered to roll call in General Eason's North Carolina Militia. Diana Louisa Jolley was born 26 March 1816.

The next record we have is where Martha Jolley deeded considerable personal property

of her grandson Henry on 30 November 1818. We assume that Jesse Jolley died about 1817.

The other children of Henry and Frances were born as follows: Orna Jessie 25 Feb.

1819. Frances Rilla 23 Oct. 1821, and Lina Meniza 25 Nov. 1824.

Henry Jolley, always ambitious to improve his situation, caught the spirit of the westward movement. Pioneers were streaming along the old Occaneechi Indian Path into Georgia,, Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

Under the original charter the Mississippi River was the western boundary line of North Carolina. The area west of the Appalachian mountain range offered wide expanses of fertile land suitable for farming, but it was a great distance from the cities along the Atlantic sea board. The lofty peaks of the Smoky mountains stood as guardians, challenging those who would try to cross onto the lands beyond.

War Veterans and their widows needed pensions for their services rendered. A plan was set up to give land grants, in what is now Tennessee, to these worthy citizens. The distance was great and trails through the mountains were hazardous. As a result many of the grantees were willing to sell their lands very cheaply. An old timer in Dresden, Tenn. told the writer that his grandfather obtained a large tract of land for ten cents per acre. Henry and Frances Jolley realizing the great opportunities for cheap land in what is now Tennessee decided to chance their luck in this inviting land of opportunity. Henry sold his plantation, which lay on the north side of Grendil Creek to Thomas Bryan. This land was no doubt part of the original grant of his grandfather Jesse Jolley. He also sold some of his slaves and live stock. Loading their personal belongings and the family into covered wagons they headed west.

We are not positive as to the route Henry and Frances traveled from Bethel, Pitt County, N. C. to Dresden, Tenn. William Bean of Virginia found his way through the Cumberland Gap in 1769. He no doubt followed Daniel Boone along this trail and connected with the Warriors Path. Bean is supposed to have built the first cabin in Tennessee on the banks of the Watauga River. Part of this route came to be known as the Wilderness Road. We do not believe the Jolleys followed this route. We rather think they traveled west through Raleigh to Salisbury, N. C., which was a junction for pioneers moving west and south. From Salisbury the road cuts through a corner of South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama, following the Tennessee River north into Tennessee. This was probably a longer route than through the Cumberland Gap, but the records show that most people moving to Tennessee took this route.

The arrival of the Jolleys in Tennessee:

The Henry Jolley Family arrived in Dresden, Tenn. between 1825 and 1827. We have come to this conclusion after studying legal documents, land deeds, dates of birth of children, and court records.

By April 1828 the Jolleys were well established in Tennessee as the following court

order will prove.

Weakley County, Tennessee Court Minutes Vol I - 1827 to 1835. April session 1828 - Page 30.

Ordered that Henry Jolley oversee and keep in repair the Wadesborougli Road from Cypress Creek to Daniel Lightner's; and that William Mayo, Lacy Ross, Reuben Jolley, Reuben Ross, Thomas Ross, William McDaniel, T. E. Pippin, David Shanklin, and Danile Lightner work with him on said road.

The fact that the Jolleys brought a goodly number of slaves with them from North Carolina, we assume that they owned and operated a sizeable acreage of land near Dresden. They were active in community life, as the following will indicate:

Weakley County, Tennessee Court Record 1827 to 1837.

Page 81 - January session 1829 Reuben M. Jolley served on the jury.

Page 135 - No. 501 Joseph Adkerson transferred 100 acres of land to Reuben M. Jolley 4 Oct. 1833. Page 185 - Charles M. McClain came into court and resigned his appointment as constable in Captain Jolley's Militia Company 1835.

Page 212 - Transferred from Reuben M. Jolley to Asa Davis for value received. September 1837

Tobacco, cotton, and sugar cane were the principal crops grown by the Jolleys and they became quite prosperous.

Henry Jolley's children were all quite young when he arrived in Tennessee. Reuben Manning- was 17, Temperance 15, Henry Bryant Manning 13, Diana 10, Orna 7, Frances Rilla 5 and Lina Meniza 2. Reuben Manning married Sarah Pippin, daughter of Loftis and Sarah Hall Pippin on 13 Jan. 1829. The Pippins had recently arrived in Dresden from Franklin County, North Carolina. Temperance married Henry Young 6 Dec. 1829. He came from Mountain Creek, Virginia. Henry Bryant Manning Jolley married Brittanna Mayo, daughter of John and Gatsey Williamson Mayo on 31 Oct. 1833. Brittanna had recently arrived in Dresden from Old Sparta, North Carolina with her Uncle Kenneth and Aunt Elizabeth Williamson Manning. Diana married Calvin Townsend Jones in 1833. He died. Diana then married Dennis Dorrity in 1839.

The Jolley family joins the Mormon Church:

Early in 1842 two missionaries called at the Henry Jolley farm and introduced themselves as, Elder McIntosh and Elder Wilson representing the Mormon Church. They were made welcome and permitted to explain their religious beliefs. Henry Jolley and his family members were deeply impressed with the doctrine of the new church and asked for baptism. On 18 Feb. 1842 Henry, Frances, with their son Reuben Manning and Reuben's wife, Sarah Pippin Jolley, were baptized. On 12 March 1842 Henry Bryant Manning and Brittanna Mayo Jolley joined the church through baptism.

Their desire now was to join the other saints of the Mormon Church at Nauvoo, Illinois. There land and slaves were sold, except Sammy Lamb, a young lad whose parents had died. The following is a record of a land transfer executed by Reuben Manning Jolley.

Weakley County, Tennessee Court minutes. Page 147, R. M. Jolley for value received, I transfer 50 acres out of the south east corner of my 100 acres to Thomas H. Palmer this 19th day of March 1842.

Signed R. M. Jolley

Also: for value received I transfer twenty-five acres of this occupant claim lying in the north east corner of the Original occupant to Kenneth Manning this 19th day of April 1842.

Signed, R. M. Jolley

The move to Nauvoo:

                                                              

On 21 April 1842, just when the crops were well along and the whole landscape green and beautiful the Jolley family covered wagon headed north.There was sadness and tears at their departure for many of the slaves wanted to go along, but that was not possible. They had a new master now and must be left behind.


The faith and courage of these new converts must have been very strong indeed, to leave comfortable homes and property for religious beliefs and to trust their future among strangers in a new territory. Three of Henry's daughters remained in Dresden, Tennessee. Martha Patsy who was married to Joe Mullan. Orna who had married James Dorrity and Frances Rilla, wife of Jesse Jolley.

The route they traveled took them through Hickman and Ballard Counties in Kentucky

to Cario on the Mississippi, which was a bustling frontier outpost for trappers and immigrants moving west. After ferrying across the Ohio River the Jolleys moved through Pulaski, Union, Randolph, Monroe, and St. Clair Counties in Illinois, then to St. Louis. Here they rested for a couple of days, then journeyed through Madison, Jersey, Green, Scott, Brown, and Adams Counties then into Hancock County, Illinois. They

were now in Mormon territory and would soon be to their destination. At last they pulled into Nauvoo weary but happy after the long trek.

Nauvoo:

Nauvoo stands on a rising eminence around which flows the "Father of Waters, " the Mississippi River. The ground rises gradually for about a mile, there it tends to level off then it extends as a great prairie stretching east- ward. This rolling surface was once covered by a luxuriant growth of wild flowers and grasses. Patches of timbered growth interspersed the landscape, making it beautiful and inviting.

On the West Bank of the river opposite Nauvoo, the bluffs rise from the water's edge quite abruptly. The prairie and woodlands extend great distances back of these bluffs. At the head of the Des Moines Rapids and overlooking the river is situated the City of Nauvoo. The Sac and Fox Indians called the area "Quashquenna, " which means Beautiful Site.

The Mormons started buying land in 1839 and by 1842, when the Jolleys arrived, Nauvoo had grown to great proportions and was the largest city in Illinois.

Converts were arriving almost daily. Many skilled men from Europe were among them. Their technical skills aided greatly in construction and in business. The Prophet and his brother Hyrum, who were recognized as spiritually endowed men, made all who came welcome. The Jolleys being farmers obtained land and began raising crops for food. The property owned by the Jolleys in Nauvoo was as follows: Henry Bryant Manning Jolley located in Block 2 - Lot 3, Reuben Manning had a home in Block 31 - Lot 2, Henry's home was in Block 18 - Lot 3. Henry I. Young and his wife Temperance located on Block 31 - Lot I. - Dennis and Diana Dorrity located on the same land Block 31 - Lot 1.

The big threat to their success and well being was the rising spirit of resentment against the Mormons by the outsiders. The mob spirit increased and all feared for the safety of the church leaders and for their own safety. Finally the tragic day arrived on 27 June 1844. The Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum were assassinated while being held prisoners in Carthage Jail. The Jolleys witnessed the tragic scene when the bodies were returned to Nauvoo for burial.

As fall arrived and the crops were about harvested, Frances, wife of Henry became ill and died 29 September 1844. Her death caused deep sorrow to her family, for she had been a kind, loving wife and mother. She had proved herself a true pioneer in every way.

The men and boys of the Jolley family helped rush work on the temple until it was completed.

The Jolley family flee from Nauvoo to Iowa:

Finally because of the rising mob spirit the leaders of the church gave the order for the Saints to flee. It was in the dead of winter when the inhabitants of Nauvoo faced the bitter wilderness as they fled across Iowa to a refuge in the west beyond the reach of

their enemies.

The Jolleys stopped at Bonaparte and Keosauqua in Van Buren County, Iowa. They settled here and made homes until 1848. During their stay here a son, Nephi, was born to H. B. M. and Brittanna. Joseph and Josephine Young (twins) were also born here. In 1848 Henry and H. B. M. with their families moved on to Council Bluffs. This is where Lewis and Clark, on 3 August 1804, held a council with the Ottowa and Missouri Indians. These Indians had dwelt in this area for unnumbered years. The Potawatomes from the southern shores of Lake Michigan with members of the Ottowa and Chippewa tribes moved to this region from their reservation on the Platte Purchase in Missouri about 1837. As they scattered over the vast prairie lands about 500 Potawatomes remained near the Bluffs and built their Wicki-ups along the valley floor and along the hillside overlooking what is now Council Bluffs. At one time this area was called Kanesville, later named Council Bluffs, so both names refer to the same general area.

The first Saints arrive at Council Bluffs:

The first Mormon group, led by Orson Hyde, reached the Missouri River, just south of the present sight of Council Bluffs on the 14th of July1846. He was greatly impressed with the rich fertile soil on the bottomlands, which was protected by encircling hills. He decided this was a good place for his people to make a temporary settlement while on their journey to the Rocky Mountains.

The Jolley family arrives at Council Bluffs:

In 1848 H. B. M. and Henry Jolley arrived at Council Bluffs. H. B. M. was chosen to remain there to help raise crops. Schools were established and a church center created at Kanesville, this name being designated in honor of Colonel Thomas L. Kane, who had befriended the Mormon people. On 19 January 1853 Council Bluffs was incorporated and the Kanesville and Council Bluffs areas were given the name Council Bluffs.

Many immigrants arriving west stopped for a time at the new settlement. Here they received provisions for the big push west. In the spring of 1850 it was estimated that about 4, 500 teams crossed the river at Kanesville with 13, 500 men and 22, 000 horses, mules, oxen and milk cows.

During the stay at Kanesville, a number of important events took place in the Jolley family. Mary Angelina Jolley married Thomas Keel. William Jackson Jolley married Serepta Curtis. Caroline C. Jolley married Charles M. Donelson. Another son, Bryant Heber was born to M B. M. and Brittanna Mayo. Dennis Bryant Dorrity, son of Diana Jolley and Dennis Dorrity was born there. Great-great grandfather Henry Jolley married Barbara, whose maiden name is unknown.

The Henry Jolly family crosses the plains:

Early in 1848 Henry, Barbara, and the little Negro boy, Sammy, joined a company of Saints and journeyed to the Great Salt Lake Valley. . The Temperance Jolley Young Family left Kanesville in July in the Edward Hunter Company. They arrived in the valley on the 13th of September 1850. In the summer of 1849 Sarah Pippin Jolley with her children arrived at Kanesville. Her husband Reuben M. Jolley had died 29 April 1849 while they were at Keosauqua, Iowa. She and her children left Kanesville in June, and arrived on 15 Sept. 1850.

The H.B.M. Jolley family leaves for the Great Salt Lake Valley:

The H. B. M. Jolley family was the last to leave on the trek across the plains. In 1852 he was made captain of the 7th company and the journey began. The roads were dusty, gullied and rough. Fording the Platte River was the greatest challenge of the trip. Several days were required to make the crossing. While the oxen and horses swam on an angle with the downward flow of the water, each wagon was floated on logs fastened around it forming a square. The logs worked as pontoons to keep the vehicle from sinking.

Experiences while crossing the plains were varied. The travelers had left behind the beauty of the rolling hills and lofty mountains of their former homes. Instead the flat plain stretched before them, no mountains as far as the eye could see. The sun made its arrival and departure with suddenness. No shafts of light prepared the scene for its rising and no fire like glow in the western sky warned before darkness.

Some of the saints crossing the plains suffered such hardships and sickness that their route could be followed by the crudely marked graves of loved ones that died during the long and grueling trek to the valley.

The company in which the last of the Jolleys came to Utah was not so unfortunate. They had summer for there travel and although the slow journey over the dusty, rough roads under the burning summer sun was anything but comfortable, still these saints were happy. At night they stopped their wagons in a circle for safety. The young folks danced and all sang and prayed by the campfires before their night's rest.

At times they saw in the distance buffalo herds. The scouts for the travelers were ever alert for any Indians who might cause trouble. They would meet trappers or Saints returning from the valley to Winter Quarters. Stories of the new Zion thrilled them and they were strengthened to continue their journey.

They were thrilled and their hearts were stirred with gratitude as they first sighted the snow-capped Rocky Mountains. The spiraled peaks stood like far away sentinels to welcome and protect them. They encountered snow over the great South Pass and the roads were rougher but joy filled their hearts for the journey's end was near.

It was a breath-taking scene when at last they viewed Salt Lake Valley with its wide stretching plain with shimmering Great Salt Lake as a background. The city had been plotted into ten-acre squares with wide spacious streets. Beyond the plotted areas were the fields.

A few days after their arrival the Jolleys continued their journey to Utah Valley, settling at Palmyra, near Spanish Fork.

The history of Palmyra and Spanish Fork:

A number of pioneers had settled along the Spanish Fork River before the Jolleys

arrived in September, 1852. The first church organization had been made March 10, 1852, with Stephen Markham as President and William Pace as Bishop. J. W. Berry and John H. Redd were counselors. During the winter of 1852 and 53, a petition was sent to the Territorial Legislature asking for a Charter, which was granted, and Palmyra became a city. Wesley W. Willis was the first mayor. Samuel Pollock was City Recorder. A home guard was organized for protection against the Indians.

The winter of 1852 and 53 was very severe, causing heavy loss of livestock. The Jolley cattle were poor following the long trek from Council Bluffs, so their losses were heavy. The people lived at first in dugouts, as they were easier to build, and were warm in

winter and cool in summer.

There were 39 Jolley family members at Palmyra during the winter of 1852 and 53, as follows:

Henry Bryant Manning Jolley, ten members; William Jackson Jolley, three members; Pelic Berry Jolley, one member; Diana Jolley Dorrity, eleven members; Temperance Jolley Young family, eleven members; Robert Moncur, George A. Hicks and Albert Gay, who later married into the Jolley family. Their families were also in the settlement.

The first public building was an all-purpose structure built of adobe, used for church meetings, school, dance hall and opera house. Admission to dances and theater was paid in farm produce. Most business transactions were carried on by barter.

The leading public speakers in the settlement were H. B. M. Jolley, Allan Adamson, W. Riley, James Woodward and Dennis Dorrity. The early teachers of Palmyra were Silas Hillman, A. K. Thurber, and a Mr. Cook. McGuffey's reader, Smith's Arithmetic,

an elementary spelling book, the "New Testament, and the Book of Mormon were the texts used.

Most of the settlers were living on their farms along the Spanish Fork River until 1853, when the Walker War broke out. Walker, (whose real name was Wahker, which signifies "yellow' in Ute dialect), with his band of probably a hundred families, were camped near the head waters of Spring Creek near Springville. Besides fishing, they would go through the community begging for food. It happened that an Indian with his squaw was begging at the home of Joseph Kelly, where there were a couple of other Indians. The squaws had traded a string of fish for some flour. "Shower Socketts, (Blue Rabbit) began beating his squaw for trading the fish for such a small quantity of flour. James Ivey, a neighbor of the Kellys, happened to be present, and when the Indian continued to beat his squaw, Ivey picked up the Indian's gun and struck him over the

head with it, killing him instantly. One of the other Indians attempted to shoot Ivey with his bow and arrow, but he was too slow. Ivey struck him over the head, rendering him unconscious. The third Indian dashed to the Indian camp and reported to Walker what had happened. The people of Springville offered to pay for the dead Indian, but the Indians refused. They demanded Ivey be delivered to them to be punished their way, which would be slow torture till death. This the people refused to do.

Early next morning the Indians broke camp and headed south toward Peteetneet Canyon where they camped. The next day an Indian named Wahwooney, which signifies "a guard or watcher, " came into Payson and loitered around until evening. Guards were placed on duty by the settlers, as they feared trouble. The Indian, seeing one of the guards in the evening dusk, shot him through the heart. The victim was Keele, cousin of Thomas Keele, husband of Mary Jolley. This was the first white man killed in the Walker War.

The news spread like wildfire, and a call for volunteers went out to all the surrounding communities. George Hicks and William Jackson Jolley responded, and were in the company of about 50 men who set out to rescue two families who were operating a sawmill up Payson Canyon, where the Indians had gone. Fortunately the Indians had fired only a few shots in their retreat, apparently knowing they were being pursued. Following is a quote of Uncle George A. Hicks:

"On the morning Of July 19, Colonel Peter Conover of Provo arrived at Payson with l00 volunteers from the north part of Utah County. At 9 p. m. the company started south for Manti, arriving at, Nephi about daybreak. The detachment remained at Manti for about two weeks. During this time word came that the Indians had raided Hamilton, driving off all the cattle and horses. The people of Manti feeling that they were strong enough to protect themselves, we returned home."

Instead of raiding Spring City and Manti, as was feared, Walker, after raiding Hamilton and sterling the cattle and horses, then headed up the San Pitch River.

John W. Berry and Bolliver Roberts, two of the volunteers, were wounded by Indians as they were returning to Palmyra to report the progress of the war. The settlers fearing attack now resolved to build a fort for protection. President Brigham Young had counseled the people to build a fort even before the Walker War broke out. Ten square acres, or 40 rods, were enclosed with a wall high enough to keep out attackers. A ditch or moat was dug around the outside wall in which water was run.

In the fall of 1854 peace was declared. Many settlers had been killed and herds of livestock had been driven off by the Indians. Other troubles plagued the settlers.

Great swarms of grasshoppers destroyed most of the crops during the summer of 1854.

A new problem of a different nature confronted the settlers. The water in the ditch surrounding the fort seeped under the walls and extended under the houses inside. This caused the foundation to sink. It could be seen that the low sandy loam soil would not be suitable to hold large buildings. Dissatisfaction grew against the location of Palmyra as the proper location for a city. An appeal was made to Apostle George A. Smith for permission to move to higher ground, but he vehemently rejected the petition.

H. B. M. Jolley, J. B. Banks and John H. Redd were chosen to go to Salt Lake and place the matter before President Young. After hearing their arguments for a new location on higher ground, his answer was 'Yes, go brethren, and build your fort, for that is where the city should have been in the first place. " He was referring to the present site of Spanish Fork.

H. B. M. Jolley helped select the new site, and lay out the new city. A new fort 60 feet by 100 feet, with 116 foot high walls, was constructed in the fall of 1854. That winter

19 families lived in the new fort, the H. B. M. Jolley family being one of them.

Some ill feelings developed between Spanish Fork residents and Palmyra residents because of loose cattle grazing on each other’s lands.

Finally, in 1856, Brigham Young advised the Palmyra residents to abandon their city. That they did. Uncle George Hicks pictured the situation in these words, "Four long and dreary years we had worked there under trying circumstances. All the improvements, which we had made during those four years, in the form of homes, were a total loss,

and all because we had listened to bad advice. "

The new city of Spanish Fork grew rapidly. Good farmlands extended in each direction. As the new Settlement grew the Jolleys prospered, but they continued to have the problem of they’re large herds of cattle trespassing on the farmlands.

H. B. M., in order to avoid trouble decided to move a few miles south to Pond Town. Later present day Salem.

From Salem to the land of Dixie:

As prosperity again began to smile upon the Jolleys in their new location at Pond Town, it appeared that they had finally reached their destination. Henry Bryant Manning Jolley was chosen as Bishop while they were living in Pond Town.

Broad expanses of grassland lay to the north, extending over the Leland Bench, which furnished excellent grazing .for cattle raising. This was their principal interest. Farming was always secondary in the lives of the Jolleys.

Bryant Heber, and his brother, Nephi, were the regular herders. They spent many long and tiresome hours, often barefoot, herding the cows over a wide area. Soon new settlers who were interested in farming began to arrive and take up the land. This was aconflict of interest and caused concern among the settlers. This problem, coupled with the need of the church for people who understood cotton culture, prompted President Brigham Young to call the Jolleys to the Utah Dixie mission. H. B. M., always heeding any call that came from his church, promptly left his holdings at Pond Town and

prepared to move south.

This company was a large one. Following are the families who moved to Dixie at this time: William Jackson Jolley, with his wife, Serepta Curtis, and their children, Reuben Gardner, William Jackson Jr., Henry Alpheus, Serepta Luticia, and Bertha Lorinda, Pelic Berry Jolley, his wife, Sarah Knight, and their son, John Berry, Caroline Carson, the married daughter of Sarah Pippin, with Caroline's husband, Charles Madison Donelson, and their children, Sarah Eleanor, Charles Madison Jr., John Reuben, William Thomas, Caroline Mariah, and Mary Jane; Sarah Pippin Jolley and her three unmarried children, Francis Marian, Joseph Loftis, and Henry Gideon; Henry Bryant Manning Jolley and wives Brittanna Mayo and Cynthia Shurcliff, and their unmarried children, Nephi, Bryant Heber, Reuben Kenneth, Joseph Lehi, and Haskell S.; Angelina Jolley and her husband, Thomas Keele and their children, Nancy, Susan, Thomas J. Jr., Mary A.William W.; H. B. M.'s son, Williamson Wesley, and his wife, Mary Ann Chambers, and their child, Catherine; H. B. M's daughter Elizabeth, and her husband, George A. Hicks, and their children, George William, Henry Bryant, and Robert; FrancesJolley Moncur and her husband, Robert Moncur, and their son, Robert Bryant Moneur.

This made forty-eight people traveling to Dixie in this company.

The trip was long, tedious and dangerous. Poor roads and always the threat of an Indian raid tested their faith and courage. Ox team was the common mode of travel. Herds of cattle and sheep trailed behind the ox team caravan. A small barrel carried on the side of each wagon provided water for the travelers, but this supply was often exhausted before they arrived at the next water. The long stretches of road without water added to the discomfort of the tedious journey.

Upon their arrival at Mona, where the Temperance Jolley Young family lived, they took

a day's rest. Again, a few days later, when they arrived at Kanosh, another few days layover was enjoyed at Aunt Diana Jolley Jones Dorrity's home. Here the Williamson Wesley Jolley family dropped out of the caravan because of the illness of his wife, who was soon to be confined.

The rest of the caravan continued on. The journey from Kanosh to Cove Fort Creek was very difficult as a rather high pass had to be crossed and there was an Indian scare. Fortunately there was no attack. The next day travel was even more difficult. The road wound through thick cedars and underbrush, then up and over the pine creek ridge.

Wild Cat Hill presented the most difficult challenge as yet. Because it was so steep and hazardous. Several ox teams were needed to draw one wagon up the hill. Some of the weary travelers walked to lighten the load and to rest from the tiresome lurching of the wagon ride. That night camp was made at Coyote Creek. The water was cool and refreshing and grazing was excellent. The following day passed without incident, and evening found them at Beaver Creek.

By early dawn the next morning the oxen were yoked and the travelers were on their way, for they faced the longest stretch without water. With this early start and with wisdom in not rushing the cattle, they reached Buckhorn Seeps without losing an animal.

Now the land surface began to flattened out and during the next three days there was the unbroken monotony of slow turning wagon wheels behind strong but complacent oxen

as they continued their journey. Camps were made at Red Creek (Parragonah), Summit, and finally Cedar. Now over half the distance had been covered. Hamilton Fort Creek was their next stop, then on to Kanarrah. Some distance from Kanarrah they hit the red, sucking sand, which, like a magnet, pulled the wagon wheels into its sifting grasp.

Travel was slow and difficult, and at times almost impossible. Finally Ash Creek was reached and camp was made at the mouth-of Black Ridge Canyon. Here the greatest challenge of their long and tiresome trek presented itself. The deep, rocky slopes of the Canyon signaled danger ahead. The canyon walls were steep and craggy, and the seemingly unending mass of immovable lava rock made the prospect of travel even more forbidding. Below trickled Ash Creek. The rocky road or trail was narrow and winding, scarcely wide enough for a wagon. At times the slope of the road was so severe that men had to ride the upper side of the wagons to keep them balanced and thus avoid their tipping over and crashing down the canyon side. The weary women and children walked over these dangerous places. Had an airplane flown over the scene then, the gaily-colored pioneer dresses would have looked like flowers on the unbroken blackness of the lava rock. Instead, there was the struggling but progressive steps downward and the sweltering Dixie sun overhead to make the scene poignant with human suffering, but illustrious with courageous perseverance. In some places two teams of oxen were used to each wagon, one team in front and one behind with a chain attached to steady and control the wagon during the dangerous downward descent.

The travel was indeed slow and tedious under the blistering Dixie sun, but the courageous travelers struggled on. No doubt the bullwhip and some questionable language were used.

When we read or say that our pioneering ancestors were called to settle Utah's Dixie, varied pictures or maybe no picture at all may come into the mind. So that we may appreciate the immensity of the task, let us for a moment consider the landscape of Utah's Dixie.

Dixie, which embraces most of Washington County, Utah is a large extensive basin skirted by red sandstone mountain plateaus on the east and south, and by abrupt ridges of the Wasatch Range of mountains which ends in the commanding Pine Valley at the north.

The Virgin River winds its way southwesterly through the basin toward the Colorado River where it empties. In many places the riverbed and the banks of the Virgin River are treacherous traps of sucking quick sand. Black volcanic rocks cover most of the red sandstone plateaus, while deep red sand blankets most of the rolling basin floor. Scrub Cedars, Cacti, brush, and bunch grass covers much of the unleveled low land, while cottonwood trees and tamarack line the creek banks.

Ash Creek which heads on the north side of the Pine Valley Range flows through the Black Ridge Canyon and drains the north east section of the basin, while Leeds, Harrisburg, and Mill Creeks flow south from the range and drains its southern slopes.

The northwest section of the Dixie basin is drained by the Santa Clara. There are a number of springs such as the Bastian, Sproul, Adair, Westover, and Warm Spring in and around the town of Washington. They all flow into Mill Creek which empties into

the Virgin.

As one approaches the top of the Black Ridge one can see the magnificent view of this great expanse for a distance of about sixty miles. There are no signs of water or fertility, only a wide expanding chaotic wasteland consisting of abrupt hills, sandy desert, perpendicular ledges, barren clay beds, and crumbling beds of red sandstone, all lying in nature's natural confusion.

The landscape impresses one as a country of ruins of some ancient civilization turned upside down by terrible earth convulsions of long ago.

This was Utah's Dixie where the Jolleys had arrived. At Grape Vine Spring, just east of Leeds, Uncle William Jackson Jolley dropped out of the company. Here he established himself and lived for a few years.

Finally the little town of Washington was reached. It had first been settled in 1857, five years before the arrival of the Jolleys. It was named for the Father of our Country, George Washington.

This lovely little community nestled in a beautiful oasis-like cove, where numerous springs bubbled forth, flowing into Mill Creek then into the Virgin River. The creeks were lined with underbrush, grass, and cottonwood trees, which made a protecting shade from the piercing sun. This was indeed a welcome spot, a haven of beauty and security for the new arrivals. The warm springs in the hills above the town furnished water for farming. Here Washington Lafayette, with his mother, Sarah Pippin Jolley and her children, and the George A. Hicks, families concluded their journey.

The Henry Bryant Manning Jolley family and the Moncurs continued on to Middleton, two miles west of Washington.

Cotton raising and cattle raising were the principal pursuits of the settlers.

A branch of the church was organized with Henry Bryant Manning Jolley being chosen as presiding Elder.

Many were the trials connected with the cotton-growing program which the church leaders hoped to develop. Be sides the wearisome toil of planting, growing and picking, other serious hindrances presented themselves. Some of the soil was alkaline and crusted, which choked the growth of the tender plants. At times there was drought and the plants barely survived the parching heat. Other time’s angry floodwaters washed out the sandy dams and made the creek an angry torrent of daring water.

The cotton mill was a two-story rock building located across the millrace from Washington on the road to St George. It was in this building that the cotton industry in Utah had its manufacturing beginning.

There were many types of work in the old cotton mill to turn out the finished product. Girls worked as chore girls whose duty it was to carry materials to the weaver.

Very often twelve years old.

The spoolers job was to run thread from three spools through an eye and twisting it so that it became one thread wound onto one new spool. After this process was completed the thread was called warp. Another job in the mill was that of quiller. The quiller took care of the quills, which in more undemandable language to us was a bobbin. The warp was wound onto the quill, then it was put into the shuttle. The shuttle was pushed back and forth between the yarn to weave the cloth. Blankets, as well as cloth, were woven in the mill. Wool and cotton materials were woven. The wool was dyed right in the factory, so beautiful blankets of many colors were woven.

The job of spooling paid about $2. 00 per day $40. 00 and up per month. Blanket weaving was paid for by the yard.

There was also a batting machine in the factory. Here they made quilt bats. For this

phase of the work the cotton was cleaned, picked and combed then it was run over a big

smooth barren shaped machine, four rolls at a time. When the bar reached the required weight the machine would click off. Beautiful quilt bats were made. Tom Judd was superintendent of the cotton mill in 1893 when the World's Fair was held in Chicago.

He sent two three pound bats to the fair. They won a first place.

So the old cotton mill served a vital role in early Dixie history and stands today as mute evidence of the struggle for progress in the days gone by. The area north of the settlement provided fairly good grazing for the Jolley cattle.

It appeared that the Jolleys had reached their destination, but Providence knew differently. After a year's stay Sarah Pippin with her unmarried children returned north again and finally settled at Moroni in San Pete County.

In 1864 H. B. M. not satisfied with the dry hot climate and poor range conditions in Dixie explored the Long Valley Basin which in their words, "was a paradise for live stock grazing. " The waving expanses of grass dragged against the saddle stirrups. From the time they left Tennessee they had been looking for such a place, which seemed limitless in grazing area.

Upon their arrival back at Middleton a decision was made to move, after the matter had been presented to Brigham Young and his approval obtained.

The Jolley family moves to Long Valley:

The first Jolley family to move was William Jackson. He arrived in Long Valley in 1866. Dugouts were the original dwelling places.

It was early in 1866 when H. B. M. Jolley and his large company made the tedious and dangerous journey trailing cattle and sheep behind them. The Keels, Hicks and Moncurs were in the caravan. Their route took them through Washington, Harrisburg, Leeds, Toquerville and Virgin City, then up over the steep Sunnsberg Trail, over the Cedar Ridge past Kanes Beds to Pipe Springs through Fredonia to Kanab. From here they traveled up the Kanab Creek then over the Mount Carmel Ridge. From here it was only up the Valley a short distance to their destination Windsor (Mount Carmel) in Kane County.

In modern times the first white men to visit Kane County were Father Escalante, 1776, John C. Fremont and Kit Carson. The first Mormons to explore Long Valley were Jacob Hamblin and John D. Lee. In the early part of 1860 a few entered the valley from Utah's Dixie, and started the establishment of settlements.

Our folks had scarcely started to become established when fear of the Indians, who had been on the warpath for some time, became of paramount concern. The ranches and farms of settlers all over the area were constantly being raided and cattle, horses, and provisions was being stolen. The Indians were determined to drive out the white intruders. The people of Kanab were building a fort for protection against the Red Man. A number of men had arrived from Dixie to assist with the construction. But the Indians continued to menace the sparsely populated settlements from the Colorado to upper

Long Valley.

Later in April an atrocity occurred. Joseph Berry and his brother Robert and wife Isabella, were slain by Indians as they were returning to Long Valley from their home in Kanarra.

On March 1, 1866 word came from President Young advising the settlers to leave

Kanab and go to Windsor, where the Jolleys were situated. They were five days traveling 15 miles, because the sand was so deep. Here the people planted their crops, but just as they were growing nicely, another call came from President Young for them to abandon the place and return to Dixie.

The return to Dixie and New Harmony:

In June of 1866, the Jolleys with other settlers hastily made preparations to move. A

Company of men from St. George arrived at Mount Carmel to help protect the people while they were moving.

The first night after leaving Mount Carmel they camped on top of the sand hills between Mount Carmel and Kanab. The next night of their journey they camped just below Three Lakes. They went through Kanab,Pipe Springs and Short Creek. They stopped over a day to rest. While they were resting here two Indians came into their camp without any particular reason. The people thought they were spies and became alarmed. That night they made a forced march from they’re to Gould's Springs on the plateau above Hurricane.

They camped at Gould's Springs one night and from there they scattered to the settlements of Dixie. Some went to town’s father north. Some of the H. B. M. Jolley family stayed together. They decided not to return to their old homes in Middleton, so they left the main party a short distance north of Toquerville and followed up Ash Creek over the Black Ridge to New Harmony. Here they were with old acquaintances again, as many of the settlers there had lived near the Jolleys in Spanish Fork.

Fort Harmony was the county seat of Washington County until January 11, 1959, when

it was changed to the town of Washington near Saint George. On November 29, 1861, Apostles Erastus Snow and George A. -Smith, with a large number of others were called to locate settlements along the valleys of the Rio Virgin River and Santa Clara Creek

for the purpose of raising cotton. On December 4th, 1861, at a meeting of these settlers it was decided on motion of Apostle Erastus Snow to build the city of Saint George. The next year 100, 000 lbs. of cotton was raised in Washington County.

The Jolley family at New Harmony:

During the years of 1866 to 18 71 most of the H. B. M. Jolley family lived in New Harmony. Farming and stock raising were perused, however they never considered the place as a permanent abode. It served only as a temporary refuge until they could return to Long Valley.

The Mountain Meadow Massacre Incident:

In 1866, when the Jolleys arrived at New Harmony, there was some agitation beginning for an investigation into the Mountain Meadow Massacre where a large company of immigrants from the East had been massacred supposedly by Indians in 1857. The relatives of the slain people were pressing the United States Government to take a hand

in the matter.

Suspicions had arisen when only children too young to understand or relate what had happened had been saved and sent back to relatives by the perpetrators. New Harmony being approximately 20 miles from the Meadows where the immigrants were camped when the massacre occurred, and being the closest settlement, naturally became the center of the investigation. There was also considerable gossip and speculation about those who had participated in the incident.

The following statement by Mernie Keele Peterson gives an account of how some men refused to participate in the massacre. “My grandfather Robert Bullock said that just as he was coming out of church he was met by a group of men and informed that he had been chosen to participate in the Mountain Meadow Massacre. Rather than go, he fled up in the Cedar Mountains and hid for 30 days or more. His good wife, Marie Fife Bullock, carried food to her husband during the time he was hiding. Grandfather Bullock said he would rather be killed than go on the massacre expedition”

Uncle George Hicks, husband of Elizabeth Jolley, being an intellectual and a very religious man, could not condone or excuse those who had participated in the act. He was a very moral man and stood above dogma and any thinking of a shady nature. He felt that the guilty should be brought to justice.

The Jolley family returns to Long Valley:

In March of 1871 after the Indian raids had diminished and apparent peace had been negotiated; the Jolleys, being anxious to retain their land at Mount Carmel, returned. They retraced their tracks down Ash Creek, over the Black Ridge through the Dixie Basin past Kanes Beds and Pipe Springs to Kanab. They followed the creek for some distance up and over the Mount Carmel hill to lower Long Valley, then at last arrived

at Windsor or Mount Carmel.

Upon their arrival a new problem arose. People from the Muddy and Dixie had arrived ahead of them and were in possession of their homes and lands. No little trouble ensued. With the aid of the Church authorities the interlopers were persuaded to move out. The original settlers took possession and peace was restored.

With enthusiasm the dugouts and cabins were renovated for habitation, the cattle were driven onto the range, the land was plowed and planted, and the canals were cleaned out and irrigation began. Soon the community, mostly of the Jolley family, began to hum with industry.

Bryant Heber Jolley Jr., as a young man, was out on the cattle range when he was delayed by a bad thunder storm. As night came on he decided to camp until daylight. He unsaddled his horse and tied him to a nearby tree. Then he stretched out under a large pine and soon fell asleep. About midnight he was suddenly awakened by a terrible commotion in the meadow which lay a few hundred yards away. A band of wild, frightened horses were running in circles. The storm had passed over and the moon shone brightly. He hastily walked down a trail toward the meadow. When he arrived the horses were still milling around, but were calming down. He knew an animal had been attacked, but feeling there was nothing he could do but return to his camp and slept until morning. As he arose to prepare for his day's drive, he was startled to see a half-devoured colt lying about ten feet from the trail. He could see the tracks of the cougar, which had evidently walked away from his prey as my father had gone down the trail to the meadow, it then returned to its prey while he was at the meadow. Once again the animal had stealthily withdrawn while my father returned along the trail.

My father said he didn't think his hair lay down during his ride to Mt. Carmel twenty miles away.

Mount Carmel in Kane County is located on a beautiful little flat, which nestles around the base of a gray colored mount protruding gently into the valley from the rolling hills to the west. Just around the hill protrusion and extending to the north is a beautiful circular cove known as "Fiddler's Green. " This is where the William Jackson Jolley family lived.

Still farther up the gulch was located the "Little Meadows. " Over the ridge north was

the Orderville gulch which extends north westerly to the Cedar Mountains. In this gulch was located the "Big Meadows" where the Jolleys grazed their cattle and horses. When the Jolleys moved to Mount Carmel, wild flowers and waving grass breast deep to a horse covered the rolling landscape for approximately 50 miles in every direction. Scrub brush, cedars and pines also grew abundantly in the area. There were a number of box canyons, which when closed off with a fence, served as good pasture for the livestock.

The little town of Windsor is changed to Mount Carmel:


Although the Berry Brothers were credited with being the first to arrive at Windsor, Priddy Meeks is credited with making the first dugout for a home. H. B. M. Jolley is credited with plowing the first land and building the first irrigation ditches. Uncle William Jackson Jolley planted the first trees and developed the first orchard.

The settlement of Windsor was named for Orson Windsor, Bishop of Grafton. Joseph W. Young renamed Windsor, giving it the name of Mount Carmel. He said the place resembled Mount Carmel in Palestine. The meaning of the name is "A part of garden land. "

A few years after the Jolleys arrived the United Order was established on March 20, 1874. Israel Hoyt was made President of the Board with Samuel Claridege, First and Thomas Chamberlain, Second Vice Presidents.

Mount Carmel Ward:

This history of Mt. Carmel Ward was contributed by Murnie Keel Peterson of Provo, Utah.

At a special meeting called I April 1877, the first Relief Society was organized, Mrs. Cynthia Ann Jolley as President, Screpta Jolley as First Counselor and Emma Ann Jolley as Second Counselor, Mary Minerva Jolley as Secretary and Lydia Ann Jolley as Treasurer. There were 14 officers and members enrolled. The society was reorganized by Henry Bryant Manning Jolley and counselors 17 September 1878. Brittanna Jolley was chosen to take the place of Emma A. Jolley as Second Counselor to Cynthia Ann Jolley as Sister Emma was expecting to move to another settlement.

Martha A. Jolley and Emily A. Jolley were made teachers at a meeting on the 4th of September 1879. On November 4, 1882 Lydia A. Jolley was set apart as Second Counselor to Cynthia Ann Jolley, and Brittanna Jolley was made Treasurer.

In 1871 the first Sunday School was commenced at Mt. Carmel under the direction of Samuel Claridge, Henry B. M. Jolley, Rasmus Mads Englestead and others. There was no complete organization until 4 May 1879 when William H. Worthen was appointed Superintendent, Haskel S. Jolley as Assistant, Cynthia Ann Jolley as Secretary, and Mary Ann Jolley as Treasurer.

Joseph L. Jolley succeeded Superintendent Worten on the 2nd of December 1888.

Apostle Erastus Snow and President Young visited Long Valley on March the 5th, 1877 and held meetings at Orderville upon which occasion Henry B. M. Jolley was ordained a High Priest and Bishop and set apart to preside over the Mt. Carmel Ward then organized. On the same occasion Rasmus Mads Englestead was ordained and set apart as First Counselor and William J. Jolley as Second Counselor.

The Y. M. M. LA. was organized at Mt. Carmel I9 December 1878 with Nephi Jolley as President.

Henry B. M. Jolley was set apart for a mission to the southern states in 1880 and he returned 28 February 1881.

William J. Jolley on 10 September 1886 was President of the Seventies. Haskel S. Jolley was called on a mission to the southern states and was set apart 10 October 1887, and returned 6 October 1888.

On 16 March 1888 Joseph L. Jolley was ordained a High Priest and set apart as Second Counselor to H. B. M. Jolley.

March 1892 Andrew Jensen met for a special historical meeting with the Mt. Carmel people, and he wrote the following:

“Bishop H. B. M. Jolley weighs 255 lbs., by far the largest Bishop in Kanab Stake and everyone in the place have a natural right to call him father or uncle. He is one of the long tried and faithful veterans of the Church and seems to have the confidence and good will of the people of his ward. Haskell Shurtliff Jolley ordained a High Priest and Bishop by Apostle Anthony H. Lund and set apart I September 1892 and his Counselors are Robert Monenr and Joseph Uriah Jolley.

Joseph Uriah Jolley was set apart for-a mission to the southern states 16 December 1890, and returned I April 1895.

Man needs more than food, drink, and shelter to keep spirit and body alive. He develops through association with his fellow man and a desire for entertainment seems basic in man's nature. The Jolleys at Mount Carmel were no exceptions to that Rule. They were athletically and musically inclined. The men were large and strong in physique. The women were refined and inclined toward the better things in life. They were Jolly by nature as well as by name.

Life in Mount Carmel was made easier and more successful through the optimistic attitude of its people. Sports of all kinds were enthusiastically enjoyed, and horseracing, jumping and wrestling was common events staged on holidays. A great Bowery made of tree branches and willows provided the shade and headquarters for the celebrations. . While the sports events were being enjoyed by the adults, children often played games and tanked themselves at the big barrel of lemonade which was the refreshing fountain.

Often some sizeable bets were made on the favorite man or horse. Bryant Heber Jolley

Jr. was the champion foot racer. He ran the 100 yards in 10 seconds flat. It was common in those days for traveling athletes to go from town to town challenging and accepting challenges. At one Christmas celebration, Bryant bet a cow and a calf on his race with a Mr. Bidwell, a recognized champion. Many other bets were made on the race. As usual, Bryant won on a split-hair decision. Other traveling runners were likewise defeated, as Twitchell, Roylance and Whitlock. Another Mount Carmel runner was Melvin Swapp.

There were socials and dances. They danced to express happiness and also to forget their daily cares. Social events were held in the Ward meeting house, which was an

all-purpose building. William Jackson Jolley Sr. and his sons Reuben Gardner and Joseph Uriah Jolley were the community fiddlers. Uncle William with his pantaloons nearly to his knee and legs crossed would fiddle until 12 A. M. while merry folks danced away

the night.

Marriages were often performed on these occasions. Uncle William being the Justice of the Peace often administered the rites. On one occasion John Keele, the 6-foot 6-inch groom was commanded by Uncle William in these words- "Now stand up Johnnie and take Valina (Owens) by the right hand and listen to me. A hush went over those assembled when Valina, who was 5 feet high, arose and looked into the eyes of her beloved, and the ceremony continued.

The Jolleys were patriotic people, always having the colors out on Independence Day

and Christmas, and raising Old Glory high on the flag pole. The afternoon was an occasion of foot racing, wrestling, broad and high jumping, children's races, horse pulling and finally horse racing. The festivities ended in the evening with a dance, to which dancers from the surrounding communities came.

There were intellectuals in Mount Carmel. Bishop PL B. M. Jolley was a recognized authority on the scriptures. He could quote passages by the page from memory. His voice could be heard clearly a block away when he was preaching. George Hicks was the community Poet. His poems were sought for when bereavement and sorrow hit. Aunt Mary, the teacher, as she was commonly called, had her problems with some of the boys, especially Williamson Wesley (Bill) Jolley Jr. Some days he would play "hookey, " and occasionally pull a prank on her. Grandpap's (H. B. M.) barn was a short distance from the schoolhouse. Bill would perch himself at a particular spot on the barn, and when the sun was at the right angle he could with a mirror flash a sunbeam into her eyes. With much indignation she would exclaim, "That's that Bill again. " Bill was older than his other cousins and was the boss, and none dared to challenge his authority. They were his peons.

A grocery and hardware store was operated in Mount Carmel for a number of years by Nephi Jolley. At first the goods were freighted from Salt Lake City a distance of nearly 300 miles with team and wagon. Later the railroad was built as far as Salina, which cut the distance in about half. Finally, when it was extended to Marysvale, the problem of obtaining goods was greatly reduced.

The Post Office was run by H. B. M. and Brittanna for a number of years. After the

death of Brittanna, Cynthia Ann Jolley carried on the duties of Postmistress. The mail was carried on horseback at first, then the two-horse buck- board proceeded the stage-coach.

And so ends the history that was wrote by H. B. M. Jolley.

The following is the pedigree of the Jolley family starting with John Jolley, the

Emigrant:

Descendants of John Jolley

Generation No. 1

1.JOHN JOLLEY was born 1642 in Dorset Co. England, and died after 1716 in Norfolk, Virginia. He married MARY RIGGLESWORTH about 1640 in Norfolk, Virginia.

     Children of John Jolley and Mary Rigglesworth are:

1 – Joseph, born in 1663 on "the west branch of the Elizabeth River" in Norfolk Co, VA. In 1694 he married Ruth Bishop.)

2 - John

3 – Thomas, purchased three parcels of land that belonged/had belonged to his father, including John's land patents of 1660, 1664, and 1682)

4 – Peter, about 1670 in Norfolk Co.

5 - Sarah

6 - Elizabeth

7 - Mary

NOTES FOR JOHN JOLLEY:

“John, son of Thomas of Cofton Hall, England, to Virginia sometime in 1652; He

married Mary Rigglesworth sometime in 1662 in Norfolk Co. Virginia”

He settled on the western branch of the Elizabeth River, Norfolk Co. Virginia.

On January 22 1562 he bought from John Lawrence, for a good consideration, one hundred acres of land. He soon acquired other lands by purchase and grants for bringing into the colony persons unable to pay there own way, the law giving fifty acres of land

for each such person. He built the first grist mills ever erected in Virginia, having obtained from His Majesty’s Council a permit thereafter.

John Jolley deeded each of their children one hundred acres of land during their life.

John’s wife Mary had acquired considerable property, which was disposed of to her

Children and was willed to them at death. Mary died in the year of 1704 and John

Died in 1716.

Generation No. 2

2.PETER JOLLEY was born 1670 in Norfork, Virginia. He married ANN.

NOTES FOR PETER JOLLEY:

According to the Media Research Bureau findings, Peter born about

1670, 4th son of immigrant John whose wife was Ann, had a son who

moved to North Carolina. In the North Carolina deeds for land

transactions we find in early 1700 four Jolleys, Peter, John, Joseph,

and James. Jesse was born in North Carolina about 1732. Which of the

four Jolleys in North Carolina at that time was the father of Jesse we

haven't been able to determine. (Taken from THE JOLLEY BOOK).

Child of PETER JOLLEY and ANN is:

i. JESSE JOLLEY, born 1730, Tennessee; died about 1817.

Generation No. 3

3. JESSE JOLLEY was born 1730 in Tennessee, and died about 1817. He married MARTHA H. She was born 1734 in North Carolina.

Children of JESSE JOLLEY and MARTHA H. are:

i. JOHN JOLLEY, b. about 1763, Bethel, Pitt Co. North Carolina; d. about 1796, Bethel, Pitt Co. North Carolina.

ii. FREDERICK JOLLEY.

iii.ELIZABETH JOLLEY.

Notes for Jesse Jolley:

Land Grand of Jesse Jolley.

Jesse Jolley Four hundred and fifty acres of land in Beaufort County on the East Side

of flat swamp. Beginning at a white Oak on the said Swamp on Dennis Glipon's line running with said line W. 45 E. 86 Pole to the said Glipon's corner tree, then S. 45 E.

180 poles to a pine then No. 45 E. 128 poles to a pine on Salomon James' line, then

along the said line No. 280 poles to a red Oak on Francis Hobson's line then W. 200

poles to a pine on the said flat swamp, thence down the Meanders of the said swamp to the first station.

Dated 10th day of March 1765.

                                    . 

NOTE: "This is only a brief description of a lengthy worded document executed by Lord Grenville, for the Crown, to Jesse Jolley ancestor, to the Jolleys for whom the book is compiled. The land lies along Grendil Creek in Pitt County a few miles from Bethel.

Pitt County originally was a part of Beaufort County. " B. M. Jolley

Generation No. 4

4. JOHN JOLLEY was born about 1763 in Bethel, Pitt Co. North Carolina, and died about 1796 in Bethel, Pitt Co. North Carolina. He married LOUISA BRYAN, daughter of FREDRICK BRYAN and AMELIA PUGH.

Children of JOHN JOLLEY and LOUISA BRYAN are:

i. HENRY JOLLEY, b. August 26, 1789, Bethel, Pitt Co. North Carolina; d. December 20, 1850, Pleasant Grove, Utah Co. Utah.

ii. FREDERICK JOLLEY.

iii. JESSE JOLLEY.

iv. HANCIL BRYAN JOLLEY.

v. ELIZABETH JOLLEY.

vi. JOHN JOLLEY.

Generation No. 5

5.HENRY JOLLEY was born August 26, 1789 in Bethel, Pitt Co. North Carolina, and died December 20, 1850 in Pleasant Grove, Utah Co. Utah. He married FRANCIS MANNING January 23, 1806 in Bethe, Pitt Co. North carolina, daughter of REUBEN MANNING and DIANA MCCOY. She was born September 26, 1789 in Pitt Co. North Carolina, and died September 29, 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock Co. Ill.

Children of HENRY JOLLEY and FRANCIS MANNING are:

i. REUBEN MANNING JOLLEY SR., b. October 01, 1808, Near Bradford, Pitt Co. North Carolina; d. April 29, 1849, Keosawqua, Van Buren Co. Indiana.

ii. MARTHA JOLLEY.

iii. PATSEY JOLLEY.

iv. TEMPERANCE JOLLEY, b. May 23, 1811, Pitt Co. North Carolina; m. HENRY ICHABOD YOUNG.

Notes for HENRY JOLLEY:

Veteran of the War of 1812 (Captain George Eason's North Carolina regiment from

9-28-1814 to March 1815)

Henry Jolley to Thomas Bryan – Deed:

This indenture made this 16th day of December Eighteen hundred and twenty-three between Henry Jolley of the County of Pitt, hereinafter the first part and Thomas

Bryan of the County aforesaid, for and in consideration of the sum of Two hundred and fifty dollars to Henry Jolley in hand paid before the sealing and delivery of these

presents and do hereby acknowledge and the said Thomas Bryan fully discharged and Henry Jolley hath given granted bargained and sold allowed in full, conveys by these presents doth give grant bargain sell allow convey to Thomas Bryan a certain tract of land being on the north side of Grendi Creek beginning at an agreed corner between Portneys and Benjamin Bowers in Wm Bowers line. Thence up the public road and Listey Sis pole to a pine in Fredrick Bryans line thence with a line to his corner. Thence west to Whitleys other line one hundred and nineteen in the Creek, thence south eighty, six poles to Lawrence Anderson's with his line one hundred and nineteen poles to Beginning cortaining one hundred acres of land. To have and to hold unto the said Thomas Bryan his heirs and assigns forever the said premises together with all buildings and appertuiances therunto belonging and the said Henry Jolley hin--,- self his heirs Executors and administrators doth hereby covenant promise and will the said Thomas Bryan his heirs and assigns to hold forever defend the said premises against claim or claims from every person whomsoever. In witness whereof, the Henry Jolley hereinto sets my hand and seal the day and year first above written.

Signed and Sealed and Delivered In Presence of

Eaton P. Bowers

Henry Jolley

Pitt County,February Session, 1824

This was the above deed proved in due from Eaton P. Bowers a subscribing witness thereunto sets his hand.

Henry Jolley - 26 Aug 1789 - 20 Dec 1850

by Elaine Johnson

Henry was born in Bedford, Pitt Co. North Carolina, a year after the North Carolina Legislature voted down the new national constitution promoted by the Federalists. Less than three months after his birth they reversed their decision and ratified it. Henry's parents, John and Louisa, told him it was a warm night when their plump, healthy baby boy was born. He was the fourth child. He married Frances Manning 23 Jan 1806 in Pitt county, North Carolina. Their first child was born in October of the same year. They eventually had nine children, the last born in 1824. Henry served in Captain George Eason's company, 2nd Regiment of the North Carolina Militia during the War of 1812 from September 1814 to March 1815. He received between five and eight dollars per month and was given $43.05 when he was mustered out. Henry wrote an account of his life from which I will quote. It appears to have been edited to fit modern spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

 

"Thinking we could better our condition, we decided in 1825 to move with many of our friends to Tennessee. We settled a few miles north of Dresden in the northwestern part

of the state. Here land was plentiful, and the climate and soil conditions were ideal for raising most any crop we desired. Our main crops were cotton and tobacco. We had obtained a large acreage and owned quite a number of slaves”

"One rather warm February afternoon my sons and I were working in the field when our attention was drawn to two distinguished looking gentlemen who were approaching us. They wore black Prince Albert suits and tall smokestack hats. We rested on our shovels and waited for them to reach us. They introduced themselves as Elder McIntosh and Elder Wilson, Mormon missionaries. After the usual exchange of greetings, they stated their mission, and told us how the boy prophet, Joseph Smith, had beheld a vision of God the Father, and His Son Jesus Christ. They told us about the Mormons at Nauvoo and the persecutions that were being heaped upon the Prophet and his people. We were especially interested in the new Book of Mormon, which gave a history of the ancient inhabitants of America. We were so impressed with their message that we invited them to return and see us again. They left us a Book of Mormon and promised to see us again in about two weeks. I said to my sons, "No more work today. We must tell your mother and your wives of the glad tidings." I could think of scarcely anything else for days except the strange story about the Nephites and the Lamanites as told in that wonderful book.

"As promised, in about two weeks our Mormon friends returned and we sat in awe until the wee hours of the next morning listening to an explanation of the Principles of the Gospel. On the morrow I was ready for baptism, but our Mormon friends suggested that we wait a short time until we were sure.

When they came again, my eldest son, Reuben Manning and his wife, Sarah Pippin Jolley and I were baptized February 18, 1842.

"Nothing seemed to occupy our minds now, but to join the other Saints at Nauvoo. We finally decided to move and trust our future near the prophet of the Lord. It was quite a decision to make We had a comfortable home and were quite successful financially. It required a lot of faith and courage to chance our lives and fortunes by moving to another place and live among strangers, but the urge was too great and preparations went speedily forward to move. We sold our plantation and slaves, all except little Sammy, whose parents had died. We took him with us. There was much sadness and weeping at our departure; many of the slaves wanted to come with us, but they had a new master now, who, we hoped, would be good to them. The crops were well along and the whole landscape was beautiful, but our hopes of a new life with the Saints overshadowed our sorrows as we headed our oxen north toward Nauvoo."

The Jolleys numbered twenty-six, besides the other families who traveled with them. In his account of the journey, Henry said they were often hissed at when they passed through a town, but once they passed Carthage they began to relax and feel they were among friends.

 

"When we reached Nauvoo everybody was busy and the City was growing rapidly. Converts were streaming in from every direction. Europe was furnishing many artisans; men with skills who were needed to carry on the technical phase of building and construction of homes and business institutions. The Prophet and his brother Hyrum, were wonderful, spiritually endowed men. We felt lifted up to a heavenly solemnity when in their presence. A great calm would come over us. Truly we had found a prophet of God.

"We were farmers and soon obtained some land and began raising crops. With our oxen we were able to provide for ourselves and to share with others who were less fortunate. But the persecution continued. We were continually harassed by outsiders who never missed a chance to upset our plans and work. We were always in fear for the safety of our prophet. We marveled at his courage and faith in the face of the many false charges made against him, often ending with arrest and imprisonment. No matter how depressed we were, whenever we could be in his presence and listen to his voice, our fears and anguish would disappear”

"On the 12th day of January, 1844, my sons and myself were ordained Elders by Patriarch Hyrum Smith. My dear wife Frances was also baptized a member of the church. She was a wonderful wife and mother, but it took her a little longer to gain a testimony, I think hers was the stronger because she worked hard for it”

"The spring and summer of 1844 brought us good crops but more trouble from our enemies. Great mobs gathered and threatened us. We could never be at ease. Finally, the terrible tragedy happened. Joseph, Hyrum, and Apostle John Taylor and Willard Richards were held in Carthage jail on some trumped-up charges. We all lived in constant anxiety, knowing of their imprisonment and realizing that the mob spirit was growing worse each day. Then the drunken mob did get out of hand and stormed the jail. Joseph and Hyrum were murdered, and Brother Taylor was shot. He later recovered. When the tragic news came, we were all stunned. Fear and hysteria spread like wildfire. Our hearts were bleeding, and our souls cried out to our Heavenly Father for solace and deliverance. He did come to our rescue, and he did soothe our aching hearts”

"As the cortege carrying the bodies passed, we gazed with chilled emotions. It was a bloody scene. Why had God permitted such a thing to happen? Could we survive this great calamity? Why were we such a despised people? Was Satan now going to triumph? Surely not! God would come to our rescue. We must not turn and flee. Truth must succeed over evil. We must gird up our loins and fight harder.

"After the bodies had been delivered to the mansion and cleaned up and prepared for burial, we returned on the morrow to see them. As we passed the biers, we beheld divinity here on earth. They lay there in purity and such majesty before our eyes. But those are only earthly remains, my soul cried out in anguish. Their spirits are with Jesus, our Redeemer and God the Father. Yes! We shall see them again in the resurrection when evil has been subdued, where love and justice will abide forever”


"After the funeral, we returned to our homes refreshed, with a renewed determination to carry on. We must finish the Temple and do our work so we will be able to meet our loved ones in that Celestial calm, where sorrow and pain have passed away”

Summer passed and Autumn came. Rainy weather adding to the swampy condition near the river around Nauvoo caused fever to spread among the Saints. Many fell prey to the malady and death stalked through the city. My beloved wife, Frances, whose body had become weakened through our troubles, contracted the disease and despite all our efforts and prayers, she passed away on September 29, 1844. It seemed again the tragedy and sorrow should be our continuous lot. She had been a loving, courageous mother and helpmate, always more concerned about the welfare of others than for herself. We tenderly prepared her for burial and after a lovely service we laid her earthly remains to rest in the Nauvoo cemetery. There were many others who suffered similar losses and we tried to bear each other’s crosses.

"Work was now rushed to complete the Temple. My sons, grandsons and I worked continuously on the structure, often having only bread, sorghum and water for nourishment. When the Temple was completed we all had our endowments on January 5, 1846. My daughter-in-law, Brittiana Mayo Jolley, wife of H.B.M. stood proxy for my dear wife Frances and Frances' parents were also endowed on January 5, 1846. We were so happy and repaid for all our troubles and past sorrows.

"But the bitter cloud of hatred against us continued to rise. The mobsters of Illinois were determined to exterminate us. Brigham and the Twelve finally gave the word to 'flee'. Nauvoo was in a high pitch of excitement and turmoil. We hastily packed our wagons and ferried across the river in the face of bitter cold into the terrible wilderness. Our leader, Brigham Young, had a difficult decision to make and a terrible responsibility, but God was at the helm directing us, and we had faith that he would not desert us. The suffering was great and many died of exposure; others fell by the wayside, not being able to face the privations and bear the pain.”

"We pushed our way across Iowa and finally reached Council Bluffs where we set up our camp at Winter Quarters. Great streams of immigrants from Europe as well as from the Eastern and Southern states were coming to join, which made Council Bluffs a pulsating community. But this was not our destination. Our Prophet, before his death, prophesied that the Saints would become a mighty people in the Rocky Mountains, and there they would build a new Zion."

Brigham Young and the first company of Saints headed west in the spring of 1847. Many more would follow. The Jolleys were good farmers and were advised to remain where they were to supply food for those coming and going through Winter Quarters. A Dutch immigrant and convert named Barbara became Henry's wife at this time. He described her as a good woman but not entirely reconciled to a harsh life on the plains.

 

“In the spring of 1850, the time had come for us to start for the Valley. There was my wife Barbara, young Sammy, and my daughter Diana and her daughter Lina Maniza Jones in the company. Sammy was twelve now so he was quite a help. My youngest daughter Lina Maniza married John Parris and they remained in Iowa. We had many trials and hardships along the way. It was a large company and the roads were often muddy from the spring rains, which slowed us up. Some days we were able to make only a few miles. I came close to losing my wagon and oxen when we crossed the Platte River which was then at flood stage, but God was with us and we were able to master the torrent”

"There were many fascinating experiences on the plains. The scenery was different and fascinating--no mountains as far as one could see. Waving expanses of bunch grass stretched out in every direction. The wide-open spaces were beautiful and inspiring. After the days travel, evening socials and dances were enjoyed. The young folks had much fun and enjoyment, although at times they had to walk. The road generally was not too bad. Many people had traveled on to Oregon and California ahead of us. We were overjoyed to see trappers and Saints returning from the Valley to Winter Quarters. They would tell us intriguing stories about the beautiful canyons and valleys of the new Zion. These would be our refuge from our enemies. Occasionally, we would see a buffalo herd and some Indians which caused some anxiety, but our company was large and our scouts were always on the lookout for any sign of danger”

"What a thrill when we first sighted the snow-capped Rockies! The spiraled peaks looked like far away sentinels, and we encountered some snow over the great South Pass. At Fort Bridger we rested a couple of days, and shoed our oxen because the road from here on would be rockier and rougher. There would be deep canyons and streams of water to cross. But these beautiful canyons would lead us to the place of our dreams”

"Oh, what a breath-taking scene at the sight of the beautiful Salt Lake Valley. The wide stretching plain with the lake as a background was thrilling to see indeed. We were welcomed by the Saints who had arrived ahead of us and made us feel at home. We had heard so much about the country before we arrived that we did not feel as strangers among our friends. The city had been plotted into 10 acre squares, with wide spacious streets, so the ox teams could easily turn around. Beyond the plotted area were the fields. I obtained a lot on 2nd South and Main Street. I still had a few means, but the wealth we had when we left Tennessee was pretty much used up”

"In July, my daughter, Temperance, and her family arrived in the Valley, and on September 15, my daughter-in-law, Sarah and her children arrived. I met them at the mouth of Immigration Canyon. My cows were dry so I traded the Southwest corner of my lot for a cow that was milking so Sarah's children could have milk to drink. "There was much pioneering to be done to reclaim the land. Here we must build our empire, far away from our enemies. According to Brigham, it was to stretch Northwest and South many miles. Settlements were to be built in every direction from Salt Lake”

"We were chosen to move South into Utah County, to a place we called Grove Creek [Now called Pleasant Grove] at the base of a high mountain called Timpanogas. We were four days on the road, and arrived there on October 13, 1850. The season was late and we had to build our cabins before winter set in. Timber was quite plentiful. Cottonwood trees lined the banks of the two creeks that flowed from the mountain to the east. Everybody was busy and it looked like an army of ants the way the men, women and children worked to have shelter before snow fell. The work was carried forward in relays, groups of men and boys joined together. In this way they could make better progress than each working alone”

"One day we had a cabin nearly to the square. The logs for the rafters were in a pile close to the building. Sammy, (the little negro boy we had brought because his parents died) and the other little boys were playing on them when the logs started to roll. One big log struck Sammy and he was killed instantly. He was a fine, obedient little fellow and we mourned his loss. Although his skin was black, truly his spirit was white just like ours. We buried him on a spot just north and east of our main settlement”

"The fall was open and beautiful with some rain, but otherwise pleasant so we finished our cabins before winter set in. We felt our food supplies were adequate and, now, we were ready to turn our attention to our church duties and planning our new settlement for a permanent home."

Henry spent only two months in Grove Creek. In that time he helped complete enough cabins for everyone to be warm and dry during the winter, and wrote an account of his life. If he had waited to write his history until after Christmas, he would have been too late. Henry caught pneumonia and died. He was buried in a rough-hewn cottonwood casket near Sammy's grave. Barbara, Henry's wife, left for California the next spring and the family lost contact with her. Henry's favorite scriptures were Matthew 25:40, Mosiah 2:17, Moroni 7:16, and Moroni 8:4.

The land where Henry was buried had been sold out of the family and was now in the center of town where its commercial potential made it valuable. In 1933, a decision was made by the family to move Henry's body to a public cemetery. Three days of digging passed without any sign of the body. In 1954 the Adams family, who owned the land moved their family members to the Pleasant Grove Cemetery and were planning to sell the property as building lots. Henry's great, great grandson and the family historian B. M. Jolley supervised the effort to find the remains. He had permission from the city counc

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