Darius III, king of Persia

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Birthdate: (50)
Death: circa -330 (42-58)
Murdered By Bessus Satrap Of Bactria
Immediate Family:

Son of Arsames of Ostanes and Princess Safiya Arqiya Princess of Persia
Husband of ?; Abanduxt and Stateira I Perzië, van
Father of Statira II, Princess of Persia; Drypetis, Princess of Persia; Ariobarzanes; Ochos and ?
Brother of Oxyathres of Persia
Half brother of Alexander 'the Great', king of Macedonia

Occupation: of Persia, koning van Perzië
Managed by: Jason Scott Wills
Last Updated:

About Darius III, king of Persia

Darius III (c. 380 – July 330 BC), originally named Artashata and called Codomannus by the Greeks, was the last king of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia from 336 BC to 330 BC. Artashata adopted Darius as a dynastic name.

His empire was unstable, with large portions governed by jealous and unreliable satraps and inhabited by disaffected and rebellious subjects.

In 334 BC, Alexander the Great began his invasion of the Persian Empire and subsequently defeated the Persians in a number of battles before looting and destroying the capital Persepolis, by fire, in 331 BC. With the Persian Empire now effectively under Alexander's control, Alexander then decided to pursue Darius. Before Alexander reached him, however, Darius was killed by the satrap Bessus, who was also his cousin.


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