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David Jackson's Geni Profile

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David Jackson

Birthdate: (54)
Birthplace: Newtown Limavady, County Derry, Ulster, Ireland
Death: September 17, 1801 (54)
Oxford, Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States
Place of Burial: Oxford, Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Samuel Jackson and Rachel Jackson
Husband of Susan Jackson and Jane Jackson
Father of David Jackson; David Jackson, Jr.; Susan Jackson; Samuel Jackson, M.D.; Mary Jackson and 5 others
Brother of Capt. Paul Jackson, M.D.

Occupation: a physician in the Revolutionary army
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About David Jackson

David Jackson (1747 – September 17, 1801) was an American apothecary and physician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress in 1785.

Jackson was born in Newtown-Limavady, County Londonderry, Ireland, the son of Samuel Jackson. He attended the Philadelphia City College (now the University of Pennsylvania) and graduated in 1768 with a bachelor's degree in medicine. He settled in Chester, Pennsylvania and practiced there before opening a practice in Philadelphia.

In 1776, following the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, Jackson worked on behalf of the Continental Congress as a manager of a lottery held to raise funds for the Continental Army. He also served as paymaster for the Pennsylvania militia. He was forced to leave Philadelphia when British forces occupied the city in 1777. In 1779 he briefly served in the field with the militia as a surgeon and quartermaster. Afterwards he returned to Philadelphia to resume his medical practice and also open an apothecary shop.

After the war, Jackson was named as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1785, and attended the session from April to November that year. Leaving public service, he also gave up his medical practice and concentrated on his pharmacy business. From 1789 to 1801 he served as a trustee of the University of the State of Pennsylvania, continuing through its merger into the University of Pennsylvania.

Jackson was married twice; first to Jane Mather Jackson, his brother Paul's widow. After her death he married Susan Kemper, the daughter of Jacob Kemper. David and Susan had nine children: David, Susan, Samuel, Mary, Jacob Morton, Sophia, William Brown, John, Martha. David Jr. would take over his father's apothecary while Samuel became a physician and for thirty years was a professor of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Jackson died in 1801, at his home in Oxford, Pennsylvania and is buried in the Oxford Cemetery in Chester County, Pennsylvania. He was survived by his wife Susan and all nine children. He was a member of the American Philosophical Society and Philadelphia's Democratic Club.


From Penn Biographies:

David Jackson (1747-1801)

University Affiliation:

  • M.B. 1768
  • Trustee 1789-1801

Biographical Summary:

  • Physician and Pharmacist
  • Surgeon in the Continental Army

Born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, David Jackson was the son of Samuel Jackson and the brother of Paul Jackson, Latin and Greek Professor and Clerk of the Trustees of the Academy and College of Philadelphia. After his early education in Chester County, David Jackson became a member of Penn's first medical school class, earning his medical degree in 1768. He practiced medicine in Chester County and then in Philadelphia, being forced to flee that city by the arrival of the British.

David Jackson was appointed to manage the lottery for defraying the costs of the Revolutionary War for the Continental Congress, but he resigned to become an army surgeon. He stayed with the army through the war, holding a variety of ranks and appointments. Reportedly he was at Yorktown when Cornwallis surrendered to Washington.

When the war ended, Jackson returned to Philadelphia to open a pharmacy. From 1779 until 1781, he served as an attending physician at Blockley Hospital. He was a Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress in 1785 and 1786. He also became a member of Philadelphia's first Democratic Society, the American Philosophical Society and other cultural institutions.

He was elected a trustee of the University of the State of Pennsylvania in 1789, and continued as a trustee of the University of Pennsylvania after it was created by the 1791 union of the College of Philadelphia with the University of the State of Pennsylvania.

David Jackson was married first to Jane Mather Jackson, the widow of his brother Paul Jackson. With his second wife Susan, daughter of Jacob Kemper, he had nine children. After he died, his son and namesake David Jackson, A.B. 1794, continued to operate the apothecary. This younger David Jackson married Rebecca, the daughter of Dr. Gerardus Clarkson. Another son, Samuel Jackson, earned an M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1808 and served on Penn's medical faculty as Professor of the Institutes of Medicine from 1835 to1863.

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David Jackson's Timeline

Newtown Limavady, County Derry, Ulster, Ireland
Age 22
March 22, 1787
Age 40
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States
September 17, 1801
Age 54
Oxford, Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States