Davit Soslan, King Consort of Georgia

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Davit Soslan of the Alans, King Consort of Georgia

Russian: Давид Сослан от Осетия, King Consort of Georgia
Birthdate:
Death: circa 1207
Immediate Family:

Son of Djadaron, King of the Alans and Princess Rusudan of Georgia
Husband of Tamar, Queen of Georgia
Father of George IV, King of Georgia and Rusudan, Queen of Georgia

Managed by: Caspian Jamshid Bernard Chaikar ...
Last Updated:

About Davit Soslan, King Consort of Georgia

David Soslan of Ossetia, +1207; m.1189 Queen Thamar I of Georgia (1184-1212), *ca 1066, +8.1.1212; They had issue:

A1. Giorgi IV Lasha, King of Georgia (1207-23), *1192, +k.a.18.1.1223

B1. [illegitimate] David VII Ulu, King of Georgia (1249-70), *before 1212, +Tbilisi 1270; 1m: Jihda-hatun of Konia (+1252); 2m: Pss Gvanza Kachaberidze (+murdered 1263); 3m: 1268 Isukhan, dau.of Chormagan-nojon

C1. [2m.] Georgi, +1268

C2. [2m.] Thamar, 1m: (div) son of Arghun Khan; 2m: Duke Sadun III Mankaberdeli (+1283)

C3. [2m.] Rusudan, +2.5.1295; m.Emperor Manuel I of Trebizond (*1218, +1263)

C4. [3m.] Demetre II "the Saint", King of Georgia (1270-89), *1258/59, +executed 12.3.1289, bur Mtskheta; 1m: 1277 Theodora Komnena (+after 1280); 2m: Solgar, a Mongolian princess; 3m: ca 1280 Pss Natela Djakeli

D1. [1m.] David VIII, King of Georgia (1293-1311), *1278, +1311, bur Mtskheta; 1m: 1292 Oljat-hatun, dau.of Abaga-khan of Persia; 2m: 1302 Pss Amada Surameli

E1. [1m.] Malhaz Bagrationi, Duke 1311, +1320; m.Thamar N

F1. Giorgi

E2. [1m.] Andronik Bagrationi, Duke 1340, +1354

F1. David, Duke 1354, +1382

G1. Giorgi

G2. Alexander

F2. Giorgi the Great, Duke of Alastani 1354, +1373

E3. [2m.] George VI "the Young", King of Georgia (1311-13), *ca 1308, +1313

E4. [2m.] Gulchara; m.Vano Virsheli

D2. [1m.] Vakhtang III, King of Georgia (1302-04), *ca 1275, +Nakhichevan 1304; m.Ripsime N

E1. Demetre Bagrationi, Duke 1311

E2. Giorgi

D3. [2m.] Jihda-hatun; 1m: Buga-nojon; 2m: Pr Taki Panaskerteli

D4. [3m.] Mamia, +ca 1314; m.Mamkan of Svanetia

D5. [3m.] Giorgi V "the Magnificent", King of Georgia (1318-46), +1346

E1. Sultana; m.before 1340 Jean de Lusignan, constable of Armenia (+7.8.1343)

E2. David IX, King of Georgia (1346-60), +1360; m.Pss Sinduhtar Djakeli

F1. Gulkhan, +2.5.1395; m.6.10.1379 Emperor Manuel III of Trebizond (*16.11.1364, +5.3.1417)

F2. Bagrat V "the Great", King of Georgia (1355-93), +1393; 1m: Helena (+1366), allegedly a daughter of Emperor Basileios of Trebizond; 2m: VI.1367 Anna Komnena (*6.4.1357)

G1. [1m.] Giorgi VII, King of Imereti (1392-93), King of Georgia (1393-1407), +k.a.Nakhiduri 1407; m.Nestan-Darejan

H1. Alexander Bagrationi, Duke

I1. Giorgi

G2. [1m.] Konstantine I, King of Georgia (1407-12), +k.a.1412; m.Pss Natia Amirejibi

H1. Alexander I "the Great", King of Georgia (1412-42), *1389, +ca 1442, bur Mtskheta; 1m: 1410 Pss Dulanduht Orbeliani; 2m: 1414 Thamar of Imereti (+1455)

I1. Vakhtang IV, King of Georgia (1442-46), *ca 1413, +1446; m.1442 Siti-hanum (+1444), dau.of Pr Zaza Panaskerteli

I2. Demetre Bagrationi, Duke of Imereti, +1453; m.Gulkhan of Imereti (+1471)

J1.

Konstantine II, the last King of united Georgia (1478-90), first King of Kartli (1490-1505), *1447, +1505; his issue were Kings of Kartli, for which see HERE

I3. Giorgi VIII, King of Georgia (1446-66), first King of Kacheti (1466-76), *1417, +1476; 1m: 1445 Pss Thamar Djakeli; 2m: Nestan-Darejan (+1510); (possibly m.N Kantakouzena, dau.of Iaonnes Kantakouzenos, Despot of the Peloponnese

J1. [1m.] Vakhtang Bagrationi, Duke

J2. [2m.] Alexander I, King of Kacheti (1476-1511), +1511; his issue were Kings of Kacheti, for which see HERE

J3. [2m.] Meriami, affianced to Emperor Konstantinos IX Palaiologos; m.Pr Vamek Shaburidze

I4. David II, catholicos of Georgia (1426-30), +1430

I5. a daughter, +before 1438; m.1425 Emperor Ioannes IV of Trebizond

H2. Bagrat Bagrationi, Duke

H3. Giorgi Bagrationi, Duke, *1390, +1446; m.1434 Gulkhan of Imereti (+1471)

I1. Bagrat VI, Duke of Kutaisi (1453-63), King of Imereti (1463-66), King of Georgia (1466-78), *1435, +1478, bur Gelati; m.Helena N (+3.11.1511)

J1. Vakhtang

J2. Giorgi

J3. Alexander II, +1.4.1510, King of Imereti (1478-1510); his issue were Kings of Imereti, for which see HERE

I2. Gulkhan, fl 1505; m.Pr Amirindo Amilakvari

G3. [1m.] Ulumpia (+after 1405); m.Pr Kakhaber Chijavadze (+before 1405)

G4. [2m.] David Bagrationi, Duke 1404, +1425

H1. Vakhtang

H2. Demetre

G5. [illegitimate] Thamar; m.Pr Eles Orbeliani

A2. Rusudan, queen of Georgia (1237-45), *1195, +1245; m.1224 Muhammad Mughis ud-din Turkan Shah (+1247), son of Sultan Mogit ed-din Throgil of Erzerum

B1. David VI Narin, King of Georgia (1247-59), King of Imereti (1259-93), *1225, +1293; 1m: Thamar Amanelidze; 2m: 1254 Theodora Palaiologina

C1. [1m.] Vakhtang II, King of Imereti (1289-92), +1292

C2. [1m.] Konstantine I, King of Imereti (1293-1327), +1327

C3. [1m.] Mikael I, King of Imereti (1327-29), +1329

D1. Bagrat Mtzire, King of Imereti (1329-30), Duke of Choropani (1330-72), +1372; m.1358 dau.of Duke Kvarkvare II Djakeli

E1. Alexander I, Duke 1372, King of Imereti (1387-89), +1389; m.Pss Ana Orbeliani

F1. Demetre, Duke of Imereti (1414-45), +ca 1445

G1. Gulkhan, heiress of Imereti, +1471; 1m: 1434 Giorgi Bagrationi (*1390 +1446); 2m: ca 1446 Demetre of Imereti (*1452)

F2. Thamar, +1455; m.1414 Alexander I of Georgia (*1389 +1442)

E2. Georgi I, King of Imereti (1389-92), +k.a.1392

E3. Konstantine II, King of Imereti (1396-1401), +k.a.Chalagan 1401

F1. Bagrat

C4. [2m.] Alexander

B2. Thamar; 1m: 1237 Kaikhushru II, Sultan of Rum (+1245); 2m: Sahib Parvan Muhi ud-din (+1276)


David Soslan (Georgian: დავით სოსლანი) (died 1207) was a prince from Alania and second husband of Queen Tamar, whom he married in c. 1189. He is chiefly known for his military exploits during Georgia’s wars against its Muslim neighbors.

David Soslan's genealogy suggested by Prince Vakhushti.

David Soslan was a member of the royal house which ruled Alania (Ovseti or Oseti in the Georgian sources; hence, the modern designation of Ossetia), an Orthodox Christian kingdom in the North Caucasus, and frequently intermarried with the Bagrationi Dynasty of Georgia. An anonymous chronicler, writing during the reign of George IV Lasha (son of Tamar and David Soslan; 1212–1223), ascribes to Soslan a Bagratid ancestry.[2] A version of his Bagratid origin found further development in the works of the 18th-century Georgian scholar Prince Vakhushti Bagrationi: He considered Soslan to be a descendant of George I of Georgia (1014–1027) and his Alan wife Alde who were the parents of Demetrius (Demetre), an unfortunate pretender to the Georgian crown whose son, David, was forced by Bagrat IV of Georgia to flee to Alania. According to Vakhushti, David and his descendants - Aton and Jadaron - married into the Alan ruling family and became "kings of the Osi" [i.e., Alans]. This Jadaron is said to have been Soslan's father. While this account is considered credible by the modern scholars such as Mariam Lordkipanidze[3] and Cyril Toumanoff the issue of Soslan's origin still remains uncertain.

A passage from the 13th-century anonymous Georgian Histories and Eulogies of Sovereigns relates that David was under the patronage of Tamar’s paternal aunt Rusudan and came of "the descendants [ძენი; literally, "sons"] of Ephraïm, which are Osi, handsome and strong in battle." The Georgian scholar Korneli Kekelidze suggested that David Soslan’s family – the "Ephraïmids" – might have claimed descent from the biblical Ephraim, and compared this family legend to that of the Bagratids who considered themselves descendants of David, the second king of the Israelites.

In 1946, the North Ossetian archaeologist Evgeniya Pchelina announced that, during the digs at the Nuzal chapel in the Ardon Gorge, North Ossetian ASSR, she discovered the tomb allegedly belonging to David Soslan whom she identified with the certain Soslan mentioned in the Georgian asomtavruli inscription in the chapel, and suggested that David Soslan might have been a member of the Tsarazon family (Ossetian: Цæразонтæ), a heroic clan from Nuzal known to the Ossetic oral folk tradition. The hypothesis has not been accepted by most Georgian scholars, but enjoys much currency among the Ossetian historians.

Tamar married David Soslan at the Didube Palace near Tbilisi between 1187 and 1189 after she divorced her first husband, the Rus' prince Yuri Bogolyubsky. As the Armenian chronicler Mkhitar Gosh reports in his Ishatarakan ("Memorabilia"), Tamar "married a man from the Alan kingdom, her relative on the mother’s side, whose name was Soslan, named David upon his ascension to the [Georgian] throne".

In contrast to Yuri who was a candidate of the powerful nobles party, David was Tamar's personal choice.[citation needed] David, a capable military commander, became Tamar's major supporter and was instrumental in defeating the rebellious nobles rallied behind Yuri. Tamar and David had two children. In 1191, the queen gave birth to a son, George – the future king George IV (Lasha) – an event widely celebrated in the kingdom. The daughter, Rusudan, was born c. 1193 and would succeed her brother as sovereign of Georgia.

David Soslan's status as Tamar's husband, as well as his presence in art, on charters and on coins, was strictly dictated by the necessity of male aspects of kingship, but he remained a subordinate ruler who shared the throne with Tamar but had no independent authority, his power being derived from his reigning spouse.[9]

David energetically supported Tamar's expansionist policy and was responsible for Georgia's military successes in a series of conflicts of those years.[10] Medieval Georgian sources praise his handsomeness, military talents, valor, and devotion to Tamar. In the 1190s, David Soslan led the Georgian raids against Barda, Erzurum, Geghark'unik', Beylaqan and Ganja. His victories over the Ildegizids of Azerbaijan at Shamkor (1195) and the Seljuqids of Rüm at Basian (1202) secured the Georgian positions in the eastern and western Caucasian marches, respectively. He died shortly thereafter, c. 1207.

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