Demetre I, King of Georgia

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King of Georgia Demetre I King of Georgia (Bagrationi), King of Georgia

Russian: ДИМИТРИ Багратион, King of Georgia
Also Known As: "დემეტრე I ბაგრატიონი"
Birthdate:
Death: 1156 (58-68)
Mtskheta, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Georgia
Immediate Family:

Son of David IV, King of Georgia and Rusadan of Armenia
Father of Princess of Georgia; Rusudan of Georgia; David V, King of Georgia; Giorgi III, King of Georgia; Rusudan and 1 other
Brother of Kata Irena of Georgia; Prince George of Georgia; Princess Tamar daughter of David IV of Georgia Bagrationi, Queen Consort of Sirvan; Prince Zurab of Georgia; Princess Rusudan of Georgia and 7 others
Half brother of Prince Vakhtang Bagrationi of Georgia

Occupation: King of Georgia, King of Georgia (1125-55), bur Gelati
Managed by: Caspian Jamshid Bernard Chaikar ...
Last Updated:

About Demetre I, King of Georgia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demetrius_I_of_Georgia

Demetre I (დემეტრე I) (c. 1093–1156), from the Bagrationi dynasty, was King of Georgia from 1125 to 1156. He is also known as a poet.

Demetre was the eldest son of King David the Builder by his first wife Rusudan of Armenia. As a commander, he took part in his father’s battles, particularly at Didgori (1121) and Shirvan (1123).

Demetre succeeded on his father’s death on January 24, 1125. With his ascent to the throne, the Seljuk Turks attacked the Georgian-held city of Ani, Armenia. Demetre I had to compromise and ceded the city to a Seljuk ruler under terms of vassalage.

In 1139, he raided the earthquake-ridden city of Ganja (the present day Azerbaijan). He brought the iron gate of the defeated city to Georgia and donated it to Gelati Monastery at Kutaisi, western Georgia. Despite this brilliant victory, Demetre could hold Ganja only for a few years.

In 1130, Demetre revealed a plot of nobles, probably involving the king's half-borther Vakhtang. The King arrested the conspirators and executed one of their leaders, Ioanne Abuletisdze, in 1138 (or 1145). In 1154 David, Demetre's elder son forced his father to abdicate and become a monk. However, David died six months later and King Demetre was restored to the throne. David was survived by his son Demna who was regarded by the aristocratic opposition as a lawful pretender.

Although Demetre was not as successful as his father David the Builder, Georgia remained a strong feudal power with a well-organized military and political system and a developed cultural and economical life.

He died in 1156 and was buried at Gelati Monastery.

He is regarded as a saint in the Orthodox Church and his feast day is celebrated on May 23 on the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar.

Marriage and children

The name of Demetre's wife is unknown, but he had several children:

David

Rusudan, married firstly with sultan Masud Temirek and secondly with Sinjar Shah of Seljuk

Giorgi, who succeeded him

unknown - wife of Prince Iziaslav II of Kiev.

Poems

King Demetre I was an author of several poems, mainly on religious themes. Shen Khar Venakhi (Thou Art a Vineyard), a hymn to the Virgin Mary, is the most famous of them.

See also

List of Georgian Kings

Culture of Georgia

External links

The Bagrationi Dynasty

Listen to the hymn “Thou Art the Vineyard”

St Damiane (Demetrius) the King and Hymnographer Orthodox synaxarion



Demetrius I (დემეტრე I) (c. 1093 – 1156), from the Bagrationi dynasty, was King of Georgia from 1125 to 1156. He is also known as a poet.

Demetrius was the eldest son of King David the Builder by his first wife Rusudan. As a commander, he took part in his father’s battles, particularly at Didgori (1121) and Shirvan (1123).

Demetrius succeeded on his father’s death on January 24, 1125. With his ascent to the throne, the Seljuk Turks attacked the Georgian-held city of Ani, Armenia. Demetrius I had to compromise and ceded the city to a Seljuk ruler under terms of vassalage.

In 1139, he raided the earthquake-ridden city of Ganja in Arran (the present day Azerbaijan). He brought the iron gate of the defeated city to Georgia and donated it to Gelati Monastery at Kutaisi, western Georgia. Despite this brilliant victory, Demetrius could hold Ganja only for a few years.

In 1130, Demetrius revealed a plot of nobles, probably involving the king's half-brother Vakhtang. The King arrested the conspirators and executed one of their leaders, Ioanne Abuletisdze, in 1138 (or 1145). In 1154 David, Demetrius's elder son forced his father to abdicate and become a monk, receiving the monastic name Damian (Damianus). However, David died six months later and King Demetrius was restored to the throne. David was survived by his son Demna who was regarded by the aristocratic opposition as a lawful pretender.

Although Demetrius was not as successful as his father David the Builder, Georgia remained a strong feudal power with a well-organized military and political system and a developed cultural and economical life.

He died in 1156 and was buried at Gelati Monastery.

He is regarded as a saint in the Orthodox Church and his feast day is celebrated on May 23 on the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar.[1]

The name of Demetrius's wife is unknown, but he had several children:

David

Rusudan, married firstly with sultan Masud Temirek and secondly with Sinjar Shah of Seljuk

Giorgi, who succeeded him

Bagrationi, who married prince of Kiev