About Dorothy Gosnold
- Bartholomew Gosnold (1571 – 22 August 1607) was an English lawyer, explorer, and privateer who was instrumental in founding the Virginia Company of London, and Jamestown in colonial America. He led the first recorded European expedition to Cape Cod. He is considered by Preservation Virginia (formerly known as the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities) to be the "prime mover of the colonization of Virginia".
- Gosnold was born in Grundisburgh in Suffolk, England in 1571, and his family seat was at Otley, Suffolk. His parents were Anthony Gosnold and Dorothy Bacon. He graduated from the University of Cambridge and studied law at Middle Temple. He was a friend of Richard Hakluyt and sailed with Walter Raleigh.
- He obtained backing to attempt to found an English colony in the New World and in 1602 he sailed from Falmouth, England in a small Dartmouth bark, the Concord, with thirty-two on board. They intended to establish a colony in New England, which was then known as Virginia. Gosnold pioneered a direct sailing route due west from the Azores to what later became New England, arriving in May 1602 at Cape Elizabeth in Maine (Lat. 43 degrees). Gosnold skirted the coastline for several days before anchoring in York Harbor, Maine, on 14 May 1602.
- The next day, he sailed into Provincetown Harbor, where he is credited with naming Cape Cod. Following the coastline for several days, he discovered Martha's Vineyard and named it after his daughter, Martha and established a small post on Cuttyhunk Island, one of the Elizabeth Islands, near Gosnold, now in Massachusetts. The post was abandoned when settlers decided to return on the ship to England since they had insufficient provisions to overwinter.
- A notable account of the voyage, written by John Brereton, one of the gentlemen adventurers, was published in 1602, and this helped in popularising subsequent voyages of exploration and colonisation of the northeast seaboard of America.
- Gosnold spent several years after his return to England promoting a more ambitious attempt; he obtained from King James I an exclusive charter for a Virginia Company to settle Virginia. To form the core of what would become the Virginia Colony at Jamestown, he recruited his cousin-by-marriage Edward Maria Wingfield, as well as John Smith, his brother and a cousin, in addition to members of his 1602 expedition. Gosnold himself served as vice-admiral of the expedition, and captain of the Godspeed (one of the three ships of the expedition; the other two being the Susan Constant, under Captain Christopher Newport, and the Discovery, under Captain John Ratcliffe). He commanded the ship Godspeed on the voyage to Jamestown
- Gosnold also solicited the support of Matthew Scrivener, cousin of Edward Maria Wingfield. Scrivener became Acting Governor of the new Colony, but drowned in an accident in 1609 along with Anthony Gosnold, Bartholomew's brother, while trying to cross to Hog Island in a storm. (Scrivener's brother Nicholas had also drowned while a student at Eton.)
- Gosnold was popular among the colonists and opposed the location of the colony at Jamestown Island due to what he perceived as its unhealthy location; he also helped design the fort that held the initial colony. He died only four months after they landed, on 22 August 1607. George Percy's 'Discourse' that was printed in the fourth volume of Purchas His Pilgrimes (1625) records Gosnold's death (...Captain Bartholomew Gosnold one of Councile, he was buryed thereupon having all the ordinance in the Fourt shote offwith manye vollyes of small shot...) and then sayse "...Oure men were destroyed with cruel dyseases as swellings, fluxes, burning fevers, and by wars and some exyted souddenlye, but for the moste part they dyeth of mere famine..."
- Gosnold married Mary Goldinge, daughter of Robert Goldinge of Bury St Edmunds and his wife Martha Judd, at Latton Essex in 1595. They had several children; daughter Mary married Richard Pepys, kinsman of the diarist Samuel Pepys.
- In 2003 Preservation Virginia announced that its archaeological dig at Jamestown had discovered the likely location of Gosnold's grave. (It was also believed that he was buried outside the James day fort ) His skeleton is currently on display at the Voorhees Archaearium at Historic Jamestowne.
- Preservation Virginia began genetic fingerprinting, hoping to verify Gosnold's identity in time for the Jamestown quadricentennial. By June 2005 researchers and The Discovery Channel sought permission to take DNA samples from the remains of his sister, Elizabeth Tilney, located in the Church of All Saints, Shelley, near Hadleigh, and they were granted the first faculty for such purposes from the English diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich. Although they removed bone fragments from the church, they had difficulty in identifying the correct remains, and they were not able to conclude anything from their analysis. In November 2005 Preservation Virginia announced that, while they remained confident Tilney's remains were somewhere beneath the church floor, the tests they performed had not confirmed the link. The DNA analysis was conducted by the Smithsonian Institution.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartholomew_Gosnold
- Gosnold and Bacon. The ancestry of Bartholomew Gosnold. A collection (1904)
- Admon. of Elizabeth Tilney late of Shelley in co. Suffolk, deceased, granted 22 May 1655 to Philipp Tillney the son.
- P. C. C. Ad. Act Bk., fo. 80.
- Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Anthony and Dorothy (Bacon) Gosnold of Grundisburgh and Clopton, and sister of Capt. Bartholomew Gosnold, married Thomas Tilney of Shelley Hall in Suffolk, son of Emery Tilney of Hoxton, by his wife Winefred, daughter of John Davis of Cranbrooke in Kent. Francis and Thomas, two of the younger sons of Phillip Tilney (son of Thomas & Elizabeth) went to Barbadoes.
- We will now turn from the consideration of the direct GOSNOLD line, with which the past pages have been occupied, to that of the family of Bacon, from which Bartholomew Gosnold was descended through his mother, called "Dorothy Bacon of Hessett" in the pedigrees, but whose paternity has remained hitherto unknown. A long and patient search, involving the reading of several hundred wills, has at last resulted in the complete demonstration of her identity as the daughter of George and Margaret Bacon of Hessett in Suffolk, as will be seen in the wills which follow.
- These wills are most interesting, for not only do they prove the important connection above stated, but the family pedigree includes also the well known Nathaniel Bacon, "the Rebel" of Virginia, and his cousin, Nathaniel Bacon, the Councillor and acting Governor there, with the New England families of Peck and Mason, and a more than suspected connection with the New England and Barbadoes families of Bacon, while the English line is brilliant with the names of Sir Nicholas Bacon of Redgrave, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, and his still more famous son, Lord Verulam,
- Viscount St. Albans, better known as Lord Bacon, "The wisest, brightest, meanest of mankind."*
- Will of THOMAS BACON of Heggesset, co. Suff., gentilman. Dated 10 March 1546-7. To be buried in the Church of Heggesset aforesaid. To every man and .... etc.
- Thomas Bacon, the above testator, married Anne, daughter of Richard Doggett of Groton in Suffolk, who, after his death, married second, Robert
- + Afterward Sir Nicholas Bacon, Knt. (1558-9), Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. See will of John Bacon (seq.) in 1559, son of this testator, who was first cousin of Sir Nicholas.
- Gosnold of Otley(*) as his second wife (marriage settlements dated 10 October 1547), by whom she had no issue ; but her granddaughter by her first marriage, through her son George Bacon, became wife of Anthony Gosnold of Grundisburgh, and mother of Bartholomew Gosnold. I have recently discovered her will in the Consistory Court of Norwich, but the abstract has not been received and must be deferred for publication in a future number.
- * See will of Robert Gosnold of Otley (P. C. C., Martyne, 6), page 1, ante.
- The New England Historical and Genealogical Register ..., Volume 57; Volume 1903 By New England Historic Genealogical Society Staff
- Pg.310 is not shown in this preview.
- lists sons Francis, Edmond, George, John, son-in-law Robert Keene .... etc. Overseer: Nicholas Bacon,* attorney.
- .... etc. Proved 30 June 1547 by John Adams, proctor for the Exors. named. P. C. C., Alen, 41.
- Thomas Bacon, the above testator, married Anne, daughter of Richard Doggett of Groton in Suffolk, who after his death, married second, Robert Gosnold of Otley as his second wife (marriage settlements dated 10 October 1547), by whom she had no issue; but her granddaughter by her first marriage, through her son George Bacon, became wife of Anthony Gosnold of Grundisburgh, and mother of Bartholomew Gosnold. .... etc.
- Dorothy Bacon Gosnold
- Wife of Anthony Gosnold (1540-1602) mother of Captain Bartholomew Gosnold, Jamestown Founder, and Anthony Gosnold, also among the first group of Jamestown settlers.
- Family links:
- Anthony Gosnold (1540 - 1602)
- Anthony Gosnold (____ - 1608)*
- Burial: Otley Church Cemetery, Otley, Suffolk Coastal District, Suffolk, England
- Find A Grave Memorial# 108423919
- From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=108423919
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