Dr. Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy

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Dr. Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy's Geni Profile

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Dr. Paul Felix Abraham Mendelssohn Bartholdy

Birthplace: Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
Death: February 17, 1880 (39)
Berlin, Berlin, Germany (Heart disease)
Place of Burial: 22 Mehringdamm, Berlin, Berlin, 10961, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy and Cécile Charlotte Sophie Mendelssohn Bartholdy
Husband of Elisabeth (Else) Rosa Marianne Mendelssohn Bartholdy and Enole Mendelssohn Bartholdy (Oppenheim)
Father of Otto Felix Paul von Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Cecile Gilbert; Lili Sophie Passini; Ludwig Carl Mendelssohn Bartholdy and Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Ph.D. Chemistry
Brother of Prof. Karl Wolfgang Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Dr.; Marie Pauline Helene Benecke; Felix August Eduard Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Jr. and Fanny Henriette Elisabeth Lili Wach

Occupation: Chemist and Industrialist
Managed by: Randy Schoenberg
Last Updated:

About Dr. Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy


aul Mendelssohn Bartholdy (born Paul Felix Abraham Mendelssohn Bartholdy; 18 January 1841, Leipzig – 17 February 1880, Berlin) was a German chemist and a pioneer in the manufacture of aniline dye. He co-founded the Aktien-Gesellschaft für Anilin-Fabrikation (AGFA), a German chemical company.

He is not to be confused with his uncle, the banker Paul Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, who was the son of his grandfather Abraham Mendelssohn Bartholdy.


Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy was the second son of the composer Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy and Cécile Jeanrenaud. He studied sciences at Heidelberg University, where Robert Bunsen was amongst his colleagues. After graduating in 1863 he went to Berlin to study with Wilhelm Hoffmann.

He volunteered as a soldier in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, taking part in the Battle of Königgrätz and becoming an officer. (He was later to be recalled for the Franco-Prussian War, where he won the Iron Cross).

After the Austro-Prussian War he met with Alexander Martuis, a former student of Justus von Liebig, who had set up a dye factory in England. They decided to enter a partnership to manufacture aniline in Germany, setting up a factory at the Rummelsburg Lake near Berlin. In 1873 the firm took the name 'Aktien-Gesellschaft für Anilin-Fabrikation', becoming in 1898 'AGFA'.

Mendelssohn Bartholdy married his cousin Elisabeth Oppenheim (grand-daughter of his great-uncle Joseph Mendelssohn). She died shortly after the birth of their son Otto. Paul later married Elisabeth's sister Enole, by whom he had four children.

In 1880, Mendelssohn Bartholdy died of a heart attack. After his death the company was led by his nephew Franz Oppenheim. In 1925 the firm was taken over by IG Farben.

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Dr. Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy's Timeline

January 18, 1841
Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
- 1863
Age 18
Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
- 1866
Age 21
Berlin University ? (Chemistry with Willhelm Hoffman), Berlin, Germany
March 2, 1868
November 15, 1874
Berlin, Berlin, Germany
August 6, 1876
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Berlin, Berlin, Germany
January 1, 1878
Berlin, Germany
July 18, 1879
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Berlin, Berlin, Germany