Thomas Bond, Jr.
|Birthplace:||Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Death:||Died in Morgantown, Monongalia, WV, USA|
|Cause of death:||typhoid fever|
|Place of Burial:||Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Occupation:||"purveyor" ofthe Pennsylvania Hospital during the Revolutionary War|
|Managed by:||Keith Neville Bystrom|
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About Dr. Thomas Bond, Jr.
From online memorial at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8488976
Revolutionary War Surgeon and purveyor of Hospitals. Thomas Bond Jr., was the oldest child of Thomas Bond Sr., and his second wife Sarah Weyman. He was baptized, June 8, 1744. Will dated: January 20, 1793; proved: April 22, 1794. He married 1st. Ann Morgan, sister of John Morgan, M.D., on May 10, 1764, by the Rev. Jacob Duche at Christ Church, Philadelphia. The Bond and Morgan families were neighbors on Second Street in Philadelphia, with several doctors living on the street.
Thomas and Ann had three children:
1. Mary Bond who married William Ward Burrows.
2. Sarah Bond who married David Easton of Alexandria, Virginia.
3. Thomas Bond III, born October 3, 1770; Baptized December 14, 1770; died 1774 at age 3; Gravestone. Buried February 26, 1774. Inscription on gravestone of his mother, Ann (Morgan) Bond: "The body of her only son Thomas Bond died a month before her at 3 years old."
Thomas Bond Jr., grew up in Philadelphia with his father, mother, half sister Elizabeth, and his sisters and brothers. Thomas entered the college of Pennsylvania on May 23, 1757. He received his A. B. degree in 1760, and his A. M. degree in 1763. He was Valedictorian of his graduating class, and after graduation, he began his medical practice in Philadelphia.
In 1776 he was appointed Surgeon's Mate in the Medical Department of the Army and later was commissioned as a purveyor with the rank of Acting Director General of Hospitals. In 1776 he was in charge of the wounded at Elizabethtown, New Jersey.
In a communication to Dr. Thomas Bond Jr., Purveyor of the Military Hospital, Dr. John Cochran, after returning from Albany wrote March 25, 1781: "I am sorry to inform you that I found that hospital (at Albany) entirely destitute of all kinds of stores except a little vinegar, which was good for nothing, and frequently without Bread or Beef for many days, so that the Doctor under those circumstances was abliged to permit such of the patients, as could walk into town, to beg provisions among the inhabitants."
Later in another communication Dr. Cockran begged Dr. Bond to send aid: "…could you not, by advertisement, be able to procure a quantity of old linen from the good ladies of your city? I was obliged after the last skirmish, when fifty men were wounded, to give every sheet I had in the world, but two, to make lint, etc. I dread the thought of any action, when we have it not in our power to relieve the distresses of the unfortunate." (The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1954.)
The situation at the hospital became more and more desperate. Dr. Thomas Bond, Jr., appealed through newspaper for help for the soldiers. The appeal was carried in a Philadelphia newspaper: "Dr. Thomas Bond, Junior, purveyor of the General Hospital, presents his compliments to the patriotic and humane ladies of this and the neighbouring states, and informs them the hospitals are now much in want of lint and bandage; and having lately heard of their great bounty and friendly attention to the American soldiery, in a most generous subscription for them, requests a further continuance of their favors, by furnishing him with a quantity of old linen as soon as possible for the use of the hospitals, to be delivered at his office in Second-Street, and at the hospitals in different states. The doctor flatters himself, from the benevolent and active spirit shown on the late occasion, and the necessity and humanity of this petition that he shall shortly be enabled to render the unfortunate wounded and lame of the American Army Comfortable and happy, and be amply provided for the succeeding campaign."
The printers of the different states were asked to insert the above in their newspapers. Dr. Bond also appealed for industrious women to serve as nurses.
At war's end, Dr. Thomas Bond, Jr., had served his country well and was an Original Member Society of the Cincinnati, Pennsylvania Society. His signature appears on Parchment Roll, line 4.
Dr. Thomas Bond, Jr., after the Revolutionary War, had survived the deaths of his father and mother as well as the earlier deaths of his wife, Ann, and baby son, Thomas. He still had two living children: Mary, and Sarah. Sarah died in 1795, two years after her marriage to David Easton, and their only child died a month after Sarah.
After the Revolutionary War, Dr. Bond moved to Virginia and married a second time in 1789 to Mrs. Jane Ferris, a widow with a daughter from a previous marriage. There was no issue from this marriage.
Dr. Thomas Bond, Junior's years in Virginia were a complete change from medicine and centered on publication of a newspaper and land speculation in the western part of the state. The Alexandria Gazette, established by George Richards and Company on February 5, 1784, is the oldest daily newspaper of continuous publication in the United States. Through the years the paper has been a strong defender of the institution of democracy. On July 4, 1789, a few months after Washington's inauguration, Richards died. Before the end of July, Samuel Hanson and Thomas Bond became the publishers and changed the paper's name to the Virginia Gazette and Alexandria Advertiser. The partnership of Hanson and Bond continued until Thomas Bond's death in 1793.
After moving south, Thomas spent much of his time in western Virginia, especially around the area of Morgantown and the Monongahela River, as an agent of a huge land company. In 1786, he received land grants amounting to approximately 76,865 acres. In the book, The Monongalia Story, by Earl L. Core, Dr. Thomas Bond is described as: "an accomplished physician who came to Morgantown, at an early day, as agent of a large land company. There is, however, no record that he ever practiced medicine there."
Dr. Thomas Bond, Jr., died of typhoid fever in Morgantown, Virginia, and was buried in the Presbyterian Church. It is said that his second wife, Jane Ferris Bond, was probably a Presbyterian. A hundred years later, when the church was torn down in 1893, the grave of Dr. Bond was found under the main entrance hall. A brass plate on the coffin bore the following inscription, "Thomas Bond, Jr. of Philadelphia died December 17, 1793."
Through the intervention of Mr. F. M. Gidley of Morgantown, West Virginia and newspaper articles published in Philadelphia in 1901 seeking descendants of Dr. Bond, the death of Dr. Thomas Bond, Jr., came to the attention of Dr. Charles Cadwalader of Philadelphia, descendant of Dr. Phineas Bond. Dr. Cadwalader immediately took the initiative to remove the body of Dr. Thomas Bond, Jr., and have him re-interred in Christ Church Churchyard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and to the faith of his family. Following closely upon the discovery of the burial place of Dr. Thomas Bond, Jr., in Morgantown, Virginia, a sergeant, (Jonathan B. Wells of the Bredesburg police) while removing a pile of rubbish, discovered a bundle of old papers bearing all the marks of time and neglect. Among them were six deeds signed in 1786 by Patrick Henry, then Governor of Virginia, in the name of Dr. Thomas Bond. The deeds conveyed to Dr. Bond 6,000 acres of land in Harrison County. Sergeant Wells attempted to return the deeds to the descendants of the rightful owners but his attempt proved futile. Several weeks later, Wells saw the newspaper item about Dr. Bond's body being found. In connection with the story appeared the name of Dr. Charles Cadwalader of Philadelphia. In 1901, these deeds, which were quite valuable as the land was underlain with coal and oil, were turned over to Dr. Cadwalader.
Dr. Thomas and Ann (Morgan) Bond's lineage is descended through their only living child, Mary (Bond) Burrows, wife of Lieutenant Colonel Commandant, William Ward Burrows, United States Marine Corps.
--Most of the information above was taken from the book: "Revolutionary War Patriots and Soldiers, A Genealogical History with Biographical Sketches" by Rosa Baylor Hall. Rosa Baylor Hall is a member of The Colonial Dames of America, The Daughters of the Cincinnati, The National Society United States Daughters of 1812, The Daughters of the American Revolution, the Jamestown Society, The Descendants of Colonial Physicians and Chirurgeons, The William Strother Society, and The Jefferson County Historical Society.
Dr. Thomas Bond, Jr.'s Timeline
August 10, 1743
Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
August 24, 1765
Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
December 17, 1793
Morgantown, Monongalia, WV, USA
Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA