Dr. phil. Karl Ernst Osthaus

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Dr. phil. Karl Ernst Osthaus's Geni Profile

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Dr. phil. Karl Ernst Osthaus

Birthplace: Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Death: March 25, 1921 (46)
Meran, South Tyrol, Italy (Kehlkopfkrebs)
Place of Burial: Meran, South Tyrol, Italy
Immediate Family:

Son of Carl Ernst August Osthaus and Selma Emilie Osthaus
Husband of Gertrud Maria Luise Colsman
Father of Eberhard Ernst Osthaus; Helga Laves; Waldemar Osthaus; Manfred Osthaus and Immogen Fleckenstein
Half brother of Selma Osthaus; Elfriede Auguste Vorster; Margot Osthaus; Adeline Osthaus; Laura Hedwig Osthaus and 5 others

Occupation: Kunsthistoriker, Museumsgründer, Kulturpolitiker
Managed by: Thomas Föhl (c)
Last Updated:

About Dr. phil. Karl Ernst Osthaus

Karl Ernst Osthaus (15 April 1874, Hagen, Westphalia – 25 March 1921) was an important German patron of avant-garde art and architecture.

In 1902, Osthaus founded the Folkwang Museum in Hagen, Germany. After his death, the city of Hagen was unable to purchase the museum collection and in 1922 Hagen was outbid by the neighbouring city of Essen which now houses the Folkwang Collection. A separate museum survives in Hagen, the Karl Ernst Osthaus-Museum.

Osthaus was a notable patron of the European avant-garde. Although in his early life he tended to German nationalism, active in the Pan German League and supporting figures such as the Austrian Georg von Schönerer, Osthaus's nationalism became tempered with interest in transforming Hagen and Germany into the leading centers of the European avant-garde. Under the guidance of Henry van de Velde, Osthaus began a collection of European modernist painting that comprised one of the first purely modernist collections to be open to the public. The Folkwang in Hagen sponsored some of the earliest exhibits of Expressionist painting, and the collection early on included works by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde, and Christian Rohlfs and work by non-German artists such as Aristide Maillol, Jan Thorn-Prikker, and Henri Matisse.

Osthaus also attempted to spark interest in avant-garde architecture in Hagen. In this regard, he encountered many frustrations. In some ways, the story of the projects that were not built is more interesting than the projects that were built. Major architects including Henry van de Velde, Richard Riemerschmid, Peter Behrens, and Walter Gropius were all active in Hagen. A small artist colony also emerged including the sculptor Milly Steger, the Dutch artist and theosophist J.L.M. Lauweriks, and a score of figures important for Hagen's local cultural history.

Osthaus's Jugendstil villa, the Hohenhof, is one of the most important examples of bourgeois Jugendstil architecture in Europe. It was recently renovated and is open to the public.

radio-feature, July 2020 cf.: https://wdrmedien-a.akamaihd.net/medp/podcast/weltweit/fsk0/219/2195025/wdr3kulturfeature_2020-06-27_diewiegedermoderneliegtinhagenkarlernstosthausundseinerbe_wdr3.mp3

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Dr. phil. Karl Ernst Osthaus's Timeline

April 15, 1874
Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
October 30, 1900
Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
April 17, 1905
Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
August 11, 1909
Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
March 25, 1921
Age 46
Meran, South Tyrol, Italy
Meran, South Tyrol, Italy