Drusilla of Mauretania

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Drusilla

Greek, Ancient: Δρουσìλλη
Birthdate: (41)
Birthplace: Caesaria
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Wife of Sohaemus, Priest-King of Emesa
Ex-wife of Marcus Antonius Felix, Procurator of Judaea
Mother of Gaius Julius Alexius, King of Emesa; Alexio II, Priest-King of Emesa; Julia Mamaea of Emesa and Iotapa of Emesa

Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Drusilla of Mauretania

Drusilla of Mauretania (Greek: Δρουσìλλη, 38-79) was a Princess of Mauretania, North Africa. Her mother Julia Urania may have been a member of the Royal family of Emesa, a Syrian Roman client kingdom. Her father was probably Ptolemy of Mauretania who was a son of the Roman Client Monarchs Juba II and Cleopatra Selene II. Her father’s maternal grandparents were possibly Ptolemaic Greek Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony.

Ancestry & Family

Drusilla was a monarch of Berber, Greek, Roman and possibly of Assyrian ancestry. She was the daughter and only child born to the Roman Client Monarchs Ptolemy of Mauretania and his wife, Julia Urania.[2]

Her mother Julia Urania may have been a member of the Royal family of Emesa, a Syrian Roman Client Kingdom[3], while her father Ptolemy of Mauretania was a son of the Roman Client Monarchs Juba II and Cleopatra Selene II.[4] Her father’s maternal grandparents were Ptolemaic Greek Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony.[5] Drusilla was the great granddaughter of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony.[6]

Early Life & First Marriage

Drusilla was most probably born in Caesaria (modern Cherchell Algeria), the capital of the Roman Client Kingdom of Mauretania in the Roman Empire. She named in honor of her father’s second maternal cousin Julia Drusilla, one of the sisters of the Roman Emperor Caligula who died around the time of her birth[7] and is also the namesake of her paternal aunt Drusilla.

Her father was executed while visiting Rome in 40. Mauretania was annexed by Rome and later became two Roman provinces. Drusilla was probably raised in the Imperial Family in Rome. Around 53, the Roman Emperor Claudius arranged for her to marry Marcus Antonius Felix, a Greek Freedman who was the Roman Governor of Judea.[8] Between the years 54 til 56, Felix divorced Drusilla as he fell in love and married the Herodian Princess Drusilla.

Drusilla held the Latin honorary title of Regina.[9] The Roman Historian Suetonius, only uses the word Regina to describe a ruling Queen or the wife of a King. She is one of the three Queens which Suetonius ascribes to Felix.[10] Her title may have been just purely honorary and possibly reveals Felix’s influence and status in the Imperial Court; his royal descent as according to the Roman Historian Tacitus, Felix and his brother Marcus Antonius Pallas had descended from the Greek Kings of Arcadia and the position that Claudius appointed him to at the time of his first marriage. At the time of her first marriage, Drusilla was the only daughter of a King of a former Kingdom. Her title may also reveal the identity of her second husband.

Second Marriage

In 56 Drusilla married as her second husband; her distant relative the Emesene Priest King, Sohaemus[11][12], who ruled from 54 until his death in 73. Sohaemus was the Priest of the Syrian Sun God, known in Aramaic as El-Gebal. Through marriage she became a Roman Client Queen of the Emesani Kingdom and a Queen consort to Sohaemus. Drusilla and Sohaemus had a son Gaius Julius Alexio also known as Alexio II, who later succeeded his father as Emesene Priest King. A possible descendant of Drusilla was the Syrian Queen of the 3rd century, Zenobia of Palmyra.[13][14]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drusilla_of_Mauretania_(born_38)

Additional Sources

Cleopatra: A Biography - Page 155 - https://books.google.com/books?id=85rikTt-kBEC&pg=PA155&lpg=PA155&dq=who+were+the+parents+of+Drusilla+of+Mauretania+the+Younger&source=bl&ots=r_Z5uKUKFb&sig=0iNZ7t5aZnr-UPYiOau9hn42gdg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjkgZXb6JjUAhVKxlQKHYAxBrU4ChDoAQg3MAQ#v=onepage&q=who%20were%20the%20parents%20of%20Drusilla%20of%20Mauretania%20the%20Younger&f=false

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Drusilla, princess of Mauretania (now in Algeria).

Parents: Ptolemy of Mauretania and Julia Urania (only child).

First husband: Marcus Antonius Felix

 Wikipedia records no children.

Second husband: Gaius Julius Soehamus

 Child: Gaius Julius Alexio

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drusilla_of_Mauretania_(born_38)



Drusilla of Mauretania the Elder

Drusilla of Mauretania (Drusilla in Greek: η Δρουσìλλη) may be the Drusilla mentioned by Tacitus as a granddaughter of Antonius and Cleopatra. If so, she would have been a princess of Mauretania, the youngest child of queen Cleopatra Selene II and king Juba II and a sister to king Ptolemy of Mauretania. Her birthdate is uncertain but is thought to be about 8 BC.

Family

She is not known to have any siblings that reached the age of majority other than Ptolemy. Her father Juba II of Numidia, was a son of king Juba I of Numidia (a king of Numidia of Berber descent from North Africa, who was an ally of Roman General Pompey). Her mother Cleopatra Selene II was a daughter of Ptolemaic Greek queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt from her marriage to Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. Drusilla was of Berber, Greek and Roman ancestry.

Drusilla and her brother were the only grandchildren of African king Juba I of Numidia and the Egyptian Cleopatra Selene II, daughter of the famous Ptolemaic Greek queen Cleopatra VII, and were among the younger grandchildren of Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. Through her maternal grandfather, Drusilla was a distant relative of Dictator Julius Caesar and the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Drusilla was a first cousin of Roman General Germanicus and his brother, the Roman Emperor Claudius, and a second cousin of Roman Emperor Caligula, Roman Empress Agrippina the Younger, Roman Empress Valeria Messalina and Roman Emperor Nero.

Life

Drusilla was named in honor of the Roman Empress Livia Drusilla or her late son the Roman General Nero Claudius Drusus. Drusilla was most probably born in Caesaria, the capital of the Kingdom of Mauretania (modern Cherchell, Algeria) in the Roman Empire in 5 CE and she was most probably raised there. Her mother died in 6 CE. Drusilla received a Roman education and became Romanized. However, little is known on the life of Drusilla.

It has been suggested that she was the first wife of Antonius Felix, Procurator of Judea.

Source :

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drusilla_of_Mauretania_the_Elder


Drusilla of Mauretania the Younger

Drusilla of Mauretania (Greek: Δρουσìλλη, 38-79) was a Princess of Mauretania, North Africa and was the great grandchild of Ptolemaic Greek Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony.

Family

Drusilla was a monarch of Berber, Greek, Roman and possibly of Assyrian ancestry. She may have been the daughter and only child born to the Roman Client Monarchs Ptolemy of Mauretania and his wife, Julia Urania.

Her mother Julia Urania may have been a member of the Royal family of Emesa, a Syrian Roman client kingdom. Her father was probably Ptolemy of Mauretania who was a son of the Roman Client Monarchs Juba II and Cleopatra Selene II. Her father’s maternal grandparents were possibly Ptolemaic Greek Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. Drusilla was the great granddaughter of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony.

Early life

Drusilla was most probably born in Caesaria (modern Cherchell Algeria), the capital of the Roman Client Kingdom of Mauretania in the Roman Empire. She was named in honor of her father’s second maternal cousin Julia Drusilla, one of the sisters of the Roman Emperor Caligula who died around the time of her birth and is also the namesake of her paternal aunt Drusilla.

Her father was executed while visiting Rome in 40. Mauretania was annexed by Rome and later became two Roman provinces. Drusilla was probably raised in the Imperial Family in Rome.

Drusilla held the Latin honorary title of Regina. The Roman historian Suetonius, only uses the word Regina to describe a queen regnant or a queen consort. She is one of the three queens which Suetonius ascribes to Felix. Her title may have been purely honorary; possibly it reveals Felix’s influence, the high position Claudius had appointed him to, and his quasi-royal status in the imperial court, since, according to the Roman historian Tacitus, Felix and his brother Marcus Antonius Pallas were descended from the Greek kings of Arcadia. At the time of her first marriage, Drusilla was the only daughter of a king of a former kingdom. Her title may also reveal the identity of her husband.

Marriage

In 56 Drusilla married her distant relative the Emesene Priest King, Sohaemus, who ruled from 54 until his death in 73. Sohaemus was the Priest of the Syrian Sun God, known in Aramaic as El-Gebal. Through marriage she became a Roman Client Queen of the Emesani Kingdom and a Queen consort to Sohaemus. Drusilla and Sohaemus had a son Gaius Julius Alexio also known as Alexio II, who later succeeded his father as Emesene Priest King. A possible descendant of Drusilla was the Syrian Queen of the 3rd century, Zenobia of Palmyra.

Source :

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drusilla_of_Mauretania_the_Younger