E. Roland Harriman

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Edward Roland Noel Harriman

Also Known As: "Bunny"
Birthdate: (82)
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Death: Died in Arden, Orange County, New York, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of E. H. Harriman and Mary Williamson Harriman
Husband of Gladys Harriman and Gladys Fries Harriman
Father of Phyllis Mason and Elizabeth Bliss
Brother of Mary Harriman Rumsey; Henry Neilson Harriman; Cornelia Gerry; Carol A. Smith and W. Averell Harriman

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About E. Roland Harriman

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._Roland_Harriman

E. Roland Harriman (born Edward Roland Noel Harriman on December 24, 1895 in New York City - died on February 16, 1978 in Arden, New York) was a financier and philanthropist. For those who were very close to him, his nickname was "Bunny".

He was the youngest of five surviving children of Mary Williamson Averell and Edward Henry Harriman, a financier and executive of the Union Pacific Railroad and the Southern Pacific Railroad. Among his siblings was W. Averell Harriman, the financier and government official, four years his senior. Edward H. Harriman's estate was substantial, variously estimated between $70 million and $100 million upon his death in 1909.

Harriman was educated at Groton School, from which he graduated in 1913, and Yale University (B.A., 1917), where he was a member of Psi Upsilon fraternity and a member of Skull and Bones with his classmate and friend Prescott Bush. He married Gladys C. C. Fries on April 12, 1917, and they had two children. His eldest daughter was Elizabeth Harriman who was married to Alexander C. Northrop then Maximillian Bliss, Jr. His other daughter was the landscape painter Phyllis Harriman Mason.

During World War I, Harriman served for ten months as an inspector with the rank of lieutenant in the United States Army Ordnance Department. Stricken with pneumonia and influenza, he was honorably discharged in January 1919. After regaining his health in California, he joined the Merchants Shipbuilding Corporation that November, a firm in which his brother Averell had an interest.

In 1922, Harriman joined W. A. Harriman Company, investment bankers in New York City, and the following year, he became vice-president. In 1927 the two brothers formed the banking firm Harriman Brothers and Company. In 1931 the firm was merged with Brown Bros. & Co., with Roland as vice-president. Headquartered on Wall Street, Brown Brothers Harriman started with nine partners and about two hundred employees. The firm performed specialized banking services for customers, mainly medium-sized corporations; it was not a member of the Federal Reserve System or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

In 1968, Harriman and three other senior partners at Brown Brothers (Robert A. Lovett, secretary of defense under President Harry Truman; Prescott Bush, former senator from Connecticut; and Knight Woolley -- all Yale men), moved "upstairs," literally and figuratively, to make way for the younger partners, one of whom was Robert Roosa, former undersecretary of the Treasury.

In 1975, a few years prior to Harriman's death, there were twenty-nine partners and approximately one thousand employees.

Harriman was a conservative Republican. An advocate of balanced budgets, he wrote articles on the subject for the Saturday Evening Post and the Review of Reviews in 1935; his speech on WEAF radio in August 1937 on the topic was reprinted in Vital Speeches of the Day (September 15, 1937). His brother was a Democrat who served under the Truman administration and was Governor of New York.

Harriman followed the philanthropic example of his parents. He and his wife established the Irving Sherwood Wright professorship in geriatrics at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center and provided funds for cardiovascular research at the hospital. He joined the American Red Cross as a member of the board of governors in 1947, helped reorganize it after World War II, served as manager for the organization's North Atlantic area from 1944 to 1946, was its vice-president and national annual fund appeal chair in 1949, and was appointed its president by President Truman, to succeed General George Marshall in 1950.

President Dwight Eisenhower reappointed him president in 1953. His other philanthropic board memberships included that of the American Museum of Natural History, for which he was also treasurer.


Edward Roland Noel "Bunny" Harriman (December 24, 1895 in New York City - February 16, 1978 in Arden, New York) was an American financier and philanthropist.

Early life Harriman was born on December 24, 1895 in New York City. He was the youngest of five surviving children of Mary Williamson Averell and Edward Henry Harriman. Among his siblings was W. Averell Harriman, the financier and government official, four years his senior. Edward H. Harriman's estate was substantial, variously estimated between $70 million and $100 million upon his death in 1909.

He was educated at Groton School, from which he graduated in 1913, and Yale University (B.A., 1917), where he was a member of Psi Upsilon fraternity. He was also a member of Skull and Bones with his classmate and friend Prescott Bush. During World War I he served for 10 months as an inspector with the rank of lieutenant in the United States Army Ordnance Department; stricken with pneumonia and influenza, he was honorably discharged in January 1919.

Career After regaining his health in California, in November 1919, Harriman joined the Merchant Shipbuilding Corporation, a firm in which his brother W. Averell Harriman had an interest.

In 1922 Harriman joined W. A. Harriman Company, investment bankers in New York City, and in 1923 he became its vice president. In 1927 the two brothers formed the banking firm Harriman Brothers and Company. In 1931 the firm was merged with Brown Bros. & Co., with Roland as vice president. Headquartered on Wall Street, Brown Brothers Harriman started with nine partners and about 200 employees, performing specialized banking services for customers, mainly medium-sized corporations; it was not a member of the Federal Reserve System or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

In 1968 Harriman and three other senior partners at Brown Brothers (Robert A. Lovett, secretary of defense under President Harry Truman; Prescott Bush, former senator from Connecticut; and Knight Woolley — all Yale men) moved "upstairs," literally and figuratively, to make way for the younger partners, one of whom was Robert Roosa, former undersecretary of the U.S. Treasury. In 1975 a few years prior to Harriman's death, there were 29 partners and approximately 1,000 employees.

Harriman served as the chairman of the Union Pacific Railroad for 23 years.

Union Bank Harriman was one of the seven directors of the Union Banking Corporation (along with Prescott Sheldon Bush, father of future U.S. president George H.W. Bush), which financed the Nazi Party and whose assets were seized by the United States government during World War II under the Trading with the Enemy Act and Executive Order No. 9095.

Personal life On April 12, 1917, he married Gladys Fries (1896–1983). They resided in Arden, New York and were listed in the Social Register. Together they hey had two children:

Elizabeth Harriman, who was married to Alexander C. Northrop, then Maximillian Bliss, Jr. Phyllis Harriman, a landscape painter, who was married for several years to fellow artist Frank Herbert Mason Harriman died on February 16, 1978 in Arden, New York, and his wife died in 1983, also in Arden, New York.

Philanthropy With his wife, Harriman established the Irving Sherwood Wright professorship in geriatrics at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, and provided funds for cardiovascular research at the hospital.

After World War II, Harriman joined the American Red Cross as a member of the board of governors in 1947 and helped reorganize it, serving as manager for the organization's North Atlantic area from 1944 to 1946, as vice-president and national annual fund appeal chair in 1949, and was appointed its president by President Truman to succeed General George Marshall in 1950. President Dwight Eisenhower reappointed him president in 1953.

Harriman's other philanthropic board memberships included that of the American Museum of Natural History, for which he was also treasurer. He was also the chairman of the U.S. Trotting Association. He was also president and chairman of the Boys' Club of New York.

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E. Roland Harriman's Timeline

1895
December 24, 1895
New York, New York, United States
1978
February 16, 1978
Age 82
Arden, Orange County, New York, United States
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