Historical records matching Major General-Ret., Dr. Edward Hand
About Major General-Ret., Dr. Edward Hand
Cause of Death Investigation: http://edwardhandmedicalheritage.org/what_killed_edward_hand.html
Edward Hand (31 December 1744 – 3 September 1802) was an Irish-born soldier, physician, and politician who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, rising to the rank of general, and later was a member of several Pennsylvania governmental bodies.
Early life and career
Hand was born in Clyduff, King's County (now County Offaly), Ireland, on 31 December 1744, and was baptised in Shinrone. His father was John Hand. Among his immediate neighbours were the Kearney family, ancestors of U.S. President Barack Obama. He was a descendant of either the families of Mag Fhlaithimh (of south Ulaidh and Mide) or Ó Flaithimhín (of the Síol Muireadaigh) who, through mistranslation (Flaithimh/Flaithimhín into Láimhín; laimh = hand), became Lavin or Hand.
Hand earned a medical certificate from Trinity College, Dublin. In 1767, Hand enlisted as a Surgeon's Mate in the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot. On 20 May 1767, he sailed with the regiment from Cobh, Cork, Ireland, arriving at Philadelphia on 11 July 1767. In 1772, he was commissioned an ensign. He marched with the regiment to Fort Pitt, on the forks of the Ohio River, returning to Philadelphia in 1774, where he resigned his commission.
In 1774, Hand moved to Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where he practiced medicine. On 13 March 1775, he married Catherine Ewing (born 25 March 1751 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). Lancaster was the region of some of the earliest Irish and Scots-Irish settlements in Pennsylvania; as a people, they were well known for their anti-English and revolutionary convictions. Hand was active in forming the Lancaster County Associators, a colonial militia.
Hand was a 32nd degree Freemason; belonging to the Montgomery Military Lodge number 14.
He entered the Continental Army as a lieutenant colonel in the Pennsylvania Line. He crossed the Delaware River with George Washington. He was promoted to colonel and commanded the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. He was later promoted to brigadier general and served as the commander of Fort Pitt fighting British loyalist and their Indian allies. He was recalled, after over 2 years at Fort Pitt, to serve as a brigade commander in Major General La Fayette's division.
After a few months, he was appointed Adjutant General of the Continental Army and served during the siege of Yorktown in that capacity. In recognition of his long and distinguished service, he was, in September 1783, promoted by brevet to major general. He resigned from the Army in November 1783.
After the Revolution
Hand returned to Lancaster and resumed the practice of medicine. A Federalist, Hand was active in civil affairs, holding posts that included:
Chief Burgess of Lancaster
Delegate to the convention for the 1790 Pennsylvania Constitution
Member of the Congress of the Confederation, 1784–1785
Member of the Pennsylvania Assembly, 1785–1786
Beginning in 1785, he owned and operated Rock Ford plantation, a 177-acre (0.72 km2) farm on the banks of the Conestoga River, one mile (1.6 km) south of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The Georgian brick mansion remains today; the farm is a historic site open to the public. Hand died from cholera at Rock Ford. He is buried in St. James's Episcopal Cemetery in Lancaster.
Full Military History
Officer History Date Rank Unit Military Action Position Status
Apr 1775 - Mar 1776 Lieutenant Colonel 2nd Continental Regiment Boston / Cambridge Campaign 25 Jun 1775 Lieutenant Colonel Pennsylvania Battalion of Riflemen 18 Aug 1775 Lieutenant Colonel 2nd Continental Regiment 27 Aug 1775 Lieutenant Colonel 2nd Continental Regiment Ploughed Hill, Mass 9 Nov 1775 Lieutenant Colonel 2nd Continental Regiment Lechmere's Point, Mass 1 Jan 1776 Lieutenant Colonel 1st Continental Regiment 7 Mar 1776 Colonel 1st Continental Regiment Commander 1 Jul 1776 Colonel 1st Pennsylvania Regiment Commander 27 Aug 1776 Colonel 1st Pennsylvania Regiment Long Island Commander 29-30 Aug 1776 Colonel 1st Pennsylvania Regiment Covering Force, Long Island Retreat Commander 3 Jan 1777 Colonel 1st Pennsylvania Regiment Princeton Commander 1 Apr 1777 Brigadier General Continental Army 1 Jun 1777- Aug 1778 Brigadier General Continental Army Fort Pitt 1777, Garrison Duty Jul 1778 - Nov 1779 Brigadier General 3rd Pennsylvania Brigade New York / PA Frontier, 78-79 Campaign 8 Nov 1778 Brigadier General 3rd Pennsylvania Brigade Jul - Oct 1779 Brigadier General 3rd Pennsylvania Brigade Sullivan's-Clinton Indian Campaign 29 Aug 1779 Brigadier General 3rd Pennsylvania Brigade Newtown, NY / Sullivan (II) Aug 1780 Brigadier General Light Infantry Brigade Commander Dec 1780 - Jun 1781 Brigadier General Continental Army Morristown Encampment, 1780 Adjutant General Dec 1780 - Jun 1781 Brigadier General Light Infantry Brigade Morristown Encampment, 1780 Commander Jan 1781 Brigadier General Continental Army Adjutant General 15 May 1781 - 14 Dec 1782 Brigadier General Continental Army Southern Campaign Adjutant General 30 Sep 1781 Major General Continental Army Adjutant General 6-17 Oct 1781 Major General Continental Army Yorktown Adjutant General Nov 1781 - Nov 1783 Major General Continental Army Fishkill Encampment, 1781-1783 Adjutant General 3 Nov 1783 Major General Continental Army Adjutant General Retired Post-War Offices Held Date From Date To Office Name Notes
1 November 1784 4 November 1785 Congressman, Trenton, NJ / New York City, NY United States in Congress Assembled (aka Congress of the Confederation); 6th Session 11 October 1785 22 October 1786 Representative, Pennsylvania General Assembly, Lancaster County, PA 1789 1789 Burgess, Lancaster County, PA January 1789 4 February 1789 Elector, Philadelphia, PA 27 November 1789 2 September 1790 Delegate, Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention, Lancaster County, PA 1791 1801 Inspector of Revenue, Department of Pennsylvania
Major General-Ret., Dr. Edward Hand's Timeline
December 31, 1744
Clyduff, Kings (currently Offaly), Ireland
December 8, 1775
Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States
November 26, 1777
December 14, 1779
March 2, 1782
February 20, 1784
Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States
May 4, 1786
May 14, 1789
June 19, 1792