Edward II, king of England

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About Edward II, king of England

a short summary from Wikipedia:

Edward II

King of England

Reign: 7 July 1307 – 20 January 1327

Coronation: 25 February 1308

Predecessor: Edward I Longshanks

Successor: Edward III of Windsor


Isabella of France


Edward III of Windsor

John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall

Eleanor, Countess of Guelders

Joan, Queen of Scots

House: House of Plantagenet

Father: Edward I Longshanks

Mother: Eleanor of Castile

Born: 25 April 1284(1284-04-25)

Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd

Died: 21 September 1327 (aged 43)?

Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire

Burial: Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucestershire


"Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Caernarfon,[1] was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed by his wife Isabella in January 1327. He was the sixth Plantagenet king, in a line that began with the reign of Henry II. Between the strong reigns of his father Edward I and son Edward III, the reign of Edward II was considered by some to be disastrous for England, marked by alleged incompetence, political squabbling and military defeats.

While Edward fathered at least five children by two women, he was rumoured to have been bisexual. His inability to deny even the most grandiose favours to his unpopular male favourites (first a Gascon knight named Piers Gaveston, later a young English lord named Hugh Despenser) led to constant political unrest and his eventual deposition.

Edward I had pacified Gwynedd and some other parts of Wales and the Scottish lowlands, but never exerted a comprehensive conquest. However, the army of Edward II was devastatingly defeated at Bannockburn, freeing Scotland from English control and allowing Scottish forces to raid unchecked throughout the north of England.

In addition to these disasters, Edward II is remembered for his probable death in Berkeley Castle, allegedly by murder, and for being the first monarch to establish colleges at Oxford and Cambridge: Oriel College at Oxford and King's Hall, a predecessor of Trinity College, at Cambridge."


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Citations / Sources:

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 89-91. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 20 . Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S105] Brain Tompsett, Royal Genealogical Data, online http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/. Hereinafter cited as Royal Genealogical Data.

[S45] Marcellus Donald R. von Redlich, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, volume I (1941; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002), page 64. Hereinafter cited as Pedigrees of Emperor Charlemagne, I.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 2 p. 59 fn. (b); vol. 3 p. 179 fn. (a), 434, 436 fn. (a); vol. 10 appndx. A p. 30.

[S283] #2 Der Europäischen käyser- und königlichen Häuser historische und genealogische Erläuterung (1730-1731), Lohmeier, Georg von, und Johann Ludwig Levin Gebhardi, (3 volumes in 1. Luneburg: Sternischen Buchdruckerei, 1730-1731), FHL microfilm 1,051,694, items 4-6., vol. 1 p. 69, 72.

[S41] #1325 Ogle and Bothal; or, A history of the baronies of Ogle, Bothal, and Hepple, and of the families of Ogle and Bertram, Ogle, Henry A., (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England : Reid, 1902), 929.242 Og5o., p. 298a.

[S712] #1039 Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I, 305.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F3*, 9*.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 1 p. 5*.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxviii, xxix.

[S635] #23 Genealogies of European Families from Charlemagne to the Present Date, August 1957, Paget, Gerald, (Manuscript, filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1957), FHL microfilms 170,050-170,062., Gueldres [film 17053].

Edward II

Birth: Apr. 25, 1284 Caernarfon Gwynedd, Wales Death: Sep. 21, 1327 Berkeley Stroud District Gloucestershire, England

English Monarch. The eldest surviving son of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, he succeeded his father in 1307, and was crowned on his birthday in 1308. Edward lacked the royal dignity and military skill of his father, and was a complete failure as king. He married Isabella of France at Boulogne-sur-Mer on January 28, 1308. The marriage was also a failure, though four children were born. Edward relied heavily on court favourites, much like his grandfather Henry III. Edward's favourite was his former tutor and most certainly his lover, Piers Gaveston. This relationship angered the nobles, and in 1312 they revolted, murdering Gaveston and forcing Edward to accept restrictions of his power. But Gaveston was soon replaced by another despicable favourite and lover, Hugh Despenser. Edward rallied an army and met the rebellious nobles at the Battle of Boroughbridge. Edward prevailed, and he and Despenser ruled the government, gaining even more enemies. Edward's queen, who had been sent to France to negotiate her husband's affairs in Gascony, began an affair with one of the exiled nobles, Roger Mortimer. Together they raised an army, and in September of 1326, they invaded, landing at Essex. Edward's followers deserted him, and the king fled London. His wife followed, Despenser was killed, and Edward was taken prisoner. He was imprisoned at Kenilworth Castle and forced by Parliament to abdicate on January 20, 1327. Isabella and Mortimer took up the reigns of power as regents for the young Edward III. The king was systematically ill-treated in hopes he would die of disease. When his constitution proved too strong, he was secretly murdered. He was 43 years old. (bio by: Kristen Conrad)

Family links:

  Edward I (1239 - 1307)
 Eleanor of Castile (1240 - 1290)
  Isabella of France (1292 - 1358)*
 Joan Plantagent*
  Edward III (1312 - 1377)*
 John Plantagenet of Eltham (1316 - 1336)*
 Eleanor Of Woodstock (1318 - 1355)*
 Joan Plantagenet (1321 - 1362)*
 Katherine Plantagenet (____ - 1264)*
 Joan Plantagenet (1265 - 1265)*
 Joan Princess of England (1265 - 1265)*
 John Plantagenet (1266 - 1271)*
 Henry Plantagenet (1267 - 1274)*
 Eleanor Plantagenet (1269 - 1298)*
 Joan of Acre (1272 - 1307)*
 Alfonso Plantagenet (1273 - 1284)*
 Margaret of England (1275 - ____)*
 Berengaria Plantagenet (1276 - 1278)*
 Mary Plantagenet (1278 - 1332)*
 Isabella Plantagenet (1279 - 1279)*
 Elizabeth Plantagenet (1282 - 1316)*
  Edward II (1284 - 1327)
 Beatrice Plantagenet Princess of England (1286 - 1286)*
 Thomas Plantagenet of Brotherton (1300 - 1338)**
 Edmund Plantagenet of Woodstock (1301 - 1330)**
 Eleanor Plantagenet (1306 - 1311)**
  • Calculated relationship
    • Half-sibling

Cause of death: Tortured and murdered

Burial: Gloucester Cathedral Gloucester City of Gloucester Gloucestershire, England

Maintained by: Find A Grave Record added: Jan 01, 2001 Find A Grave Memorial# 1956

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Edward II, king of England's Timeline

April 25, 1284
Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales
Age 16
Wales, United Kingdom
Windsor, Berkshire, England (United Kingdom)
Age 22
Age 22