Historical records matching Elder Daniel Parker
About Elder Daniel Parker
Daniel Parker (1781–1844) was a leader in the Primitive Baptist Church in the Southern United States. As an elder, Parker led a group who separated from that church and formed the Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian Baptists. Parker is one of the earliest documented proponents of the doctrine of Serpent Seed among Protestant Christianity.
Daniel Parker was born on April 6, 1781, in Culpeper County, Virginia. He was the oldest son of John Parker, a former Continental soldier, and Sarah (White) Parker. The family moved to Elbert County, Georgia around 1785. Daniel professed conversion before the Nail's Creek Baptist Church in Franklin County, Georgia, and was baptized on January 19, 1802. He married Patsey Dickerson on March 11, 1802. In 1803, John & Sarah, Daniel & Patsey, and other Parker family members moved to Dickson County, Tennessee. Before the Parkers moved to Tennessee, the Nail's Creek church had licensed Daniel to the ministry. In August 1803, Daniel and Patsy settled on Turnbull Creek. The Turnbull Baptist Church was organized by fourteen members (mostly the Parker family) in the home of John Parker in April 1806. The Turnbull Church ordained Daniel Parker as a minister of the gospel on May 28, 1806. Daniel and Patsey moved to Crawford County, Illinois in December 1817, shortly before Illinois entered the Union.
Elder Parker was one of the earlier ministers to speak out against the "missions" movement. In 1820, while living in Vincennes, Indiana, he released a booklet entitled "A Public Address to the Baptist Society, and Friends of Religion in General, on the Principle and Practice of the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions for the United States of America." The Baptist Board of Foreign Missions, organized at Philadelphia in 1814, is best known as the Triennial Convention, but its official name was the "General Missionary Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States." Objections by Baptists to the Convention were based on both soteriology and ecclesiology. He was a strict Predestinarian, but his chief objections in the booklet are based on ecclesiology - for example, "They have violated the right or government of the Church of Christ in forming themselves into a body and acting without of the union." Several important preachers on the east coast led in the "anti-missions" movement, but Parker was the leader on the frontier, and probably spoke best to the common man.
It appears that during this time, Parker was also formulating views on God and man that he would first release in his Views on the Two Seeds (1826). He taught that all persons are either of the "good seed" of God or of the "bad seed" of Satan (the children of the good seed are roughly equivalent to the "elect" of Calvinism, and those of the bad seed similar to the "non-elect"), and were predestined that way from the beginning; therefore, mission activity was not only unbiblical but, as a practical matter, useless since the "decision" was already made prior to birth. Many consider his theory a type of Manichaeism.
Parker's views on the "two seeds" were spread rapidly, and a many members of the "anti-missions" movement accepted his doctrine, though it never achieved anything near majority status. In 1834, he and many of his followers migrated to the Texas frontier. Texas was still part of Mexico and the government would allow no organization of Protestant churches in the region. Parker determined to organize a church before he arrived in Texas. The Pilgrim Predestinarian Regular Baptist Church was constituted July 26, 1833 in Illinois. It still exists today, near Elkhart, Texas, though as "Primitive" rather than "Two-Seed." Daniel Parker's name is almost synonymous with "anti-missions", but he was one of the important frontier preachers in Texas, leading in the organization of about nine churches in the eastern part of the state.
Birth: Apr. 6, 1781 Culpeper County Virginia, USA Death: Dec. 3, 1844 Elkhart Anderson County Texas, USA
DANIEL PARKER, moved with his parents from Virginia to Tennessee, still later to Illinois. He was ordained as a Baptist Minister in 1806. He was elected Senator from Clark and Crawford Counties to the third General Assembly of Illinois on the 7th say of August, 1826. With the intention of organizing a church, he, his brother JAMES and his father, went to Texas in 1832 . Texas under the Mexican rule would not allow any church to form in Texas except the Catholic Church. Daniel would not give up and went to see Stephen F. Austin, who told Daniel that h e could not start up a church in Texas, but if he already had a church when he got there, h e would be allowed freedom of worship. The Parker's headed back to Illinois and the PILGRIM CHURCH was formed, on the rolls of that Primitive Baptist Church were the following : ELDER DANIEL PARKER; PATSY PARKER; JOHN PARKER; JULIAN CRIST ; RACHEL CRIST; SALLIE BROWN; and PHOEBE PARKER; Then following the enumeration of the Elders of the four Illinois Churches,Gladys PARKS, Mt. Zion, Grand Prairie and LAMONT, who represented the Presbytery organizing the church. It was agreed that they were to have their first meeting in the home of Elder Daniel PARKER. They met on the 11th day of August 1833 and at that time, four more members were received. This made the little church eleven members.By the time this little church headed to Texas, it was made up of friends and neighbors to have a wagon train of twenty-five strong! The minutes of the church on the 20th day of October 1833; Which was held in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, records the following new members, ELDER GARRISON GREENWOOD; RICHARD EATON: HIS WIFE, POLLY EATON ; JOSEPH JORDAN: NANCY FAULKENBERRY; RACHEL EATON: and ELIZABETH EATON. When the meeting adjourn, it was signed by DANIEL PARKER, Moderator; ROBERT DAVIDSON, Clerk. They arrived in Austin's Colony on the 28th day of January, 1834. This little church finally settled near present day Elkhart in Anderson County. Daniel PARKER, his wife and many relatives are buried in the church cemetery near the church, which still exist. Daniel's son,BENJAMIN, succeeded him as Pastor of the church.
Many members of the Parker family were killed by the Comanche Indians and several were kidnapped by them, the most famous being CYNTHIA ANN, daughter of SILAS and Lucy DUTY PARKER. She was raised by them and after she was married and had a family, two boys and one girl, The Parker's kidnapped her back along with her little girl,but Cynthia had become to love the Indians and their way of life. Her little girl soon died and Cynthia Ann grieved herself in an early grave. After peace finally came, her son came for her remains and took her back to Oklahoma to be buried among the people she had come to love. She was brought back by funds granted by the United States government in 1910. The rest of the money was used to erect a monument in her memory. The Parker descendants, both Red and White can be proud of their Parker ancestors.
(bio by: Jo Ann Pipkin Londot)
Parents: John Parker (1758 - 1836) Sarah White Parker (1759 - 1824) Spouse: Patsy Martha Dixon Parker (1783 - 1846) Children: Abigail Parker Kennedy (1804 - 1850)* Sarah Sallie Parker Brown (1807 - 1852)* Dickinson Parker (1812 - 1844)* Phebe Parker Wells (1816 - 1872)* Benjamin Parker (1819 - 1896)* Rachel Parker Bennett (1821 - 1843)* Isaac Parker (1824 - 1881)* Siblings: Daniel Parker (1781 - 1844) John Parker (1783 - 1832)* Mary Jane Parker Kendrick (1785 - 1846)* Benjamin F.W. Parker (1788 - 1836)* Phebe Parker Hassell (1790 - 1852)* Isacc Parker (1793 - 1883)* Phoebe Parker Anglin (1796 - 1863)* James William Parker (1797 - 1864)* Nathaniel Parker (1799 - 1855)* Silas Mercer Parker (1804 - 1836)* Susannah Parker Starr (1807 - 1875)*
- Calculated relationship
Burial: Pilgrim Cemetery (White section) Elkhart Anderson County Texas, USA GPS (lat/lon): 31.59169, -95.5883
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Maintained by: Paul Gunnels Originally Created by: Norida Meredith Record added: Dec 05, 2000 Find A Grave Memorial# 5107879 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=5107879
From rootsweb: From The Handbook of Texas:
PARKER, DANIEL (1781-1844). Daniel Parker, antimissionary Baptist leader, was born on April 6 , 1781, in Culpeper County, Virginia, to Rev. John and Sarah (White) Parker. The family move d to Georgia when he was a child. His education seems to have been extremely limited. He an d Patsy Dickerson were married on March 11, 1802; they eventually had eleven children. They m oved to Dickson County, Tennessee, in 1803. In 1806 Parker was ordained to preach by the Turn bull Baptist Church. He was an advocate of "Two Seedism," the doctrine that since the time o f Adam mankind has been the bearer of two seeds, divine and diabolical. Parker supported thi s doctrine in two pamphlets in 1826: Views on the Two Seeds and The Second Dose of Doctrine o n the Two Seeds. Though his Two Seedism separated him from most Primitive Baptists, he retain ed their opposition to the Missionary Baptists, with whom his conflict started about 1815. (P rimitive Baptists do not support missionary, tract, or Bible societies, Sunday schools, or th eological seminaries.) In 1820 Parker, then living in Illinois, published a pamphlet, A Publi c Address to the Baptist Society, and Friends of Religion in General, on the Principle and Pr actice of the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions, for the United States of America, attackin g missionary practices. He published the Church Advocate, a newspaper, from 1829 to 1831. H e served as a state senator in Illinois in 1822. In 1833, after a trip to Texas, he organize d the Pilgrim Predestinarian Regular Baptist Church at Lamotte, Illinois, with seven members ; the church was later moved to Texas. In 1986 the Pilgrim Church, which continued to meet ne ar Elkhart, Texas, was the oldest Primitive Baptist church in the state. Parker was elected t o represent Nacogdoches County at the General Council of the Provisional Government of Texas . He was elected a member of the Fourth Congress of Texas in 1839. He was barred from takin g his seat, however, because ordained ministers were constitutionally ineligible; President M irabeau B. Lamarqv declared the seat vacant on November 18, 1839. On October 17, 1840, at Hop ewell Primitive Baptist Church near Douglas, Texas, Parker led in the organization of the Uni on Primitive Baptist Association, the second Baptist association organized in Texas. He die d at his home in Anderson County on December 3, 1844, and was buried in the Pilgrim Primitiv e Baptist Church Cemetery.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: James Milton Carroll, A History of Texas Baptists (Dallas: Baptist Standard, 19 23). Encyclopedia of Southern Baptists (4 vols., Nashville: Broadman, 1958-82). Texas House o f Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832-184 5 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Donald F. Tingley, "Illinois Days of Daniel Parker," Journa l of the Illinois State Historical Society 51 (Winter 1958). Samuel B. Hesler
A Biography of Daniel Parker:
Elder Daniel Parker was born in Culpepper County, Virginia, on the 9th Day of April 1781. Hi s Father, John Parker, moved from Virginia to Georgia when Daniel was a small boy, Where he g rew up, acquiring a limited education. He professed a hope in Christ and was baptized by Elder Moses Sanders into the fellowship o f Nail Creek Baptist Church in Franklin County, Georgia. In the month of January 1802, he wa s licensed to preach by this same church. In 1803, he moved to Dickerson County, Tennessee an d placed his membership with Trumbell Church where he continued to exercise his gift.
He was set aside to the full work of the gospel ministry by this Church on the 20th day of Ma y, 1806 by a presbytery to wit: Elder Garner, McCord, John Record, and John Turner. Very soo n after his ordination he moved to Summer County, Tennessee, and placed his membership with B ledso Creek Church, July 25th, 1807, and began his Pastorial work. He soon began to be recognized as one of the leading Ministers of his day in the Concord Asso ciation. All things went well until a mission society was organized in this Association. He w as non-committal at first on the matter but after a one-year observation, he took a stand aga inst it, as there were some of the leading Ministers involved in it. A war begin in earnest a nd continued until the next Association, when they withdrew from the mission correspondence o n November 22.
He resigned the pastorial care of Bledso Church and moved to the State of Illinois where he p laced his membership with LaMont Church, in Crawford County, Illinois. He remained in Illinoi s until A. D. 1833. During his stop in Illinois, he published a religious paper called the Ch urch Advocate. He also published a pamphlet called the two great mysteries, The Mystery of Go dliness and The Mystery of Iniquity.
Elder Parker was a Charter member of Pilgrim Church on the 26th day of July, 1833 and was cho sen its first Pastor on August the llth 1833, he served this Church until his death in 1844 . He assisted in the organization of the first three regular Primitive Baptist Churches in Te xas. He also assisted in the organization of the Union Association in 1844 and served as it s Moderator until his death. His remains were laid to rest in Pilgrim cemetery near Elkhart , Texas.
Another Biography of Daniel Parker:
DANIEL PARKER, moved with his parents from Virginia to Tennessee, still later to Illinois. H e was ordained as a Baptist Minister in 1806. He was elected Senator from Clark and Crawfor d Counties to the third General Assembly of Illinois on the 7th say of August, 1826. With th e intentionof organizing a church, he, his brother JAMES and perhaps his father, went to Texa s in 1832
Texas under Mexican rule would not allow any church to form in Texas except the Catholic Chur ch. Daniel would not give up and went to see Stephen F. Austin, who told Daniel that he coul d not start up a church in Texas, but if he already had a church when he got there, he woul d be allowed freedom of worship.
The Parkers headed back to Illinois and the PILGRIM CHURCH was formed, on the rolls of that P rimitive Baptist Church were the following : ELDER DANIEL PARKER; PATSY PARKER; JOHN PARKER ; JULIAN CRIST; RACHEL CRIST; SALLIE BROWN; and PHOEBE PARKER; Then following the enumeratio n of the Elders of the four Illinois Churches, Gladys PARKS, Mt. Zion, Grand Prairie and LAMO NT, who represented the Presbytery organizing the church. It was agreed that they were to hav e their first meeting in the home of Elder Daniel PARKER. They met on the 11 the day of Augus t 1833 and at that time, four more members were received. This made the little church eleve n members. By the time this little church headed to Texas, it was made up of friends and neig hbors to have a wagon train of twenty-five strong! The minutes of the church on the 20th da y of October 1833; Which was held in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, records the following new m embers, ELDER GARRISON GREENWOOD; RICHARD EATON: HIS WIFE, POLLY EATON ; JOSEPH JORDAN: NANC Y FAULKENBERRY;RACHEL EATON: and ELIZABETH EATON. When the meeting adjourn, it was signed b y ELDER DANIEL PARKER, Moderator; ROBERT DAVIDSON, Clerk.They arrived in Austin's Colony on t he 28th day of January, 1834. This little church finally settled near present day Elkhart i n Anderson County. Daniel PARKER, his wife and many relatives are buried in the church cemete ry near the church, which still exist.
There is a Texas Centennial Marker for Daniel Parkers grave. The Texas Centennial Marker Pro gram was commemorated in 1936 to honor early Texas Pioneers. 1 2 Change Date: 4 Nov 2004 at 01:00:00
Father: John Parker b: 5 Sep 1758 in Baltimore, Maryland Mother: Sarah "Sally" White b: 10 Jul 1759 in Culpeper County, Virginia
Marriage 1 Martha Patsy Dickerson b: 17 Jan 1784 in Pos South Carolina Married: 11 Mar 1802 Children Has No Children Abney Parker b: 5 Jan 1803 Has No Children Abigail Parker b: 2 Dec 1804 Has No Children Sarah Parker b: 1 Feb 1807 in Tennessee Has No Children John Parker b: 13 Apr 1810 Has Children Dickerson Parker b: 29 May 1812 in Tennessee Has No Children Daniel Parker Jr. b: 16 Jun 1814 Has No Children Phoebe Parker b: 15 Nov 1816 Has No Children Benjamin Parker b: 10 Feb 1819 in Crawford County, Illinois Has No Children Rachel Parker b: 27 Sep 1821 Has No Children Isaac Parker b: 8 Apr 1824 Has No Children Daniel Caleb Parker b: 16 Sep 1826
Sources: Title: 1810 Rutherford County, Tennessee Federal Census Index Author: US Census Bureau Publication: Washington D.C., 1810 Note: Daniel Parker Household Jefferson Text: 1810 Rutherford Co., Tennessee Federal Census Location: Jefferson Series: M252 Roll: 63 Pag e: 17 SN: 17 Daniel Parker 1,0,0,1,0,-1,0,0,1,0 Note: Daniel is the male age 26 to 45. Title: 1820 Clark County, Illinois Federal Census Index Author: US Census Bureau Publication: Washington D.C., 1820 Note: Daniel Parker Household Dubois Township Text: 1820 Clark Co., Illinois Federal Census Location: Dubois Township Series: M33 Roll: 12 Page : 28 SN: 28 Daniel Parker 3,1,0,0,1,0-1,2,1,1,0-1 Note: Daniel is the male age 26 to 45. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=fistofsouth72&id=I157
From "Early Tennessee Baptists" Page 184
as described by John Mason Peck: "Mr. Parker is one of those singular and extraordinary beings whom Divine Providence permits to arise as a scourge to his church, and as a stumbling block in the way of religious effort. Raised on the frontier of Georgia (by others he is spoken of as a native of Virginia) without education, uncouth in manner, slovenly in dress, diminutive in person, unprepossessing in appearance, with shriveled features and a small peircing eye, few men for a series of years exercised a wider influence on the lower and less educated classes of frontier people. With a zeal and enthusiasm bordering on insanity, firmness that amounted to obstinancy, and perserverance that would have done honor to a good cause, Daniel Parker exerted himself to the utmost to induce churches to declare nonfellowship with all Baptists who united themselves with any of the benevloent (or, as he called them, "new fangled") societies."
Sources: Title: HISTORY OF BENTON, WASHINGTON, CARROLL, MADISON, CRAWFORD, FRANKLIN AND SEBASTIAN COUNTIES, ARK by Goodspeed, 1889 Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc. Publication: Release date: July 28, 1997 Note: Customer pedigree. Repository: Media: Family Archive CD Page: Tree #3013 Text: Date of Import: 7 Apr 1998 http://www.jpunix.com/~ckp/ parker Family File at Texas Genalogical Library
Elder Daniel Parker's Timeline
April 6, 1781
Culpeper County, Virginia, United States
January 5, 1803
Georgia, United States
December 2, 1804
February 1, 1807