'Elder' John White of Hartford

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John White

Also Known As: "John N. White"
Birthdate: (83)
Birthplace: Shalford, Essex, England, (Present UK)
Death: Died in Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut Colony, (Present USA)
Place of Burial: Ancient Burying Ground * Hartford Hartford County Connecticut, USA Plot: Obilisk *Cenotaph
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert White, of Messing and Bridget White
Husband of Mary White and Mary White
Father of Sgt. John White of Hatfield; Mary Gilbert; Philippa White; Capt Nathaniel White; Samuel White and 8 others
Brother of Daniel White; Sarah Bowtell; Nathaniel White; Mary Loomis; Elizabeth Goodwin and 5 others

Occupation: Mass. Settler, Deputy Represantive to Mass. Legistlature, Elder of South Church, Sailed on ship Lyon (Cpt. Pierce) 6/22/1632, Arrived Boston 9/16/1632. Early Settler in Cambridge, MA, @occu00007@, Elder
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About 'Elder' John White of Hartford

Birth: About 1597, son of Robert and Bridget (Allgar) White of Messing, Essex [NEHGR 55:22-31].

Biographical Summary #1:

John White is referred to as "Elder John White," having been one of the first Puritan settlers of Cambridge, MA, USA and Hartford, CT, USA.

He arrived in the port of Boston on the ship Lyon, from London, England, on June 22, 1632.

On April 9, 1671, John and his wife Mary were received into the Hartford Second Church, Hartford, CT, USA, after having been dismissed from the church in Hadley, MA, USA.

SOURCE: Unknown

Biographical Summary #2:

Came from England, in the ship Lyon, which sailed from London, June 22, 1632, and arrived in New England, Sept. 16, following. He settled in Cambridge, was adm. freeman, March 4, 1633, and rem. prob. in June, 1636 to Hartford, of which town he was an original proprietor. He was one of the first settlers of Hadley, and Representative, 1664 and 1669. About 1670, he returned to Hartford, where he was an Elder in the South Church, and d. between Dec. 17, 1683 and Jan. 23, 1684.

SOURCE: Unknown

Biographical Summary #3:

Shalford, Essex, England is a parish that derived it’s name from an ancient ford over the river Blackwater, by which it is bounded on the east. The town is about three miles long and two miles wide. The soil is some parts is a loam mixed with sand, and in other parts a heavy wet loam on a substratum of brown clay. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king’s books at seven pounds. The Church (St. Andrews) is an ancient edifice, with a square embattled tower. It was from this town that John White and his wife Mary (Leavitt) White and their children Mary and Nathaniel came to American in 1632. They sailed on the ship “Lyon” or “Lion” from London on June 22, 1632 and arrived in New England the following September 16th.

They first settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts where he was admitted freeman March 4, 1633. On about June 1636 they decided to move to Hartford, Connecticut of which town he was an original propietor. It was while in Hartford that he became one of the Puritan members that disagreed with his Church (Congregtional) on their policies of baptism. He was one of the signers of a request for a hearing on the matter and after which, since their efforts failed to change the view point of the majority of the Church, he among others withdrew from the Church.

These “withdrawers” decided to buy a portion of Massachusetts wilderness where they might practice and believe in peace. The old Indian Chiefs Chickwallopp, Umppanchala, and Quonquont were ready to sell their ancient heritage and the “withdrawers” were eager to buy. The bargain was concluded – each Chief putting his “x” on the deed – and the withdrawers (who call themselves “strict Congregationalists”) were ready to move themselves and their families out of Connecticut and onto their newly purchased land in Massachuessetts. They appointed John White, Wm. Westwood, Richard Goodman, Nathaniel Dickinson, and a Wm. Lewis to “go up to the aforesaid plantation and layout 59 homelots. Most of them had not seen the land that was to become their new home.

These men were men of wealth and learning and had held responsible positions which they released for their conscience’s sake. Among the leaders was John Webster, a former governor of Connecticut, and one of the commissioners of the United Colonies.

The “withdrawers” who had met again and decided to call themselves the “Engagers”, began their journey northward into the wilderness with great difficulty. The “Great Falls” prevented travel by water and the Nolyoke Mountain stood squarely across the most direct route by land. Undaunted, however, they packed their household goods in Ox carts, made nests for their children in the feather mattresses in the Ox carts, each wife was mounted behind her husband on a pillion, and thus they plodded to Windsor, through Waranoke (now Westfield), toward Northhampton, a new town which was to be their western neighbor.

Once at their destination, they decide to do everything decently and in order and thus methodically went about the business of laying out the town of Hadley. The town was laid out on both sides of the river; and among these of our direct ancestry who lived on the west side of the river were John White’s sons John Jr. & Daniel. John White Sr. and the remainder of the family lived on the eastern side of the river.

The first winter, the heads of the families and their sons were obliged to hunt on the mountains and fish in the rivers through the ice for their food. They also traded with the friendly Indian Chief Quonquont and his tribe who lived to the north along the river.

General Burgoyne passed through this town of Hadley, which was the only occasion during the war that the British were in that particular area. Later, in pursuit of Daniel Shays and his adherents of rebellion, a General Lincoln with three thousand troops made camp in Hadley on January 13, 1787, a Sunday. The townsmen built a pulpit of snow in the out of doors and there the soldiers kept the Sabbath after the good old fashion.

After the rebellion was quelled, it was decided to build a new meeting house. Among those appointed on the general committee where John’s sons Nathaniel and Daniel White. One thing that had been determined about the new meeting house was that it should have no room under it for the geese, sheep or mischievous boys. Nearly every family in Hadley had a flock of geese which on sunny days crowded under the meeting house, making such a commotion that it was difficult to hear the preaching within.

John White Sr. was a deputy of Hadley in 1664 and 1669, and a representative in the general assembly. In 1671 he returned to Hartford, Connecticut where he was an Elder in the South Church. A clipping in the following page indicates the depth of the Pastor’s feeling toward John White; a feeling evidently reciprocated by John White, as I note that he remembered the pastor in his will.

John White made his will December 17, 1683, and since it was probated the following January 23rd, it is evident that his death occurred within that five week period. No death date has been found (as yet) on his wife Mary, thought it is known that she was still living in 1666.

SOURCE: Email from Peggy Kovacic, Orange Park, Fl

Biographical Summary #4:

He sailed from London accompanied by his wife and at least two children about June 22, 1632 and arrived at Boston, Massachusetts September 16, 1632. He located at Cambridge, Massachusetts and engaged in farming.

He was admitted a freeman of Massachusetts in 1633 and was elected a Selectman of Cambridge in the first town election. In 1636 the main body of the religious group that had settled at Cambridge, moved to and settled Hartford, Connecticut. John White was chosen one of the Selectmen of Hartford in 1642 and again in 1646, 1651, and 1656.

In 1659 as a result of religious differences with the church at Hartford, John White and others moved to and founded Hadley, Massachusetts. He returned to Hartford in 1671 and was ordained Ruling Elder of the church in 1677.

John White was married in England, a few years before he came to Massachusetts. His wife’s name was Mary but nothing else is known of her except that she was living in 1666. She dies before her husband, probably after his return to Hartford. He died in January 1684 and his will is on file at Hartford.

SOURCE: Unknown


  1. Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33 results for John White
  2. CROW-LEWIS-GOODWIN From the files of Stephen M. Lawson - White ancestry

This White family were descendants of Lord John White, Lord Mayor of London

  • Immigration: 1632 - On the ship, "Lyon" to the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Immigration: Sep 16 1632 - Arrived in Boston,MA on the ship "Lion"
  • Residence: Hadley, Hampshire, Massachusetts, United States - Apr 18 1659
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'Elder' John White of Hartford's Timeline

June 13, 1600
Shalford, Essex, England, (Present UK)
July 13, 1600
Shalford, Essex, England
March 7, 1602
Age 1
South Petherton, Somerset, England, United Kingdom
December 28, 1623
Age 23
Messing, Essex, England
July 16, 1626
Age 26
Messing, Essex, England
December 21, 1628
Age 28
Messing, Essex, UK
Age 28
Messing, Essex, England
Age 29
Sulgrave, Northamptonshire, , England