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Eleanor Locke

Also Known As: "Elinor (----) Marshe"
Birthdate: (58)
Birthplace: London, Middlesex, England
Death: 1546 (54-62)
London, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Wife of Walter Marshe, merchant of London and Sir William Locke, Alderman of London
Mother of JOHN MARSHE and Cecily Warner

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Eleanor Locke

Sir William Locke (1486-1550) married 3dly, Eleanor widow of Walter Marsh. They were married at St. Lawrence, Old Jewry, London, 13 May 1540, her first husband having been buried there the preceding 20th of January. She died in 1546 having no issue.

Children with Walter Marsh:

  1. Cecily b: ABT 1510 in London, Middlesex, England. Married William Harding.
  2. John, Governor of Merchant Adventurers b: ABT 1516 in Sywell, Northamptonshire, and London, Middlesex, England. Married Alice Gresham.


  1. Book of the Lockes: A Genealogical and Historical Record of the Descendants of William Locke, of Woburn. With an Appendix Containing a History of the Lockes in England, Also of the Family of John Locke, of Hampton, N. H., and Kindred Families and Individuals (Google eBook) John Goodwin Locke.  J. Munroe & Company, 1853 - 406 pages.  Page 358



  • Sir William Lok (1480 – 24 August 1550) was a gentleman usher to Henry VIII and a mercer, alderman, and sheriff of London. He was the great-great-great-grandfather of the philosopher John Locke (1632–1704).
  • William Lok was the second son of Thomas Lok, a London mercer, and the grandson of John Lok, also a mercer, who was Sheriff of London in 1461.[1] His mother was Joan Wilcock (d.1512), only daughter of one 'Mr Wilcock' of Rotherham, Yorkshire.[2][3]
  • Even before he was admitted to the Mercers' Company in 1507, Lok had already supplied cloth of gold and silver to Henry VIII. During the course of his visits as a mercer to the annual markets in Antwerp and Bergen op Zoom in the Low Countries, he collected intelligence which he passed on to the King and his chief minister, Thomas Cromwell.[1]
  • In March 1527 he was granted 'exclusive licence to import silks, jewels, and mercery wares for court revels'. In addition to his trade as a mercer, Lok was involved in other business ventures, including the export of beer. In 1528 he supplied the royal ordinance with six hundred leather harnesses. In 1531 a ship travelling from Chios to London which had been hired by Lok and John Gresham was detained at Lisbon.[1] According to a letter dating from 1533, Lok had at some time visited Crete, and may thus have been involved in the wine or currant trade.[1] The wealth he had accumulated as a merchant by 1535 is indicated by the fact that he was rated in that year, perhaps in connection with a subsidy, at £1000.[1]
  • Lok and his wife were Protestants, and supported Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon.[4][5] His daughter, Rose Lok, later recounted how he pulled down a copy of the bull by which Pope Clement VII had excommunicated Henry VIII[1][4][5] for his marriage to his second wife, Anne Boleyn:[6]
    • Of my father in Holinshed's Chronicle I find this story. In the 25th year of the reign of King Henry 8, being the year of Our Lord 1534,[7] at the suit of the Lady Catherine, Dowager, a curse was sent from the Pope, which cursed both the King and the realm. This curse was set up in the town of Dunkirk in Flanders, for the bringer thereof durst no nearer approach, where it was taken down by Mr Lok of London, mercer. Now I, his daughter, Rose Throckmorton, widow, late wife of Simon Throckmorton, esquire, and first the wife of Anthony Hickman, a merchant of London, reading this of my father, have thought good to leave to my children this addition to it, that for that act the King gave him £100 a year, and made him a Gentleman of his Privy Chamber, and he was the King's mercer, and his Majesty vouchsafed to dine at his house. Moreover he was knighted, although he was never mayor, but only Sheriff of London, and so was never any Londoner before him.
  • Lok also brought French translations of the Gospels and Epistles from the continent for Henry VIII's second wife, Anne Boleyn.[5][4]
  • On 20 October 1545 he was elected alderman for Vintry ward, and on 3 March 1549 was elected Sheriff, and knighted by the young Edward VI.[1] On 10 October 1549 he was among those who escorted the Lord Protector, Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, to imprisonment in the Tower of London after his first fall from power.[1]
  • Lok died 24 August 1550 at his house in Bow Lane,[8] and was buried on 27 August near his parents and his first wife, Alice Spenser, in the Mercers' Church at St Thomas of Acre in London,[8] where his coat of arms was depicted in a window.[1] His fourth wife, Elizabeth Meredith, was also buried there after her death in 1551.[8] In his will he left houses and shops in various London parishes including Bow, Spitalfields, and Cheapside, as well as twelve farms near London, and the Dog's Head inn in Cheapside.[1]
  • Lok married firstly Alice Spenser (d.1522), an early convert to Protestantism.[1][8]
  • He married secondly Katherine Cooke (d. 14 Oct 1537),[8] daughter of Sir Thomas Cooke of Wiltshire.[4][1][9]
  • He married thirdly a wife named Eleanor (d.1546), who was the widow of Walter Marsh.[8][1]
  • He married fourthly Elizabeth Farthing (d.1551) who was the widow firstly of a husband surnamed Hutton and secondly of Robert Meredith.[10][8][1][11]
  • Lok had nineteen children, of whom five sons and seven daughters, all children of his first two marriages, survived to adulthood. According to Sutton, all Lok's sons were mercers, and it is likely that all his daughters were silkwomen.[5]
  • A pedigree of the Lok family assigns Lok's children to his first two wives as follows:[2]
  • .... etc.
  • From:


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 34
  • Lok, William by Sidney Lee
  • LOK, Sir WILLIAM (1480–1550), London merchant, was son of Thomas Lok, mercer of London, and grandson of John Lok, sheriff of London in 1400 (cf. will of Zachary Lok, 1603, in Somerset House). From the grandfather also descended John Locke, mayor of Bristol in 1642, who was 'a sort of cousin' of the father of John Locke [q. v.] the philosopher. William was, like his father, brought up as a mercer, and became sworn mercer and agent to Henry VIII beyond the seas. In May 1520 he supplied much cloth of silver for the queen's use (Henry VIII's Letters and Papers, vol. iii. pt. i. p. 852). In 1521 he figured among the Duke of Buckingham's creditors (ib.vol. iii. pt. i. p. 1285). On 7 March 1526-7 he received a license to import cloth of gold and silver, silks, and jewels for the king, and in November 1527 supplied stuffs for the court revels. In 1529 and the following years he spent some time on business at Bergen-op-Zoom and from that town and from Antwerp sent many interesting letters of intelligence to Cromwell or the king between 1532 and 1537. While on business at Dunkirk in December 1533 he pulled down the papal bull excommunicating Henry VIII, a service which the king acknowledged by giving him 100l. a year, and making him a gentleman of the privy chamber (Grafton, Chron. p. 1222; Brampton, Autobiography, pp. 8-9), Henry also showed his regard for him by dining with him at his house. In 1536 he resided 'in Cheapside, at the sign of the Padlock.' On 29 Dec. 1537 he was granted by Henry part of the possessions of 'Elayng Spittell.' He became an alderman of the city, and was elected sheriff in 1548, when he was knighted. On 10 Oct. 1549 he rode in the procession conveying the Duke- of Somerset to the Tower (Wriothesley, Chronicle, ii, 27). He died in his house in Bow Lane on 24 Aug, 1550, and was buried on the 27th in the Mercers' Chapel in the church of St. Thomas Acres (Machyn, Diary, i. 313). He married four times: (1) Alice Spencer (d. 1522); (2) Catherine, daughter of William Cooke of Salisbury {d. 14 Oct. 1537, and buried at St. Martin Abbey, Surrey}; (3) Elinor, widow of Walter Marsh (d. 1540); and (4) Elizabeth (d. 1551), widow of one Hatton and of Robert Meredith successively. His fourth, like his first, wife was buried in Mercers' Chapel (cf. Machyn, Diary, pp. 12, 323). He left issue by his first two wives: by the first, eight sons and one daughter, and by the second five sons and five daughters. Michael Lok [q. v.] and Henry Lok, father of Henry Lok [q. v.] the poet, were sons of the second marriage.
  • [Carew's Survey of Cornwall; Fox Bourne's Life of John Locke; Gent. Mag. 1792, p. 799; King's Life of Locke; Letters and Papers of Henry VIII; Dr. Grosart's Memoir of Henry Lok in Fuller Worthies' Miscellanies, vol. ii.]
  • From:,_William_(DNB00)


  • Book of the Lockes: A genealogical and historical record of the descendants ... By John Goodwin Locke
  • John Locke, sheriff of London, 1460 ch: Thomas d. 1507
  • Thomas Locke d. anno 1507 m. Joan Wilcock d.1512 ch: 1. John d.1519, 2. Sir William d. 1550 m. 2 wives; (b) 1st Elizabeth Spencer, 2nd Catharine, daughter of Wm. Cook, 3. Michael, 4. Thomas (probably son) m. Mary.
    • (a) I am of opinion, after an examination of Stow's "Survey of London," that the "arms in the window" were those of Sir William Locke, who was buried in Mercer's Chapel in 1550; yet a doubt remains.
    • (b) He had four wives.
  • 3. Michael Locke, younger brother (a) of Sir William, children: 1. Matthew
  • 1. Mathew Locke, ch: 1. Richard d.1617 and 2. Christopher
  • 2. Christopher Locke, the youngest son children: 1. Christopher, 2. John, 3. Honour, 4. Christian, 5. Lewis.
  • Sir William Locke was employed by Henry Vlll., having the charge of his commercial affairs "both at home and abroad." In the Cottonian Library, London, are several manuscript letters from him to the King, and to Secretary Cromwell, dated at Antwerp, in 1533-4, 1535 and 1538, relating to some works carrying on at Calais, concerning negotiations with France and about the woollen trade. He was, says Collins, "Particularly employed by Queen Anne Bullen, [Boleyn] privately to gather the Epistles, Gospels and Psalms, from beyond sea, in which he ran great hazard, some having been secretly made away with, for attempting the same thing." He had four wives, (see the chart, p. 358-9,) and twenty or more children, many of which died young. The name of his first wife has been variously given by different writers ; some say it was Alice Spence, and others Elizabeth Spencer. Anciently the names of Elizabeth and Alice were convertible, one for the other. The records of the Herald's office, which are the best authority, say that her name was Alice Spence.
    • The following Pedigree is principally compiled from the Herald's Visitation and the Gentleman's Magazine.
  • JOHN LOCKE, Sheriff of London 1461, his Monument was in the Church of St. Mary, Bow, London. He was probably descended from Thomas Locke, of Merton Abbey, in Surrey. Lyson says the Rectory of Merton was granted to Thomas Locke by Edward III. in 1291. ; ch: Thomas (m. Joan Wilcock)
    • Thomas, merchant of London, d. 1507, buried at St Thomas of Acres, London. = Joan, only dau. and heir of Mr. Wilcock or Wilkokes, of Rotherman, in Yorkshire; d. 1512. ; ch: Sir William (m. Alice Spence & Katherine Cook & Eleanor, wid. Marshe & Elizabeth wid. Meredith), John (d.1519), Thomas (m. Mary Minister), Michael?
      • John, died s p. buried in Mercer's Chapel, London, 1519.
      • Thomas wf. Mary Minister at Merton 1552, probably was son of Thomas.
      • (Michael?)
      • Sir WILLIAM, Knt. and Alderman, b. 1480, d. 1550. He was knighted by Hen. VIII. for going over to Dunkirk and pulling down the Pope's bull; was sheriff of London 1548. Sir William was Gent. of the Privy Chamber. His 3d wf. was Eleanor, wid. of Walter Marshe. She d 1546. His 4th wf. was Elizabeth, widow of Robert Meredith. = 1st. Alice Spence or Elizabeth Spencer, of London who died in 1522, buried at Mercer's Chapel, London. ; ch: William (b. 1511), Philip (d.1524), Jane (m. Robt. Meredith), Peter (d.1517), William (b.1517), Richard (d.1516), Edmund (d.1516), Thomas (m. Mary Lounge), Matthew (m. Elizabeth Baker) Locke ; = 2d. Katherine, dau. of William, and sister and co-heir of Sir Thos Cook of Wiltshire, Knt. She was buried at Merton Abbey, Surrey. She d. Oct. 14, 1537. ; ch: Dorothy (m. Otwell Hill & Jno. Cosworth), Katherine (m. Thomas Stacey & William Matthew), Rose (m. Anthony Hickman & _ Throgmorton), John (d. France), Alice (d.1537), Thomasin (d.1530), Henry (m. Anne Vaughan), Michael (m. Jane Wilkinson & Margery Peryn), Elizabeth (m. Richard Hill & Nicholas Bullingham), John (d.1537) Locke
        • .... etc.


  • Family histories and genealogies. A series of genealogical and biographical monographs on the families of MacCurdy, Mitchell, Lord, Lynde, Digby, Newdigate, Hoo, Willoughby, Griswold, Wolcott, Pitkin, Ogden, Johnson, Diodati, Lee and Marvin, and notes on the families of Buchanan, Parmelee, Boardman, Lay, Locke, Cole, De Wolf, Drake, Bond and Swayne, Dunbar and Clarke, and a notice of Chief Justice Morrison Remick Waite. With twenty-nine pedigree-charts and two charts of combined descents by Salisbury, Edward Elbridge
  • The Lockes claim to have been a very ancient family, before the Conquest, originally Scotch, with the name Loch. The seat of our family, as we shall see, had been from early times at Merton, co. Surrey.
  • "I. William Locke[1] (Lock, Lok or Loke, as the name was indifferently spelt in early times) had two sons, viz : John[2] Locke, Citizen and Mercer of London, who died in 1519, leaving no issue, and
  • "II. Thomas [2] Locke, also Citizen and Mercer of London, who died in 1507. By his wife Joanna Wilcocks of Rotheram, co. York [an only daughter and heiress], who died in 1512, and was buried with her husband in Mercers' Chapel, he had a son, viz :
  • "III. Sir William [3] Locke, Knight, Alderman of London, who was born about 1486, as he was admitted to the freedom of London, at the
  • end of his apprenticeship, in 1507. He succeeded to his father's business and estate, and became an eminent tradesman and citizen. He received the royal appointment of Mercer to King Henry VIII., with whom he was an especial favorite, having a key to the King's Private Chamber, and occasionally entertaining him at dinner at his house in London. There are records in existence showing materials furnished by him to the royal household, including Queen Anna Boleyn and the Princess, afterwards Queen, Elizabeth, as also Will Somers, the King's Jester. After being several years an Alderman, he was elected Sheriff of London in 1548, and was knighted on the 3d of October in that year, but died before it was his turn to become Lord Mayor.
  • "Sir William Locke married four wives :
  • "1st, Alice daughter [and heiress] of a Citizen and Fishmonger of London named Spencer [or Spence], who has not yet been identified. She died in 1522, and was buried in Mercers' Chapel."
  • "The name of his first wife has been variously given by different writers ; some say it was Alice Spence, and others Elizabeth Spencer. Anciently the names of Elizabeth and Alice were convertible, one for the other. The records of the Herald's office, which are the best authority, say that her name was Alice Spence." ("Book of the Lockes.")
  • "2dly, Catharine daughter of William Cooke of Salisbury. She died in childbed of her eleventh child (Sir William's twentieth) 14 October 1537, and was buried at Merton, in Surrey."
  • She was daughter of Sir Thomas Cooke, Knt., of Wiltshire. (Burke's Extinct Baronetcies, London, 2d ed., 1844, 262-63.)
  • "3dly , Eleanor widow of Walter Marsh. They were married at St. Lawrence, Old Jewry, London, 13 May 1540, her first husband having been buried there the preceding 20th of January. She died in 1546, having had no issue.
  • "4thly , Elizabeth widow of Robert Meredith, Citizen and Mercer of London, and formerly wife of — Hutton. Their marriage license was granted 28 January 1547-48, her husband Meredith having been buried at St. Lawrence, Jewry, 9 January 1546-47. She survived Sir William Locke, having no issue by him, and was buried in Mercers' Chapel, London, 5 December 1551. The curious feature of this marriage was that she was the second wife and widow of Sir William Locke's own son-in-law, Robert Meredith having first married a daughter of Sir William by his first wife, as will be seen hereafter.
  • "Sir William Locke died at the age of about 64, on the 24th, and was buried in Mercers' Chapel [St. Thomas of Acres] 27 August 1550.
  • .... etc.


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Eleanor Locke's Timeline

London, Middlesex, England
Age 27
Age 58
London, Middlesex, England