Captain Elijah Backus

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Captain Elijah Backus's Geni Profile

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Elijah Backus

Birthdate: (72)
Birthplace: Norwich, New London, Connecticut, United States
Death: September 4, 1798 (72)
Norwich, New London, Connecticut, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Samuel Backus, I and Elizabeth Tracy
Husband of Lucy Backus and Margaret Backus
Father of Lucy Woodbridge; Elijah Backus, II; Elijah Backus; Lucy Backus; Elijah Backus and 5 others
Brother of Samuel Backus, II; Ann Abell; Elizabeth Tracy Huntington; Rev. Isaac Backus; Simon Backus and 5 others

Occupation: Militia Captian
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Captain Elijah Backus

A Patriot of the American Revolution for CONNECTICUT with the rank of CAPTAIN. DAR Ancestor # A004349

William Backus 'the immigrant William Backus a great grandfather of Elijah was a cutler: one who makes knives. It seems only fitting that that skill be passed from one generation to the next. In America, the skill of taking raw metal into a finished form transformed into the making of nails, anchors, and other metal items needed by the colonies.

The Backus Ironworks - Elijah Backus was the owner and manager of the Iron Works at one point in time, himself a skilled mechanic. The remains of part of his papers show a wondrous amount of writing, and all in his own hand. He was one of King George's justices of the peace, and was, after the Revolution, one of the justices of the peace for his native state of Connecticut. He was a captain in the Norwich militia, going to New London to defend the soil in consequence of alarms of invasion many times. A leading member of the Committee of Safety, member of the Legislature, he was a valuable man of all affairs in all departments of civil life. He administered the rite of marriage in many cases, as his book of records now extant, shows. He was a very busy man, and prosperous.

The Backus Iron Works, with its lurid fires was quite an institution in its day, and quite an important factor in the growth and development of the country and its times. The iron works made bar iron, tires for wheels, plow irons, spindles and cranks for mills, sawmill saws; all kind of farming tools, such as hoes, axes, scythes; nautical needs such as spindles for buoys, anchors - about everything that was made of iron - and largely supplied the wants of that day. Nails were quite important at that time, all were hammered out by hand for all the purposes of domestic use, no nails being cut at that time.

Its customers were heard from in quite distant parts of the country, even from the new "Northwest Territory". The iron work for the first saw and grist mill erected in the Northwest Territory was made at these works, and transported by land and water, to and over the Allegheny mountains on pack horses, to the then far-distant land of hope - Marietta, Ohio, in 1789.

The iron was made at the melting fire, which was kept in blast by two huge bellows run by water power, and required a strong draft of air. The old structure was a large building having three tall chimneys, the roof partly covered with sheet iron as a protection from fire, nd covering three forges, two water wheels, stamper run by water for pounding iron ore, the big shaft and the big hammer. To conduct the process of melting and hammering out into all required shapes required a skilled and strong man.

The Backus Iron Works was important for the only source for these products from within miles around. At Backus Iron Works, they hammered out tools for the farmers and the artisan - directly and indirectly helping materially to hammer out American Independence.

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Captain Elijah Backus's Timeline

March 14, 1726
Norwich, New London, Connecticut, United States
February 17, 1754
Age 27
Norwich, New London Co, CT
January 11, 1756
Age 29
Norwich, New London Co, CT
January 31, 1757
Age 30
Norwich, New London Co, CT
March 2, 1759
Age 32
Norwich, New London, Connecticut, United States
May 2, 1759
Age 33
Norwich, New London Co, CT
July 10, 1761
Age 35
Norwich, New London Co, CT
March 19, 1763
Age 37
Norwich, New London Co, CT
July 14, 1764
Age 38
Norwich, New London Co, CT